Bonaventura Cerretti (17 June 1872 – 8 May 1933) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura from 1931 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1925.
|Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||12 October 1931|
|Term ended||8 May 1933|
|Ordination||31 March 1895|
by Tancredo Fausti
|Consecration||19 July 1914|
by Rafael Merry del Val y Zulueta
|Created cardinal||14 December 1925|
by Pope Pius XI
|Birth name||Bonaventura Cerretti|
|Born||17 June 1872|
Comune de Bardono, Orvieto, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||8 May 1933 (aged 60)|
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
|Buried||Santa Maria in Trastevere|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Gregorian University|
|Motto||Robur in fide|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Velletri (suburbicarian see)|
Bonaventura Cerretti was born in Orvieto and educated at the seminary in Spoleto and, later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome as well as the Royal University, Rome. He was ordained in 1895, and taught Latin and Italian classics at the Vatican Seminary. He was then invited to become a staff member in the Vatican Secretariat of State where he worked from 1899 until 1904. He was created Privy chamberlain of His Holiness on 13 January 1904. He then served as secretary to the apostolic delegate in Mexico from 1904 to 1906 then as auditor in the apostolic delegation to the United States from 1906 to 1914. Cerretti contributed the article "Legate" to the Catholic Encyclopedia.
He was appointed as Titular Archbishop of Philippopolis in Thracia on 15 April 1914 by Pope Pius X. He was transferred to the titular see of Corinth on 10 May 1914. He was consecrated as a bishop on 19 July 1914 by Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val, Cardinal Secretary of State. He was appointed as the first apostolic delegate to Australia—the delegation then responsible for Australia and New Zealand—on 10 May 1914. On 6 May 1917, he was assigned to the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs in Rome.
He represented the Holy See at the Paris Peace Conference from May to June 1919; he tried without success to get the Great Powers to accept a set of principles for peace proposed by Pope Benedict XV. He was appointed to serve as Apostolic Nuncio to France in 1921.
In 1925 he was made Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere by Pope Pius XI in the consistory of 14 December 1925. In 1928 he revisited Australia as papal legate to the 29th International Eucharistic Congress in Sydney; as part of this visit, he laid the foundation stone for the Holy Name Cathedral, Brisbane (which was never completed).
In 1926 he negotiated with Aristide Briand an agreement giving the French interior and foreign ministers a role in the appointment of French diocesan bishops (i.e. outside Alsace-Moselle where special arrangements apply).
He was appointed as archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major on 16 July 1930. Pope Pius appointed him as Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura on 12 October 1931. He opted for the order of cardinal bishops, taking the suburbicarian see of Velletri in 1933. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1933; he died shortly after.
- "Cerretti, Most Reverend Bonaventure", The Catholic Encyclopedia and Its Makers, New York, the Encyclopedia Press, 1917, p. 28 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). VI. 1914. p. 380. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). IX. 1917. p. 301. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
- "Holy Name Cathedral". The Longreach Leader (Qld. : 1923 - 1954). Qld.: National Library of Australia. 21 September 1928. p. 26. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- E. Cerretti, Il Cardinale Bonaventura Cerretti, Rome, 1939, p. 157, and Plate XIII, (opposite p. 368).
|Catholic Church titles|
| Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
16 July 1930 – 8 May 1933
| Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
12 October 1931 – 8 May 1933
| Cardinal-Bishop of Velletri
13 March 1933 – 8 May 1933
| Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals