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Cedar Falls, Iowa

Cedar Falls is a city in Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 39,260.[4][5] It is home to the University of Northern Iowa, a public university.

Cedar Falls, Iowa
Downtown Cedar Falls, August 2017
Downtown Cedar Falls, August 2017
Location within Black Hawk County and Iowa
Location within Black Hawk County and Iowa
Cedar Falls is located in Iowa
Cedar Falls
Cedar Falls
Location within Black Hawk County and Iowa
Cedar Falls is located in the United States
Cedar Falls
Cedar Falls
Cedar Falls (the United States)
Coordinates: 42°31′25″N 92°26′47″W / 42.523520°N 92.446402°W / 42.523520; -92.446402Coordinates: 42°31′25″N 92°26′47″W / 42.523520°N 92.446402°W / 42.523520; -92.446402
CountryUnited States
StateIowa
CountyBlack Hawk
Government
 • MayorJohn Green
Area
 • Total29.61 sq mi (76.69 km2)
 • Land28.75 sq mi (74.46 km2)
 • Water0.86 sq mi (2.23 km2)
Elevation
879 ft (268 m)
Population
 • Total39,260
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
41,048
 • Rank13th in Iowa
 • Density1,300/sq mi (510/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50613
Area code319
FIPS code19-11755
GNIS ID455240
Websitecedarfalls.com

HistoryEdit

Cedar Falls was founded in 1845 by William Sturgis.[6] It was originally named Sturgis Falls, for the first family who settled the site and who continued to live in the city for years. The city was called Sturgis Falls until it was merged with Cedar City (another city on the other side of the Cedar River), creating Cedar Falls. The city's founders are honored each year with a week long community-wide celebration named in their honor – the Sturgis Falls Celebration.[7]

Because of the availability of water power, Cedar Falls developed as a milling and industrial center prior to the Civil War. The establishment of the Civil War Soldiers' Orphans Home in Cedar Falls changed the direction in which the city developed when, following the war, it became the first building on the campus of the Iowa State Normal School (now the University of Northern Iowa).[8]

GeographyEdit

Cedar Falls is located at 42°31′24″N 92°26′45″W / 42.52333°N 92.44583°W / 42.52333; -92.44583 (42.523520, −92.446402).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.61 square miles (76.69 km2), of which, 28.75 square miles (74.46 km2) is land and 0.86 square miles (2.23 km2) is water.[1]

Natural forest, prairie and wetland areas are found within the city limits at the Hartman Reserve Nature Center.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18703,070
18803,020−1.6%
18903,45914.5%
19005,31953.8%
19105,012−5.8%
19206,31626.0%
19307,36216.6%
19409,34927.0%
195014,33453.3%
196021,19547.9%
197029,59739.6%
198036,32222.7%
199034,298−5.6%
200036,1455.4%
201039,2608.6%
Est. 201841,048[3]4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Cedar Falls is part of the Waterloo-Cedar Falls metropolitan area.

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 39,260 people, 14,608 households, and 8,091 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,365.6 inhabitants per square mile (527.3/km2). There were 15,477 housing units at an average density of 538.3 per square mile (207.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 2.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 14,608 households of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 26.8 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 29.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.5% were from 25 to 44; 20.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 36,145 people, 12,833 households, and 7,558 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,277.2 people per square mile (493.1/km²). There were 13,271 housing units at an average density of 468.9 per square mile (181.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.14% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,833 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.1% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.91.

Age spread: 18.0% under the age of 18, 30.6% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $70,226, and the median income for a family was $85,158. Males had a median income of $60,235 versus $50,312 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,140. About 5.6% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18, and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and cultureEdit

In 1986, the City of Cedar Falls established the Cedar Falls Art and Culture Board,[11] which oversees the operation of the City's Cultural Division and the James & Meryl Hearst Center for the Arts.

LibraryEdit

The Cedar Falls Public Library is housed in the Adele Whitenach Davis building located at 524 Main Street. The 47,000 square foot (4,400 m²) structure, designed by Struxture Architects, replaced the Carniege-Dayton building in early 2004. As of the 2016 fiscal year, the library's holdings included approximately 8,000 audio materials, 12,000 video materials, and 104,000 books and periodicals for a grand total of approximately 124,000 items.[citation needed] Patrons made 245,000 visits which took advantage of circulation services, adult, teen, and youth programming. Circulation of library materials for fiscal year 2016 was 543,134. The library also provides public access to more than 30 public computers which provide Internet access, office software suites, high resolution color printing, wi-fi, and various games.

The mission of the Cedar Falls Public Library is to promote literacy and provide open access to resources which facilitate lifelong learning. The library is a member of the Cedar Valley Library Consortium(CVLC). Cedar Falls Public Library shares an Integrated Library System (SirsiDynix Symphony) with the Waterloo Public Library. Library management is provided by Kelly Stern, Director of the Cedar Falls Public Library.

Historical SocietyEdit

The Cedar Falls Historical Society has its offices in the Victorian Home and Carriage House Museum. It preserves Cedar Falls' history through its five museums, collection, archives, and public programs. Besides the Victorian House, the Society operates the Cedar Falls Ice House, Little Red Schoolhouse, and Behrens-Rapp Station.[12]

EducationEdit

 
Lang Hall at University of Northern Iowa (UNI)
 
Seerley Hall at University of Northern Iowa

Besides hosting one of the three Iowa public universities, University of Northern Iowa (UNI), Cedar Falls is home to two high schools: Valley Lutheran High School, a private Christian school, and Cedar Falls High School, which is part of the public school district. The public school district, Cedar Falls Community Schools, includes two junior high schools and seven elementary schools. There is also a private Catholic elementary school at St. Patrick Catholic Church. The Malcolm Price Lab School/Northern University High School, was a state-funded K-12 school run by the university. It closed in 2012 following cuts at UNI.[13]

Utilities and Internet accessEdit

The city owns its power, gas and water, and cable TV service. Because of this, Cedar Falls Utilities provides gigabit speeds to residents, this became available on January 14, 2015. Cedar Falls has the power to do so because, unlike 19 other states, Iowa does not prohibit municipal broadband from competing with the private cable TV monopoly.

MediaEdit

FM radio
AM radio
  • 600 WMT – Located in Cedar Rapids
  • 640 WOI – Located in Ames
  • 950 KOEL – Located in Oelwein
  • 1040 WHO – Located in Des Moines
  • 1090 KNWS
  • 1250 KCFI
  • 1330 KPTY
  • 1540 KXEL
  • 1650 KCNZ
Broadcast television
Print
  • The Courier, daily newspaper
  • The Cedar Falls Times, weekly newspaper
  • The Cedar Valley What Not, weekly advertiser
Music

The underground music scene in the Cedar Falls area from 1977 to present day is well documented. The Wartburg College Art Gallery in Waverly, Iowa hosted a collaborative history of the bands, record labels, and music venues involved in the Cedar Falls music scene which ran from March 17 to April 14, 2007. This effort has been continued as a wiki style website called The Secret History of the Cedar Valley.[14]

Notable peopleEdit

Actors
Athletes
Military
Musicians[21]
Politicians
Scientists
Writers
Other

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  4. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  6. ^ Collins, Brian (1998). Cedar Falls, Iowa. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 9780738545820.
  7. ^ http://www.sturgisfalls.org/history
  8. ^ "Central Hall". www.library.uni.edu. Rod Library. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "The Cedar Falls Art and Culture Board". Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  12. ^ Collins, Brian (1998). Images of America: Cedar Falls, IA. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-1531628079.
  13. ^ "UNI cuts would be 'unprecedented,' faculty leaders say". The Gazette. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  14. ^ "The Secret History of the Cedar Valley". Main page. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
  15. ^ "Famous Iowans - Annabeth Gish | DesMoinesRegister.com". data.desmoinesregister.com. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  16. ^ Editor, MELODY PARKER, Courier Arts / Special Sections. "Cedar Falls native trades Hollywood for 'heavenly' haven of hometown". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  17. ^ Stegmeir, Mary (October 22, 2009). "On call: Cedar Falls native helps breathe new life into 'Scrubs'". The Courier. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  18. ^ "Where are they Now? Mark Steines". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  19. ^ "Edgar Seymour Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  20. ^ pat.kinney@wcfcourier.com, PAT KINNEY. "Cedar Falls Vietnam hero to be honored". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  21. ^ Carr, Ian (2004). The Rough Guide to Jazz. New York: Rough Guide. p. 759. ISBN 978-1843532569.
  22. ^ Camus, Raoul (May 28, 2015). "Hovey, Nilo Wellington". Grove Music Online. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  23. ^ Van Matre, Lynn (December 4, 1988). "BONNIE KOLOC". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  24. ^ "Famous UNI Alumni | Rod Library". library.uni.edu. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  25. ^ Elmer, Mackenzie. "Iowa-born physicist at Brown University dies". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  26. ^ "Aldrich, Bess Streeter – The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa -The University of Iowa". uipress.lib.uiowa.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  27. ^ Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher (April 1, 2002). "R.V. Cassill, Novelist and Writing Teacher, Dies at 82". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  28. ^ Hudson, David (2008). The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press. p. 223. ISBN 9781587296857.
  29. ^ School libraries: 29. 1964. A superb story-teller who makes the pioneer life of the American frontier leap into being, Helen Markley Miller has written many books ... Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ Ward, Martha; Marquardt, Dorothy (1971). Authors of books for young people (2 ed.). p. 363. MILLER, Helen Markley – Born in Cedar Falls, Iowa, she graduated from Iowa State Teachers College and received her master's degree from Western State College ...
  31. ^ "Famous Iowans - Ruth Suckow | DesMoinesRegister.com". data.desmoinesregister.com. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  32. ^ Hudson, David (2008). The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa. University of Iowa Press. p. 501. ISBN 9781587296857.
  33. ^ Parker, Melody (July 9, 2017). "'Enemy' within: Cedar Falls Authors Festival events celebrate Nancy Price". The Courier. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  34. ^ "Leland L. Sage | Rod Library". library.uni.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  35. ^ Risberg, Eric (March 21, 2016). "Marc-Andreessen". The Courier. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  36. ^ Munson, Kyle (March 13, 2017). "'Bridges of Madison County' made Robert James Waller famous but didn't define him". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  37. ^ "Guide to the Adelia M. Hoyt papers". University of Iowa Libraries - Iowa Women's Archives. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  38. ^ BALABAN, RC (July 30, 2006). "Restored John Livingston plane, displays coming to airport". The Courier. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  39. ^ https://www.imdb.com/name/nm8029129/?ref_=nv_sr_1?ref_=nv_sr_1

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit