Enrico Gasparri

Enrico Gasparri S.T.D. JUD (25 July 1871 – 20 May 1946) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop.

Pietro Gasparri
Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura
Cardinal Gasparri.JPG
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed18 May 1933
Term ended20 May 1946
PredecessorBonaventura Cerretti
SuccessorMassimo Massimi
Other posts
Ordination10 August 1894
Consecration12 December 1915
by Vittorio Amadeo Ranuzzi de' Bianchi
Created cardinal14 December 1925
by Pope Pius XI
RankCardinal-Priest (1925-33)
Cardinal-Bishop (1933-46)
Personal details
Birth nameEnrico Gasparri
Born25 July 1871
Ussita, Norcia, Kingdom of Italy
Died20 May 1946(1946-05-20) (aged 74)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Previous post
Alma materPontifical Roman Seminary
Styles of
Enrico Gasparri
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Informal styleCardinal
SeeVelletri (suburbicarian see)


Enrico was ordained on 10 August 1894 at the age of 23. He studied in Rome receiving degrees in theology and philosophy and worked in Rome in a pastoral role from 1894 until 1898.

He joined the diplomatic service of the Holy See and was working as the auditor in the nunciature to Brazil when, on 14 November 1915, Pope Benedict XV appointed him Titular Archbishop of Sebastea and Apostolic Delegate to Colombia.[1]

On 1 September 1920 Pope Benedict appointed him Nuncio to Brazil.[2]

The appointment ended when on 14 December 1925 he was created Cardinal-Priest of San Bartolomeo all'Isola at the age of 54. His creation was an exception made to the 1917 Code of Canon Law that forbade anyone having a relative in the Sacred College of Cardinals.

On the 18 May 1933 Pope Pius XI appointed him Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura. On the 16 October 1933 he was elevated to Cardinal-Bishop of Velletri. He was one of the cardinal electors in the 1939 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XII.

He died on 20 May 1946 at the age of 74.

He was the nephew of Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri (1852-1934).


  1. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). VII. 1915. pp. 505, 519.
  2. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XII. 1920. p. 454.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bonaventura Cerretti
Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
18 May 1933–20 May 1946
Succeeded by
Massimo Massimi