The Chevrolet Aveo (// ə-VAY-oh) (sold as Chevrolet Sonic in North America and parts of Asia since 2011) is a subcompact car manufactured since 2002 (by Daewoo from 2002–11), marketed worldwide in 120 countries under seven brands (Chevrolet, Daewoo, Holden, Pontiac, Ravon, and Suzuki). The second generation Sonic began with the 2012 model year and was also marketed as the Aveo; production ended in October 2020.
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Subcompact car (B)|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive|
|Successor||Chevrolet Onix (China)|
Chevrolet Cavalier (fourth generation) (Central America)
First generation (T200; 2002)Edit
|First generation (T200)|
|Also called||Chevrolet Kalos|
Holden Barina (TK)
Pontiac G3 Wave
Ravon Nexia R3
|Production||2002–2011 (South Korea)|
2002–present (under license)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
GM Daewoo introduced the "Daewoo Kalos" in September 2002, based on a then-new T200 platform, replacing the Daewoo Lanos (T100). Under development before Daewoo's bankruptcy, the Kalos was the company's first new model introduction following its subsequent takeover by General Motors. Manufacture of the Kalos began in early March 2002, with pre-production prototypes shown at the Geneva Auto Show in April 2002. The nameplate Kalos derives from the Greek word καλός (kalós) for "beautiful" and "good".
Originally designed by Italdesign, the Kalos derives directly from the "Kalos Dream" concept vehicle first presented at the 2000 Paris Motor Show and subsequent developmental concepts at the 2001 Frankfurt Motor Show, 2002 Geneva Auto Show, and 2003 at the Geneva Show. During this three-year development period Daewoo was struggling financially, with the ultimate fate of the company and the concept vehicle remaining uncertain.
The Kalos was sold in three and four available body styles: a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback from the beginning of production in 2002, and a 3-door hatchback available in certain European markets beginning in 2005. Two different T200 front-end styling designs were sold. When released in 2002, the T200 headlamps were detached from the horizontal amber turn signal strip, located directly below. This detached style, used primarily in South Korea and North America, was used in conjunction with a semi-elliptical grille. When sales in Europe began in 2003, the headlights were an integrated unit that slanted upwards from the "V-shaped" grille towards the front fenders. In Australia, when the Daewoo Kalos was introduced in 2003, the hatchback featured the integrated lighting arrangement, with the detached style used to differentiate the sedans. In South Korea, where the detached lights were used at first, the integrated design was later utilized as a facelift.
The T200 sedan and five-door hatchback featured a swage line running along the lower body to the rear door, which kinks downward prominently on the five-door. Five-doors also feature a side window in the C/D pillar with a distinctively angled lower edge. Interiors feature a circular motif throughout.
GM introduced a facelifted sedan at Auto Shanghai 2005, designed in cooperation with PATAC. Bearing the internal code T250 and sold in South Korea as the "Daewoo Gentra", revisions included exterior styling changes, a new interior instrument panel and minor equipment changes, including increased sound deadening. Incorporation of the radio antenna into the rear glass and extensive wind tunnel testing helped reduce the coefficient of drag from 0.348 to 0.326.
A facelifted hatchback with the sedan's updated instrument panel was presented as the Chevrolet Aveo during the Frankfurt Motor Show 2007, to be marketed in Europe and North America. The Korean market received its own distinct restyle of the hatchback, the Gentra X, whose bumper without the distinctly "Chevrolet" split grille was also used for the Pontiac, Holden and Suzuki variants.
With launch of the Gentra X in South Korea, GMDAT had replaced engines of T250. 1.2 L (1206 cc) S-TEC II engine was updated with features such as dual overhead camshaft (DOHC) and timing chain (older version has timing belt) system. 1.6 L E-TEC II engine has been replaced with an updated GEN-III Ecotec Family 1 engine with new features such as variable valve timing mechanism.
Ravon Nexia R3Edit
The facelifted Chevrolet Aveo T250 sedan was launched to the Russian market in 2016 as Ravon Nexia R3. The car is produced at the GM Uzbekistan plant. The Ravon Nexia R3 is available with the 1.5-liter petrol engine (105 hp) paired with the 5-speed manual or the 6-speed automatic.
A version of the T250 is sold in the Brazilian market under the name Chevrolet Cobalt since 2011. Unrelated to the previous car sold in North America, this Cobalt replaced the aging local Chevrolet Corsa. The car is equipped with a 1.4 and 1.8 Econo.Flex engine. Although sporting a similar front end style, it is not directly related to the Chevrolet Agile, since it shares the overall underpinnings with the Sonic, while the Agile is derived from the considerably older Opel Corsa B, from 1993.
Second generation (T300; 2012)Edit
|Second generation (T300)|
|Also called||Chevrolet Sonic|
Holden Barina (Australia)
2012–2015 (Thailand, Russia)
|Assembly||South Korea: Bupyeong-gu, Incheon (GM Korea)|
United States: Orion Township, Michigan (Orion Assembly)
China: Yantai, Shandong (SAIC-GM Dongyue Plant)
Mexico: Ramos Arizpe
Colombia: Bogotá (GM Colombia)
Thailand: Rayong (GM Thailand)
Russia: Nizhny Novgorod (GAZ)
|Designer||Ondrej Koromhaz (2008)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive|
|Platform||GM Gamma II platform|
|Wheelbase||99.4 in (2,525 mm)|
|Length||173.1 in (4,397 mm) (4-door)|
159 in (4,039 mm) (5-door)
|Width||68.3 in (1,735 mm)|
|Height||59.7 in (1,516 mm)|
The second generation Aveo debuted at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, using the Gamma II global subcompact platform. It had been previewed earlier in the year as the Aveo RS concept, shown in concept form with 19-inch wheels and a M32 six-speed manual transmission mated to a 1.4-liter turbocharged Ecotec engine, rated at 103 kW (138 hp).
Development of the second-generation Aveo was led by GM Korea, with Opel engineers leading platform development along with significant input from engineers from Australia's Holden and Chevrolet of the United States. The Aveo marked the debut of the Gamma II global subcompact platform. Exterior design was led by Australian designer Ondrej Koromhaz, of Holden who was on assignment to GM Korea from 2005 to 2007. Koromhaz described his goal for the Aveo as being a "four-seat motorcycle" and took design inspiration from motorcycles, notably in the Aveo's exposed headlights and motorcycle-style instrument cluster. For Chevrolet Sonic models built in the United States, the Sonic features suspension tuning by Corvette Racing engineer John Buttermore.
Marketing and productionEdit
Chevrolet markets the new Aveo under the Chevrolet Sonic nameplate in the Americas, Japan, Israel, Middle East, South Africa and several Southeast Asian markets. In Australia and New Zealand it was sold as the Holden Barina until stocks ran out in early 2019. In Europe it retained the "Aveo" name, although sales ended there in 2014 as the Chevrolet brand was discontinued in Europe.
The North American-spec Sonic is available as a 4-door sedan or five-door hatchback. It comes with a 1.8-liter inline-four producing 101 kW (135 hp) and 169 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) torque, or a 1.4-liter turbo inline-four producing 103 kW (138 hp) and 201 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) torque. The 1.8-liter engine uses one of few cast-iron block with timing belt; the 1.4L turbo engine uses a timing chain to drive the camshafts. The 1.8-liter inline-four is mated to a standard five-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission, while the 1.4-liter turbo has a six-speed manual transmission. The Sonic is, notably, the only car in its class to be assembled in America. For the 2015 model year, the US Sonic added OnStar with 4G LTE and standard built-in Wi-Fi hotspot (includes 3GB/three-month data trial), a 1.4-liter turbo engine that became standard on LTZ models, and a new exterior color, Blue Velvet.
On August 2, 2011, the Sonic had entered production at Orion Assembly, with the first cars arriving at dealerships in October. The Sonic was the only subcompact car sold in North America that was built in the United States.
The Sonic used a water-based "three-wet" paint process that eliminates the need for a primer bake oven; this reduced the paint shop footprint by 10%, and used 50% less energy per vehicle painted. Chevy was the first US automaker to use this process.
The Barina sold in Australia and New Zealand was sourced from South Korea and available only with the 1.6-liter Family 1 engine, with either a 5-speed manual or conventional 4- or 6-speed automatics.
Asia, South America and RussiaEdit
Chevrolet Sonic had its ASEAN debut at the Bangkok Motor Show 2012 in March 2012, as both a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback. It was rolled out from GM's facility in Rayong, Thailand on July 3, 2012 as a 4-door sedan. Later, Chevrolet Thailand expected 3 new trim variants; LS, LT and LTZ, in both the 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback models (the LS would be available only with the 4-door sedan) which would run on the 1.4-liter engine with the option of 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission. Delivery of the 4-door sedan started in late of July 2012, and the hatchback followed in August 2012. The Thailand-built Sonic was exported to other ASEAN countries like Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. Production ceased in 2015.
The Japanese model was unveiled at the Summer Sonic 2011 event in QVC Marine Field and later in the Summer Sonic 2012 event in QVC Marine Field. Production models went on sale on November 12, 2011. Early models included the 5-door hatchback with a 1.6-litre I-4 Ecotec (115PS) engine, and a 6-speed automatic transmission with TAPshift. The base model is based on the equivalent of North American LTZ trim level, while the LT model includes alloy wheels and metallic paint. The smaller engines allow some operating expense relief with regards to the annual Japanese road tax obligation.
The Sonic is also assembled at the GM Colmotores plant in Bogotá, Colombia, where it was initially introduced for the domestic market only and later also exported to countries in the Andean region. As of December, 2012, production was also underway at the GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant) plant in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, but during 2015, the contract was discontinued.
The trim levels for the U.S.-market Chevrolet Sonic are as follows:
LS/1LS: Power door locks, manual windows, AM-FM stereo with auxiliary audio input jack and four speakers, fifteen-inch black-painted steel wheels with plastic wheel covers, cloth seating surfaces, OnStar, air conditioning, a 1.8L I4 engine with five-speed manual transmission, and rear split-folding seat.
LT/1LT adds: Power windows, AM-FM stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player, Bluetooth with Stereo Streaming, and auxiliary audio input jack, fifteen-inch alloy wheels, and steering wheel-mounted audio system controls. And optional mylink system with rear vision camera.
LTZ/1LZ adds: AM-FM touch-screen stereo with USB and auxiliary audio input jacks and Bluetooth with Stereo Streaming and app capabilities via MyLink, seventeen-inch alloy wheels, leatherette seating surfaces, 6-speed automatic transmission, a 1.4L I4 engine, and remote engine start. Also includes rear vision camera with guidelines.
RS adds: Unique dark silver alloy wheels, rear wing spoiler, RS badging, body kit, leatherette seats with suede inserts, and 6-speed manual transmission, and an upgraded 1.4L I4 engine.
At the 2016 New York International Auto Show, Chevrolet revealed the facelift North American version of the Sonic hatchback and sedan. The facelift brought a restyled front fascia, new LED taillights, and refreshed equipment. The Barina sold in Australia and New Zealand was available only with 6 speed conventional automatic, the 4 speed model being dropped, with the same 5 speed manual in the standard model.
|1.2 L (1,229 cc) LDC/LWB Ecotec I4||51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp)||115 N⋅m (85 lb⋅ft)||
|62 kW (84 PS; 83 hp)||115 N⋅m (85 lb⋅ft)||2011–|
|1.4 L (1,398 cc) LDD Ecotec I4||74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp)||130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft)||2011–|
|1.4 L (1,364 cc) LUV Ecotec I4 (t/c)
|103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp)||201 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) (NA)||2011–|
|1.6 L (1,598 cc) LDE Ecotec I4||85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp)||155 N⋅m (114 lb⋅ft)||2011–|
|1.8 L (1,796 cc) LUW Ecotec I4
|103 kW; 140 PS (138 hp) (NA)||169 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) (NA)||2011–2018|
|1.3 L (1248 cc) CDTI LDV/LSF I4 (t/c)||55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp)||190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft)||
|70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp)||210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft)||
|NHTSA (US)||Euro NCAP||IIHS (US)(after Feb. 2015)|
|Overall||Overall||Small overlap front, driver side||Good|
|Frontal, driver||Adult occupant||34.4 pts / 95%||Small overlap front, passenger side||Good|
|Frontal, passenger||Child occupant||42.5 Pts / 87%||Moderate overlap front||Good|
|Side, driver||Pedestrian||19.3 Pts / 54%||Side||Good|
|Side, passenger||Driver assist||6.5 Pts / 93%||Roof strength||Good|
|Side pole, driver||Head restraints & seats||Good|
|Rollover||/ 12.60%||Child seat anchors||Marginal|
|Front crash prevention||Basic|
In marketing the Sonic, GM had the car driven by skateboarder Rob Dyrdek in a full 360-degree rotation (referred to as a kickflip) off a ramp and over an oversized skateboard. In addition, GM produced a commercial for Super Bowl XLVI called "Stunt Anthem", which featured the kickflip, as well as other Sonics skydiving, doing a bungee jump, and scenes from OK Go's music video for the song "Needing/Getting." The song featured in the commercial is "We Are Young" by Fun.
The Sonic was discontinued in Canada after the 2018 model year. In March 2019, the Aveo was discontinued in South Korea. Chevrolet is discontinuing the Sonic after the 2020 model year, due to GM’s plans to convert the Orion assembly to EV production and declining sales. There are no plans for a successor. The Sonic ended production on October 20, 2020.
In several Central American countries, the Aveo nameplate is being used for the Chevrolet Sail sedan. The Sail-based Aveo went on sale in Mexico in November 2017 for the 2019 model year. The Chinese-made Sail was renamed as to avoid being related to the second generation Sail, which obtained zero star rating in Latin NCAP in a variant without airbags.
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GM redesigned the Orion assembly operation to allow workers to build either Bolts or Sonics and can shift production depending on demand
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- Optional system
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