Blow-Up (sometimes styled as Blowup or Blow Up) is a 1966 psychological mystery[3] film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, co-written by Antonioni, Tonino Guerra and Edward Bond[4] and produced by Carlo Ponti. It is Antonioni's first entirely English-language film and stars David Hemmings, Vanessa Redgrave and Sarah Miles. Model Veruschka von Lehndorff is also featured as herself. The plot was inspired by Argentine-French writer Julio Cortázar's 1959 short story "Las babas del diablo", which was later retitled "Blow-Up" to tie in with the film.[5]

Theatrical release poster
Directed byMichelangelo Antonioni
Screenplay by
Dialogue byEdward Bond
Story byMichelangelo Antonioni
Based on"Las babas del diablo"
by Julio Cortázar
Produced byCarlo Ponti
CinematographyCarlo Di Palma
Edited byFrank Clarke
Music byHerbert Hancock
Distributed byPremier Productions
Release dates
  • 18 December 1966 (1966-12-18) (United States)
  • 16 March 1967 (1967-03-16) (United Kingdom)
  • 27 September 1967 (1967-09-27) (Italy)
Running time
111 minutes
Budget$1.8 million[2]
Box office$20 million[2]

Set within the contemporary mod subculture of Swinging London, the film follows a fashion photographer (Hemmings) who believes he has unwittingly captured a murder on film.[6] The cinematographer was Carlo di Palma. The film's non-diegetic music was scored by American jazz pianist Herbie Hancock, and the English rock group The Yardbirds are seen performing "Stroll On".

In the main competition of the 1967 Cannes Film Festival, Blow-Up won the Palme d'Or, the festival's highest honour. The American release of the counterculture-era film[7] with its explicit sexual content defied Hollywood's Production Code, and its subsequent critical and commercial success influenced the abandonment of the code in 1968 in favour of the MPAA film rating system.[8]

Blow-Up has influenced subsequent films including Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation (1974) and Brian De Palma's Blow Out (1981).[9] In 2012, it was ranked No. 144 in the Sight and Sound critics' poll of the greatest films of all time and No. 59 in the directors' poll.[10]



After spending the night at a doss house, where he has taken pictures for a book of art photographs, photographer Thomas is late for a photo shoot with model Veruschka at his studio, which in turn makes him late for a shoot with other models later in the morning. He grows bored and frustrated with the models and walks off, leaving them and the production staff in the lurch. As he leaves the studio, two teenage aspiring models ask to speak to him, but he brushes them off and drives off to visit an antique shop near Maryon Park.

Wandering into the park, Thomas furtively takes photographs of two lovers. The woman, Jane, is furious at being photographed and pursues Thomas, demanding his film and attempting to take his camera. He refuses, and continues to photograph her as she runs away. Thomas then meets his agent Ron for lunch and notices a man following him and looking into his car. Thomas returns to his studio to find Jane, who asks desperately for the film. They have a conversation and flirt, but he deliberately hands her a different roll of film. She, in turn, gives him a false telephone number.

Thomas makes several blow-ups of the film of Jane and her lover, which reveal Jane appearing to look worriedly at a third person lurking in the trees with a pistol. Thomas excitedly calls Ron, claiming that his impromptu photo session may have saved a man's life. He is then disturbed by a knock on the door from the teenage girls. They have a sexual encounter in the studio before he falls asleep. After awakening, he learns that the girls hope he will photograph them, but is distracted by a detail in one of his blow-ups. He tells them to leave, saying, "Tomorrow! Tomorrow!"

Thomas examines a blurred figure on the ground under a bush in the blow-up, which he suspects is the dead body of a man shot by the gunman. As evening falls, he goes back to the park without his camera and finds the body, but is scared off by the sound of a twig breaking. He returns to his studio to find it ransacked, with all of the negatives and prints gone except for one very grainy blow-up of what is possibly the body.

After driving into town, he sees Jane and follows her into the Ricky-Tick club, where the Yardbirds are performing the song "Stroll On". A buzzing noise in guitarist Jeff Beck's amplifier angers him so much that he smashes his guitar and throws its neck into the crowd. The crowd, previously disengaged, fights over the guitar neck. Thomas grabs the neck and runs out of the club, with much of the crowd chasing after him; once he is away from the crowd, he tosses the neck onto the pavement and walks away. A passer-by examines the neck before leaving it on the pavement and walking away.

At a drug-drenched party in a house on the Thames, Thomas finds Veruschka, who had told him that she was going to Paris; when confronted, she says that she is in Paris. Thomas asks a cannabis-addled Ron to come to the park as a witness, but cannot convince him of what has happened. Instead, Thomas joins the party at Ron's insistence and wakes up in the house at sunrise. He then returns to the park alone, only to find that the body is gone.

Thomas watches a mime troupe perform a mock-tennis match at the park, and picks up the imaginary ball and throws it back to the two players when asked. As he watches the mimes continue to play, the sound of the ball being played is heard. His image then fades away, leaving only the grass.






Antonioni's screenplay for Blow-Up is a "thriller-suspense" story revolving around the efforts of a young and successful fashion photographer in his struggle to determine whether a series of snapshots he takes at a public park contain evidence of a murder. As Thomas persists in his role as amateur detective, his quest leads him initially to question his technical mastery over the "hidden truth" recorded by his camera, then toward a confrontation with the realities of his life of "material advantages, gained at the expense of ideals". Finally, he questions the reality of his own existence.[11] Film historian Gordon Gow identifies the object in Antonioni's use of suspense:

"In the case of Blow-Up, the mystery [i.e. whether a murder took place] is relevant to the film, but the solution of it is not. Indeed, the absence of a solution is part of the point: life's uncertainty...the true suspense resides not in the mystery of the photographic blow-ups, but in the instability of Thomas himself."[12]

In an interview at the time of the film's release, Antonioni stated that the film "is not about man's relationship with man, it is about man's relationship with reality".[13] According to Gow, "a mystery without a solution is instrumental to the theme of disorientation" which is sustained until the final moments of the film, in which Thomas fails to resolve the contradictions and ambiguities that arise from his investigations and his own life.[14][15] Thomas' fate is known and the audience's suspense is resolved, but Antonioni leaves the meaning of the film open to speculation.[16]

Gow considers two interpretations for the ending:

"Since Blow-Up is not resolved happily, but rather in a total surrender to fantasy and consequently to oblivion, we can take it either as an exhortation to come to terms with reality, or as a cautionary tale in which the pursuit of material gain is a threat to humanity."[17]



Inspirations and influences


The plot of Blow-Up was inspired by Argentine-French writer Julio Cortázar's 1959 short story "Las babas del diablo",[5] collected in the book End of the Game and Other Stories and in turn based on a story told to Cortázar by photographer Sergio Larraín.[18] Cortázar's story was subsequently retitled "Blow-Up" to connect it with the film.[5] The life of Swinging London photographer David Bailey was also an influence on the plot.[19]



Several people were offered the role of the protagonist, including Sean Connery (who declined when Antonioni refused to show him the script), David Bailey, and Terence Stamp, who was replaced shortly before filming began after Antonioni saw David Hemmings in a stage production of Dylan Thomas' Adventures in the Skin Trade.[20] The film was Jane Birkin's screen debut.[21]


Maryon Park

Most of Blow-Up was shot on location throughout London. The film's opening scene was filmed on the Plaza of The Economist Building in St. James's Street, Westminster, a project by 'New Brutalist' architects Alison and Peter Smithson that was constructed between 1959 and 1964.[22] The park scenes were filmed at Maryon Park in Charlton; the park has changed little since the film was shot, although Antonioni painted the grass green to meet his requirements.[23][24] Photographer John Cowan leased his studio at 39 Princes Place in Notting Hill to Antonioni for much of the interior and exterior filming, and Cowan's own photographic murals are featured in the film.[25][26] Other locations included Heddon Street[27] (where the cover of David Bowie's album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars would later be photographed)[28] and Cheyne Walk in Chelsea.

The scene in which the Yardbirds perform "Stroll On" – a modified version of "Train Kept A-Rollin'" with new lyrics – was filmed in a replica of the Ricky-Tick club at Elstree Studios in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire from 12 to 14 October 1966.[29] Janet Street-Porter appears in the scene as an extra.[citation needed]

An example of a rare 'Chinese Eye' Silver Cloud III DHC as used in the film

Actor Ronan O'Casey claimed that the film's mysterious nature is the product of an "unfinished" production. In a 1999 letter to Roger Ebert, O'Casey wrote that scenes that would have "depict[ed] the planning of the murder and its aftermath – scenes with Vanessa, Sarah Miles, and Jeremy Glover, Vanessa's new young lover who plots with her to murder me – were never shot because the film went seriously over budget."[30] O'Casey had previously told this story to Der Spiegel in 1967, where he stated that Dyson Lovell played the part of the murderous lover.[31] Two scenes appear to give credence to this: first when Lovell is seen apparently tampering with Thomas' car, and later when he and Jane are seen following Thomas in a Rover 2000.[32]

Thomas' car


Thomas drives a Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud III 'Chinese Eye' Mulliner Park Ward Drophead Coupé owned by DJ and television presenter Jimmy Savile. The car was originally painted white, then painted black by the production. Only about one hundred coach built Silver Clouds IIIs were made with the unique slanted headlights, and it remains an iconic element of the film.[33][34]

Release and reception


MGM did not gain approval for the film under the MPAA's Production Code in the United States.[6] The film was condemned by the National Legion of Decency. MGM released the film through a subsidiary distributor, Premier Productions, and it was shown widely in North American cinemas; the film's critical and commercial success played a major role in the abolition of the Production Code and its replacement with the MPAA rating system shortly thereafter.[8]

Box office


Film writer Richard Corliss stated in 2007 that the film grossed $20 million (about $139 million in 2023) on a $1.8 million budget and "helped liberate Hollywood from its puritanical prurience" in the process.[2]

The film earned $5.9 million (about $41.2 million in 2023) in the United States and Canada in 1967.[35]

Critical reception


Critic Andrew Sarris called the film "a mod masterpiece". In Playboy magazine, film critic Arthur Knight wrote that Blow-Up would come to be considered "as important and seminal a film as Citizen Kane, Open City, and Hiroshima, Mon Amour – perhaps even more so".[36] Time magazine called the film a "far-out, uptight and vibrantly exciting picture" that represented a "screeching change of creative direction" for Antonioni; the magazine predicted it would "undoubtedly be by far the most popular movie Antonioni has ever made".[37]

Bosley Crowther, film critic of The New York Times, called it a "fascinating picture",[6] but expressed reservations, describing the "usual Antonioni passages of seemingly endless wanderings" as "redundant and long"; nevertheless, he called Blow-Up a "stunning picture – beautifully built up with glowing images and color compositions that get us into the feelings of our man and into the characteristics of the mod world in which he dwells".[6] Even director Ingmar Bergman, who generally disliked Antonioni's work, called the film a masterpiece.[38]

The conscience of Thomas in Blow-Up is not troubled by any sense of obligation or responsibility to the girl [Vanessa Redgrave as Jane] he has photographed in the park. Human relationships do not go very deep with Thomas. Selfish and self-tormented, he draws what confidence he can from the mastery he has over his camera. Yet his blow-ups of the pictures from the park disclose that the camera has possibly functioned independently [of him], in the sense that there is more in the photographs than Thomas realized when he took them. Thus his mastery is called into question.

—Film historian Gordon Gow, Suspense in the Cinema (1968)[39]

Anthony Quinn, writing for The Guardian in 2017 for the film's fiftieth anniversary, described Blow-Up as "a picture about perception and ambiguity", suggesting an association between elements of the film and the Zapruder film capturing the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy.[13]

According to author Thomas Beltzer, the film explores the "inherently alienating" qualities of mass media, where "the camera has turned us into passive voyeurs, programmable for predictable responses, ultimately helpless and even inhumanly dead".[5] Bilge Eberi of Houston Press notes the contrast between "the sinewy movements of the girls, their psychedelic jumpsuits and slinky dresses and multicolored minis," and "the blurred, frozen, inchoate unknowability of the death contained within [Thomas'] image," which "is a glimpse of the eternal and elemental...that completely reorders, or rather disorders, Thomas's world. As an artist, he can't capture it or understand it or do anything with it. As an individual, he can't possess it or consume it."[9]

Roger Ebert described the film as "a hypnotic conjuring act, in which a character is awakened briefly from a deep sleep of bored alienation and then drifts away again. This is the arc of the film. Not 'Swinging London.' Not existential mystery. Not the parallels between what Hemmings does with his photos and what Antonioni does with Hemmings. But simply the observations that we are happy when we are doing what we do well, and unhappy seeking pleasure elsewhere. I imagine Antonioni was happy when he was making this film."[40]

In his commentary for the DVD edition of the film, Peter Brunette connects it to the existentialist tenet that actions and experiences have no inherent meaning, but are given a meaning within a particular context. According to Brunette, this is demonstrated by the scene in which Thomas takes Jeff Beck's guitar neck out onto the street: "He's rescued the object, this intensely meaningful object. Yet, out of the context, it's just a broken piece of a guitar [...] the important point here being that meaning, and the construction we put on reality, is always a group social function. And it's contextual."[41]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an 87% approval rating based on 54 reviews from film critics, with an average rating of 8.3/10.[42] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 82 out of 100, based on reviews from 15 critics.[43]

American director Martin Scorsese included Blow-Up on his list of "39 Essential Foreign Films for a Young Filmmaker".[44]

Films such as The Conversation, Blow Out, Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro and Enemy of the State have been inspired by Blow-Up.[9]

Awards and honours

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Academy Awards 10 April 1967 Best Director Michelangelo Antonioni Nominated [45]
Best Original Screenplay Michelangelo Antonioni, Tonino Guerra, and Edward Bond Nominated
British Academy Film Awards 1968 Best British Film Michelangelo Antonioni Nominated [46]
Best Cinematography, Colour Carlo Di Palma Nominated
Best Art Direction, Colour Assheton Gorton Nominated
Cannes Film Festival 27 April – 12 May 1967 Grand Prix du Festival International du Film Michelangelo Antonioni Won [47][48]
French Syndicate of Cinema Critics 1968 Best Foreign Film Won [49]
Golden Globes 15 February 1967 Best English-Language Foreign Film Blowup Nominated [50]
Nastro d'Argento 1968 Best Foreign Director Michelangelo Antonioni Won [49]
National Society of Film Critics January 1967 Best Film Blowup Won [51]
Best Director Michelangelo Antonioni Won

Home media release


Warner Home Video released a Region 1 DVD of the film in 2004.[52] In 2017, the Criterion Collection issued the film on Blu-ray and DVD, featuring a 4K remaster from the original camera negatives, in addition to new bonus materials.[53]

See also



  1. ^ Several people known in 1966 are in the film; others became famous later. The most widely noted cameo was by The Yardbirds who perform "Stroll On" in the last third. Michelangelo Antonioni first asked Eric Burdon to play that scene, but he turned it down. In an interview Sterling Morrison of The Velvet Underground claimed that Antonioni had also asked the Velvet Underground to appear in the film, and the band members were "more than willing", but due to the expense of flying the Velvets over from the US, Antonioni instead decided on an English group.[54] As Keith Relf sings, Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck play to either side along with Chris Dreja and Jim McCarty.
  2. ^ After Jeff Beck's guitar amplifier fails, he bashes his guitar to bits as The Who did at the time. Michelangelo Antonioni had wanted The Who in Blow-up as he was fascinated by Pete Townshend's guitar-smashing routine.[55]
  3. ^ Steve Howe of Tomorrow recalled and wrote "We went on the set and started preparing for that guitar-smashing scene in the club. They even went as far as making up a bunch of Gibson 175 replicas and then we got dropped for The Yardbirds who were a bigger name. That's why you see Jeff Beck smashing my guitar rather than his!"[56] Michelangelo Antonioni also considered using The Velvet Underground (signed at the time to a division of MGM Records) in the nightclub scene, but according to guitarist Sterling Morrison, "the expense of bringing the whole entourage to England proved too much for him".[57]
  4. ^ Janet Street-Porter can be seen dancing in a silver coat and red and yellow striped Carnaby Street trousers during the scene inside the nightclub.[58] A pre-Monty Python Michael Palin can also be seen in the motionless crowd watching The Yardbirds.[59]


  1. ^ a b "Blowup (1967)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Corliss, Richard (5 August 2007). "When Antonioni Blew Up the Movies". Time. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  3. ^ "Blow-Up".
  4. ^ "Best of Bond". The Guardian. 21 January 2008. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d Beltzer, Thomas (15 April 2005). "La Mano Negra: Julio Cortázar and His Influence on Cinema". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d Crowther, Bosley (19 December 1966). "Blow-Up". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  7. ^ Ryce, Walter (27 November 2013). "Ethan Russell's seminal '60s rock photos dazzle at Winfield Gallery in Carmel". Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b (snopes) (25 May 1993). "Re: The MPAA". The Skeptic Tank. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b c Ebiri, Bilge (28 July 2017). "The Mysteries of Antonioni's Blow-Up, a Half Century on". Houston Press. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Votes for Blowup (1967)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  11. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 100: See here for Gow's profile of the Thomas character both socially and sexually, emphasizing Thomas’ cynicism-misanthropy, and "at the same time reaching out rather blindly for toward spiritual fulfillment".
  12. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 99
  13. ^ a b Quinn, Anthony (10 March 2017). "Freedom, revolt and pubic hair: why Antonioni's Blow-Up thrills 50 years on". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  14. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 98
  15. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 100: Thomas fails to “redress the [im]balance" And: p. 104: Thomas fails to “maintain equilibrium” between his “creative world” and the “ulcerated area of materialism and fact.
  16. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 104: “ in the case of many films of depth...interpretation rests with the spectator…”
  17. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 104
  18. ^ Forn, Juan. "El rectángulo en la mano". Página 12 (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  19. ^ Tast, Brigitte; Tast, Hans-Jürgen (2014). light room – dark room. Antonionis "Blow-Up" und der Traumjob Fotograf. Schellerten: Kulleraugen. ISBN 978-3-88842-044-3.
  20. ^ McGlone, Neil McGlone. "Seventy Years of Cannes: Blow-Up in 1967". Criterion Collection. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Mort de Jane Birkin". francetvinfo. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  22. ^ James, Simon R.H. (2007). London Film Location Guide. Batsford (London). p. 87. ISBN 978-0-7134-9062-6.
  23. ^ James (2007) p. 181.
  24. ^ "Michelangelo Antonioni's plot development – Film". TLS. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  25. ^ "On the Trail of the Swinging Sixties – 'Blow-Up', Antonioni's Cult Film, Hit Our Screens 40 Years Ago. Robert Nurden Goes in Search of the Places Used for Filming, from Notting Hill to a Neglected Park in a Little-Known Corner of South-East London". The Independent. 10 September 2006. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  26. ^ Blow-Up: John Hooton's Photography Blog. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  27. ^ James (2007) p. 38.
  28. ^ "Heddon Street, London" The Ziggy Stardust Companion. Retrieved 25 December 2009.
  29. ^ Birnbaum, Larry (2012). Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-8629-2.
  30. ^ "Antonioni's Corpse from "Blow-Up" speaks!". 10 February 1999. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  31. ^ Der Spiegel (July 1967): Nach der Sinflut (German)
  32. ^ Dyson Lovell at
  33. ^ Bolton, Ian. "The Car". Blow-up: Then and Now.
  34. ^ Baker, Erin. "Step into Rolls‑Royce's 1960s showroom". Goodwood Road and Racing.
  35. ^ "Big Rental Films of 1967". Variety. 3 January 1968. p. 25.
  36. ^ "Antonioni's Blowup Defines Cool". 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2009.
  37. ^ "Cinema: The Things Which Are Not Seen". Time. 30 December 1966. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  38. ^ Interview published in Sydsvenska Dagbladet. "Bergman on Film Directors" Archived 26 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine at Retrieved 25 December 2009.
  39. ^ Gow, 1968 p. 100
  40. ^ Ebert, Roger (2002). The Great Movies. Broadway Books. p. 78. ISBN 0-7679-1038-9.
  41. ^ Commentary track by Peter Brunette on the 2005 DVD edition of Blow-Up
  42. ^ "Blow-Up". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  43. ^ "Blow-Up Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  44. ^ "Martin Scorsese Creates a List of 39 Essential Foreign Films for a Young Filmmaker". Open Culture. 15 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  45. ^ "THE 39TH ACADEMY AWARDS". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  46. ^ "Film in 1968". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  47. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Blowup". Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  48. ^ "People: May 19, 1967". Time. 19 May 1967. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  49. ^ a b Passafiume, Andrea. "Blow-Up (1966), AWARDS AND HONORS". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  50. ^ "Blow-Up". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  51. ^ "Past Awards". National Society of Film Critics. 19 December 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  52. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (16 February 2004). "DVD Review: Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup on Warner Home Video". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 December 2020.
  53. ^ Bowen, Chuck (30 March 2017). "Review: Michelangelo Antonioni's Blow-Up on Criterion Blu-ray". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 December 2020.
  54. ^ Bockris, Victor; Malanga, Gerard (2009) [1983]. Uptight: The Velvet Underground Story. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-003-8
  55. ^ Platt, John; Chris Dreja; Jim McCarty (1983). Yardbirds. Sidgwick and Jackson (London). ISBN 978-0-283-98982-7.
  56. ^ Frame, Pete (1993). The Complete Rock Family Trees. Omnibus Press (London; New York City). p. 55. ISBN 978-0-711-90465-1.
  57. ^ Bockris, Victor and Malanga, Gerard (1983). Uptight – The Velvet Underground Story. Quill (New York). p. 67. ISBN 978-0-688-03906-6.
  58. ^ Hemmings, David (2004). Blow-up and other exaggerations. Robson. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-86105-789-1.
  59. ^ Dennis, Jon (24 November 2011). "My favourite film: Blow-Up". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 March 2018.


  • Brunette, Peter (2005). DVD Audio Commentary (Iconic Films).
  • Gow, Gordon. 1968. Suspense in the Cinema. Castle Books, New York. The Tanvity Press and A. S. Barnes & Co. Inc. Library of Congress Catalog Card No: 68-15196.
  • Hemmings, David (2004). Blow-Up… and Other Exaggerations – The Autobiography of David Hemmings. Robson Books (London). ISBN 978-1-861-05789-1.
  • Huss, Roy, ed. (1971). Focus on Blow-Up. Film Focus. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-13-077776-8. Includes a translation of Cortázar's original short story.