Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond
Brenda Marjorie Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, DBE, PC, known as Lady Hale (born 31 January 1945) is a British judge and the current President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
The Baroness Hale of Richmond
|President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Assumed office |
5 September 2017
|Preceded by||Lord Neuberger|
|Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
28 June 2013 – 4 September 2017
|Preceded by||Lord Hope|
|Succeeded by||Lord Mance|
|Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Assumed office |
1 October 2009
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
12 January 2004 – 30 September 2009
|Preceded by||Lord Millett|
|Succeeded by||Position eliminated|
|Lady Justice of Appeal|
|High Court Judge|
|Appointed by||Elizabeth II|
|Member of the House of Lords|
Lord Temporal (Judicial Peer)
12 January 2004 – 1 October 2009
|7th Chancellor of the University of Bristol|
|Preceded by||Sir Jeremy Morse|
|Succeeded by||Sir Paul Nurse|
|Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong|
|Assumed office |
Brenda Marjorie Hale
31 January 1945
|Alma mater||Girton College, Cambridge|
In 2004, she joined the House of Lords as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. She is the only woman to have been appointed to this position. She served as a Law Lord until 2009 when she, along with the other Law Lords, transferred to the new Supreme Court. She served as Deputy President of the Supreme Court from 2013 to 2017.
On 5 September 2017, Hale was appointed as President of the Supreme Court, and was sworn in on 2 October 2017. She is the third person and first woman to serve the role, which was established in 2009. Hale is one of three women to have been appointed to the Supreme Court (alongside Lady Black and Lady Arden).
Born in West Yorkshire, England in 1945, Baroness Hale is the second of three sisters. Both her parents became headteachers. She was educated in Richmond in North Yorkshire at the Richmond High School for Girls (now part of Richmond School), and later studied at Girton College, Cambridge, where she read law and graduated with a starred first and top of her class. After becoming assistant lecturer in Law at the University of Manchester, she was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1969, topping the list in the bar finals for that year.
Working part-time as a barrister, Hale spent 18 years mostly in academia, becoming Professor of Law at Manchester in 1986. Two years earlier, she became the first woman and youngest person to be appointed to the Law Commission, overseeing a number of important reforms in family law during her nine years with the Commission. In 1989, she was appointed Queen's Counsel.
Lady Hale was appointed a Recorder (a part-time circuit judge) in 1989, and in 1994 became a judge in the Family Division of the High Court of Justice (styled The Honourable Mrs Justice Hale). Upon her appointment, as is convention, she was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE). In 1999, Hale followed Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss to become only the second woman to be appointed to the Court of Appeal (styled The Right Honourable Lady Justice Hale), entering the Privy Council at the same time.
On 12 January 2004, she was appointed the first female Lord of Appeal in Ordinary and was created a life peer as Baroness Hale of Richmond, of Easby in the County of North Yorkshire, under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876.
In June 2013, she was appointed as Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to succeed Lord Hope of Craighead.
On 21 March 2018, the Hong Kong judiciary announced her nomination as a non-permanent judge from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal. Her appointment was accompanied by the appointments of Andrew Cheung and Beverley McLachlin. The appointment was gazetted by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam and took effect July 30, 2018 for a 3 years term.
In December 2018, during an interview to mark the centenary of a 1919 act that dismantled barriers which prevented women from entering the professions, Hale argued that the judiciary needed to become more diverse so that the public have greater confidence in judges. Hale called for a more balanced gender representation on the UK’s highest court and swifter progress promoting those from minority ethnic backgrounds and with “less privileged lives”. However, Hale objected to the idea of positive discrimination because “no one wants to feel they have got the job in any way other than on their own merits”.
In 1968, Hale married Anthony Hoggett, a fellow law lecturer at Manchester, with whom she had one daughter. The marriage was dissolved in 1992, in which year she married Julian Farrand, former Professor of Law at Manchester, Pensions Ombudsman and colleague of Hale's on the Law Commission.
In 2006, She was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Laws (LLD) by the University of Hull.
In 2011 Hale was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Kent.
On 2 November 2018, she delivered an SLS Centenary Lecture at the University of Essex, United Kingdom, on the topic of "All Human Beings? Reflection on the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
In 2019, she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Laws (LLD) by Edge Hill University.
- Senior Judiciary List Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Justice.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- "No. 57179". The London Gazette. 15 January 2004. p. 503.
- "No. 62054". The London Gazette. 19 September 2017. p. 17466.
- "Top court gets new judges". The Standard. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Hong Kong Gazette Notice GN5815/2018
- correspondent, Owen Bowcott Legal affairs (1 January 2019). "White and male UK judiciary 'from another planet', says Lady Hale". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- Editor, Frances Gibb, Legal (30 April 2018). "Baroness Hale to lay down the law on MasterChef". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "Caldwell Public Lecture", Trinity College Events [online], accessed, 25 Aug. 2015.
The Lord Millett
| Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
|New office|| Justice of the Supreme Court
The Lord Hope of Craighead
| Deputy President of the Supreme Court
The Lord Mance
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
| President of the Supreme Court
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
| Visitor of Girton College, Cambridge
Sir Jeremy Morse
| Chancellor of the University of Bristol
Sir Paul Nurse
|Order of precedence in England and Wales|
Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy
as President of the Supreme Court
The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park
as Lord Privy Seal