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Caribbean people are the people born in or inhabitants Caribbean region or people of Caribbean descent living outside the Caribbean. The Caribbean region was initially populated by Amerindians from several different Kalinago and Taino groups. These groups were decimated by a combination of slavery and disease brought by European colonizers. Descendants of the Taino and Kalinago tribes exist today in the Caribbean and elsewhere but are usually of partial Amerindian ancestry.[2]

Caribbean people
Total population
c. 45–47 million
Regions with significant populations
Caribbean Community17.7 million (2015)
 Cuba11 million
 Dominican Republic10 million
 Puerto Rico3.4 million
 United States2.88 million[a][1]
Mainly Spanish, French, French-based creole languages (Haitian Creole, Antillean Creole), English, English-based creole languages (Jamaican Patois, Bahamian Creole), Papiamento
Minority Dutch, Caribbean Hindustani
Predominantly: Minority:
Related ethnic groups
Americans, Canadians, Latin Americans

Modern Caribbean people usually further identify by their own specific ethnic ancestry, therefore constituting various subgroups, largest of which are: Afro-Caribbean (largely descendants of emancipated African slaves) White Caribbean (largely descendants of European colonizers) and Indo-Caribbean (largely descendants of jahaji indentured workers).


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Excluding Cuban Americans.
  1. ^ Results   American Fact Finder (US Census Bureau)
  2. ^ The Caribbean as a Melting Pot

External linksEdit