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Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is surrounded by the neighbouring districts of Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, Gelsenkirchen, Bottrop, and Wesel. The district administration is located in the city of the same name.

Recklinghausen
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionMünster
CapitalRecklinghausen
Area
 • Total760.27 km2 (293.54 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total616,824
 • Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationRE, GLA, CAS

Apart from the Region Hannover, Kreis Recklingshausen is the largest non-city district in Germany by population.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

During medieval times, the area surrounding present-day Recklinghausen was known as Vest Recklinghausen, a territory which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1446 to 1576, this area was leased to the lordship of Gemen (now a part of the city Borken) and Schaumburg-Lippe. In 1811, the territory was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg, and in 1815 it became part of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.[citation needed]

The district was created in 1816. After several changes it obtained its present borders with the last reorganizations of 1975-76.[citation needed] It is also one of the oldest districts located in Germany.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

The district Recklinghausen is located at the north of the Ruhr area with the urban parts of Ruhr area to the south and the rural Münsterland to the north. [3] The Lippe River flows through the district.

Coat of armsEdit

  The coat of arms show a silver nettle leaf on green ground - the sign of the Herrlichkeit Lembeck, an Amt (subdivision) in the clerical state of Münster. The black cross is the sign of the Bishops of Cologne who owned a big part of the district's area, the Vest Recklinghausen. The key inside the cross symbolizes St. Peter, the patron of Cologne.[4]

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

Partner districtsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  2. ^ https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/LaenderRegionen/Regionales/Gemeindeverzeichnis/Administrativ/Aktuell/04Kreise.html
  3. ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Recklinghausen
  4. ^ https://heraldik-wiki.de/wiki/Wappen_der_deutschen_Stadt-_und_Landkreise
  5. ^ http://www.kreis-re.de/Inhalte/Buergerservice/Zahlen_Daten_Fakten/_Partnerkreise.asp

External linksEdit