Toyota Yaris

The Toyota Yaris (Japanese: トヨタ・ヤリス, Toyota Yarisu) is a subcompact car sold by Toyota since 1999, replacing the Starlet and Tercel.

Toyota Yaris
2018 Toyota Yaris (NCP130R) Ascent 5-door hatchback (2018-10-01) 01.jpg
2018 Toyota Yaris Ascent (NCP130, Australia)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also called
ProductionJanuary 1999 – present
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact car/Supermini (B)
Body style
  • 3/5-door hatchback (1999–present)
  • 4-door sedan (1999–present)
  • 2-door coupé (1999–2005, as Echo)
Chronology
Predecessor

Up to 2019, Toyota had used the Yaris nameplate on export versions of various Japanese-market models, with some markets receiving the same vehicles under the Toyota Echo name through 2005. Starting in 2020, the Yaris nameplate began to be used in Japan, which replaced the Vitz nameplate.[1] The Yaris nameplate has also been applied to other vehicles as well. From 1999 to 2005, the nameplate had been used for the Yaris Verso mini MPV sold in Europe, where it was known in Japan as the Fun Cargo. Since 2020, the nameplate has also been used for the subcompact crossover SUV offering called Yaris Cross.

In North America, the Yaris sedan sold since 2015 and the Yaris hatchback sold in the US from 2019 until 2020 are rebadged versions of the Mazda2 produced and developed by Mazda.

The name "Yaris" is derived from "Charis", the singular form of Charites, the Greek goddesses of charm and beauty.[2] As of March 2020, the Yaris has been sold 8.71 million units worldwide.[3]

First generation (XP10; 1999)Edit

First generation models were marketed between 1999 and 2005 under the "Yaris" and "Echo" names depending on the market. Hatchback, sedan and coupé body variants were offered.

Second generation (XP90; 2005)Edit

Second generation models have been marketed since 2005 under the "Yaris" name worldwide. Hatchback and sedan body styles were offered. The hatchback version was discontinued in late 2013 for Asian markets.

Third generation (XP130, 2011; XP150, 2013)Edit

The third generation models have been marketed since 2011 under the "Yaris" name worldwide. Originally available only as a hatchback, a sedan body style arrived in 2013, but it has not been offered in all countries; notably, the United States and Canada have received only restyled Mazda2 sedans, which have also been sold side-by-side with Toyota-produced sedans in Latin American and Caribbean markets.

  • Hatchback: European, Australasian, South African and most North American versions derive from the Japanese market Toyota Vitz (XP130), introduced in early 2011. Most Asian versions from 2013, some Latin American and Caribbean models from 2014 and mostly from early 2018, and South African models from early 2018 derive from the Asian market Toyota Yaris (XP150).
  • Sedan: Most Asian versions, Latin American and Caribbean models derive from the Asian market Toyota Vios (XP150), introduced in 2013. Some Asian versions from 2017 and most Latin American and Caribbean models from early 2018 derive from the Toyota Yaris (XP150).

Third generation hatchback

Third generation sedan

United States and CanadaEdit

Starting with 2012 models introduced in late 2011, only the XP130 Yaris liftback model was sold in the United States, the XP150 sedan model was not offered.[4][5] Similarly, Toyota stated in late 2011 that the XP150 sedan would not be sold in Canada, as they were "evaluating that model's future" due to lackluster sales of previous sedans.[6]

Production of all United States and Canadian XP130 Yaris models shifted from Japan to Toyota Motor Manufacturing France starting in May 2013.[7][8]

The 2019 model year XP130 Yaris Liftback was never introduced in the United States; Toyota continued sales of the 2018 model into January 2019 when it was discontinued.[9] However, sales of the Canadian 2019 model are continuing until 2020 when it would be replaced by the Mazda2-based Yaris.[10]

Latin America, the Caribbean and MexicoEdit

The XP150 Vios was introduced in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2013 as the Yaris Sedan.[11] In early 2018, a version of the Asian-market Yaris ATIV replaced the XP150 Vios in these markets, being marketed under the Yaris Sedan name. In Mexico, it is sold alongside the more expensive Mazda2-based Yaris R.[12]

Fourth generation (XP210; 2020)Edit

Fourth generation (XP210)
 
2020 Toyota Yaris Hybrid E-Four as a PR vehicle for 2020 Hakone Ekiden (MXPH15, Japan)
Overview
Production2019–present
Assembly
DesignerTakayuki Nakajima (2017)
Body and chassis
Body style
  • 5-door hatchback
  • 3-door hatchback (GR Yaris)
Layout
Platform
  • TNGA: GA-B (regular models)[16]
  • TNGA: GA-B (front)/GA-C (rear) (GR Yaris)
RelatedToyota Yaris Cross
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motor
  • 59 kW (79 hp; 80 PS) 1NM AC synchronous (front, hybrid)
  • 3.9 kW (5.2 hp; 5.3 PS) 1MM AC synchronous (rear, hybrid)
Power output
  • 51 kW (68 hp; 69 PS) (1KR-FE)
  • 88–92 kW (118–123 hp; 120–125 PS) (M15A-FKS, regular models and GR Yaris RS)
  • 192–200 kW (257–268 hp; 261–272 PS) (GR Yaris 1.6)
  • 67 kW (90 hp; 91 PS) (M15A-FXE, petrol engine only); 85 kW (114 hp; 116 PS) (M15A-FXE, combined system output)
Transmission
  • 6-speed manual (1.5 L FWD)
  • 6-speed V16-series iMT manual (GR Yaris 1.6)
  • CVT (regular models and GR Yaris RS)
  • eCVT (hybrid)
BatteryLithium-ion (hybrid)
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,550 mm (100.4 in) (Japanese market)
  • 2,560 mm (100.8 in) (European and Australasian market; GR Yaris)
Length
  • 3,940 mm (155.1 in)
  • 3,995 mm (157.3 in) (GR Yaris)
Width
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in) (Japanese market)
  • 1,745 mm (68.7 in) (European and Australasian market)
  • 1,805 mm (71.1 in) (GR Yaris)
Height
  • 1,500–1,515 mm (59.1–59.6 in) (Japanese market)
  • 1,470 mm (57.9 in) (European and Australasian market)
  • 1,455 mm (57.3 in) (GR Yaris)
Curb weight
  • 940–1,180 kg (2,072–2,601 lb) (Japanese market)
  • 1,130–1,280 kg (2,491–2,822 lb) (GR Yaris)
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Vitz (XP130) (Japan)
Toyota Prius C (Australia and United States)

The fourth generation Yaris hatchback for the Japanese, European and Australasian markets had been seen testing in July 2019 at the Nürburgring circuit in Germany.[17][18][19] It was then unveiled simultaneously on 16 October 2019 in Japan and Amsterdam, Netherlands.[20][21][22][23] Built on the GA-B platform, its development was led by chief engineer Yasunori Suezawa and chief hybrid engineer Takashi Uehara. It went on sale in Japan on 10 February 2020, while the petrol 4WD variant went on sale in April 2020.[13] Trim levels for the Japanese market are X, G and Z.

Unlike the preceding Vitz-based Yaris models, the standard XP210 series Yaris variants are only available in 5-door hatchback bodywork; the bespoke 3-door model is reserved for the performance-oriented variant called GR Yaris.

In Japan, a sharp drop in sales prompted Toyota to rebrand the Vitz as Yaris in order to expand its middle-aged customer base.[24]

GR YarisEdit

The GR (Gazoo Racing) Yaris is a performance-oriented variant of the Yaris which is built on a combination between GA-B and GA-C platforms, thus shared a few parts from the standard Yaris. Succeeding the limited-production Vitz/Yaris GRMN in Japan and Europe and Vitz GR in Japan, it was first unveiled at the 2020 Tokyo Auto Salon.[14][25][26] It is available in two engine options: a Gazoo Racing-built, turbocharged and direct/port-injected 1.6-litre G16E-GTS engine that produces 192–200 kW (257–268 hp; 261–272 PS) and 360–370 N⋅m (266–273 lb⋅ft) of torque, and a standard 1.5-litre 88 kW (118 hp; 120 PS) M15A-FKS engine found in the regular Yaris models. The latter engine option is only available in RS trim level in Japan.[27][28][29]

The G16E-GTS engine is mated to a 6-speed V16-series intelligent manual transmission (iMT) and GR-Four permanent four-wheel drive system. It has a claimed 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration in 5.2 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 230 km/h (143 mph). The M15A-FKS-powered RS variant is only mated to a continuously variable transmission and front-wheel drive system.

Unlike the standard Yaris, the GR Yaris is only available in the bespoke 3-door hatchback bodywork. It is built at the "GR Factory" assembly line in Motomachi plant.[14]

Other versionsEdit

Scion iA and Mazda2-based models (DJ; 2015)Edit

In 2014, Mazda de México Vehicle Operation began production of the Mazda2 in Salamanca, Guanajuato for various North and South American markets.[30] At the 2015 New York International Auto Show in April of that year, it was announced that this plant would produce a version of the Mazda2 for Toyota with minor styling changes, with the vehicle to be sold in Mexico as the Yaris, in the United States as the Scion iA,[31] and in Canada as the Yaris sedan.[32] In July 2015, Toyota confirmed that the car would be sold in Mexico as the Yaris R.[33]

After the phase-out of the Scion marque in the United States, the car was renamed as the Toyota Yaris iA from August 2016 for the 2017 model year.[34][35] For the 2019 model year, it was renamed again as the Yaris sedan in the United States, receiving a minor facelift with an updated grille insert and trim changes.[36][37] Unlike the previous models, which offered only exterior colors and a choice between 6-speed manual and 6-speed automatic transmissions as factory options,[38] both the United States[36][37] and Canadian[39] 2019 Yaris sedans are offered in L, LE and XLE trim levels with a wider variety of interior and exterior options.

A newer Mazda-built Yaris hatchback—a rebadged Mazda2 with a front fascia similar to that of the Yaris sedan—made its debut at the 2019 New York International Auto Show in April of that year and replaced the XP130 Yaris Liftback in the United States and Canada for the 2020 model year.[40][41] Its official images were revealed on 1 April 2019.[42] The United States and Canadian market 2020 Yaris hatchback is offered in LE and XLE trim levels. In the United States, sales of the Mazda2-based Yaris hatchback began in October 2019.

Both the Mazda2-based Yaris sedan and hatchback exports to the United States stopped in June 2020 due to new regulations and slow sales.[43][44]

Alternative versionsEdit

Yaris Verso (1999)Edit

The Yaris Verso is a mini MPV that shares the same NBC platform as the XP10 series Yaris/Vitz/Platz/Echo.

Yaris Cross (2020)Edit

The Yaris Cross is a subcompact crossover SUV that shares the same TNGA-B platform as the XP210 series Yaris.

SalesEdit

Calendar year Canada Mexico US
Hatch Sedan Hatch Yaris R Hatch Scion/Yaris iA
2005 6,177 N/A N/A
2006 34,202 70,308
2007 34,424 9,172[45][46] 3,915[46] 84,799[47]
2008 40,602 9,235[48][46] 5,021[46] 102,328
2009 23,773 4,427[46] 2,454[46] 63,743
2010 13,817 5,168[46] 1,321[46] 40,076
2011 7,968 2,539[46] 860[46] 32,704
2012 10,955 2,007[46] 1,064[46] 30,590
2013 7,633 2,606[49] 21,342
2014 8,530 2,121[50] 13,274
2015 8,196 8,000[51] 3,099 16,779 7,605[52]
2016 7,779 9,130[53] 1,819[54][55] 3,015[56] 6,762 10,872[57] 27,983[57]
2017 7,061[58] 15,712[59] 3,905 2,932 8,653[57] 35,727[57]
2018 7,236[60] 16,643[61] 3,930 2,259[62] 1,940[63] 25,269[63]
2019 6,256 9,451 1,919[64] 1,122 21,916[65]

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit