Angelo Dolci

Angelo Maria Dolci (12 July 1867 – 13 September 1939) was an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church who was made a cardinal in 1933. He was Bishop of Gubbio from 1900 to 1906, Archbishop of Amalfi from 1911 to 1914, and Apostolic Vicar of Constantinople from 1914 to 1922. He also served in the diplomatic corps of the Holy See as an Apostolic Delegate or Apostolic Nuncio from 1906 to 1910 and from 1914 to 1933.


Angelo Maria Dolci
Archpriest for the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Cardinal Dolci.JPG
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed22 May 1933
Term ended13 September 1939
PredecessorBonaventura Cerretti
SuccessorAlessandro Verde
Other postsCardinal-Bishop of Palestrina (1936-39)
Orders
Ordination5 June 1890
Consecration13 May 1900
by Francesco di Paolo Satolli
Created cardinal13 March 1933
by Pope Pius XI
RankCardinal-Priest (1933-36)
Cardinal-Bishop (1936-39)
Personal details
Birth nameAngelo Maria Dolci
Born12 July 1867
Civitella di Agliano, Bagnoregio, Papal States
Died13 September 1939(1939-09-13) (aged 72)
Civitella di Agliano, Bagnoregio, Kingdom of Italy
Previous post
Alma materPontifical Roman Athenaeum Saint Apollinare
Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles
Coat of armsAngelo Maria Dolci's coat of arms
Styles of
Angelo Dolci
Coat of arms of Angelo Maria Dolci.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeePalestrina (Suburbicarian diocese)

BiographyEdit

Dolci was born in Civitella d'Agliano on 12 July 1867 and was ordained a priest on 5 June 1890.[1] In preparation for a career in the diplomatic service he entered the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in 1892.[2]

Pope Leo XIII appointed him bishop of Gubbio on 19 April 1900. He was named apostolic delegate in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru on 7 December 1906. He was promoted to titular archbishop of Nazianzo on 9 December 1906. He was recalled to Rome in 1910.

He was appointed Archbishop of Amalfi on 27 January 1911.[3] He was appointed Apostolic Delegate and vicar apostolic of Constantinople on 10 June 1914. His assignment to the titular archdiocese of Gerapoli followed on 16 November 1914.[4]

On 14 December 1922 he was appointed as Apostolic Nuncio to Belgium, however, he could not take possession of the nunciature and was named Nuncio to Romania on 30 May 1923.[5]

He was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome by Pope Pius XI in the consistory of 13 March 1933. He was appointed Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major on 22 May 1933. He was elected to the order of cardinal bishops, taking the suburbicarian see of Palestrina 15 June 1936. He participated in the conclave of 1939 that elected Pope Pius XII. He died in September of that year.

Armenian genocideEdit

In 1915, as Apostolic Delegate to Constantinople (1914–1922), Archbishop Dolci wrote to Mehmed V and Talaat Pasha to ask for mercy on behalf of the Armenians, who were then being deported and massacred. Dolci reported back to the Vatican to Pope Benedict XV and his secretary of foreign affairs Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII. He admitted he had been deceived by the Turks, because despite giving contrary assurances to the Holy See delegate, they continued to massacre the Armenians. [6]

He died at his home in Civitella d'Agliano on 13 September 1939.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lentz III, Harris M. (2015). Popes and Cardinals of the 20th Century: A Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. p. 62. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Pontificia Accademia Ecclesiastica, Ex-alunni 1850–1899" (in Italian). Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  3. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). III. 1911. pp. 100, 601.
  4. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). VI. 1914. pp. 406, 701.
  5. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XV. 1923. p. 382. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ How Pope Benedict XV and Holy See Tried to Stop Armenian Genocide
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference lentz was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

SourcesEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bonaventura Cerretti
Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
22 May 1933 – 13 September 1939
Succeeded by
Alessandro Verde
Preceded by
Luigi Sincero
Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
15 June 1936 – 13 September 1939
Succeeded by
Carlo Salotti