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Brønnøy is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland region. The administrative centre and commercial centre of the municipality is the town of Brønnøysund. A secondary centre is the village of Hommelstø. Other villages include Tosbotn, Lande, Trælnes, and Indreskomo.

Brønnøy kommune
View of Brønnøysund
View of Brønnøysund
Official logo of Brønnøy kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Brønnøy within Nordland
Brønnøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 65°28′33″N 12°24′01″E / 65.47583°N 12.40028°E / 65.47583; 12.40028Coordinates: 65°28′33″N 12°24′01″E / 65.47583°N 12.40028°E / 65.47583; 12.40028
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictHelgeland
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreBrønnøysund
Government
 • Mayor (2013)Johnny Hanssen (Ap)
Area
 • Total1,046.44 km2 (404.03 sq mi)
 • Land1,000.51 km2 (386.30 sq mi)
 • Water45.93 km2 (17.73 sq mi)  4.4%
Area rank#99 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total7,948
 • Rank#139 in Norway
 • Density7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
5.5%
Demonym(s)brønnøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1813
Official language formNeutral
Websitebronnoy.kommune.no
Torghatten seen from the south
Bjørnholmene
View from inside the hole of Torghatten; the Strandflaten coastal lowland

The Brønnøysund Register Centre is an important employer in Brønnøy. Also, one of the largest limestone mines in Northern Europe is located in the municipality. Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy is located near the town of Brønnøysund.

The 1,046-square-kilometre (404 sq mi) municipality is the 99th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Brønnøy is the 139th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 7,948. The municipality's population density is 7.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (20/sq mi) and its population has increased by 5.5% over the last decade.[2][3]

Contents

General informationEdit

The municipality of Brønnøy was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 October 1875 the eastern district (population: 1,162) was separated to become the new municipality of Velfjord. This left Brønnøy with 4,156 residents.

Then on 1 January 1901, the southwestern district (population: 2,731) was separated to become the new municipality of Vik (which later changed its name to Sømna). Brønnøy was then left with 3,440 inhabitants. On 1 January 1923 the large village of Brønnøysund (population: 948) was separated from Brønnøy to become a town (ladested).

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place. The following areas were merged to form a new, larger Brønnøy municipality.

  • the town of Brønnøysund (population: 2,064)
  • the municipality of Sømna (population: 2,347)
  • the municipality of Brønnøy (population: 2,635)
  • the municipality of Velfjord (population: 1,380)
  • the part of Bindal municipality located Lande-Tosbotn area around the inner Bindalsfjorden (population: 296)

Just thirteen years later on 1 January 1977, most of the former municipality of Sømna was separated from Brønnøy once again to become its own municipality. The Hongset area of the old Sømna municipality remained in Brønnøy.[4]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the small island Brønnøya (Old Norse: Brunnøy), since the first church was built there. The first element is brunnr which means "well" and the last element is øy which means "island". Islands with freshwater wells were important for seafarers.[5]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 20 May 1988. The arms have a yellow background with a black direction-sign used in the harbor to guide the ships. It symbolizes the importance of the harbor for the municipality.[6]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Brønnøy. It is part of the Sør-Helgeland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Brønnøy
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Brønnøy Brønnøy Church Brønnøysund 1870
Skogmo Chapel Indreskomo 1979
Trælnes Chapel Trælnes 1980
Velfjord og Tosen Nøstvik Church Velfjord 1674
Tosen Chapel Lande 1734

GeographyEdit

 
Torget island. The larger, round island northwest of Torget is the main island of the Vega archipelago.

The municipality has great scenic variety with numerous islets, lakes (such as Eidevatnet, Sausvatnet, and Fjellvatnet), mountains, and some fertile agricultural areas. Torget island is connected to the mainland via the Brønnøysund Bridge.

Brønnøy borders the municipalities of Vega and Vevelstad to the north, Vefsn and Grane to the east, and Bindal and Sømna to the south. The large fjord Velfjorden runs into the heart of the municipality.

NatureEdit

In the southwest is the island of Torget, with the mountain Torghatten, is famous for a cavity that goes straight through the structure. Lomsdal–Visten National Park is located in the northeastern part of Brønnøy.

The world's most northerly naturally occurring small-leaved lime (linden) forests grows in Brønnøy, and there are patches of boreal rainforests in Grønlidalen nature reserve[7] and Storhaugen nature reserve.[8] Strompdalen nature reserve[9] and Horsvær nature reserve, a nesting place for a rich variety of seabirds, are also located in the municipality.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Brønnøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Brønnøy District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Brønnøy is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[11]

Brønnøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet10
 Conservative PartyHøyre4
 Centre PartySenterpartiet6
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre6
Total number of members:27

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 15.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  7. ^ "Grønlidalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-09-24.
  8. ^ http://nordland.miljostatus.no/Storhaugen Nature Reserve Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Strompdalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2008-11-19.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  11. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External linksEdit