Brønnøysund (Urban East Norwegian pronunciation: [²brœnːœʏˌsʉn] (listen)) is a town and the administrative centre of Brønnøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is also a former municipality within Nordland county. The village of Brønnøysund originally was declared a ladested in 1923 which made it an independent municipality. After merging with Brønnøy in 1964, it lost its town status. Then in 2000, it once again received town status. The town lies along the coast and is often called "the coastal town in the middle of Norway." Brønnøysund is also the regional center of Southern Helgeland. The 3.36-square-kilometre (830-acre) town has a population (2017) of 5,070 which gives the town a population density of 1,509 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,910/sq mi).
|• Total||3.36 km2 (1.30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||1,509/km2 (3,910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Established||1 Jan 1923|
|Disestablished||1 Jan 1964|
|• Total||4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|*Area at municipal dissolution.|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1801|
|Preceded by||Brønnøy in 1923|
|Succeeded by||Brønnøy in 1964|
During the Viking era, Torgar, by the foot of the legendary mountain Torghatten, was a nationally powerful chieftain seat and an important commercial center along the coast. The original inhabitants were wiped out in an outright massacre by Duke Skule and his men in the Norwegian civil wars that raged around 1240, in the high medieval era of Norway.
In May 1945 "the prisoners [foreign POWs] from Ylvingen" were transported by ship from the harbor at Brønnøysund. ("the song saved my life") documents the farewell to Igor Trapitsin and the other Soviet ex-POWs from the harbour at Brønnøysund.
The village of Brønnøysund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1923 when it was separated from Brønnøy Municipality when it became a ladested (town) and municipality of its own. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the town of Brønnøysund (population: 2,064) was merged with Velfjord Municipality (population: 1,380), Sømna Municipality (population: 2,347), Brønnøy Municipality (population: 2,635), and the Lande-Tosen area of Bindal Municipality to form a new, enlarged Brønnøy Municipality. At that time, it lost its status as a ladested (town). In 2000, after some changes to Norwegian law, the municipality of Brønnøy designated Brønnøysund as a town once again.
The 3.55-square-kilometre (1.37 sq mi) town of Brønnøysund has a population (2013) of 4,625 and a population density of 1,303 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,370/sq mi). It is also the administrative and commercial centre of the municipality of Brønnøy.
In recent years, Brønnøysund has managed to create a certain economic growth. Fjord Seafood originated here, as well as the largest limestone mine in Northern Europe and the highest foodstuff production in Northern Norway are examples of entrepreneurship and well-run economy in this somewhat prosperous region. Modern agriculture, hydroponics, the large TTS transport corporation, wood-processing and tourism are the main driving industries.
Brønnøysund has daily visits by the Hurtigruten (Coastal Express), northbound at night and southbound in the afternoon. It has its own airport, Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy, and a direct eastbound connection to the European route E6 highway.
Throughout Norway, the town is known as the location of the Brønnøysund Register Centre, in which the new e-government portal Altinn is the newest addition. Torghatten ASA has its headquarters in Brønnøysund.
Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy is located only about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the town centre, and is a vital communications link not only for the town, but also for a large region surrounding the town.
The airport opened in 1968, providing modern and much needed, time-effective transportation to the region, and making it possible to reach both the capital and medical services within an acceptable timeframe.
In May 2010, the direct flight to Oslo was launched, and since April 2011 there are three daily departures for Oslo with a 50-seat plane. There are also connections to Sandnessjøen, Mo i Rana, Rørvik, Trondheim, and Bodø.
It is served by Norway's oldest airline, Widerøe. It is also base for some of the offshore helicopter services, making it possible to exploit the vast petroleum resources offshore.
The town has a number of cultural institutions:
- Brønnøysund Musikkorps (wind band)
- Brønnøysund Mannskor (male choir)
- Kor i Øyan (mixed choir)
- Wavy Dudes (gang members)
The NRK series Himmelblå, a franchise of the British Two Thousand Acres of Sky, was filmed in part in Brønnøysund and on various locations nearby. The local Brønnøy Church serves the town of Brønnøysund.
Brønnøysund sits on a narrow peninsula on the mainland surrounded by islands and water. The town is connected to the island Torget by the Brønnøysund Bridge.
Brønnøysund has a subpolar maritime climate with mild winters (Koppen Cfc) considering the northerly location, and a long frost-free season of typically 160 – 180 days. Mean annual temperature is 5.6 °C (42 °F) and average annual precipitation 1,510 mm. Daytime temperatures are usually warmer than the 24hr average from March to October. The data in the table is based on a 1961 - 1990 average. Recent years have tended to be warmer.
|Climate data for Brønnøysund|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||138
|Source: Meteorologisk Institutt|
In popular cultureEdit
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2017). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
- "Brønnøysund, Brønnøy (Nordland)". yr.no. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
- Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 54.
- "Etterlyser folk som husker krigens dager". 9 April 2011.
- Guri Kulås (2015-03-03). "Ny dokumentar om sovjetisk krigsfange blir vist under filmfestivalen Kosmorama i Trondheim: Han berga seg med song". Klassekampen. pp. 28–9.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Widerøe with three daily departures Brønnøysund - Oslo from April 2011[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Brønnøysund climate statistics last 12 months)
- Norwegian Meteorological Institute: Brønnøysund climare statistics 1961-90 Archived 8 March 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "Normaler for Brønnøy". met.no. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2011.