Canlaon

Canlaon, officially the City of Canlaon (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Canlaon; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa sang Kanglaon; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Canlaon), is a 4th class component city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 58,822 people. [3]

Canlaon
City of Canlaon
Sunset taken at Kanlaon Volcano's slope
Sunset taken at Kanlaon Volcano's slope
Official seal of Canlaon
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Vegetable Capital of Negros Island
Map of Negros Oriental with Canlaon highlighted
Map of Negros Oriental with Canlaon highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Canlaon is located in Philippines
Canlaon
Canlaon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°12′E / 10.38°N 123.2°E / 10.38; 123.2Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°12′E / 10.38°N 123.2°E / 10.38; 123.2
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceNegros Oriental
District 1st district
FoundedOctober 11, 1946
CityhoodJuly 2, 1967
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorJose Chubasco B. Cardenas
 • Vice MayorJimmy Jayme L. Clerigo
 • RepresentativeJocelyn S. Limkaichong
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate34,261 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total170.93 km2 (66.00 sq mi)
Elevation
385 m (1,263 ft)
Highest elevation
2,443 m (8,015 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total58,822
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
 • Households
12,624
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence34.95% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱374,698,110.35 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNegros Oriental 1 Electric Cooperative (NORECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6223
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)35
Climate typeTropical climate
Native languagesCebuano
Hiligaynon
Tagalog

It is located 168 kilometres (104 mi) north from the provincial capital Dumaguete and is bordered on the east by Vallehermoso and on the south by Guihulngan.

Canlaon is home to the highest peak in its own province and its corresponding island, Kanlaon Volcano, which is 2,465 metres (8,087 ft) above sea level at its highest point.

The Banyan Tree inside the OISCA Farm is estimated by botanists from Silliman University to be around 1,300 years old. It is home to lizards, bats, and a variety of insects. It may be considered as Canlaon City's main tourist attraction.

HistoryEdit

Canlaon was formerly a part of Vallehermoso as Sitio Mabigo of Barrio Panubigan. In 1941, Isidoro Bautista Sr., a geodetic engineer, along with its residents petitioned the Philippine government to convert Mabigo into a separate municipality.

World War IIEdit

During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army captured Canlaon City on 10 April 1942, right after the Battle of Bataan. The Japanese occupation of the city ended in early 1945 when soldiers from the Eighth United States Army under Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger including the 40th Infantry Division (United States) and the 23rd Infantry Division (United States), landed in Negros Island to drive out the Japanese. On liberating Negros Island, they were assisted by newly formed Philippine Commonwealth Military Forces & local Negrense guerillas who helped in clearing out Japanese pockets of resistance throughout the island. In fact, the honor of liberating Canlaon City from the Japanese went to Philippine Commonwealth soldiers belonging to the 7th, 71st, 73rd and 75th Infantry Regiments of the Philippine Army, the 7th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and Negrense Guerillas.

Post-World War IIEdit

Creation as a municipalityEdit

On October 11, 1946, President Manuel Roxas signed Executive Order no. 19, creating the municipality of Canlaon consists of two barrios (Mabigo and Panubigan) and nine sitios. It was inaugurated on January 1, 1947. Isidoro Bautista Sr. became its first municipal mayor.

CityhoodEdit

Lorenzo Teves, congressman of the first district of Negros Oriental, filed House Bill 4346, regarding the conversion of Canlaon into a city. The bill became Republic Act 3445. However, President Carlos P. Garcia did not signed the bill. It was only on April 20, 1967, when president Ferdinand Marcos signed Proclamation no. 193, making the municipality as a city. It took effect on July 2, 1967, making Canlaon as the 2nd city in the province.

BarangaysEdit

 
Administrative divisions of Canlaon City

Canlaon is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.

  • Bayog
  • Biak na Bato
  • Binalbagan
  • Bucalan (East Budlasan)
  • Budlasan (West Budlasan)
  • Linothangan
  • Lumapao
  • Mabigo (Poblacion – Canlaon Proper)
  • Malaiba
  • Masulog
  • Ninoy Aquino
  • Panubigan
  • Pula

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Canlaon, Negros Oriental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 100
(3.9)
75
(3.0)
90
(3.5)
101
(4.0)
183
(7.2)
242
(9.5)
215
(8.5)
198
(7.8)
205
(8.1)
238
(9.4)
194
(7.6)
138
(5.4)
1,979
(77.9)
Average rainy days 14.9 11.3 14.5 17.4 26.4 28.4 28.5 27.5 26.9 28.4 24.2 17.2 265.6
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.) [5]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Canlaon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1948 15,874—    
1960 22,884+3.09%
1970 23,598+0.31%
1975 29,152+4.33%
1980 28,785−0.25%
1990 37,165+2.59%
1995 41,334+2.01%
2000 46,548+2.58%
2007 50,208+1.05%
2010 50,627+0.30%
2015 54,509+1.42%
2020 58,822+1.51%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[6][7][8][9]

Cebuano is the main dialect of Canlaon City but Hiligaynon is also spoken due to its border with Negros Occidental. Tagalog and English are rather used as second dialects.

EconomyEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ City of Canlaon | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Canlaon: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  6. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External linksEdit