Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond
Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond DBE, PC, known as Lady Hale (born 31 January 1945), is a British judge serving as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom since 2017.
The Baroness Hale of Richmond
|President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Assumed office |
5 September 2017
|Preceded by||Lord Neuberger|
|Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
28 June 2013 – 4 September 2017
|Preceded by||Lord Hope|
|Succeeded by||Lord Mance|
|Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Assumed office |
1 October 2009
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
12 January 2004 – 30 September 2009
|Preceded by||Lord Millett|
|Succeeded by||Position eliminated|
|Lady Justice of Appeal|
|High Court Judge|
|Appointed by||Elizabeth II|
|Member of the House of Lords|
Lord Temporal (Judicial Peer)
12 January 2004 – 1 October 2009
|7th Chancellor of the University of Bristol|
|Preceded by||Sir Jeremy Morse|
|Succeeded by||Sir Paul Nurse|
|Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong|
|Assumed office |
30 July 2018
Brenda Marjorie Hale
31 January 1945
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
|Alma mater||Girton College, Cambridge|
In 2004, she joined the House of Lords as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to this position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court as a result of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017.
On 5 September 2017, Hale was appointed under the Premiership of Theresa May to serve as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She is the third person and first woman to serve in the role. Hale is one of three women to have been appointed to the Supreme Court (alongside Lady Black and Lady Arden).
Brenda Marjorie Hale was born on 31 January 1945 in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire. Both her parents were headteachers. She has two sisters. Hale lived in Redcar until the age of three when she moved with her parents to Richmond, North Yorkshire. She was educated at the Richmond High School for Girls (now part of Richmond School), and later studied at Girton College, Cambridge (the first from her school to attend Cambridge), where she read law. Hale was one of six women in her class, which had 110 men, and graduated with a starred first and top of her class.
After becoming an assistant law lecturer at the Victoria University of Manchester (now the University of Manchester), she was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1969, topping the list in the bar finals for that year.
Working part-time as a barrister, Hale spent 18 years mostly in academia, becoming Professor of Law at Manchester in 1986. Two years earlier, she became the first woman and youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission, overseeing a number of important reforms in family law during her nine years with the Commission. In 1989, she was appointed Queen's Counsel.
Hale was appointed a Recorder (a part-time circuit judge) in 1989, and in 1994 became a judge in the Family Division of the High Court of Justice (styled The Honourable Mrs Justice Hale). Upon her appointment, as is convention, she was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE). In 1999, Hale followed Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss to become only the second woman to be appointed to the Court of Appeal (styled The Right Honourable Lady Justice Hale), entering the Privy Council at the same time.
On 12 January 2004, she was appointed the first female Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and was created a life peer as Baroness Hale of Richmond, of Easby in the County of North Yorkshire, under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876.
In June 2013, she was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to succeed Lord Hope of Craighead. In September 2017, she was appointed President of the Supreme Court to succeed Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury.
On 21 March 2018, the Hong Kong judiciary announced her nomination as a non-permanent judge from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal. Her appointment was accompanied by the appointments of Andrew Cheung and Beverley McLachlin. The appointment was gazetted by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam and took effect 30 July 2018 for a three-year term.
In December 2018, during an interview to mark the centenary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919, Lady Hale argued that the judiciary needed to become more diverse so that the public have greater confidence in judges. Hale called for a more balanced gender representation on the UK's highest court and swifter progress promoting those from minority ethnic backgrounds and with “less privileged lives”. However, Hale objected to the idea of positive discrimination because “no one wants to feel they have got the job in any way other than on their own merits”.
On 2 November 2018, she delivered an SLS Centenary Lecture at the University of Essex, United Kingdom, on the topic of "All Human Beings? Reflection on the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
In 1968, Hale married Anthony Hoggett, a fellow law lecturer at Manchester, with whom she had one daughter. The marriage was dissolved in 1992. In the same year, she married Julian Farrand, former dean of the law faculty at Manchester.
- Parents and Children (1977, 2nd ed. 1981, Sweet and Maxwell) ISBN 9780421279100
- Women and the Law (as Brenda Hoggett, with Susan Atkins, 1984, republished 2018, Institute of Advanced Legal studies, University of London) ISBN 9781911507109
- The Family, Law & Society (with David Pearl, Elizabeth Cooke, Daniel Monk, 2009, Oxford University Press) ISBN 9780199204243
- Mental Health Law (2017, with Penelope Gorman, Rachel Barrett and Jessica Jones, Sweet & Maxwell, ISBN 9780414051201
- Senior Judiciary List Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Justice.
- "CULS Lecture: Lady Hale – 'The Life of A Lady Law Lord'". Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Biographies of the Justices". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 22 May 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Dyer, Clare (9 January 2004). "The Guardian profile: Lady Brenda Hale". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Stokel-Walker, Chris (24 September 2019). "Lady Hale, the gently determined president of the Supreme Court that overruled Boris Johnson". New Statesman. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Yonette Joseph; Ceylan Yeginsu (24 September 2019). "Lady Hale, U.K. Supreme Court Judge, Speaks Calmly and Brings Down the Hammer". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Slawson, Nicola (21 July 2017). "Brenda Hale to become first female president of supreme court – reports". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 December 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "No. 57179". The London Gazette. 15 January 2004. p. 503.
- "Lady Hale to be next Deputy President of Supreme Court". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "No. 62054". The London Gazette. 19 September 2017. p. 17466.
- "Top court gets new judges". The Standard. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- "Hong Kong Gazette Notice GN5815/2018" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- Bowcott, Owen (1 January 2019). "White and male UK judiciary 'from another planet', says Lady Hale". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "Caldwell Public Lecture Archived 9 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine", Trinity College Events [online], accessed, 25 August 2015.
- "Supreme Court President inspires University of Hull students". University of Hull. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "Presentation of the Rt Hon the Baroness Hale of Richmond" (PDF). University of Reading. July 2007. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "Pioneering judge among Salford honorary graduates". University of Salford. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- Heggie, Alice (6 October 2017). "Kent Honorary Graduate sworn in as first female president of the UK's Supreme Court". University of Kent. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "Baroness Brenda Hale of Richmond". University of Kent. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "President of Supreme Court to Consider Moral Courage in the Law in Worcester Lecture". University of Worcester. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Honorary Graduates & Fellows 2018". York St John University. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "First female President of the UK Supreme Court receives Edge Hill honour". Edge Hill University. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- "University honours eight at graduations". University of Bradford. 15 July 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- "Hoggett, Anthony John Christopher". UK Who's Who. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Editor, Frances Gibb, Legal (30 April 2018). "Baroness Hale to lay down the law on MasterChef". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 6 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
The Lord Millett
| Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
|New office|| Justice of the Supreme Court
The Lord Hope of Craighead
| Deputy President of the Supreme Court
The Lord Mance
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
| President of the Supreme Court
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
| Visitor of Girton College, Cambridge
Sir Jeremy Morse
| Chancellor of the University of Bristol
Sir Paul Nurse
|Order of precedence in England and Wales|
Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy
as President of the Supreme Court
The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park
as Lord Privy Seal