Castrop-Rauxel

Castrop-Rauxel (German pronunciation: [ˌkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksl̩]), often simply referred to as Castrop by locals, is a former coal mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.

Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Stadtmittelpunkt.jpg
Coat of arms of Castrop-Rauxel
Location of Castrop-Rauxel within Recklinghausen district
Castrop-Rauxel in RE.svg
Castrop-Rauxel is located in Germany
Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Rauxel is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Rauxel
Coordinates: 51°33′N 7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317Coordinates: 51°33′N 7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictRecklinghausen
Subdivisions15
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Rajko Kravanja[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
Elevation
98 m (322 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total73,126
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
44575–44581
Dialling codes02305,
02367 (Henrichenburg)
Vehicle registrationRE, CAS, GLA
Websitewww.castrop-rauxel.de

GeographyEdit

Castrop-Rauxel is located in Germany between Dortmund to the southeast, Bochum to the southwest, Herne to the west, Recklinghausen to the northwest, Datteln to the north and Waltrop to the northeast.

Urban areaEdit

 
Old town hall
 
Bladenhorst castle
 
Castrop-Rauxel town hall

The city covers an area of 51.67 km2 (19.95 sq mi).[3] The Halde Schwerin (slag heap in the Schwerin district) is marked as the point of highest elevation at 147 m (482.3 ft) above sea level. The lowest point is located on Pöppinghauser Straße (Poppinghausen Street), besides house number 264, with an elevation of 50.2 m (164.7 ft) above sea level.

The city is divided into 15 districts, from north to south and within one line from west (southwest) to east (northeast):[4]

  • Henrichenburg (Becklem)
  • Pöppinghausen, Habinghorst, Ickern
  • Bladenhorst, Rauxel, Deininghausen
  • Behringhausen, Castrop, Dingen
  • Obercastrop, Schwerin
  • Bövinghausen, Merklinde, Frohlinde

The total area of the city divided into different uses (31 December 2010):

Surface in m² in %
Buildings and open spaces 16,384,832 31.7%
Operating area 1,497,843 2.9%
Recreation area 2,835,924 5.5%
Traffic area 6,191,789 12.0%
Agricultural land 14,116,843 27.3%
Forest land 7,938,248 15.4%
Water surface 1,941,522 3.8%
Other uses 758,372 1.5%
Total area 51,665,373 100%

Population figures for the individual districts (Stand: 2005):

Districts Population
Henrichenburg 5,333
Ickern 16,650
Habinghorst,
Pöppinghausen
9,970
Deininghausen,
Dingen,
Rauxel
10,056
Bladenhorst,
Rauxel-Nord
6,065
Schwerin 6,672
Behringhausen,
Castrop,
Obercastrop
16,743
Frohlinde 3,509
Merklinde 2,621

HistoryEdit

First mentioned in 834 as "Villa Castorpe",[citation needed] the city of Castrop was founded in 1902 by merging the municipalities Castrop, Obercastrop and Behringhausen. On April 1, 1926 Castrop-Rauxel was formed when Castrop merged with 10 other municipalities. During World War II, a plant at Castrop-Rauxel used the Bergius process to produce synthetic (German: Ersatz) oil products.

In 1975, the village of Henrichenburg was annexed and Castrop-Rauxel became part of the Recklinghausen (district). In 1984 the last of 7 coal mines at Castrop-Rauxel ("Erin") closed.

PoliticsEdit

The current mayor of Castrop-Rauxel is Rajko Kravanja of the Socila Democratic Party (SPD) since 2015. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Rajko Kravanja Social Democratic Party 13,101 49.3 11,640 66.7
Oliver Lind Christian Democratic Union 6,674 25.1 5,823 33.3
Manfred Fiedler The Greens/FWI/The Left 4,422 16.6
Mario Rommel Independent 1,213 4.6
Nils Bettinger Free Democratic Party 1,160 4.4
Valid votes 26,570 98.7 17,463 98.8
Invalid votes 359 1.3 210 1.2
Total 26,929 100.0 17,673 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 60,039 44.9 60,007 29.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel (1st round, 2nd round)

List of mayorsEdit

Lord Mayors

  • 1926–1933: Mende, Centre Party (Germany) (Mayor, from 1928 Lord Mayor)
  • 1933–1945: Richard Anton, NSDAP
  • 1945–1946: Arnold Boerboom
  • 1946–1948: Hubert Krehe, CDU
  • 1948–1971: Wilhelm Kauermann, SPD
  • 1971–1975: Hugo Paulikat, SPD

Mayors

  • 1975–1989: Hugo Paulikat, SPD
  • 1989–1999: Hans Ettrich, SPD
  • 1999–2004: Nils Kruse, CDU
  • 2004–2015: Johannes Beisenherz, SPD
  • since 2015: Rajko Kravanja, SPD

City councilEdit

 
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Castrop-Rauxel city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 10,256 38.9   1.3 20 ±0
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 7,059 26.8   3.9 14   1
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 3,988 15.1   7.1 8   4
Independent Citizens' Party (UBP) 1,146 4.3   0.3 2 ±0
Free Voter Initiative (FWI) 1,132 4.3   3.2 2   2
The Left (Die Linke) 1,021 3.9   1.4 2   1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,014 3.8   0.5 2 ±0
Die PARTEI 775 2.9 New 2 New
Valid votes 26,391 98.2
Invalid votes 486 1.8
Total 26,877 100.0 52   2
Electorate/voter turnout 60,039 44.8   2.5
Source: City of Castrop-Rauxel

TransportEdit

Castrop-Rauxel has access to three major highways, the Emscherschnellweg A 42,the Sauerlandlinie A 45 and the A 2.
There are 3 railway stations within the city. The central station (Castrop-Rauxel Hauptbahnhof) on the Cologne-Minden Railway is located in the suburb of Rauxel. Connecting Castrop-Rauxel to the western Ruhr cities like Duisburg, Oberhausen, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne and in the east to Dortmund and Hamm. The unmanned stations of Castrop-Rauxel South (Castrop-Rauxel Süd) and Castrop-Rauxel Merklinde on the Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway have hourly services with trains to Dortmund, Herne and Dorsten. Located in the city centre is the central bus station Muensterplatz. From here passengers can travel to almost all suburbs and to neighboring cities like Herne, Dortmund and Bochum.
The Rhine-Herne Canal runs right through Castrop-Rauxel; Castrop-Rauxel also has a small Yacht club on this body of water.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

 
Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town

Castrop-Rauxel is twinned with:[5]

EconomyEdit

Castrop-Rauxel has been attempting to change from a former mining city to a city with a modern lifestyle, high recreational value, new economy companies, a 27-hole golf course, and various cultural events. Despite those efforts, the town has one of the lowest median incomes per capita in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Metalworking and electronics are the key manufacturing sectors.[6]

CultureEdit

The WLT (Westphalian State Theater) is the oldest and most relevant source of theatrical entertainment in Castrop-Rauxel. There is one cinema with two screens in Castrop. Castrop’s history is closely connected to horse racing, the Reiterbrunnen in the very center of Castrop’s market square is a reminder of the race days on the Naturhindernisbahn, now part of the Goldschmieding Park.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Hedwig Kiesekamp (1844–1919), singer and writer
  • Heinrich Haslinde (1878–1938), local poet
  • Josef Hermann Dufhues (1908–1971), politician CDU) Member of Landtag North Rhine-Westphalia, NRW Interior Minister and President of the Parliament
  • Wilhelm Specht (1910–1986) entrepreneur, businessman and association official
  • Heinz Ballensiefen (1912–?), historian and Nazi functionary who used to investigate the "Jewish question"
  • Hermann Paschasius Rettler (1915–2004), bishop of Bacabal (Brazil)
  • Alfred Niepieklo (1927–2014), German Football Champion in 1956 and 1957
  • Josef Reding (born 1929), writer
  • Erwin Weiss (1934–2008), singer
  • Friedhelm Wentzke (born 1935), canoeist
  • Dietrich Berke (1938–2010), musicologist and publishing editor
  • Paul Reding (born 1939), painter, sculptor and writer
  • Werner Trzmiel (born 1942), athlete
  • Friedhelm Ost (born 1942), journalist and politician
  • Klaus Fichtel (born 1944), footballer
  • Gabriele Sikora (born 1950), politician (SPD), 1995–2010 Member of the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Lawrence Schlieker (born 1951), abbot of Benedictine Gerleve
  • Udo Helmbrecht (born 1955), former President of the BSI (Federal Office for Information Security) and Managing Director ENISA (European Network and Information Security Agency)
  • Mathias Schipper (born 1957), footballer
  • Hans-Peter Villis (born 1958), manager
  • Inge Blask (born 1959), politician (SPD), since 2012 Member of Parliament
  • Wolfram Wuttke (1961–2015), football player
  • Dieter Hecking (born 1964), football coach
  • Bernd "Bernie" Blume (born 1964), tech entrepreneur
  • Michael Ostrzyga (born 1975), composer and conductor
  • Marcel Sieberg (born 1982), cyclist
  • Barış Özbek (born 1986), footballer
  • Marc-André Kruska (born 1987), footballer
  • Semih Güler (born 1994), footballer
  • Electric Callboy, electronicore band formed in 2010. 5 out of 6 members reside in Castrop

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Zahlen, Daten und Fakten (Numbers, Figures and Facts)". castrop-rauxel.de. Stadt Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  4. ^ "casgeoportal". www.geoportal.gkd-re.de. Retrieved 2021-12-17.
  5. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". castrop-rauxel.de (in German). Castrop-Rauxel. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  6. ^ Castrop-Rauxel Entry on the website britannica.com. Retrieved March 11, 2021.