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Gerald Stanford "Gerry" Guralnik (/ɡʊˈrælnɪk/; September 17, 1936 – April 26, 2014) was the Chancellor’s Professor of Physics at Brown University. In 1964 he co-discovered the Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson with C. R. Hagen and Tom Kibble (GHK).[2][3][4][5][6][7] As part of Physical Review Letters' 50th anniversary celebration, the journal recognized this discovery as one of the milestone papers in PRL history.[8] While widely considered to have authored the most complete of the early papers on the Higgs theory, GHK were controversially not included in the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics.[9][10][11][12]

Gerald Guralnik
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Gerald Stanford Guralnik
Born(1936-09-17)September 17, 1936
DiedApril 26, 2014(2014-04-26) (aged 77)
Alma mater
Known for
Scientific career
Doctoral advisorWalter Gilbert

In 2010, Guralnik was awarded the American Physical Society's J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics for the "elucidation of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses".[13]

Guralnik received his BS degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1958 and his PhD degree from Harvard University in 1964.[14] He went to Imperial College London as a postdoctoral fellow supported by the National Science Foundation and then became a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Rochester. In the fall of 1967 Guralnik went to Brown University and frequently visited Imperial College and Los Alamos National Laboratory where he was a staff member from 1985 to 1987. While at Los Alamos, he did extensive work on the development and application of computational methods for lattice QCD.

Guralnik died of a heart attack at age 77 in 2014.[15][16]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Paxson, Christina H. (April 28, 2014). "Remembering Professor Gerald Guralnik". Brown University. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  2. ^ Guralnik, G.; Hagen, C.; Kibble, T. (1964). "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles". Physical Review Letters. 13 (20): 585. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..585G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.585.
  3. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (2009). "The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles". International Journal of Modern Physics A. 24 (14): 2601. arXiv:0907.3466. Bibcode:2009IJMPA..24.2601G. doi:10.1142/S0217751X09045431.
  4. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2011). "The Beginnings of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Particle Physics". arXiv:1110.2253.
  5. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2001). "A Physics History of My part in the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge particles" (PDF). Brown University. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  6. ^ Guralnik, G. S.; Hagen, C. R.; Kibble, T. W. B. (1968). "Broken Symmetries and the Goldstone Theorem" (PDF). In Cool, R. L.; Marshak, R. E. (eds.). Advances in Particle Physics. 2. Interscience Publishers. pp. 567–708. ISBN 0470170573.
  7. ^ "4 July 2012: A Day to Remember,” CERN Courier, 23 August 2012
  8. ^ "Physical Review Letters - 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers". Physical Review Letters. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  9. ^ “The 2013 Nobel prizes. Higgs’s bosuns.” Economist (October 12, 2013)
  10. ^ “Why are some scientists unhappy with the Nobel prizes?” Economist (October 9, 2013)
  11. ^ G.S. Guralnik, C.R. Hagen (2014), "Where Have All the Goldstone Bosons Gone?"
  12. ^ "Tom Kibble, Physicist Who Helped Discover the Higgs Mechanism, Dies at 83". New York Times. July 19, 2016.
  13. ^ "2010 J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics Recipient: Gerald S. Guralnik". American Physical Society. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  14. ^ Luttrell, S. K. (March–April 2010). "Gerald Guralnik '58 and Carl Richard Hagen '58, SM '58, PhD '63". Technology Review. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  15. ^ Brown University Passages - Gerald S. Guralnik, Chancellor’s Professor of Physics
  16. ^ "After death, physics prof remembered for mentorship, imagination and contributions to Nobel-winning work". Brown Daily Herald. May 1, 2014.

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