Calatagan, officially the Municipality of Calatagan (Tagalog: Bayan ng Calatagan), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 58,719 people. [3]

Calatagan
Municipality of Calatagan
CalataganHall,Plaza,Batangasjf0546 35.JPG
Official seal of Calatagan
Map of Batangas with Calatagan highlighted
Map of Batangas with Calatagan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Calatagan is located in Philippines
Calatagan
Calatagan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°49′56″N 120°37′56″E / 13.83224°N 120.63219°E / 13.83224; 120.63219Coordinates: 13°49′56″N 120°37′56″E / 13.83224°N 120.63219°E / 13.83224; 120.63219
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceBatangas
District 1st district
FoundedJanuary 1, 1912
Barangays25 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorPeter Oliver M. Palacio
 • Vice MayorRogelio H. Zarraga
 • RepresentativeElenita R. Ermita-Buhain
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate34,311 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total112.00 km2 (43.24 sq mi)
Elevation
6.0 m (19.7 ft)
Highest elevation
347 m (1,138 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total58,719
 • Density520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Households
13,337
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence22.39% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱216,161,124.49 (2020)
 • Assets₱627,305,580.75 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱193,695,820.63 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱151,787,220.82 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityBatangas 1 Electric Cooperative (BATELEC 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4215
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)43
Native languagesTagalog
Websitewww.calatagan.gov.ph

Calatagan comprises the Calatagan Peninsula between the South China Sea and Balayan Bay. The peninsula's near white sand beaches are well-known vacation and leisure sites. There are several beach resorts including the Banak House Calatagan on Calatagan beach, the Ronco Beach Resort in barangay Bagong Silang, Playa Calatagan in barangay Santa Ana, the Golden Sunset Resort in barangay Uno, Lago de Oro Resort in barangay Balibago, Villa Agustina in barangay Bagong Silang, and Nacua Sea Park in barangay Quilitisan. Calatagan was formerly titled as the Forbes Park of the South, because of the rich families who own estates here.[citation needed]

An extremely rare example of pre-Spanish Philippine script was found in Calatagan. The script is called Baybayin in Tagalog, and was derived from Javanese writing, which in turn is derived from Brahmi. This writing survived on an earthenware burial jar dated to the 13th or 14th century.[citation needed] A Spanish lighthouse can also be found at Cape Santiago at the peninsula's southern tip dating back to the 1890s and is also one of the municipality's main tourist attractions.

HistoryEdit

The word "Calatagan" is taken from the Tagalog word "latag" and is closely associated with "kapatagan", which means a vast portion of flat land lying between the hills and mountains. Thus, Calatagan means a large expanse of wide flat land.[5]

The town is the site of the historically and archaeologically famous Calatagan Excavation whose antique pottery and utensils contributed important facts about the culture and activities of the Filipinos before the coming of the Spaniards. Chinese pottery, unearthed from six large cemeteries by archaeologists Olov T.R Jones and Robert B. Fox led to a conclusion made by K. Otley Bayer which points out the existence of a sizable pre-Spanish population in the town. The same studies suggested that there were direct Chinese trade by water in Calatagan and centered at a place called Balong-Bato, wherein an entrance through the reef, which surrounds Calatagan, is still presently used by vessels coming from Mindoro and Manila.

The land occupied by the municipality of Calatagan was acquired by Domingo Roxas from the Spanish Crown in 1829 and was called Hacienda de Calatagan. The successors Pedro P. Roxas and Antonio R. Roxas continued to develop it.

In 1912, through Executive Order No. 78 by then Governor General William Cameron Forbes, Calatagan became a municipality independent from its mother municipality, Balayan.

In 1931, Carmen Roxas, the last heir of the Roxas Clan transferred ownership of the Hacienda to the Zobel brothers, Jacobo and Alfonso. During the time of the Zobels, the hacienda came to be known as Central Azucarera de Calatagan or simply "Central Carmen" when referring to the sugar milling complex.

In 1934, the barangays of Baha and Talibayog, which were parts of the Municipality of Balayan at the time, were annexed to Calatagan since surveys showed that they are part of the land titled to the original owner of Hacienda Calatagan. This added a big area to the municipality.

On October 28, 1957, a decade after the Philippines gained independence from the Americans, the Land Tenure Administration, upon petition of the people of Calatagan bought the Hacienda Lands from the Zobels. These were apportioned to the inhabitants and sold to them at 5.00 per hectare payable in installment within a period of 25 years.[5]

GeographyEdit

Calatagan is located at 13°49′56″N 120°37′56″E / 13.83224°N 120.63219°E / 13.83224; 120.63219.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 112.00 square kilometres (43.24 sq mi)[6] constituting 3.59% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

BarangaysEdit

Calatagan is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[7]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[8]
041008001 Bagong Silang 3.9% 2,270 2,074 0.86%
041008002 Baha 0.0% 0 1,494 −100.00%
041008003 Balibago 5.8% 3,377 3,161 0.63%
041008004 Balitoc 5.1% 3,023 2,814 0.68%
041008005 Biga 4.9% 2,849 2,795 0.18%
041008006 Bucal 1.6% 965 892 0.75%
041008007 Carlosa 2.4% 1,414 1,253 1.15%
041008008 Carretunan 2.6% 1,504 1,449 0.35%
041008009 Encarnacion 2.3% 1,327 1,049 2.24%
041008010 Gulod 5.3% 3,127 2,798 1.06%
041008011 Hukay 3.6% 2,120 2,124 −0.02%
041008013 Lucsuhin 7.7% 4,528 4,299 0.49%
041008014 Luya 1.1% 664 616 0.71%
041008015 Paraiso 2.3% 1,346 1,133 1.64%
041008016 Barangay 1 (Poblacion) 5.8% 3,433 3,150 0.82%
041008017 Barangay 2 (Poblacion) 2.4% 1,408 1,296 0.79%
041008018 Barangay 3 (Poblacion) 1.6% 953 760 2.16%
041008019 Barangay 4 (Poblacion) 4.9% 2,863 2,770 0.31%
041008020 Quilitisan 3.7% 2,176 2,022 0.70%
041008021 Real 2.7% 1,588 1,380 1.33%
041008022 Sambungan 3.4% 1,975 1,820 0.77%
041008023 Santa Ana 5.5% 3,209 2,747 1.48%
041008026 Talibayog 0.3% 200 1,783 −18.67%
041008027 Talisay 4.5% 2,617 2,524 0.34%
041008028 Tanagan 7.2% 4,224 3,794 1.02%
Total 58,719 51,997 1.15%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Calatagan, Batangas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
14
(0.6)
32
(1.3)
101
(4.0)
142
(5.6)
208
(8.2)
187
(7.4)
175
(6.9)
131
(5.2)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
1,121
(44.3)
Average rainy days 5.2 5.0 7.4 11.5 19.8 23.5 27.0 25.9 25.2 23.2 15.5 8.3 197.5
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.) [9]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Calatagan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,654—    
1918 4,636+3.79%
1939 7,710+2.45%
1948 9,620+2.49%
1960 14,457+3.45%
1970 20,889+3.74%
1975 23,648+2.52%
1980 27,578+3.12%
1990 35,543+2.57%
1995 40,707+2.57%
2000 45,068+2.21%
2007 51,544+1.87%
2010 51,997+0.32%
2015 56,449+1.58%
2020 58,719+0.78%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][8][11][12]

In the 2020 census, Calatagan had a population of 58,719. [3] The population density was 520 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

EconomyEdit


GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Calatagan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ a b "Brief Description of LGU". Calatagan LGU Website. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Municipal: Calatagan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Calatagan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External linksEdit