Blackstar (album)

Blackstar (stylised as )[1] is the twenty-fifth and final studio album by English musician David Bowie. It was released worldwide on 8 January 2016, coinciding with Bowie's 69th birthday, through his ISO label, Columbia Records and Sony Music. The album was largely recorded in secret between the Magic Shop and Human Worldwide Studios in New York City with Bowie's longtime co-producer Tony Visconti and a group of local jazz musicians – comprising saxophonist Donny McCaslin, pianist Jason Lindner, bassist Tim Lefebvre and drummer Mark Guiliana; guitarist Ben Monder joined the ensemble for the final sessions. The album is more experimental than its predecessor The Next Day, combining art rock with different styles of jazz.

Blackstar
A white background with a large black star and smaller parts of a five-pointed star that spell out "BOWIE"
Studio album by
Released8 January 2016 (2016-01-08)
RecordedJanuary – May 2015
StudioThe Magic Shop and Human Worldwide in New York City
Genre
Length41:14
Label
Producer
David Bowie chronology
Five Years (1969–1973)
(2015)
Blackstar
(2016)
Who Can I Be Now? (1974–1976)
(2016)
David Bowie studio albums chronology
The Next Day
(2013)
Blackstar
(2016)
Singles from Blackstar
  1. "Blackstar"
    Released: 19 November 2015
  2. "Lazarus"
    Released: 17 December 2015
  3. "I Can't Give Everything Away"
    Released: 6 April 2016

For the album, Bowie took inspiration from electronic groups such as Boards of Canada and Death Grips as well as hip hop artists such as Kendrick Lamar. The album contains re-recorded versions of two songs, "Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)" and "'Tis a Pity She Was a Whore", both of which were originally released in 2014. It was preceded by the singles "Blackstar" and "Lazarus", both of which were supported by music videos. The album cover, designed by Jonathan Barnbrook, features a large black star with five star segments at the bottom that spell out the word "Bowie".

Two days after its release, Bowie died of liver cancer; his illness had not been revealed to the public until then. Visconti described the album as Bowie's intended swan song and a "parting gift" for his fans before his death. Upon release, the album was met with critical acclaim and commercial success, topping charts in a number of countries in the wake of Bowie's death, and becoming Bowie's only album to top the Billboard 200 in the United States.[2] The album remained at the number-one position on the UK Albums Chart for three weeks. It was the fifth best selling album of the year, worldwide.[3] It has since been certified Gold and Platinum in the US and the UK, respectively.

At the 59th Annual Grammy Awards, the album won awards for Best Alternative Music Album, Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical and Best Recording Package, with the title track winning for Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song. The album was also awarded the British Album of the Year at the 2017 Brit Awards. It was listed as one of the best albums of 2016 and later the 2010s decade by numerous publications.[4] In the years following his death, Blackstar has been named as one of Bowie's greatest albums by multiple publications,[5] and was included in the 2018 edition of Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.

Background and recordingEdit

David Bowie recorded Blackstar while suffering from liver cancer.[6] Like his previous album The Next Day (2013), recording took place in secret at the Magic Shop and Human Worldwide Studios in New York City, with production being co-handled by Bowie and longtime collaborator Tony Visconti.[7][8] Bowie began writing and making demos for songs that appear on Blackstar as soon as sessions for The Next Day concluded. Two songs, "Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)" and "'Tis a Pity She Was a Whore", had been previously released, but were re-recorded for Blackstar.[9] The title of the latter derives from 'Tis Pity She's a Whore, a play by the 17th century English dramatist John Ford.[10] The song "Lazarus" was included in Bowie's Off-Broadway musical of the same name.[11]

 
The backing band on Blackstar.
Top: Donny McCaslin, Jason Lindner
Bottom: Tim Lefebvre, Mark Guiliana

Bowie recruited a local New York jazz quintet led by saxophonist Donny McCaslin, and featuring other musicians including drummer Mark Guiliana, pianist Jason Lindner and bassist Tim Lefebvre,[12][13] as the backing band for the sessions.[14] The musicians were sent demos from Bowie in December 2014 in preparation for the sessions at the start of the new year. Visconti told Mojo: "If we'd used [Bowie's] former musicians they would be rock people playing jazz...Having jazz guys play rock music turns it upside down."[15] Lefebvre later said that the band's chemistry made the sessions much easier. Bowie knew exactly what he wanted, so Lefebvre felt special that Bowie chose a band that was a "unit" and not a random set of studio musicians. Bowie also encouraged the band to try new things and experiment with ideas; Lindner told Rolling Stone, "He gave us the freedom to really just play, sort of be ourselves, and if we were hearing anything in particular, to try it out." Visconti gave consistent praise to the band, saying "They can play something at the drop of a dime".[16]

Recording began at the Magic Shop in the first week of 2015. The very first day in the studio, Lefebvre and Lindner met Bowie, Visconti and engineer Kevin Killen for the first time, after which they got straight to work.[17] According to biographer Nicholas Pegg, most of the rhythm tracks were recorded in one or two takes. Tracks for both Blackstar and the Lazarus musical were recorded: "Lazarus" and "When I Met You" were recorded on 3 January, followed by the re-recording of "'Tis a Pity She Was a Whore" two days later and "No Plan" on 7 January.[17] During the week, Bowie celebrated his 68th birthday; his wife Iman visited him in the studio and the band played an avant-garde rendition of "Happy Birthday". Following the January sessions, further recording commenced in blocks; according to Pegg, they lasted four to six days each, in the first week of February and the third week of March. Bowie emailed demos to the musicians before each session.[18] The backing band were reportedly unaware of Bowie's declining health – according to McCaslin, the band worked with Bowie "essentially from 11 to 4 every day", while Lefebvre stated that "it never looked to us like he was sick".[19]

 
Ben Monder joined the band for the March sessions as an additional guitarist.

James Murphy of LCD Soundsystem was present during the second block of recording; his work on Arcade Fire's Reflektor inspired Bowie to create a remix of "Love Is Lost" for The Next Day Extra. The re-recording of "Sue (Or In a Season of Crime)" took place on 2 February (featuring Murphy on percussion), while "Girl Loves Me" followed a day later, "Someday" on 4 February and "Dollar Days" on 6 February.[18] "Dollar Days" was created without a preliminary demo being made for the song. McCaslin later stated that Bowie one day "just picked up a guitar ... he had this little idea, and we just learned it right there in the studio."[10] For the March sessions, the band was joined jazz guitarist Ben Monder, who played on the original recording of "Sue". The title track was recorded on 20 March, with "I Can't Give Everything Away" following a day later, and "Killing a Little Time" and a remake of "Someday" (now retitled "Blaze") on 23 March; further overdubs commenced the following day.[20] Although Bowie performed his vocals live while the band was playing during the Magic Shop sessions, he and Visconti moved to Human Worldwide studios in April to properly record his vocals.[21] The majority of his vocals were recorded from scratch between April and May, although some vocals from the Magic Shop sessions, including part of "I Can't Give Everything Away" and the full vocal for "No Plan" were kept. The final master mix is credited to English engineer Tom Elmhirst, although Bowie and Visconti oversaw the mixing sessions in general.[22]

Composition and influencesEdit

According to Visconti, he and Bowie deliberately attempted "to avoid rock'n’roll"[23] while making the album, and they had been listening to rapper Kendrick Lamar's 2015 album To Pimp a Butterfly during the recording sessions and cited it as an influence. Discussing the album, Visconti said "We wound up with nothing like that, but we loved the fact that Kendrick was so open-minded and he didn't do a straight-up hip-hop record. He threw everything on there, and that's exactly what we wanted to do."[14] Electronic duo Boards of Canada and experimental hip hop trio Death Grips have also been cited as influences.[23][24] According to Pegg, another album Bowie listened to during the sessions was D'Angelo's Black Messiah (2014), which featured a fusion of soul, jazz and funk that was reminiscent of Bowie's work on "Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)".[14]

 
James Murphy of LCD Soundsystem played percussion on "Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)" and "Girl Loves Me".[25]

The music on Blackstar has been characterised as incorporating art rock,[26][27] jazz,[28][29] experimental jazz,[30][31] free jazz,[26] and experimental rock,[32] as well as elements from industrial rock, folk-pop and hip hop.[33] Bryan Wawzenek of Ultimate Classic Rock writes that it was his most experimental album in years.[34] The saxophone was the first instrument Bowie learned; he was an avid jazz listener in his youth[35][36][37] and had occasionally worked with jazz musicians in the past.[a] The album's title track incorporates nu jazz,[40] while progressing through a drum and bass-style rhythm, an acid house-inspired portion of the instrumental, a saxophone solo, and a lower-tempo blues-like section.[41][42] Ten minutes in length, it originally began as two separate melodies, before being merged to one single piece.[10][43] Andy Greene of Rolling Stone said that the re-recording of "'Tis a Pity She Was a Whore" was "powered by a hip hop beat and free-form sax",[10] unlike the original, which was described by Dalton as "a propulsive, roaring, heavily electronic wall of sound."[30] "Lazarus" is described by Pegg as "an intense, brooding threnody". Although some critics felt the track begins to drag as it goes on,[32][30] Pegg believes it's one of the album's "most luminous moments".[44] Although the original version of "Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)" featured brass-heavy instrumentation and a bebop-jazz arrangement, Stephen Dalton of Louder writes that the re-recorded version "feels sharper, denser and heavier", with added funk rock guitar lines and "percussive shudders".[30] "Girl Loves Me" features synthesisers, "acrobatic" drumming, strings and "bouncing" bass.[32][45] "Dollar Days", the sixth track, contains a sax solo and an arrangement that Dalton considers reminiscient of Bowie's work on Young Americans (1975).[30] Biographer Chris O'Leary believes "Dollar Days" has "the lushest arrangement" on the album.[46] In the final track, "I Can't Give Everything Away", Bowie plays a harmonica solo similar to one from his instrumental track "A New Career in a New Town" off his 1977 album Low.[47]

Billboard and CNN wrote that Bowie's lyrics seem to address his impending death,[48][49] with CNN noting that the album "reveals a man who appears to be grappling with his own mortality".[48] The title track features the lyrics: "Something happened on the day he died / Spirit rose a metre and stepped aside / somebody else took his place, and bravely cried, 'I'm a blackstar, I'm a blackstar'"; Jesse Kinos-Goodin of CBC Music felt these lyrics represented Bowie reflecting on his life and impending death.[26] "Lazarus" features the lines "Look up here, I'm in heaven / I've got scars that can't be seen", which appeared in many publications following Bowie's death on 10 January.[50] "Girl Loves Me" was notable for its inclusion of Nadsat, a fictional language created by Anthony Burgess for his 1962 novel A Clockwork Orange, where it was used very often.[51] It also included Polari, a type of slang used commonly in England by homosexual men during the mid-20th century.[10] The refrain, the explicit "Where the fuck did Monday go?", was interpreted by Pegg as the kind of desperation from a man who knows his time is running out.[52] "Dollar Days" contains the lyrics "don't believe for just one second I'm forgetting you — I'm trying to, I'm dying to/too", which Pegg and O'Leary note is a very dark pun.[46][53] "I Can't Give Everything Away" contains the line "Seeing more and feeling less / Saying no but meaning yes / This is all I ever meant / That's the message that I sent", which led Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph to think of the song as a point where "Bowie sounds like he is grappling with his own mystery."[54]

Artwork and packagingEdit

The artwork for Blackstar was designed by Jonathan Barnbrook, who filled the same role on Heathen (2002), Reality (2003) and The Next Day. The cover's star image is credited to NASA in the CD booklet. The five star segments below the main star form the word "BOWIE" in stylised letters.[55] The vinyl cover, in black, features the star as a cutout, revealing the record (with an all-black picture label) beneath. With the record removed, the black paper behind the cutout reveals a hidden picture of a starfield when the foldout sleeve is held up to a light source. It took more than four months for fans to discover the effect. The designer claimed there were many other surprises hidden in the LP's artwork.[56][57] Music journalists noted that a "black star lesion," usually found inside a breast, suggests to medical practitioners evidence of certain types of cancer.[58][59] The sleeve is the first and only Bowie sleeve to not feature an image of the artist himself.[60] After Bowie's death, Barnbrook released the Blackstar design elements under a Creative Commons NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.[61]

ReleaseEdit

The title track was released as the album's lead single on 19 November 2015[62] and used as the opening music for the television series The Last Panthers.[63] Originally over 11 minutes in length, Bowie and Visconti shortened it to 9:57 after finding out that iTunes will not post digital singles for individual sale that exceeded 10 minutes. Although Visconti believed this policy was "total bullshit", Bowie was insistent on releasing it as a single, and didn't want both album and single versions, since that "gets confusing".[10][64] The music video for "Blackstar", shot in September 2015 in a studio in Brooklyn,[65] is a surreal ten-minute short film directed by Johan Renck (the director of The Last Panthers). It depicts a woman with a tail, played by Elisa Lasowski,[66] discovering a dead astronaut and taking his jewel-encrusted skull to an ancient, otherworldly town. The astronaut's bones float toward a solar eclipse, while a circle of women perform a ritual with the skull in the town's centre.[67] The short film won the award for Best Art Direction at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards.[68]

The second single, "Lazarus", was released on 17 December 2015 as a digital download, and received its world premiere on BBC Radio 6 Music's Steve Lamacq Show the same day.[69] A music video for "Lazarus", shot in November 2015 in a studio in Brooklyn and again directed by Renck,[70] was released on 7 January 2016, the day before the album's release. It prominently features Bowie, appearing with a bandage and buttons sewn over his eyes, lying on a deathbed.[26] The video was nominated for three awards: Best Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Editing, at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards.[71]

Blackstar was released on 8 January 2016, coinciding with Bowie's 69th birthday, through his ISO label, Columbia Records and Sony Music.[72][73][74] Two days later on 10 January, Bowie died of liver cancer; his illness had not been revealed to the public until then. Visconti described the album as Bowie's intended swan song and a "parting gift" for his fans before his death.[6] Within days of the album's release, online retailer Amazon.com temporarily sold out of both the CD and LP editions.[75] The third and final single, "I Can't Give Everything Away", was released posthumously on 6 April 2016.[76]

An EP, No Plan, was released on 8 January 2017, which would have been Bowie's 70th birthday.[77] Apart from "Lazarus", the EP includes three songs, "No Plan", "Killing a Little Time" and "When I Met You", that were recorded during the Blackstar sessions, but were left off the album and subsequently appeared on the soundtrack album for the Lazarus musical in October 2016.[77][78] In 2018, Jon Culshaw played Bowie in the BBC radio play The Final Take: Bowie in the Studio, an imagined account of Bowie as he works on the album and looks back over his life.[79]

Commercial performanceEdit

Blackstar was already on course to debut at number one on the UK Albums Chart prior to the announcement of Bowie's death on 10 January 2016, according to the Official Charts Company.[80] The album debuted at number one after selling 146,000 copies in the first week[81] (a week that saw four other Bowie albums in the Top 10 and a further seven in the Top 40, the latter equalling Elvis Presley's chart record)[82] and became his tenth number one album in the UK.[83] The album remained three weeks at number one,[84] falling to number two behind another Bowie album, the compilation Best of Bowie (2002), which became the first ever album to get to number one in the UK because of streaming.[84] As of January 2018, the album has sold 446,000 copies in the United Kingdom.[85] Bowie was the biggest-selling vinyl artist of 2016 in the UK, with five albums in the vinyl Top 30, including Blackstar as the number one vinyl album of the year. It sold twice as many copies as the previous year's winner, Adele's 25.[86]

In the US, the album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 181,000 copies in its first week.[87] It was Bowie's first number one in the US and best weekly sales figure.[2][88] It was the 14th best-selling album in the US in 2016, with 448,000 copies sold that year.[89] In the week 11–17 January, Blackstar was the most downloaded album in 25 iTunes national charts.[90] According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), it was the fifth best selling album of the year, worldwide.[3] It was also the best selling album worldwide for two consecutive weeks, having sold more than 969,000 copies as of 31 January 2016.[91] It has sold more than 1,900,000 copies as of April 2017.[92]

The album also peaked at number one in 24 countries, number two in Greece,[93] Mexico,[94] South Korea and Taiwan,[95][96] number four in Hungary[97] and five in Japan.[98]

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?8.4/10[99]
Metacritic87/100[100]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [101]
The A.V. ClubA−[102]
The Daily Telegraph     [54]
Entertainment WeeklyA−[103]
The Guardian     [104]
The Independent     [105]
NME4/5[106]
Pitchfork8.5/10[107]
Rolling Stone     [108]
Spin7/10[109]

Blackstar was acclaimed by music critics and fans. At Metacritic, the album received an average score of 87, which indicates "universal acclaim", based on 43 reviews.[100] Rolling Stone critic David Fricke called Blackstar "a ricochet of textural eccentricity and pictorial-shrapnel writing".[108] Andy Gill of The Independent regarded the record as "the most extreme album of [Bowie's] entire career", stating that "Blackstar is as far as he's strayed from pop."[105] Jon Pareles of The New York Times described the album as "at once emotive and cryptic, structured and spontaneous and, above all, willful, refusing to cater to the expectations of radio stations or fans".[110] The Daily Telegraph's Neil McCormick hailed Blackstar as an "extraordinary" album which "suggests that, like a modern day Lazarus of pop, Bowie is well and truly back from beyond."[54] Alexis Petridis of The Guardian praised the album, calling it "a rich, deep and strange album that feels like Bowie moving restlessly forward, his eyes fixed ahead: the position in which he's always made his greatest music."[104] In a favourable review for Exclaim!, Michael Rancic wrote that Blackstar is "a defining statement from someone who isn't interested in living in the past, but rather, for the first time in a while, waiting for everyone else to catch up".[111]

Reviewing for Q magazine, Tom Doyle wrote, "Blackstar is a more concise statement than The Next Day and a far, far more intriguing one."[27] NME critic Sam Richards stated that Bowie had maintained his "formidable record of reinventing himself" on a "busy, bewildering and occasionally beautiful record", adding that "one of the few certainties we can take from this restless, relentlessly intriguing album is that David Bowie is positively allergic to the idea of heritage rock."[106] Chris Gerard of PopMatters called the album "singular in its unique sound and vibe," describing it as "trippy and majestic head-music spun from moonage daydreams and made for gliding in and out of life."[112] Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly considered the album Bowie's best work in years. In a review published before his death, Greenblatt felt the album contained enough themes and imagery that could "probably be dissected for days or even weeks."[103] Ryan Dombal of Pitchfork wrote: "This tortured immortality is no gimmick: Bowie will live on long after the man has died. For now, though, he's making the most of his latest reawakening, adding to the myth while the myth is his to hold."[107] Barry Walters of NPR, reviewing the album the day after Bowie's death, believed the album "resonates precisely because it favors emotion over meaning." Walters felt that the album is "so startling" because it reminded listeners that even though Bowie was long past his golden years, it is almost as if he never left them. He concluded the review stating "even while staring down death, [he] reversed his claim on "Station to Station" so many years ago: It's never too late to be grateful."[113] Writing for The A.V. Club, which chose it as the best album of 2016, Sean O'Neal described Blackstar as "a sonically adventurous album that proves Bowie was always one step ahead—where he'll now remain in perpetuity."[114]

Following Bowie's death, Bryan Wawzenek of Ultimate Classic Rock ranked Blackstar as Bowie's twelfth greatest album, describing it as a throwback to his Berlin Trilogy. Although he felt it wasn't as "accessible" as The Next Day, he considered it a "great companion piece" and "a fitting end to one of rock's most influential careers."[34] In 2018, Consequence of Sound ranked the album as Bowie's eighth greatest, writing "This is one of Bowie’s most dynamic outings and a courageous triggering of a second creative wind." Praising the experimental nature and lyrics, staff writer Lior Phillips concluded "It's a startling reminder that the only way Bowie can transcend 49 years of artistry is by detaching from the Superstar he had become and transform into a new thing altogether."[115] The album was also included in the 2018 edition of Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[116] Pitchfork later listed the album as one of the greatest albums of the 2010s decade, calling it "a magnificent farewell to his audience."[117]

AccoladesEdit

Blackstar was named one of the best albums of 2016 by numerous publications.[4] The album was nominated for the Top Rock Album award at the 2016 Billboard Music Awards,[118] but ultimately lost to Blurryface by Twenty One Pilots. At the end of 2016, Blackstar appeared on a number of critics' lists ranking the year's top albums. According to Metacritic, it was the most prominently ranked record of 2016.[119][120] At the 59th Annual Grammy Awards in 2017, the album won awards for Best Alternative Music Album, Best Recording Package and Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical.[121] In addition, the title track won both Best Rock Song and Best Rock Performance.[121] Blackstar was later named as one of the greatest albums of the 2010s decade by numerous publications, including Billboard,[122] Consequence of Sound,[123] NME,[124] Pitchfork,[117] Rolling Stone,[125] Slant Magazine[126] and Stereogum.[127]

Accolades for Blackstar
Publication Accolade Rank Ref.
The A.V. Club 20 Best Albums of 2016
1
Billboard The 100 Greatest Albums of the 2010s
49
Chicago Tribune Top Albums of 2016
10
Consequence of Sound Top 50 Albums of 2016
3
The 100 Top Albums of the 2010s
17
The Guardian 100 Best Albums of the 21st Century
24
The Independent Best Albums of 2016
17
Mojo The Best of 2016
1
The New York Times The Best Albums of 2016
2
Newsweek Best Albums of 2016
1
NME NME's Albums of the Year 2016
6
The Best Albums of The Decade: The 2010s
13
Paste 50 Best Albums of 2016
1
Pitchfork The 50 Best Albums of 2016
4
The 200 Best Albums of the 2010s
37
Q Q's Top 50 Albums of the Year 2016
1
Rolling Stone 50 Best Albums of 2016
2
Readers' Poll: 10 Best Albums of 2016
1
100 Best Albums of the 2010s
5
The Skinny Top 50 Albums of 2016
7
Slant Magazine The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s
39
Stereogum The 50 Best Albums of 2016
5
The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s
15
Uncut Top 75 Best Albums of 2016
1
Variance 50 Best Albums of 2016
2
The Village Voice Pazz & Jop Music Critics' Poll
1
The Wire Top 50 Releases of 2016
1

Track listingEdit

All tracks are written by David Bowie, except where noted.

Blackstar track listing
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Blackstar" 9:57
2."'Tis a Pity She Was a Whore" 4:52
3."Lazarus" 6:22
4."Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)"music composed by Bowie, Maria Schneider, Paul Bateman and Bob Bhamra4:40
5."Girl Loves Me" 4:52
6."Dollar Days" 4:44
7."I Can't Give Everything Away" 5:47
Total length:41:14
Download release bonus content
No.TitleLength
8."Blackstar" (video)10:00
Total length:51:14

"Sue (Or in a Season of Crime)" contains elements from "Brand New Heavy" by Plastic Soul, written by Bateman and Bhamra. The latter's surname is consistently misspelled as "Bharma" in the album's liner notes.

PersonnelEdit

Personnel adapted from Blackstar liner notes.[8]

ChartsEdit

CertificationsEdit

Sales certifications for Blackstar
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[191] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[192] Platinum 15,000*
Belgium (BEA)[193] Platinum 30,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[194] Platinum 80,000^
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[195] Platinum 20,000 
France (SNEP)[197] Platinum 161,900 [196] 
Germany (BVMI)[198] Gold 100,000 
Italy (FIMI)[199] Platinum 50,000*
Netherlands (NVPI)[200] 2× Platinum 80,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[201] Gold 7,500^
Poland (ZPAV)[202] Platinum 20,000*
Portugal (AFP)[203] Gold 7,500^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[204] Gold 20,000 
Sweden (GLF)[205] Gold 20,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[206] Platinum 20,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[207] Platinum 446,000[85]
United States (RIAA)[208] Gold 500,000 
Summaries
Worldwide 1,900,000[209]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
 sales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Release historyEdit

Release formats for Blackstar[25]
Region Date Format(s) Label
Europe 8 January 2016
United States

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Drummer Joey Baron played on Outside (1995) and trumpeter Lester Bowie had a brief solo on "Jump They Say" (1993).[38][39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ★ Blackstar – CD, David Bowie & Artist Arena, archived from the original on 28 February 2016, ★ (pronounced "Blackstar")
  2. ^ a b France-Presse, Agence (18 January 2016). "David Bowie finally tops US Billboard charts with Blackstar". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Beyonce's 'Lemonade' Highest-Selling Album Globally in 2016; Drake Lands Top Song: IFPI". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b Kay, Brian (March 2020). "Top 10 David Bowie Albums". Classic Rock History. Archived from the original on 18 May 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  5. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 831.
  6. ^ a b Furness, Hannah (13 January 2016). "David Bowie's last release, Lazarus, was 'parting gift' for fans in carefully planned finale". The Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  7. ^ Holland, Eric (6 January 2016). "Producer Tony Visconti Talks David Bowie and Blackstar". Hollandude. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  8. ^ a b Blackstar (album liner notes). David Bowie. ISO Records. 2016. 88875173862.CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. ^ Fusilli, Jim (5 January 2016). "'Blackstar' Review: Ziggy Stardust Plays Jazz". The Wall Street Journal. New York City: Dow Jones & Company. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Greene, Andy (23 November 2015). "The Inside Story of David Bowie's Stunning New Album, 'Blackstar'". Rolling Stone. New York City: Wenner Media LLC. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  11. ^ "David Bowie's New Album Blackstar, Featuring 'Lazarus' Track, Out Today". Broadway World. 8 January 2016. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  12. ^ King, Jimmy (24 October 2015). "David Bowie Confirms New Album Blackstar Coming in January". Pitchfork. Chicago, Illinois: Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  13. ^ Hendicott, James (24 October 2015). "Details of David Bowie's 25th album 'Blackstar' revealed". NME. London, England: Time Inc. UK. Archived from the original on 25 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  14. ^ a b c Pegg 2016, p. 820.
  15. ^ Pegg 2016, pp. 820–821.
  16. ^ Pegg 2016, pp. 821–822.
  17. ^ a b Pegg 2016, p. 821.
  18. ^ a b Pegg 2016, p. 822.
  19. ^ Coscarelli, Joe; Paulson, Michael (10 January 2016). "David Bowie Allowed His Art to Deliver a Final Message". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  20. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 823.
  21. ^ Pegg 2016, pp. 824–825.
  22. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 825.
  23. ^ a b "New David Bowie album, inspired by Kendrick Lamar, features LCD's James Murphy". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. 24 November 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  24. ^ Britton, Luke Morgan (26 November 2015). "David Bowie's new album 'Blackstar' inspired by rap group Death Grips". NME. London: Time Inc. UK. Archived from the original on 2 September 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  25. ^ a b Pegg 2016, p. 819.
  26. ^ a b c d Kinos-Goodin, Jesse (10 January 2016). "David Bowie gains immortality with Lazarus, the boldest character of his career". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  27. ^ a b Doyle, Tom (January 2016). "David Bowie: "Blackstar"". Q (354).
  28. ^ Doyle, Tom (January 2016). "David Bowie: "Blackstar"". Q. London: Bauer Media Group (354).
  29. ^ McCormick, Neil (8 January 2016). "David Bowie, Blackstar, review: 'extraordinary'". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 24 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  30. ^ a b c d e Dalton, Stephen (27 November 2015). "David Bowie: Blackstar". Classic Rock. Bath, Somerset: Future PLC. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  31. ^ Corner, Lewis (10 January 2016). "David Bowie's new album Blackstar was his perfect goodbye message to fans". Digital Spy. London: Hearst Magazines UK. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  32. ^ a b c Rayner, Ben (8 January 2016). "David Bowie's Blackstar a nearly perfect goodbye: review". Toronto Sun. Toronto, Ontario: Postmedia. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  33. ^ Richards, Sam (8 January 2016). "David Bowie – 'Blackstar' Review: The NME Verdict". NME. London: Time Inc. UK. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  34. ^ a b Wawzenek, Bryan (11 January 2016). "David Bowie Albums Ranked Worst to Best". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 29 May 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  35. ^ "Archive on 4, David Bowie: Verbatim". BBC Radio 4. 30 January 2016. Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  36. ^ Jonze, Tim (10 January 2016). "Was David Bowie saying goodbye on Blackstar?". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 16 June 2019. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  37. ^ Cooper, Leonie (10 January 2016). "How David Bowie told us he was dying in the 'Lazarus' video". NME. London: Time Inc. UK. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  38. ^ "David Bowie: A Different View". Modern Drummer. 11 January 2016. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  39. ^ O'Leary 2018, pp. 349–350.
  40. ^ Young, Alex (19 November 2015). "David Bowie premieres new single "Blackstar" along with an epic short film – watch". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  41. ^ McCormick, Neil (20 November 2015). "David Bowie's new song, Blackstar, review: 'Major Tom is dead. Bowie lives'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 28 November 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  42. ^ Petridis, Alexis (20 November 2015). "David Bowie's Blackstar video: a gift of sound and vision or all-time low?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 November 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  43. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 73.
  44. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 267.
  45. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 168.
  46. ^ a b O'Leary 2018, p. 644.
  47. ^ Rogers, Jude (21 January 2016). "The final mysteries of David Bowie's Blackstar—Elvis, Crowley and 'the villa of Ormen'". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  48. ^ a b Griggs, Brandon. "David Bowie's haunting final album hints at death". CNN. Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  49. ^ Payne, Chris. "David Bowie's Final Album 'Blackstar' & 'Lazarus' Video Were Goodbye Notes". Billboard. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  50. ^ "David Bowie death dominates newspaper headlines". BBC News. 12 January 2016. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  51. ^ Greenman, Kyle (9 January 2016). "The Beautiful Meaninglessness of David Bowie". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  52. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 170.
  53. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 136.
  54. ^ a b c McCormick, Neil (8 January 2016). "David Bowie, Blackstar, review: 'extraordinary'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 April 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  55. ^ "Bowie, Barnbrook and the "Blackstar" artwork". Creative Review. 26 November 2015. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  56. ^ Spice, Anton (5 May 2016). "How I discovered a secret in Bowie's Blackstar sleeve – and how you can too – The Vinyl Factory". The Vinyl Factory. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  57. ^ Trendell, Andrew (16 November 2016). "Fans share more secrets from David Bowie's 'Blackstar' vinyl artwork". NME. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  58. ^ Britton, Luke Morgan (13 January 2016). "Did David Bowie name 'Blackstar' album after his own cancer lesion?". NME. Time Inc. UK. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  59. ^ Vincent, Alice (12 January 2016). "Was David Bowie's Blackstar named after a cancer lesion?". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  60. ^ Pegg 2016, p. 826.
  61. ^ "★". www.bowieblackstar.net. Archived from the original on 28 September 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  62. ^ "Amazon.com: Blackstar: David Bowie: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  63. ^ "David Bowie: 7 Things We Already Know About His 2016 Album 'Blackstar'". NME. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  64. ^ Pegg 2016, pp. 73–74.
  65. ^ "David Bowie's last days: an 18-month burst of creativity". The Guardian. 15 January 2016. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  66. ^ Medina, Marcie. "Elisa Lasowski, queen of 'Versailles', talks about history, television and fashion". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 7 August 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  67. ^ Joffe, Justin (19 November 2015). "Behind "Blackstar": An Interview with Johan Renck, The Director of David Bowie's Ten-minute Short Film". Noisey. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  68. ^ French, Megan (26 July 2016). "David Bowie Receives Four Posthumous 2016 VMA Nominations". US Weekly. Archived from the original on 27 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  69. ^ "David Bowie launches trailer of new single Lazarus". The Guardian. 14 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  70. ^ "David Bowie's last days: an 18-month burst of creativity". The Guardian. 15 January 2016. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  71. ^ French, Megan (26 July 2016). "David Bowie Receives Four Posthumous 2016 VMA Nominations". US Weekly. Archived from the original on 27 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  72. ^ "David Bowie announces new album Blackstar for January release". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  73. ^ "David Bowie confirms 25th album will be released in January 2016". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  74. ^ "Watch "Blackstar" video teaser online now". David Bowie Official Website. Archived from the original on 13 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  75. ^ "Amazon Is Sold Out of Every David Bowie Album (And Accused of Price-Jacking)". Fuse. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  76. ^ Young, Alex (6 April 2016). "David Bowie's longtime artist releases beautiful posthumous video for "I Can't Give Everything Away"". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  77. ^ a b Young, Alex (8 January 2017). "Final David Bowie songs collected on new EP released for his 70th birthday". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  78. ^ Kreps, Daniel (8 January 2017). "Watch David Bowie's Mysterious 'No Plan' Video". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  79. ^ "The Final Take: Bowie in the Studio". BBC World Service. 3 January 2018. Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  80. ^ "David Bowie on course for tenth UK chart-topping album". ITV News. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  81. ^ Myers, Justin (29 January 2016). "David Bowie matches Elvis Presley's Official Albums Chart record". Official Charts. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  82. ^ Copsey, Rob (15 January 2016). "How the loss of David Bowie impacted the UK charts this week". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  83. ^ Foster, Patrick (15 January 2016). "David Bowie's final album soars to number one, as ten of the artist's records hit the top 40". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  84. ^ a b Myers, Justin (10 February 2016). "David Bowie sees off Sia to replace himself at Number 1". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  85. ^ a b Myers, Justin (10 January 2018). "Who would win this year's BRIT Awards if they were decided on sales alone?". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  86. ^ "BPI Official UK Recorded Music Market Report For 2016". 3 January 2017. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  87. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (17 January 2016). "David Bowie's 'Blackstar' Album Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  88. ^ Caulfield, Keith (17 January 2016). "David Bowie's 'Blackstar' Album Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  89. ^ Grein, Paul (20 December 2016). "The Top-Selling Albums of 2016". Yahoo Music!. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  90. ^ "International Charts Analysis: Bowie's Blackstar dominates charts worldwide". Music Week. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  91. ^ "World Music Awards: David Bowie has the world's best-selling Album for a second week!". www.worldmusicawards.com. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  92. ^ Rys, Dan (25 April 2017). "Beyonce's 'Lemonade' Highest-Selling Album Globally in 2016; Drake Lands Top Song: IFPI". Billboard. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  93. ^ a b "Top-75 Albums Sales Chart Week: 7/2016". IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on 10 December 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  94. ^ a b "Top Album – Semanal ( del 15 de Enero al 21 de Enero )" (in Spanish). Amprofon. Archived from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  95. ^ a b "2016년 03주차 Album Chart" (in Korean). Gaon Music Chart. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  96. ^ a b "Weekly Top 20 – Five Music Chart 2016/1/29 – 2016/2/4" (in Chinese). Five Music. Archived from the original (Select Week 6, Year 2016 from the bottom of the list) on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  97. ^ a b "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2016. 2. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  98. ^ a b January 2016/ "Oricon Top 50 Albums: 25 January 2016" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  99. ^ "Blackstar by David Bowie reviews". AnyDecentMusic?. Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  100. ^ a b "Reviews for Blackstar by David Bowie". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  101. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Blackstar – David Bowie". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  102. ^ Vishnevetsky, Ignatiy (8 January 2016). "David Bowie goes noir with the intoxicating Blackstar". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  103. ^ a b Greenblatt, Leah (8 January 2016). "David Bowie's Blackstar: EW review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  104. ^ a b Petridis, Alexis (7 January 2016). "David Bowie: Blackstar review – a spellbinding break with his past". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  105. ^ a b Gill, Andy (22 December 2015). "David Bowie's Blackstar – exclusive first review: A Bowie desperate to break with the past". The Independent. Archived from the original on 26 December 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  106. ^ a b Richards, Sam (8 January 2016). "David Bowie – 'Blackstar' Review: The NME Verdict". NME. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  107. ^ a b Dombal, Ryan (7 January 2016). "David Bowie: Blackstar". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 7 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  108. ^ a b Fricke, David (23 December 2015). "Blackstar". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 29 December 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  109. ^ Soto, Alfred (6 January 2016). "Review: David Bowie Remains the Original Starman on 'Blackstar'". Spin. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  110. ^ Pareles, Jon (7 January 2016). "Review: 'Blackstar,' David Bowie's Emotive and Cryptic New Album". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  111. ^ Rancic, Michael (7 January 2016). "David Bowie – Blackstar". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  112. ^ Gerard, Chris (8 January 2016). "David Bowie: Blackstar". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  113. ^ Walters, Barry (11 January 2016). "Review: David Bowie's 'Blackstar' Is Adventurous To The End". NPR. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  114. ^ a b O'Neal, Sean (12 December 2016). "The A.V. Club's 20 best albums of 2016". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  115. ^ Phillips, Lior (8 January 2018). "Ranking: Every David Bowie Album from Worst to Best". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  116. ^ Dimery, Robert; Lydon, Michael (2018). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. London: Cassell. ISBN 978-1-78840-080-0.
  117. ^ a b c "The 200 Best Albums of the 2010s". Pitchfork. 8 October 2019. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  118. ^ French, Megan (26 July 2016). "David Bowie Receives Four Posthumous 2016 VMA Nominations". US Weekly. Archived from the original on 27 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  119. ^ Dietz, Jason (28 November 2016). "Best of 2016: Music Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  120. ^ Dietz, Jason (28 November 2016). "Music Critic Top 10 Lists – Best of 2016". Metacritic. San Francisco, California: CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  121. ^ a b "2017 Grammy Awards: Complete List of Nominees". Los Angeles Times. 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  122. ^ a b Staff (19 November 2019). "The 100 Greatest Albums of the 2010s: Staff Picks". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  123. ^ a b Staff (29 December 2019). "Top 100 Albums of the 2010s". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  124. ^ a b "The Best Albums of The Decade: The 2010s". NME. 29 November 2019. Archived from the original on 11 December 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  125. ^ a b Staff (3 December 2019). "100 Best Albums of the 2010s: David Bowie, 'Blackstar'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  126. ^ a b Staff (20 December 2019). "The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  127. ^ a b Staff (4 November 2019). "The 100 Best Albums Of The 2010s". Stereogum. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  128. ^ "Greg Kot's top albums of 2016". Chicago Tribune. 30 November 2016. Archived from the original on 8 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  129. ^ "Top 50 Albums of 2016". Consequence of Sound. 28 November 2016. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  130. ^ "The 100 best albums of the 21st century". The Guardian. 13 September 2019. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  131. ^ "Best Albums of 2016". The Independent. 30 November 2016. Archived from the original on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  132. ^ "Best of 2016: Music Critic Top Ten Lists". Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  133. ^ "The Best Albums of 2016". The New York Times. 7 December 2016. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  134. ^ "Our top 10 albums of 2016, featuring Bowie, Beyoncé, Big Thief and more". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  135. ^ "NME's Albums of the Year 2016". NME. 24 November 2016. Archived from the original on 23 July 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  136. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2016". Paste. 30 November 2016. Archived from the original on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  137. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2016". Pitchfork. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original on 13 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  138. ^ "Q's Top 50 Albums of the Year 2016". Q. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  139. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2016". Rolling Stone. 29 November 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  140. ^ "Readers' Poll: 10 Best Albums of 2016". Rolling Stone. 8 December 2016. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  141. ^ "Top 50 Albums of 2016". The Skinny. 1 December 2016. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  142. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2016". Stereogum. 1 December 2016. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  143. ^ "Uncut's Top 75 Albums of 2016". Stereogum. 8 December 2016. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  144. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2016". Variance Magazine | The Sights + Sounds You Love. Archived from the original on 16 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  145. ^ "2016 Pazz & Jop Critics' Poll". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 26 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  146. ^ "Rewind 2016: Releases of the Year 1–50". The Wire. No. 395. London. January 2017. p. 30. Archived from the original on 11 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2020 – via Exact Editions.(subscription required)
  147. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "ultratop.be – David Bowie – Blackstar". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  148. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  149. ^ "Top Stranih [Top Foreign]" (in Croatian). Top Foreign Albums. Hrvatska diskografska udruga. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  150. ^ "TOP50 Prodejní: BOWIE DAVID – Blackstar" (in Czech). IFPI Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  151. ^ "David Bowie: Black Star" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  152. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts – Offizielle Deutsche Charts". Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  153. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 2, 2016". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  154. ^ "FIMI Classifiche". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  155. ^ "NZ Top 40 Albums Chart – The Official New Zealand Music Chart". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  156. ^ "VG-lista – David Bowie / Blackstar". Archived from the original on 31 January 2016.
  157. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  158. ^ "Последний альбом Дэвида Боуи возглавил чарты российского iTunes" (in Russian). Lenta.ru. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  159. ^ January 2016/40/ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  160. ^ "2015년 03주차 Album Chart" (in Korean). Gaon Music Chart. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  161. ^ January 2016/7502/ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  162. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Top Alternative Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  163. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Top Rock Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  164. ^ "David Bowie Chart History (Top Tastemaker Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  165. ^ "CAPIF Rankings Mensual" (in Spanish). CAPIF. Archived from the original (Select "January 2016") on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  166. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums 2016". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  167. ^ "Ö3 Austria Top 40 – Album-Charts 2016". oe3.orf.at. Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  168. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2016: Albums". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  169. ^ "Rapports Annuels 2016: Albums". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  170. ^ "Top Canadian Albums Year End 2016". Billboard. Archived from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  171. ^ "ALBUM TOP-100 2016". Hitlisten (in Danish). Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  172. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 2016". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  173. ^ "Classement des 200 meilleures ventes d'albums de 2016". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (in French). snepmusique.fr. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  174. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  175. ^ "Összesített album- és válogatáslemez-lista – eladási darabszám alapján – 2016". Mahasz. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  176. ^ "Top of the Music – FIMI/GfK: Le uniche classifiche annuali complete" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  177. ^ "アルバム TOP100" [Album Top 100] (in Japanese). Oricon. 18 December 2016. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  178. ^ "Los más vendidos 2016" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  179. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 2016". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  180. ^ "W 2016 roku najlepiej sprzedającym się albumem było "Życie po śmierci" O.S.T.R." 2016. Archived from the original on 14 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  181. ^ "2016년 Album Chart" (in Korean). Gaon Music Chart. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  182. ^ "Top 100 Albumes 2016" (in Spanish). PROMUSICAE. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  183. ^ "Årslista Albums – År 2016". Swedish Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 18 September 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  184. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade Alben 2016 – hitparade.ch". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  185. ^ White, Jack (30 December 2016). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Albums of 2016". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  186. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 2016". Billboard. Archived from the original on 8 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  187. ^ "Top Rock Albums : Dec 31, 2016 | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. Archived from the original on 11 April 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  188. ^ "Top 50 Global Best Selling Albums for 2016". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  189. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2017: Albums" (in Dutch). Ultratop Flanders. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  190. ^ "Rapports Annuels 2017: Albums" (in French). Ultratop Wallonia. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  191. ^ Ryan, Gavin (16 April 2016). "ARIA Albums: Deftones 'Gore' Debuts at No 1". Noise11. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  192. ^ "Austrian album certifications – David Bowie" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  193. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 2016". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  194. ^ "Canadian album certifications – David Bowie". Music Canada. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  195. ^ "Danish album certifications – David Bowie". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved 19 December 2017. Scroll through the page-list below until year 2017 to obtain certification.
  196. ^ "Les Meilleures Ventes de CD / Albums "Tout Temps"" (in French). InfoDisc. Archived from the original on 17 January 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  197. ^ "French album certifications – David Bowie" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  198. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (David Bowie)" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  199. ^ "Italian album certifications – David Bowie – Blackstar" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016. Select "2016" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Blackstar" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
  200. ^ "Dutch album certifications – David Bowie" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved 15 August 2018. Enter David Bowie in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  201. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – David Bowie". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  202. ^ "Polish album certifications – David Bowie – Blackstar" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  203. ^ "Portuguese Charts – Albums Top 30 – 15/2018". portuguesecharts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  204. ^ "Spanish album certifications – David Bowie". El portal de Música. Productores de Música de España. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  205. ^ "Veckolista Album, vecka 4, 2016 | Sverigetopplistan" (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  206. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (David Bowie; '★ [Blackstar]')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  207. ^ "British album certifications – David Bowie". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 15 January 2016. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type David Bowie in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  208. ^ "American album certifications – David Bowie – Blackstar". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  209. ^ "Global Music Report 2017" (PDF). IFPI. 25 April 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit