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Example of Louisiana Voodoo altar inside a temple in New Orleans.

Afro-American religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and in the state of Louisiana in the Southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions with some influence from other religious traditions, notably Christianity.



Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of divine spirits such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the religious syncretism of these various African traditions, many also incorporate elements of Folk Catholicism, Native American religion, Spiritism, Spiritualism and European folklore.

List of traditionsEdit

Variations of African Religions in the Americas
Religion Location Ancestral roots Also practiced in Remarks
Candomblé Brazil Yoruba religion, Kongo religion, Dahomean religion Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States
Umbanda Brazil Yoruba religion Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States
Quimbanda Brazil Kongo religion Argentina, Uruguay, United States
Santería Cuba Yoruba religion Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Panama, Belize, Puerto Rico, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Cuban Vodú Cuba Dahomean religion Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, United States
Palo Cuba[1] Kongo religion Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, United States
Abakuá Cuba Ekpe United States Secret society of the Anaang, Efik, Ibibio, Ekoi, and Igbo peoples.
Dominican Vudú Dominican Republic Dahomean religion United States
Comfa Guyana Mixture of Odinani, Akan religion, Kongo religion, and Yoruba religion and knowledge traditions, along with indigenous American, Asian, and European elements. Trinidad and Tobago
Haitian Vodou Haiti Dahomean religion, Fon Canada, Dominican Republic, United States, France
Kumina Jamaica Kongo religion United States
Obeah Jamaica Akan religion, Odinani, Yoruba religion Jamaica, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia Similar to Hoodoo folk magic. Derives from the Igbo obia (or dibia, "doctoring") traditions.[2]
Winti Suriname Akan religion Guyana, Netherlands, United States, United Kingdom, Canada
Spiritual Baptist Trinidad and Tobago Yoruba religion the Bahamas, Barbados, St. Vincent & The Grenadines, Guyana, Suriname, Canada, Jamaica, Belize, United States, United Kingdom, Australia
Trinidad Orisha Trinidad and Tobago[3] Yoruba religion United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia
Louisiana Voodoo Southern United States Dahomean religion United States

Other closely related regional faithsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press.
  2. ^ Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.
  3. ^ Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.
  4. ^ Xango de Recife[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit