Carole Landis (born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste; January 1, 1919 – July 5, 1948) was an American actress and singer. She worked as a contract player for Twentieth Century-Fox in the 1940s. Her breakout role was as the female lead in the 1940 film One Million B.C. from United Artists. Landis was known as "The Ping Girl" and "The Chest" because of her curvy figure.
Frances Lillian Mary Ridste
January 1, 1919
Fairchild, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||July 5, 1948 (aged 29)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by barbiturate overdose|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale|
|Other names||The Ping Girl and The Chest|
(m. 1934; annulled 1934)
(m. 1934; div. 1939)
Willis Hunt Jr.
(m. 1940; div. 1940)
Thomas C. Wallace
(m. 1943; div. 1945)
Landis was born on January 1, 1919, in Fairchild, Wisconsin, the youngest of five children of Clara (née Sentek), a Polish farmer's daughter, and Norwegian-American Alfred Ridste, a drifting railroad mechanic who abandoned the family after Landis's birth.: 205  According to Landis's biographer E. J. Fleming, circumstantial evidence supports that Landis was likely the biological child of her mother's second husband, Charles Fenner. Fenner left Landis's mother in April 1921 and remarried a few months later.
In 1923, Landis's family moved to San Bernardino, California, where her mother worked menial jobs to support the family. At the age of 15, Landis dropped out of San Bernardino High School and set forth on a career path to show business. She started out as a hula dancer in a San Francisco nightclub, where she was described by her boss as a "nervous $35-a-week blonde doing a pathetic hula at her opening night at the old Royal Hawaiian on Bush [Street]...that'll never get her anyplace in show business". He apparently employed her only because he felt sorry for her; she later sang with a dance band. She bleached her hair blonde and changed her name to "Carole Landis" after her favorite actress, Carole Lombard. After saving $100, she moved to Hollywood.
Landis made her film debut as an extra in the 1937 film A Star Is Born; she also appeared in various horse operas. She posed for hundreds of cheesecake photographs. She continued appearing in bit parts until 1940, when Hal Roach cast her as a cave girl in One Million B.C.. The movie was a sensation and turned Landis into a star. A press agent nicknamed her "The Ping Girl" (an awkward contraction of "purring").
Landis appeared in a string of successful films in the early 1940s, usually as the second female lead. In a time when the singing of many actresses was dubbed in, Landis's own voice was considered good enough and was used in her few musical roles. Landis landed a contract with Twentieth Century-Fox and began a sexual relationship with Darryl F. Zanuck. She had roles playing opposite fellow pin-up girl Betty Grable in Moon Over Miami and I Wake Up Screaming, both in 1941. When Landis ended her relationship with Zanuck, her career suffered and she was assigned roles in B-movies.
In 1942, she toured with comedian Martha Raye, dancer Mitzi Mayfair and actress Kay Francis with a USO troupe in England and North Africa. Two years later, she entertained soldiers in the South Pacific with Jack Benny. Benny later said that while many entertainers were reluctant to visit wounded men in camp hospitals, Landis would make a point of spending time with them, and she displayed tremendous empathy as she talked with them about their lives and families back home. Landis traveled more than 100,000 miles during the war and spent more time visiting troops than any other actress. Landis became a popular pin-up with servicemen during World War II.
In 1945 she starred on Broadway in the musical A Lady Says Yes, with future novelist Jacqueline Susann in a small role. Susann is said to have based the character of Jennifer North, from her best-selling novel Valley of the Dolls, in part on Landis.
Landis wrote several newspaper and magazine articles about her experiences during the war, including the 1944 book Four Jills in a Jeep, which was later made into a movie costarring Kay Francis, Martha Raye, and Mitzi Mayfair. She also wrote the foreword to Victor Herman's cartoon book Winnie the WAC.
Landis was married four times and had no children (she was unable to conceive owing to endometriosis). In January 1934, 15-year-old Landis married her first husband, 19-year-old Irving Wheeler. Her mother had the marriage annulled in February 1934. Landis persuaded her father, Alfred Ridste (who had left the family shortly after Landis was born and who, by coincidence, lived near the family in San Bernardino), to allow her to remarry Wheeler. He finally relented, and the two were remarried on August 25, 1934. After three weeks of marriage, Landis and Wheeler got into an argument and Landis walked out. Neither filed for divorce, and Landis began pursuing an acting career. In 1938, Wheeler reappeared and filed a $250,000 alienation of affections lawsuit against director and choreographer Busby Berkeley. Even though Landis and Wheeler were estranged, he claimed that Berkeley had enticed and otherwise persuaded Landis to transfer her affections. Landis maintained that she had not seen Wheeler in years and heard from him only the previous year when he claimed to want a divorce. Wheeler's lawsuit was later dismissed, and Landis and Wheeler were divorced in 1939.: 399 In June 1939 Berkeley proposed to Landis but later broke it off. On July 4, 1940, she married yacht broker Willis Hunt, Jr. in Las Vegas. Landis left Hunt after two months of marriage; they were divorced in November 1940.
While touring army camps in London in 1942, she met United States Army Air Forces Captain Thomas Wallace. They were married in January 1943 but separated in May 1945. They divorced in July 1945.
On December 8, 1945, Landis married Broadway producer W. Horace Schmidlapp.<: 400 They separated in 1947 and Landis filed for divorce in May 1948, charging Schmidlapp with "extreme mental cruelty". During her separation from Schmidlapp, Landis began a relationship with actor Rex Harrison, who was then married to actress Lilli Palmer. The affair became an open secret in Hollywood. After Landis's death, however, Harrison downplayed their relationship and publicly claimed that she was merely a close friend of himself and Palmer.
Landis was reportedly crushed when Harrison refused to divorce his wife for her; unable to cope any longer, she committed suicide in her Pacific Palisades home at 1465 Capri Drive by taking an overdose of Seconal.: 197–199 Harrison was the last person to see Landis alive, having had dinner with her the night before she committed suicide.
The next afternoon, Harrison and Landis's maid discovered her on the bathroom floor. Harrison waited several hours before he called a doctor and the police. According to some sources, Landis left two suicide notes, one for her mother and the second for Harrison, who instructed his lawyers to destroy it.: 190 During a coroner's inquest, Harrison denied knowing any motive for her suicide and told the coroner he did not know of the existence of a second suicide note. Landis's official website, which is owned by her family, has questioned the events of Landis's death and the coroner's ruling of suicide. She is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California, in plot 814 of the "Everlasting Love" section. Among the celebrities at her funeral were Cesar Romero, Van Johnson, and Pat O'Brien. Harrison attended with his wife.
|1937||The King and the Chorus Girl||Chorine||Uncredited|
|1937||A Star Is Born||Girl in beret at Santa Anita bar||Uncredited|
|1937||A Day at the Races||Dance Extra|
|1937||Fly Away Baby||Blonde at airport|
|1937||The Emperor's Candlesticks||Bit part|
|1937||Broadway Melody of 1938||Dancer|
|1937||Over the Goal||Co-ed||Uncredited|
|1937||The Adventurous Blonde||Uncredited|
|1937||Hollywood Hotel||Hat check girl with coat|
|1938||The Invisible Menace||Woman waiting to go with her Johnnie|
|1938||Blondes at Work||Carol|
|1938||A Slight Case of Murder||Partygoer leaning on piano during song|
|1938||Love, Honor and Behave||Wheel watcher at party||Uncredited|
|1938||Over the Wall||Peggy, girl at beach||Uncredited|
|1938||Women Are Like That||Cocktail party guest||Uncredited|
|1938||The Adventures of Robin Hood||Guest at banquet||Uncredited|
|1938||Gold Diggers in Paris||Golddigger||Alternative title: The Gay Impostors|
|1938||Men Are Such Fools||June Cooper|
|1938||When Were You Born||Ship passenger||Uncredited|
|1938||Penrod's Double Trouble||Girl at fair||Uncredited|
|1938||Four's a Crowd||Myrtle, Lansford's 2nd Secretary|
|1938||Boy Meets Girl||Commissary cashier||Uncredited|
|1939||Three Texas Steers||Nancy Evans||Alternative title: Danger Rides the Range|
|1939||Daredevils of the Red Circle||Blanche Granville|
|1939||Cowboys from Texas||June Jones|
|1940||One Million B.C.||Loana|
|1940||Mystery Sea Raider||June McCarthy|
|1941||Road Show||Penguin Moore|
|1941||Topper Returns||Ann Carrington|
|1941||Moon Over Miami||Barbara Latimer, aka Miss Sears|
|1941||Dance Hall||Lily Brown|
|1941||I Wake Up Screaming||Vicky Lynn||Alternative title: Hot Spot|
|1941||Cadet Girl||Gene Baxter|
|1942||A Gentleman at Heart||Helen Mason|
|1942||My Gal Sal||Mae Collins|
|1942||It Happened in Flatbush||Kathryn Baker|
|1942||Orchestra Wives||Natalie Mercer|
|1942||Manila Calling||Edna Fraser|
|1943||The Powers Girl||Kay Evans|
|1943||Show Business at War||Herself|
|1944||Secret Command||Jill McGann|
|1944||Four Jills in a Jeep||Herself|
|1945||Having Wonderful Crime||Helene Justus|
|1946||Behind Green Lights||Janet Bradley|
|1946||A Scandal in Paris||Loretta de Richet||Alternative title: Thieves' Holiday|
|1946||It Shouldn't Happen to a Dog||Julia Andrews|
|1947||Out of the Blue||Mae Earthleigh|
|1948||Noose||Linda Medbury||Alternative title: The Silk Noose|
|1948||Brass Monkey||Kay Sheldon||Alternative title: Lucky Mascot|
|1938||Warner Brothers Academy Theater||Special Agent|
|1942||Command Performance||June 11|
- "Metonymy". Life. Time Inc. 18 (8): 115. February 19, 1945. ISSN 0024-3019.
- "Casually in Hollywood". Time. July 19, 1948. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- Gans, Eric (2008). Carole Landis: A Most Beautiful Girl. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-604-73013-5.
- Fleming, E. J. (2005). Carole Landis: A Tragic Life in Hollywood. McFarland. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-786-48265-6.
- (Fleming 2005, p. 8)
- (Fleming 2005, pp. 10, 12)
- (Fleming 2005, pp. 14)
- Caen, Herb (1950). Baghdad: 1951. Doubleday & Company, Inc. p. 40.
- "Carole Landis, State Film Star, Takes Own Life". The Rhinelander Daily News. July 6, 1948. p. 1. Retrieved July 22, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- (Fleming 2005, pp. 11–12)
- Spivak, Jeffrey (2011). Buzz: The Life and Art of Busby Berkeley. University Press of Kentucky. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-813-12643-2.
- Donnelley, Paul (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. ISBN 0-711-99512-5.
- "Carole Landis Marries Again". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida'. July 5, 1940. p. 9. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Now She's Legally Carole Landis". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida'. April 24, 1942. p. 1. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Divorce Granted to Carole Landis". The Milwaukee Journal. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. July 20, 1945. p. 19. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Divorce for Carole". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Daytona Beach, Florida. May 4, 1945. p. 10. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Carole Landis Sues Fourth Husband For Divorce". Lewiston Evening Journal. Lewiston, Maine. March 23, 1948. p. 9. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- (Fleming 2005, pp. 217, 218)
- Morgan, Michelle (2013). The Mammoth Book of Hollywood Scandals. Running Press. pp. 253–254. ISBN 978-0-762-44946-0.
- Parish, James Robert (2002). The Hollywood Book of Death: The Bizarre, Often Sordid, Passings of More Than 125 American Movie and TV Idols (3 ed.). Contemporary Books. p. 315. ISBN 0-8092-2227-2.
- Petrucelli, Alan J. (2009). Morbid Curiosity: The Disturbing Demises of the Famous and Infamous. Penguin. ISBN 9781101140499. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Mosby, Aline (July 6, 1948). "Carole Landis Mystery Death Clues Hunted". Oakland Tribune. p. 1.
- Actor Rex Harrison answering questions from coroner Ira Nance at inquiry on Carol Landis' suicide Archived July 28, 2012, at archive.today, a July 1948 Los Angeles Times photograph from the UCLA Charles E. Young Research Library website
- Powell, Tammy. "Was Carole Murdered?". carolelandisofficial. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- Mosby, Aline (July 11, 1948). "Scores Attend Funeral of Carole Landis". Oakland Tribune. p. 1.
- "Carole Landis". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
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