Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur
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|Municipality of Bayog|
Map of Zamboanga del Sur with Bayog highlighted
|Region||Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)|
|Province||Zamboanga del Sur|
|Founded||May 8, 1967|
|Barangays||28 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Celso A. Matias|
|• Vice Mayor||Jocel L. Babasa|
|• Congressman||Leonardo L. Babasa Jr.|
|• Electorate||18,153 voters (2016)|
|• Total||356.40 km2 (137.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||94/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)62|
|Climate type||tropical climate|
|Income class||3rd municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||127.4 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Subanon language|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Barangays
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism and recreation
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Municipal compound
- 9 Education
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1953, large numbers of immigrants started settling permanently in this area which was then sparsely populated by the native Subanen. Barrio Bayog came into existence under the Municipality of Malangas. Bayog was adopted as the name of the barrio, as this place was known to the natives due to the abundance of the “Bayog” (pterospermum diversifolium) trees in the area.
Opportunities in agriculture, business and employment attracted more settlers into the area, particularly during the year 1957 and 1958. The influx of settlers was given more impetus when the Samar Mining Company (SAMICO) constructed the existing 42 kilometres (26 mi) SAMICO road from Bobuan to its wharf in Pamintayan. By 1959, Bayog was already quite big for a barrio. So another barrio was created which is now the present barangay Kahayagan. When the municipality of Buug (also a former barrio of Malangas) was created in 1960, barangay Bayog and Kahayagan were among the barrios under it.
As early as 1963, three years after the SAMICO road was completed and the company was in full-blast operation, the population of Bayog already warranted the creation of a new municipality. Thus, on November 14, 1964, Bayog started to function as a corporate municipality separate and distinct from the Municipality of Buug by virtue of Executive Order No. 112 issued by the then President Diosdado Macapagal. However, on February 15, 1966, the infant municipality was dissolved and reverted into its former status as one of the barangays of the Municipality of Buug by virtue of a Supreme Court decision in the case of Pelaez vs. Auditor General. The then Senator Pealez contented that the creation of a new municipality through an executive Order was against the law as the same was a prerogative of Congress.
In time, the town re-applied as a candidate for municipality. The Municipality of Bayog became the 29th municipality of the Province of Zamboanga del Sur on May 8, 1967, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4872, authorized by then Congressman Vincenso Sagun. The new municipality was formed out of twenty barrios of the Municipality of Buug (at that time still Province of Zamboanga del Sur): Bayog (which became the poblacion), Bobuan, Datagan, Pulangbato, Dipili, Salawagan, Lamari, Damit, Depasi, Pangi (now San Isidro), Liba, Datagan I, Datagan II, Mataga, Dimalinao, Baking, Dipuri, Kwai, Maton-og and Kanipa-an. During the later part of the year, barangays Supon, Canoayan, Dagum, Camp Blessing, Conakon, Matin-ao, Balukbahan, Sigacad, Deporehan, Bantal and Balunbunan were created by virtue of a Provincial Board Resolution. To date, the Municipality has twenty-eight (28) barangays within its juridical boundaries.
List of former Town ExecutivesEdit
|Juan Tagabuen||Antonio Ejudo||1967|
|Dominador Salomon||Alfonso Carballo||1967–1971|
|Valentin Cercado||Felipe Dulatre||1971–1975|
|Valentin Cercado||Felipe Dulatre||1971–1980|
|Valentin Cercado||Emercindo Fullo||1980–1986|
|Dominador Salomon||Frank Mabulay||1986–1987|
|Constantino Belza||Lydia Lucero||1987–1988|
|Emercindo Fullo||Melody Belza||1988–1992|
|Melody L. Belza||Nerrisa Lucero||1992–1995|
|Melody L. Belza||Frank Mabulay||1995–1998|
|Melody L. Belza||Baltazar Caberte||1998–2001|
|Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla||Severo Opay||2001–2004|
|Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla||Pedro Anlap||2004–2007|
|Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla||Pedro Anlap||2007–2010|
|Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr.||Romualdo S. Godin||2010-2013|
|Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr.||Celso A. Matias||2013-2016|
|Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr.||Celso A. Matias||2016-2019|
|Celso A. Matias||Jocel L. Babasa||2019 - 2022|
The town is bounded on the north by Godod, Bacungan, and Siayan; on the east by Lakewood; on the south by Kumalarang, Buug, and Diplahan; and on the west by Kabasalan. It is the westernmost town in the province.
The town is partly situated in the Sibougey Valley watered by the Sibuguey River, Dipili River, and Depore River. 75% of the land lies on rugged terrain with elevation up to 300 metres (980 ft).
Bayog is subdivided into 28 barangays.
- Camp Blessing
- San Isidro (Pangi)
- Pulang Bato
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Bayog has one of the most bustling economies in the province, since it is one of the top revenue-producing municipalities in Zamboanga del Sur, with an annual income of over 25,000,000 which come mainly from mining, business establishments, and quarrying.
As of now, there is one financial institution which operates in the town and numerous cooperatives which also contribute to the town's overall income. Two pawnshops have also started operations in the town - the Mlhuiller Pawnshop and the Bayog Pawnshop.
Since Bayog is mainly agricultural, over 20 rice and corn mills can be found in the municipality. In addition, their products are also traded with neighbouring cities such as Zamboanga City and Pagadian City, which is why Bayog has also been considered as th "Rice Granary Of Region IX". The people of the town rely mainly on crop raising and animal husbandry. The town is situated in a wide plain fed by the Siboguey River and its tributaries. Two dams can be found in the municipality, namely, the Sibouguey Irrigation Dam and the Dipili River Irrigation Dam, which are responsible for irrigating some 100 square kilometres of ricefields. This dams were erected during the late 1970s with support from the Philippine-Australian Development Project. The dams are now under the management of the National Irrigation Administration through their office in the town center.
Bayog has also been cited as the Livestock Center of the region because of the Western Mindanao Livestock Development Center in Barangay Kahayagan, which is responsible for the improvement of livestock products in Zamboanga Peninsula through right breedings.
The people have also been engaged in logging due to the vast forest which were found in the area. In the past, Bayog was also referred as the Timbermines Country.
Mining is a major industry in Bayog. Gold is concentrated in Barangay Depore while copper, lead and steel are mined in Brgy. Bubuan and Brgy. Liba. Several companies have already started their explorations here, i.e. Toronto Ventures Incorporated (TVI), Cebu Ore Mining Inc, Miki Trio Ore Mining Inc., and some small scale miners which have their own organization, the Monte de Oro Small Scale Mining Association (MOSSMA).
The new Public Market Building has 180 stalls occupied by different business groups. The Fish and Meat section has 40 stalls, fruit stand & old carenderia has 15 stalls, Dry Goods section 15 stalls, and new Carenderia building with 7 stalls. As of now there were already 6 stalls in the newly constructed night market. A new phase of the Public Market is under construction and will add new 25 stalls.
Tourism and recreationEdit
This section is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (June 2018)
Bayog has a gymnasium with a seating capacity of 4500, considered as one of the largest in the province. Three other gymnasiums in the town are also used in handling large crowds, the Kahayagan Gymnasium, BCES Gymnasium and the BNHS Gymnasium. There are also four tennis courts ( BALTEC, NIA, Kahayagan Sports Complex, WESMILDEC), maintained by the Bayog Lawn Tennis Club. Another local facility is the Bayog Municipal Plaza.
- The Dipili River - a tributary of the Sibuguey River and was awarded as the cleanest river in the Philippines.
- Western Mindanao Livestock Development Center - known for its buildings and guests house. It is situated in a hill which overlooks the town.
- Loading Point - an irrigation system that serves as haven for the young people during weekends.[tone]
- Supon Dam - a dam which is also an attraction
- Bailey Bridge - a 55-meter modular bridge crossing the Sibuguey River.
- Escalante Caves - located in Brgy. Lamare. Featured more or less 60 caves in just one setting.
Every summer, the town was always been the venue of different religious gatherings, including the Regional Youth Camp which is hosted by the Liberty Bible Baptist Church and draws approximately 600 youths from all over the region and several participants from Cebu, Lanao del Norte, and Misamis Occidental. Another is the GAYEM, hosted by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church and held participants from the Provinces of Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay.
Fiestas and festivalsEdit
Festival dates in Bayog include the following:
- 3rd Week of January for the Sinulog sa Kahayagan which features carnivals and street dancings in honor of Sr. Sto. Niño.
- May 8–10 for the celebration of the Araw ng Bayog.
- May 8 for the Tribal Festival which features pageantry between the different tribes which resides in Bayog.
- May 9 for the Buklog Festival, a Subanen fertility ritual.
- September 17 for the celebration of the Araw ng Zamboanga del Sur.
- 3rd Week of November for the Feast of St. Joseph the Worker.
The total road network of the municipality is 195.42 kilometres (121.43 mi), of which 7.56 kilometres (4.70 mi) are concrete, 133.34 kilometres (82.85 mi) are gravel and 54.52 kilometres (33.88 mi) are dirt roads.
Municipal records show that there are 134 registered tricycles/Habal-Habal as of December 2005. There are 50 privately owned vehicles in the municipality. There are also passenger buses and jeepneys plying Bayog to Buug, Bayog-Pagadian routes. To date, there are two buses plying Bayog-Zamboanga Route.
Out of the twenty eight barangays, only two barangays are not accessible by vehicles due to the very poor conditions of their farm to market roads. Residents utilized horses or carabaos to transport their farm products up to the point where transportation is accessible.
The municipality of Bayog has nine Tulay ng Pangulo projects constructed at Barangays Dipili, Depase, Balunbunan, Depase, Canoayan, Lamare, Bobuan, Depore and Poblacion.
- The electric power of the municipality is supplied by the Zamboanga del Sur Electric Cooperative II (ZAMSURECO II) through its substation in the municipality of Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay. The municipality has 27 barangays that are being energized with only one left the barangay Dagum.
- The local government unit of Bayog has its level III water system that supplies the need of the people in the Poblacion & Kahayagan. The types of water system used in the different barangays are classified into Level 1 (shallow well, deep well & spring) Level II (spring development with communal faucets), and Level III (with individual households connections).
This is the main attraction of the municipality, which is located on the heart of the town. On its center stands the charred municipal building, looking over to the distinguishable Bayog Municipal Plaza, which featured a Children's Park; a twin fountain which has the town's map drawn on it; a flower field, a priority project of the recent administration; a statue of the National Hero; the famous 30 flagpoles, and the Bayog Trees, which is believed to be the burial site of a Subanen Datu which was considered as the first town's settler.
On its right side, resides the Philippine National Police Headquarters, the Bayog Lawn Tennis Association Court, the Municipal Canteen, the Municipal Motorpool, the SIVAFA Midwife Clinic, and the AFUZS Headquarters.
While on its left sides, stand the ABC Multi-purpose Building, the DILG Office, a session hall, the Bayog Municipal Health Center, and the 3500-seater Municipal Gymnasium.
Along the side of the Municipal Hall, there you can find the Senior Citizen House, the post office, the Office of the Agriculturist, the Department of Transportation and Communication, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Social Welfare and Development, the Municipal Day Care Center, the Newly constructed E-Center and the Municipal Swimming Pool.
At its back is the Municipal Nursery, and the Municipal Guest House.
The town has a college, the Josefina H. Cerilles State College which caters the educational needs of the entire populace and of the neighboring towns. It offers cheap education to the townfolks. It has replaced the External Studies Unit of Western Mindanao State University, which for seven years have served the municipality of Bayog and provided the Bayoganos access to higher learning. Bayog has also four secondary schools, of which Bayog National High School is the most prominent. There are 33 elementary schools in this town, of which one is a private institution, the Siboguey SDA Elementary School owned by the Seventh-day Adventist Church. All of the public schools here are networked through an office situated at the Central School.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Zamboanga del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Executive Order No. 112: Creating the Municipality of Bayog in the Province of Zamboanga del Sur". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. October 1, 1964. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "R.A. No. 4872: An Act Creating the Municipality of Bayog in the Province of Zamboanga del Sur". PhilippineLaw.info. 8 May 1967. Archived from the original on 30 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Zamboanga del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.