California State University

The California State University (Cal State or CSU) is a public university system in California, and the largest public university system in the world.[1] It consists of 23 campuses and 7 off-campus centers, which together enroll 457,992 students and employ 56,256 faculty and staff members.[1] In California, it is one of the three public higher education systems, along with the University of California and the California Community Colleges systems. The CSU system is officially incorporated as The Trustees of the California State University, and is headquartered in Long Beach, California.

California State University
Seal of the California State University.svg
MottoVox Veritas Vita (Latin)
Motto in English
"Voice Truth Life" (Speak the truth as a way of life.)
TypePublic university system
Established1857; 166 years ago (1857)
Endowment$2.3 billion (2021-22) [1]
Budget$7.72 billion (2022-23)[2]
ChancellorJolene Koester (interim)[3]
Students457,992 (Fall 2022)[4]
Undergraduates404,820 (Fall 2022)[4]
Postgraduates53,172 (Fall 2022)[4]
Location, ,
United States
Campus23 campuses
ColorsRed & White    
AffiliationsState of California
California State University logo.svg

Established in 1960 as part of the California Master Plan for Higher Education, the CSU system has its roots in the California State Normal Schools that were chartered in 1857.[5] It holds the distinction of being the leading producer of bachelor's degrees in the country,[5] with over 110,000 graduates each year. Additionally, the CSU system contributes to the state's economy by sustaining more than 209,000 jobs.[5]

In the 2015–16 academic year, CSU awarded 52% of newly issued California teaching credentials, 33% of the state's information technology bachelor's degrees, and it had more graduates in business , criminal justice, engineering, criminal justice, public administration, and agriculture than all other universities and colleges in California combined.[6] Altogether, about half of the bachelor's degrees, one-fourth of the master's degrees, and 3% of the doctoral degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU.[6] Additionally, 62% of all bachelor's degrees granted to Hispanic students in California and over half of bachelor's degrees earned by California’s Latino, African American and Native American students combined are conferred by the CSU.[7]

The CSU system is one of the top U.S. producers of graduates who move on to earn their PhD degrees in a related field.[8] Since 1961, over four million alumni have received a degree from the CSU system.[5] CSU offers more than 1,800 degree programs in some 240 subject areas.[9] In fall of 2022, 11,181 (or 40%) of CSU's 27,741 faculty were tenured or on the tenure track.[10]


State Normal SchoolsEdit

The California State Normal School, founded in 1862 in San Jose, (today's San Jose State University) is the oldest campus of the CSU system.

Today's California State University system is the direct descendant of the Minns Evening Normal School, founded in 1857 by George W. Minns in San Francisco. It was a normal school, an institution that educated future teachers in association with the high school system and the first of its kind in California.

The school was taken over by the state in 1862 and moved to San Jose and renamed the California State Normal School; it eventually evolved into San Jose State University.[11] A southern branch of the California State Normal School was created in Los Angeles in 1882.[12] In 1887, the California State Legislature dropped the word California from the name of the San Jose and Los Angeles schools, renaming them State Normal Schools.

Later, other state normal schools were founded at Chico (1887) and San Diego (1897); they did not form a system in the modern sense, in that each normal school had its own board of trustees and all were governed independently from one another.[13][14] By the end of the 19th century, the State Normal School in San Jose was graduating roughly 130 teachers a year and was "one of the best known normal schools in the West."[15]

In 1919, the State Normal School at Los Angeles became the Southern Branch of the University of California; in 1927, it became the University of California at Los Angeles.[16]

State Teachers CollegesEdit

In May 1921, the legislature enacted a comprehensive reform package for the state's educational system, which went into effect that July.[17] The State Normal Schools were renamed State Teachers Colleges, their boards of trustees were dissolved, and they were brought under the supervision of the Division of Normal and Special Schools of the new California Department of Education located at the state capital in Sacramento.[17] This meant that they were to be managed from Sacramento by the deputy director of the division, who in turn was subordinate to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the State Board of Education. By this time it was already commonplace to refer to most of the campuses with their city names plus the word "state" (e.g., San Jose State, San Diego State, San Francisco State).

San Diego State Normal School, founded 1897, became San Diego State Teacher's College in 1923 (and eventually San Diego State University).

The resulting administrative situation from 1921 to 1960 was quite complicated. On the one hand, the Department of Education's actual supervision of the presidents of the State Teachers Colleges was minimal, which translated into substantial autonomy when it came to day-to-day operations.[18] The State Teachers Colleges were treated under state law as ordinary state agencies, which meant their budgets were subject to the same financial controls as all other state agencies.[18]

During the 1920s and 1930s, the State Teachers Colleges started to evolve from normal schools into teachers colleges whose graduates would be fully qualified to teach all K–12 grades.[19] A leading proponent of this idea was Charles McLane, the first president of Fresno State, who was one of the earliest persons to argue that K–12 teachers must have a broad liberal arts education.[19] Having already founded Fresno Junior College in 1907, now Fresno City College, McLane arranged for Fresno State to co-locate with the junior college and to synchronize schedules so teachers-in-training could take liberal arts courses at the junior college.[19] San Diego and San Jose followed Fresno in expanding their academic programs beyond traditional teacher training.[20] These developments had the tacit approval of the State Board of Education and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, but had not been expressly authorized by the board and also lacked express statutory authorization from the state legislature.[20]

State CollegesEdit

Founded in 1938, the southern campus of the California State Polytechnic School became the independent California State Polytechnic University, Pomona in 1966.

In 1932, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was asked by the state legislature and governor to perform a study of California higher education.[19] The Suzzallo Report" criticized the State Teachers Colleges for their intrusion upon UC's liberal arts prerogative and recommended that they be transfer to the Regents of the University of California.[19][21] In 1935, the State Teachers Colleges were formally upgraded by the state legislature to State Colleges and were expressly authorized to offer a full four-year liberal arts curriculum, culminating in bachelor's degrees, but they remained under the Department of Education.[19]

California State University Maritime Academy was founded in 1929 as the California Nautical School.

During World War II, a group of local Santa Barbara leaders and business promoters were able to convince the state legislature and governor to transfer Santa Barbara State College to the University of California in 1944.[22] The period after World War II brought a great expansion in the number of state colleges. Additional state colleges were established in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Long Beach from 1947 to 1949, and then seven more state colleges were authorized to be established between 1957 and 1960. Six more state colleges were founded after the enactment of the Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960, bringing the total number to 23.

California State CollegesEdit

Aerial view of the future campus of California State University, Sacramento, founded in 1947.

In April 1960, the California Master Plan for Higher Education and the resulting Donahoe Higher Education Act brought about significant structural changes to the state colleges. The Donahoe Act merged the state colleges into the State College System of California. As a result, the colleges were no longer under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education, the State Board of Education, and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Donahoe Act also allowed for the appointment of a systemwide board of trustees and a systemwide chancellor. In March 1961, the state legislature renamed the system to the California State Colleges (CSC), and the board became the "Trustees of the California State Colleges."[23]

As enacted, the Donahoe Act provides that UC "shall be the primary state-supported academic agency for research" and "has the sole authority in public higher education to award the doctoral degree in all fields of learning".[24] In contrast, CSU may only award the doctoral degree as part of a joint program with UC or "independent institutions of higher education" and is authorized to conduct research "in support of" its mission, which is to provide "undergraduate and graduate instruction through the master's degree."[24]

Kerr explained in his memoirs: "The state did not need a higher education system where every component was intent on being another Harvard or Berkeley or Stanford."[25] At the time, California already had too many research universities; it had only 9 percent of the American population but 15 percent of the research universities (12 out of 80).[26] The language about joint programs and authorizing the state colleges to conduct some research was offered by Kerr at the last minute on December 18, 1959, as a "sweetener" to secure the consent of a then-wavering Dumke, the state colleges' representative on the Master Plan survey team.[27]

Robert F. Kennedy addresses the crowd at San Fernando Valley State College (modern day California State University, Northridge) in 1968.

Although the state colleges had operated out of Sacramento since 1921, the board resolved on August 4, 1961 that the headquarters of the California State Colleges would be set up in the Los Angeles area, and in December, the newly-formed chancellor's office was moved from Sacramento to a rented office on Imperial Highway in Inglewood.[28] In 1965, the chancellor's office was moved to a larger office space, again rented, on Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles.[29]

Buell G. Gallagher was selected by the board as the first chancellor of the California State Colleges (1961-1962), but resigned after only nine months to return to his previous job as president of the City College of New York.[30] Dumke succeeded him as the second chancellor of the California State Colleges (1962-1982). As chancellor.

California State University and CollegesEdit

The first purpose-built headquarters of the California State University, built in 1976 in Long Beach.

In 1966, James R. Mills, a state assemblyman from San Diego, suggested studying the possibility of changing the name of the system to California State University. Much of the leadership on this matter emerged from the San Diego area in the following years. Despite strong opposition from the University of California, several bills introduced by San Diego legislators failed to pass.[31] After several bills from various San Diego legislators failed to move forward in the face of resistance from stakeholders including the University of California, the final compromise was that the system would become the California State University and Colleges.[32] Alex Sherriffs an education advisor to than Governor Reagan noted the turbulent time dealing with the proposals “most of the campuses are not, by any definition I’ve ever seen, a university. A university…includes several colleges and is heavily engaged in scholarship and research. It gives the doctoral degrees”.[33] Governor Ronald Reagan signed Assembly Bill 123 into law on November 29, 1971 and the board was renamed the "Trustees of the California State University and Colleges".[34]

In accordance with the new systemwide name, on May 23, 1972, the board of trustees voted to rename fourteen of the nineteen CSU campuses to "California State University," followed by a comma and then their geographic designation.[35] The five campuses exempted from renaming were the five newest state colleges created during the 1960s.[35]

The new names were strongly disliked at certain campuses.[36] For example, CSUSF drew the humorous response "Gesundheit," and was frequently confused with CCSF, USF, and UCSF.[37] Over Dumke's objections, state assemblyman Alfred E. Alquist proposed a bill that would rename the San Jose campus back to San Jose State.[35] As passed and signed into law, the bill also renamed San Diego and San Francisco back to their old names.[35] A few years later, the Sonoma and Humboldt campuses secured passage of similar legislation.[35]

California State UniversityEdit

Established in 2002, California State University, Channel Islands, in Camarillo, is the newest CSU campus.

Two major changes occurred in 1982. First, CSU was able to quietly obtain passage of a bill dropping the word "colleges" from its name.[38] Second, W. Ann Reynolds succeeded Dumke as CSU's third chancellor, and brought a dramatically different management style to the CSU system.[38] In many ways, Reynolds was the opposite of the "quiet" and "apolitical" Dumke.[38] Despite the severe budget pressures brought about by the passage of Proposition 13, Reynolds was able to achieve moderate success in improving parity between CSU and UC funding.[38]

Founded in 1913, California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt, in Arcata, became the third Cal Poly campus in the CSU system in 2022.

Today the campuses of the CSU system include comprehensive universities and polytechnic universities along with the only maritime academy in the western United States.

In May 2020, it was announced that all 23 institutions within the CSU system would host majority-online courses in the Fall 2020 semester as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on education.[39][40][41]

Towards the end of 2022 the CSU actively discouraged allowing California Community Colleges to expand their offerings to award four year degrees.[42]


The governance structure of the California State University is largely determined by state law. The California State University is ultimately administered by the 25-member (24 voting, one non-voting) board of trustees of the California State University. The trustees appoint the chancellor of the California State University, who is the chief executive officer of the system, and the presidents of each campus, who are the chief executive officers of their respective campuses.

The Academic Senate of the California State University, made up of elected representatives of the faculty from each campus, recommends academic policy to the board of trustees through the chancellor.

Board of trusteesEdit

The California State University is administered by the 25-member board of trustees which is composed of:[43][44][45]

  • The governor of California (president ex officio)
  • Sixteen members who are appointed by the governor of California with the consent of the Senate
  • Two students from the California State University appointed by the governor
  • One tenured faculty member appointed by the governor selected from a list of names submitted by the Academic Senate
  • One representative of the alumni associations of the state university selected for a two-year term by the alumni council of the California State University
  • Four ex officio members aside from the governor:
    • Lieutenant governor
    • Speaker of the Assembly
    • State superintendent of public instruction
    • The CSU chancellor


The office of the chancellor of the California State University, in Long Beach.

The chancellor is the chief executive officer of the CSU, and all Presidents of the campuses report directly to the chancellor.[46]


Student governmentEdit

The student union at San Diego.

All 23 campuses have student government organizations, and are all members of the California State Student Association (CSSA). California Education Code § 89300 allows for the creation of student body organizations at any state university for the purpose of providing essential activities closely related to, but not normally included as a part of, the regular instructional program.[49]


The CSU is composed of 23 campuses, of which 11 are located in Northern California and 12 in Southern California. The 23 campuses are listed here by order of the year founded:

Campus Founded Enrollment
(Fall 2021)[4]
(Fiscal year 2020-21)
2023 U.S.


(Master's, 2022)[53][54]
(National, 2021)[55]
San José
1857 33,848 $197.1 NCAA D-I
16 30 109
1887 15,421 $87.2 NCAA D-II Wildcats
26 12 151
San Diego
1897 35,732 $399.7 NCAA D-I
(Nat. Univ.)*
(Nat. Univ.)*
San Francisco
1899 26,620 $183.5 NCAA D-II Gators
(Nat. Univ.)*
28 117
San Luis Obispo
1901 22,028 $287.2 NCAA D-I
(Big West)
2 23 58
1911 24,946 $218.9 NCAA D-I
(Nat. Univ.)*
(Nat. Univ.)*
1913 5,739 $36.3 NCAA D-II Lumberjacks
32 87 476
1929 880 $11.6 NAIA Keelhaulers
(Cal Pac)
(Reg. Coll.)^
22 345
1938 29,103 $166.5 NCAA D-II Broncos
14 14 103
Los Angeles
1947 27,029 $59.4 NCAA D-II Golden Eagles
24 5 159
1947 31,573 $76.7 NCAA D-I
(Big Sky)
38 10 289
Long Beach
1949 39,434 $109.7 NCAA D-I
The Beach[a]
(Big West)
(Nat. Univ.)*
2 85
1957 40,087 $104.4 NCAA D-I
(Big West)
(Nat. Univ.)*
9 98
1957 10,028 $20.0 NCAA D-II Warriors
25 17 354
East Bay
1957 13,499 $20.7 NCAA D-II Pioneers
(Nat. Univ.)*
174 207
1958 38,551 $158.8 NCAA D-I
(Big West)
32 4 147
Dominguez Hills
1960 16,916 $18.3 NCAA D-II Toros
56 45 398
1960 7,182 $64.5 NCAA D-II Seawolves
35 133 245
San Bernardino
1965 19,182 $37.7 NCAA D-II Coyotes
(Nat. Univ.)*
7 356
1965 10,624 $55.6 NCAA D-I
(Big West)
60 68 399
San Marcos
1989 14,503 $35.8 NCAA D-II Cougars
39 36 182
Monterey Bay
1994 6,995 $35.3 NCAA D-II Otters
22 39 330
Channel Islands
2002 6,437 $19.8 None Dolphins
28 56 376
  1. ^ Long Beach State fully rebranded its athletic program as "The Beach" in 2020–21, after transitioning from the former nickname of 49ers. The baseball team is also known as "Dirtbags".

* U.S. News & World Report ranks San Diego State and Fresno State in the National Universities category as they offer several Ph.D. programs. The other universities in the California State University system are ranked in the Regional Universities (West) category as they offer few or no Ph.D. programs.

^ Cal Maritime only awards undergraduate degrees and therefore is ranked separately from the other campuses of the California State University. It is ranked in the "Regional Colleges" category.[56]

Off campus branchesEdit

A few universities have established off-campus branches to increase education accessibility. These branches differ from typical university extension courses as they offer degree programs and students enjoy the same status as other California State University (CSU) students. Notably, the California State University, Channel Islands is the newest addition, having transitioned from an off-campus branch of CSU Northridge. As of Fall 2005, the total enrollment across all off-campus branches within the CSU system was 9,163 students, representing 2.2 percent of the systemwide enrollment. The following is a list of schools and their respective off-campus branches:

The TS Golden Bear is the training ship of CSU Maritime Academy, based at Vallejo in the Bay Area.
CSU San Bernardino's Palm Desert campus in the Coachella Valley.
Sacramento State Aquatic Center at Lake Natoma, in Gold River.

Laboratories and observatoriesEdit

Research facilities owned and operated by units of the CSU:

Student profileEdit

Percentage of students and comparisons statewide nationwide
Campuses (2020)[65] Undergraduate (2020)[66] Graduate (2020)[66] Doctorate (2020)[66]
Native American or American Indians 0% 0% 0% 0%
Hispanic and Latino Americans
(Includes Chicanos, Other Latino and White Hispanics)
45% 46% 35% 25%
Non-Hispanic White Americans 22% 21% 29% 36%
Non-Hispanic Asian American 15% 16% 13% 16%
Non-Hispanic African American 4% 4% 4% 7%
Non-Hispanic Multiracial Americans 4% 4% 3% 5%
Unknown 4% 3% 5% 5%
International students 5% 5% 9% 5%

Differences between the CSU and UC systemsEdit

Trinity Hall at Chico.

The University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU) are publicly funded institutions of higher education in California.[67] A study conducted in 2002 revealed that faculty members in the CSU system spend around 30 hours per week on teaching and advising students, while dedicating approximately 10 hours per week to research and creative activities. Dr. Charles B. Reed, the Chancellor of CSU, emphasized during his Pullias Lecture at the University of Southern California that California is large enough to support two exceptional systems of public higher education: one that prioritizes research (UC) and another that emphasizes teaching (CSU)[68][69]

Julia Morgan House at Sacramento.

According to the California Master Plan for Higher Education (1960), both university systems may confer bachelors or master's degrees as well as professional certifications, however only the University of California has the authority to issue Ph.D degrees (Doctor of Philosophy) and professional degrees in the fields of law, medicine, veterinary, and dentistry.[70] As a result of recent legislation (SB 724 and AB 2382), the California State University may now offer doctoral degrees in Education and Physical Therapy.[71] Additionally, the California State University (CSU) offers Ph.D degrees and some professional doctorates as a joint degree in combination with other institutions of higher education, including joint degrees with the University of California (UC) and accredited private universities.[72]

There are 23 CSU campuses and 10 UC campuses representing approximately 437,000 and 237,000[73] students respectively. The cost of CSU tuition is approximately half that of UC.

Walter Pyramid at Long Beach.

CSU and UC use the terms "president" and "chancellor" internally in opposite ways: At CSU, the campuses are headed by presidents who report to a systemwide chancellor;[46] but at UC, they are headed by chancellors who report to a systemwide president.[74]

CSU has traditionally been more accommodating to older students than UC, by offering more degree programs in the evenings and, more recently, online.[75][76] In addition, CSU schools, especially in more urban areas, have traditionally catered to commuters, enrolling most of their students from the surrounding area. This has changed as CSU schools increase enrollment and some of the more prestigious urban campuses attract a wider demographic.[77]

The majority of CSU campuses operate on the semester system while UC campuses operate on the quarter system, with the exception of UC Berkeley, UC Merced, and the UCLA medical school. As of Fall 2014, the CSU began converting its six remaining quarter campuses to the semester calendar.[78] Cal State LA and Cal State Bakersfield converted in Fall 2016,[79] while Cal State East Bay and Cal Poly Pomona transitioned to semesters in Fall 2018.[80][81] Cal State San Bernardino is planning to make the conversion in Fall 2020,[82] while Cal Poly San Luis Obispo has not announced a date for conversion to semesters.


Enrollment for all CSU campuses, 2001-11.
Enrollment for the CSU system, 1970-2011.[83]

Historically the requirements for admission to the CSU have been less stringent than the UC system. However, both systems require completion of the A-G requirements in high school as part of admission. The CSU attempts to accept applicants from the top one-third of California high school graduates. In contrast, the UC attempts to accept the top one-eighth. In an effort to maintain a 60/40 ratio of upper division students to lower division students and to encourage students to attend a California community college first, both university systems give priority to California community college transfer students.

However, the following 17 CSU campuses use higher standards than the basic admission standards due to the number of qualified students who apply which makes admissions at these schools more competitive:[84]

  • Chico
  • Fresno
  • Fullerton
  • Humboldt (freshmen)
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Monterey Bay (freshmen)
  • Northridge
  • Pomona
  • Sacramento
  • San Bernardino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • San Luis Obispo
  • San Marcos
  • Sonoma

Furthermore, seven California State University campuses are fully impacted for both freshmen and transfers, meaning in addition to admission into the school, admission into all majors is also impacted for the academic 2020-2021 program. The seven campuses that are fully impacted are Los Angeles, Fresno, Fullerton, Long Beach, San Diego, San Jose, and San Luis Obispo.

Research and academicsEdit

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library, at San José, is the largest library in the Western United States.

The California State University (CSU) and most of its campuses are members of Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) and the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU).

The CSU is a founding and charter member of CENIC, the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California, the nonprofit organization which provides extremely high-performance Internet-based networking to California's K–20 research and education community.

Cain Library at Domínguez Hills.

The California State University Program for Education and Research in Biotechnology (CSUPERB) mission is to develop a professional biotechnology workforce. CSUPERB provides grant funding, organizes an annual symposium, sponsors industry-responsive curriculum, and serves as a liaison for the CSU with government, philanthropic, educational, and biotechnology industry partners. The program involves students and faculty from Life, Physical, Computer and Clinical Science, Engineering, Agriculture, Math and Business departments at all 23 CSU campuses.[85]

The Hospitality Management Education Initiative (HMEI) was formed in 2008 to address the shortage of hospitality leaders in California. HMEI is a collaboration between the 14 CSU campuses that have hospitality-related degrees and industry executives.[86] CSU awarded 95% of hospitality bachelor's degrees in the state in 2011.[87]

Kellogg Library at San Marcos.

ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) is the recognized U.S. accreditor of college and university programs in applied and natural science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology. The California State University has 18 colleges with ABET-accredited engineering programs (Pomona, San Luis Obispo, Maritime, Chico, Dominguez Hills, East Bay, Fresno, Fullerton, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Northridge, Sacramento, San Bernardino, Humboldt, San Diego, San Francisco, and San José).[88]

The CSU Council on Ocean Affairs, Science & Technology (CSU COAST) affinity group is the umbrella organization for marine, coastal, and coastal watershed-related activities. A highly effective CSU affinity group with active faculty and administration members across each of the system's 23 campuses, CSU COAST functions primarily as a coordinating force to stimulate new research, teaching, and policy tools via administrative support, robust networking opportunities, and by providing small incubator/accelerator funding to students and faculty.


César Chávez Student Center at San Francisco.

The CSU confers over 110,000 degrees each year, awarding almost half of the state's bachelor's degrees and one-fourth of the state's master's degrees.[89] The entire 23 campus system sustains over 209,000 jobs statewide,[89] generating $1.6 billion in tax revenue. Total CSU related expenditures equate to $26.9 billion.[89]

The CSU produces 62% of the bachelor's degrees awarded in agriculture, 54% in business, 44% in health and medicine, 64% in hospitality and tourism, 45% in engineering, and 44% of those in media, culture and design.[89][clarification needed] The CSU is the state's largest source of educators, with more than half of the state's newly credentialed teachers coming from the CSU, expanding the state's rank of teachers by nearly 12,500 per year.[89]

Over the last 10 years, the CSU has significantly enhanced programs towards the underserved. 56% of bachelor's degrees granted to Latinos in the state are from the CSU, while 60% of bachelor's awarded to Filipinos were from the CSU.[89] In the Fall of 2008, 42% of incoming students were from California Community Colleges.[89]

Campus naming conventionsEdit

The UC system follows a consistent style in the naming of campuses, using the words "University of California" followed by the name of its declared home city, with a comma as the separator. Most CSU campuses follow a similar pattern, though several are named only for their home city or county, such as San Francisco State University, San Jose State University, San Diego State University, or Sonoma State University.[36]

In addition, the California Maritime Academy is the only campus whose official name does not refer to a city or regional location within California.[90] Channel Islands, Maritime, and San Marcos are the only campuses whose names do not include a comma.[90] Some critics, including Donald Gerth (former President of Sacramento State), have claimed that the weak California State University identity has contributed to the CSU's perceived lack of prestige when compared to the University of California.[91]

The three polytechnic universities of the system do not follow any of the naming standards for the rest of the CSU campuses. California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt, and California State Polytechnic University, Pomona use the word "polytechnic" in both their full names.[92][93] CSU's editorial style guide refers to the same formal names while they also refer to the abbreviated forms "Cal Poly San Luis Obispo", "Cal Poly Humboldt", and "Cal Poly Pomona" respectively, but not the name "Cal Poly" by itself.[90]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "2023 Fact Book" (PDF). The California State University.
  2. ^ "2022-23 Final Budget Allocations" (PDF). The California State University. p. 2.
  3. ^ Greenberg, Susan (February 18, 2022). "Chancellor Joseph Castro Resigns From California State Univ". Inside HigherEd. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d "Enrollment".
  5. ^ a b c d "Fact Book 2022" (PDF). Retrieved 2022-06-18.
  6. ^ a b Measuring the Value of the CSU, CSU
  7. ^ Diversity, CSU
  8. ^ The Colleges Where PhD's Get Their Start. The College Solution. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  9. ^ Graduation Facts | 100,000 Graduates Strong Archived June 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  10. ^ "2022 Employee Profile" (PDF). Retrieved 2023-05-28.
  11. ^ Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 5–9. ISBN 9780877724353.
  12. ^ Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 10–11. ISBN 9780877724353.
  13. ^ Douglass, John Aubrey (2000). The California Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan. Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 137. ISBN 9780804731898.
  14. ^ Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 11–26. ISBN 9780877724353.
  15. ^ Thomas, Grace Powers (1898). Where to educate, 1898-1899. A guide to the best private schools, higher institutions of learning, etc., in the United States. Boston: Brown and Company. p. 17. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  16. ^ Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 26–30. ISBN 9780877724353.
  17. ^ a b Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 31–32. ISBN 9780877724353.
  18. ^ a b Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. p. xxi. ISBN 9780877724353.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. pp. 23–24, 33–35. ISBN 9780877724353.
  20. ^ a b Douglass, John Aubrey (2000). The California Idea and American Higher Education: 1850 to the 1960 Master Plan. Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 139. ISBN 9780804731898.
  21. ^ The Commission of Seven (1932). State Higher Education in California: Report of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Sacramento: California State Printing Office. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  22. ^ Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. p. 39. ISBN 9780877724353.
  23. ^ Cal. Stats., 1961 reg. sess., ch. 12, pp. 540-571.
  24. ^ a b California Education Code Section 66010.4.
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Further readingEdit

  • Donald R. Gerth. The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, 2010. ISBN 978-0-87772-435-3.

External linksEdit

33°45′50″N 118°12′4″W / 33.76389°N 118.20111°W / 33.76389; -118.20111