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The Audi e-tron family is a series of electric and hybrid concept cars shown by Audi from 2009 onwards. In 2012 Audi unveiled a plug-in hybrid version, the A3 Sportback e-tron, released to retail customers in Europe in August 2014, and slated for the U.S. in 2015.[1] A decade after the unveiling of the first e-tron concept, Audi's first fully electric e-tron Quattro went into production in 2019.[2]

Audi e-tron
Division
IndustryAutomotive industry
Founded2009
ProductsPlug-in electric vehicles
ParentAudi
WebsiteAudi

e-tron Concepts (2009–2013)Edit

e-tron Frankfurt (2009)Edit

e-tron (Frankfurt)
 
Overview
Production2012 (expected production of R8 e-tron)
Body and chassis
RelatedAudi R8

The first e-tron concept car was shown at the 2009 International Motor Show Germany. A two-seater, similar in appearance to the Audi R8 but slightly smaller, is powered by four UQM Technologies motors,[3] providing four-wheel drive. Together, these produce 313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp) and 4,500 N⋅m (3,319.03 lb⋅ft) of torque, resulting in an acceleration of 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.8 seconds.

A 470 kg (1,036 lb) 42.4 kWh lithium-ion battery is located in front of the rear axle and provides a range of approximately 248 km (154 mi)[4] with a full charge taking 6–8 hours from a normal household socket. It has ceramic disc brakes as well as regenerative braking.[5] In 2010 Audi began a development program with the objective to manufacture a limited production R8 e-tron.[6][7] The R8 e-tron made a brief appearance in the 2013 Marvel Studios release of Iron Man 3.[8]

After developing 10 prototypes for research and development purposes, in May 2013 Audi decided to cancel production of the electric car due to its limited all-electric range as battery technology had not advanced as quickly as Audi had expected, making the R8 e-tron unviable for series production.[9] In March 2014 Audi revised its decision and announced it will build the R8 e-tron upon request. The carmaker explained that their latest development work resulted in an increased range from 215 km (134 mi) to approximately 450 km (280 mi).[10]

e-tron Detroit showcar (2010)Edit

e-tron Detroit showcar
 
Overview
Production2014 (expected production of Audi A/S/RS 4 & 5)
Body and chassis
RelatedVolkswagen Concept BlueSport, Audi R4

The Audi e-tron Detroit showcar (confusingly, also named "e-tron") includes 2 electric motors driving the rear wheels with a combined output of 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) and 2,650 N⋅m (1,954.54 lb⋅ft), lithium-ion batteries behind passenger compartment and ahead of the rear axle, adaptive matrix beam LED headlight modules with clear glass covers, fully automatic light assistance system, Audi Space Frame with doors, lids, sidewalls and roof made of a fiber-reinforced plastic; built-in central display with integrated MMI functions, front axle hydraulic fixed-caliper brake, electrically actuated floating-caliper brakes mounted on the rear axle, heat pump, triangular double wishbones made of forged aluminum components at the front and rear axles, direct rack-and-pinion steering, 19-inch wheels of 35-spoke design, 235/35 front and 255/35 rear tires. The concept car can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 – 62.14 mph) in 5.9 seconds.[11]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.[12]

A similar production model, based on a future mid-engined automotive platform codenamed 9X1, shared with Porsche and Volkswagen, is reportedly under development.[13]

A1 e-tron (2010)Edit

The Audi A1 e-tron concept car, an electric variant of the Audi A1 production model, was first shown at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. The A1 e-tron is a series plug-in hybrid, powered by an electric motor from UQM with a continuous output of 45 kW (61 PS; 60 bhp), and a peak output of 75 kW (102 PS; 101 bhp). A 254 cc Wankel engine is also used to power a 15 kW (20 PS; 20 bhp) range-extending generator.[14]

e-tron Spyder (2010)Edit

e-tron Spyder
 
Overview
Production2014 (expected production of TT/TTS)
Body and chassis
RelatedVolkswagen Concept BlueSport, Audi R4

Shown at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, this roadster is a plug-in hybrid powered by a 221 kW (296 bhp) twin-turbo TDI 3.0 L V6 diesel engine driving the rear wheels, plus two electric motors together producing 64 kW (86 bhp) powering the front wheels. Acceleration to 100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 4.4 seconds.[15]

Audi presented the e-tron Spyder in January 2011 at the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show, near identical to the Paris show car, but this time painted bright red. The car was advertised with the same performance specifications, including an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h).[16]

A3 Sportback e-tron all-electric (2011)Edit

A3 Sportback e-tron
Powertrain
Battery26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery
Range148 kilometres (92 mi)
Electric range148 kilometres (92 mi)

The Audi A3 e-tron is an all-electric car variant of the Audi A3 production model. The A3 e-tron is powered by an electric motor under the hood which sends power from the rear- and mid-mounted battery packs to the front wheels. The 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack provides an optimal range of around 92 mi (148 km), but between 70 to 75 mi (113 to 121 km) in real driving conditions. Top speed is limited to 89 mph (143 km/h).[17]

Audi deployed a fleet of 17 all-electric A3 by mid-2012 as part of a testing program in the U.S. The testing is conducted among Audi's engineers and company employees, and the company has no plans to test the vehicles with customers.[17][18]

A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid (2013)Edit

A3 Sportback e-tron
 
Overview
Production2014
Model years2014
Body and chassis
RelatedAudi A3 e-tron (all-electric)
Powertrain
Engine1.4 L TFSI gasoline engine
Electric motor75 kW
Battery8.8 kWh lithium-ion battery
Range940 kilometres (580 mi)
Electric range50 kilometres (31 mi) NEDC cycle

In June 2012 the carmaker confirmed production plans for a plug-in hybrid version of the A3.[17][18][19] The plug-in hybrid concept car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[20] The basic powertrain hardware of the Audi A3 e-tron is shared by the Volkswagen Golf GTE plug-in hybrid, but the software controls of each car are different.[21] In May 2013 Audi announced its decision to produce only a plug-in hybrid version, the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron.[22][23] The A3 Sportback e-tron has an 8.8 kWh battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi) on the NEDC cycle, and a total of 940 km (580 mi). The plug-in hybrid can reach a top speed of 220 km/h (140 mph) and can reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 7.6 seconds. According to Audi the car has an average fuel efficiency of 1.25 L/100 km (188 mpg) and CO2 emissions of 35g/km.[22][23]

In September 2013, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, Audi announced that pricing for the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron will start in Germany at €37,000 (US$44578.31).[24] The vehicle is also scheduled to arrive in Australia in early 2015.[25] On August 1, 2014, Audi announced the vehicle is now on sale across Europe at the companies 410 dealerships[25] starting at €37,900 (US$45662.65).[26]

The first 227 vehicles were registered in Germany in August 2014.[27] According to JATO Dynamics, a total of 415 vehicles have been registered worldwide through September 2014,[28] of which, 250 were registered in Germany.[29]

Retail sales were scheduled to begin in the U.S. in early 2015.[1] In an April 2015 video, Audi America president Scott Keogh said the 'price point is going to be around $40,000,' but made no indication if that was before or after tax incentives.[30]

Audi discontinued the A3 PHEV Sportback e-tron in Europe in November 2018.[31]

e-tron BEV lineup (2019–present)Edit

Audi have announced to launch 12 fully electric e-tron models by 2025.[32] Audi considers a sell price level of €100/kWh as suitable for higher-priced cars, but not for cheaper cars made in high volume.[33]

  • Audi e-tron Quattro, a SUV based on the MLB platform; introduced at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show; in production since 2019
  • Audi Q2 L e-tron, a compact SUV; introduced at the 2019 Shanghai Motor Show; planned production 2019 for the Chinese market[34]
  • Audi e-tron Sportback, a coupé SUV based on the MLB platform; introduced at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show; planned production 2020
  • Audi e-tron GT, a grand tourer based on the J1 platform; introduced at the 2018 LA Auto Show; planned production late 2020[35]
  • Audi Q4 e-tron, a crossover SUV based on the MEB platform; introduced at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show; planned production 2020/2021[36]
  • Audi A4-sized EV, a sedan based on the PPE platform; planned production 2023[37]
  • Audi PB18 e-tron concept,a mid-engine concept car designed as a radical driving maching for the racetrack and road.
  • Audi RSQ e-tron
  • Audi e-tron gt concept

e-tron Quattro (2019)Edit

 
Audi e-tron quattro production version at Paris Motor Show 2018

An SUV called 'e-tron' with 328 kilometers (204 miles EPA) range and the A9 sedan with a 95 kWh battery are scheduled for production around 2018,[38][39] with Norway being among the first markets.[40] The 320 kW e-tron Sportback coupé, also with a 95 kWh battery, was unveiled in April 2017, to be produced in 2019.[41]

Q2 L e-tron (2019)Edit

The Q2 L e-tron is an all-electric and long-wheelbase model of the compact SUV Audi Q2, which is sold exclusively in China. Unveiled at the 2019 Shanghai Auto Show, production of the electric Q2 will begin later that year in the Foshan plant in partnership with FAW. Specs:[42]

  • 38 kWh battery
  • up to 265 km (164.7 mi)
  • front-wheel drive
  • electric motor output: 100 kW and 290 Nm
  • 33 millimeters (1.3 in) longer than that of the basic model

e-tron Sportback (2020)Edit

 
Audi e-tron Sportback concept at Geneva International Motor Show 2019

The e-tron Sportback in an all-electric coupe SUV unveiled at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show. It is expected to share the same powertrain/battery with the e-tron Quattro SUV. Both cars will be produced in Brussels, Belgium. It is expected to have a 95 kWh battery, which will enable a range of up to 310 miles (500 km) on one charge. Expected motor power: 370 kW (≈ 496 hp).[43] It will accelerate from 0-60 mph in about 4.5 s. Audi says the battery of the vehicle will be liquid-cooled.[44]

e-tron GT (2020)Edit

 
Audi e-tron GT concept at Geneva International Motor Show 2019

The e-tron GT is a four-door all-electric coupe unveiled at the 2018 Los Angeles Auto Show. It will be built on the same platform as the Porsche Taycan.[45] It is fitted with an 800-volt system, which substantially reduces charging times. The vehicle is driven by two permanently excited synchronous electric motors with a combined power output of 434 kW (582 hp). A 90-kWh lithium-ion battery powers the e-tron GT's electric engines and enables it to travel up to 248.5 miles (400 km) according to the new WLTP standard.[46]

In December, Audi confirmed that the e-tron GT will make an appearance in the 2019 film Avengers: Endgame. Tony Stark drives the e-tron GT in a scene in Endgame.[47]

Q4 e-tron (2020/2021)Edit

 
Audi Q4 e-tron concept at Geneva International Motor Show 2019.

The Q4 e-tron is a compact four-door all-electric SUV unveiled at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show. According to the Audi, the use of VW's MEB platform should improve its affordability. The vehicle is planned for 2021. Estimated specs:

  • 82 kWh battery pack capacity
  • 280 miles (450 km) WLTP range
  • AWD dual motor system with 225 kW combined power output
  • 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 6.3 s
  • DC fast charging up to 125 kW

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Audi e-tron: An illustrated history". Esquire SG. 1 February 2019.
  3. ^ "UQM Selected to Receive $3M DOE Funding to Develop Non-rare-earth Magnet Electric Motors for Vehicle Electrification | UQM News and Events". Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
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External linksEdit