B-segment

The B-segment is the 2nd category of the European segments for passenger cars, which is described as "small cars".[1][2] It is equivalent to the subcompact category in the United States and the supermini category in Great Britain.[3][4] The Euro NCAP vehicle class called “Supermini” also includes smaller A-segment cars.[5]

2020 Best-Selling
Renault Clio 5th generation (2019-present)
Peugeot 208 2nd generation (2019-present)
Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 6th generation (2019-present)
Toyota Yaris 4th generation (2020-present)

DefinitionEdit

The European segments are not based on size or weight criteria.[1] In practice, B-segment cars have been described as having a length of approximately 4 metres (13 ft).[6][3]

As of 2021 B-segment category size span from approx. 3.7m to 4.1m (photo comparison of new compact cars of all brands sorted by length):

New small cars comparison with dimensions and boot capacity [7]

B-segment category are smaller cars than the compact category, but with more space than the city category keeping tight dimensions for easy parking.

The term B-Segment is also used in India, however the definition of the segment differs from that used in Europe.[8]

CharacteristicsEdit

Body styles for B-segment cars in Europe are predominantly hatchbacks, and much less sedans and wagons/estates.

HistoryEdit

Current modelsEdit

In 2020 the fifteen highest selling B-segment cars in Europe were the Renault Clio, Peugeot 208, Opel/Vauxhall Corsa, Toyota Yaris, Volkswagen Polo, Dacia Sandero, Ford Fiesta, Citroën C3, Mini, Renault Zoe, Skoda Fabia, Hyundai i20, Seat Ibiza, Audi A1 and Suzuki Swift. [9]


200.000 - 300.000 sales (Best-Selling)


100.000 - 200.000 sales


50.000 - 100.000 sales

Sales figures in EuropeEdit

2020
rank
Brand Model 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 % change

(2019-2020)

1 Renault Clio 283,749 299,623 303,240 310,944 321,472 328,860 317,645 248,602   -22%
2 Peugeot 208 237,266 214,547 228,088 247,379 242,589 230,107 224,848 199,316   -11%
3 Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 240,005 250,342 268,846 262,939 231,434 216,267 221,630 198,887   -10%
4 Toyota Yaris 163,326 169,016 182,407 192,005 198,578 215,968 211,216 179,867   -15%
5 Volkswagen Polo 264,763 279,463 301,462 307,462 271,369 295,403 257,804 169,467   -34%
6 Dacia Sandero 121,169 138,709 147,497 167,766 194,996 211,680 223,186 167,032   -25%
7 Ford Fiesta 292,715 308,345 313,610 298,999 255,602 270,931 228,959 156,067   -32%
8 Citroën C3 113,625 129,612 123,443 133,566 205,272 208,941 210,465 149,284   -29%
9 Mini Mini Hatch x x x x x x 134,594 110,664   -18%
10 Renault Zoe 8,774 11,090 18,469 21,240 30,134 37,782 45,129 99,432   +120%
11 Škoda Fabia 125,687 116,337 159,927 175,264 177,116 166,522 155,136 97,906   -37%
12 Hyundai i20 82,139 83,903 91,758 98,956 100,571 91,272 84,218 63,301   -25%
13 SEAT Ibiza 110,413 112,928 118,055 120,465 117,780 102,695 99,647 62,832   -37%
14 Audi A1 x x x x x x 77,868 58,224   -25%
15 Suzuki Swift 51,878 49,854 54,442 44,378 38,576 55,654 59,875 51,134   -15%
16 Lancia Ypsilon x x x x x x 58,820 43,076   -27%
17 Nissan Micra 48,088 60,318 66,147 60,212 86,489 77,815 65,240 39,721   -39%
18 Dacia Logan 27,656 54,549 56,144 51,055 54,029 62,511 61,304 38,408   -37%
19 Kia Rio 58,041 58,425 63,930 67,622 70,309 45,654 39,721 33,052   -17%
20 Honda Jazz 42,548 37,645 30,510 37,005 34,898 37,894 30,730 25,182   -18%
21 Fiat 500L - - - - - 50,224 36,495 21,883   -40%
22 Mazda Mazda2 23,604 24,289 35,478 36,463 31,703 32,426 37,346 16,402   -56%
23 Honda Honda e - - - - - - 0 4,028 New
24 MG MG 3 209 1,628 2,603 3,243 3,093 2,692 3,820 2,547   -33%
25 Suzuki Baleno - - - 14,521 18,518 15,530 14,429 2,296   -84%
26 Hyundai ix20 - - - - - 16,893 726   -96%
27 Kia Venga - - - - - 9,602 98   -99%
28 Ford Ka+ - - - 10,588 51,277 51,057 51,482 66   -100%
29 Fiat Punto 104,000 86,955 79,202 62,654 49,688 29,442 480 27   -94%
30 DS Automobiles DS 3 65,454 53,074 x x x x 6,492 12   -100%
31 Alfa Romeo MiTo x x x x x x 669 0   -100%
32 Lada Kalina - - - 1,048 653 341 120 0   -100%
33 Lada Granta - - - 616 998 380 39 0   -100%
34 Nissan Note - - - - - - 9 0   -100%
35 Ford B-Max - - - - - - 3 0   -100%
Peugeot 207 49,865 16,110 1,401 21 2 10 - -
Chevrolet Aveo 22,686 3,774 140 37 3 0 - -
Mitsubishi Colt 7,825 222 19 1 1 3 - -
Peugeot 206 2,462 43 - - - - - -
Toyota Urban Cruiser 1,257 355 24 - - - - -
Renault Symbol/Thalia 1,056 5 - - - - - -
Mainstream 2,498,729 2,563,363 2,646,842 2,724,785 2,787,150 2,787,837
Premium 208,659 207,599 287,754 284,475 320,699 283,695
Segment

total

2,985,782 2,239,539   -25%
Source [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Notes:

Jump in total sales after 2019 year is because premium cars are included.

From 2013-2018 premium cars are not included in total sales (sales are marked by "x").

Premium brands and models are marked italic.

Electric cars are included in B-segment.

Market share in EuropeEdit

2019 - Sales of subcompact cars, Europe’s largest segment by volume, are down 6% in 2019 to drop below 3 million, which means the segment now makes up 19.1% of the European car market, down from 20.4% in 2018. [18]

2020 - European sales of subcompact cars, Europe’s largest segment by volume, were down 25% in 2020 to 2.24 million units, which means the segment now makes up 18.7% of the European car market, down from 19.7% in 2019. [19]

Market share in other countriesEdit

In the United States, Subcompact segment cars represented 1.5% of the market share. Subcompact car sales in the US are down 38% in 2020, in an overall market down 14%, making it the worst performing class, equal to large sedans. At just under 215,800 sales, this is the lowest sales in this segment since 2005.


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). www.europa.eu. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. ^ "Impact on the Competitiveness of the European Automotive Industry of Potential FTA with India and ASEAN" (PDF). www.europa.eu. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2013.
  3. ^ a b Jacobs, Andrew James (2016). The new domestic automakers in the United States and Canada: history, impacts, and prospects. Lexington Books. p. 33. ISBN 9780739188262. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ Maxton, Graeme P.; Wormald, John (2004). Time for a Model Change: Re-engineering the Global Automotive Industry. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780521837156. Retrieved 19 July 2017. B-segment cars.
  5. ^ "Latest Safety Ratings". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  6. ^ Meadows, Jordan (2017). Vehicle Design: aesthetic principles in transportation design. Routledge. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9781138685604. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  7. ^ "New small cars comparison with dimensions and boot capacity". www.automobiledimension.com. April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Get your car segments right". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  9. ^ "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  10. ^ "European sales 2013 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  11. ^ "European sales 2014 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  12. ^ "European sales 2015 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  13. ^ "European sales 2016 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  14. ^ "European sales 2017 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  15. ^ "European sales 2018 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  16. ^ "European sales 2019 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  17. ^ "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  18. ^ "European sales 2019 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  19. ^ "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.