This article needs to be updated.June 2018)(
The Audi e-tron family is a series of electric and hybrid concept cars shown by Audi from 2009 onwards. In 2012 Audi unveiled a plug-in hybrid version, the A3 Sportback e-tron, released to retail customers in Europe in August 2014, and slated for the U.S. in 2015. A decade after the unveiling of the first e-tron concept, Audi's first fully electric e-tron Quattro went into production in 2019.
Audi e-tron (Frankfurt)
|Products||Plug-in electric vehicles|
- 1 e-tron Concepts (2009–2013)
- 2 e-tron BEV lineup (2019–present)
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
e-tron Concepts (2009–2013)Edit
e-tron Frankfurt (2009)Edit
|Production||2012 (expected production of R8 e-tron)|
|Body and chassis|
The first e-tron concept car was shown at the 2009 International Motor Show Germany. A two-seater, similar in appearance to the Audi R8 but slightly smaller, is powered by four UQM Technologies motors, providing four-wheel drive. Together, these produce 313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp) and 4,500 N⋅m (3,319.03 lb⋅ft) of torque, resulting in an acceleration of 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.8 seconds.
A 470 kg (1,036 lb) 42.4 kWh lithium-ion battery is located in front of the rear axle and provides a range of approximately 248 km (154 mi) with a full charge taking 6–8 hours from a normal household socket. It has ceramic disc brakes as well as regenerative braking. In 2010 Audi began a development program with the objective to manufacture a limited production R8 e-tron. The R8 e-tron made a brief appearance in the 2013 Marvel Studios release of Iron Man 3.
After developing 10 prototypes for research and development purposes, in May 2013 Audi decided to cancel production of the electric car due to its limited all-electric range as battery technology had not advanced as quickly as Audi had expected, making the R8 e-tron unviable for series production. In March 2014 Audi revised its decision and announced it will build the R8 e-tron upon request. The carmaker explained that their latest development work resulted in an increased range from 215 km (134 mi) to approximately 450 km (280 mi).
e-tron Detroit showcar (2010)Edit
|e-tron Detroit showcar|
|Production||2014 (expected production of Audi A/S/RS 4 & 5)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Volkswagen Concept BlueSport, Audi R4|
The Audi e-tron Detroit showcar (confusingly, also named "e-tron") includes 2 electric motors driving the rear wheels with a combined output of 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) and 2,650 N⋅m (1,954.54 lb⋅ft), lithium-ion batteries behind passenger compartment and ahead of the rear axle, adaptive matrix beam LED headlight modules with clear glass covers, fully automatic light assistance system, Audi Space Frame with doors, lids, sidewalls and roof made of a fiber-reinforced plastic; built-in central display with integrated MMI functions, front axle hydraulic fixed-caliper brake, electrically actuated floating-caliper brakes mounted on the rear axle, heat pump, triangular double wishbones made of forged aluminum components at the front and rear axles, direct rack-and-pinion steering, 19-inch wheels of 35-spoke design, 235/35 front and 255/35 rear tires. The concept car can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 – 62.14 mph) in 5.9 seconds.
A1 e-tron (2010)Edit
The Audi A1 e-tron concept car, an electric variant of the Audi A1 production model, was first shown at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. The A1 e-tron is a series plug-in hybrid, powered by an electric motor from UQM with a continuous output of 45 kW (61 PS; 60 bhp), and a peak output of 75 kW (102 PS; 101 bhp). A 254 cc Wankel engine is also used to power a 15 kW (20 PS; 20 bhp) range-extending generator.
e-tron Spyder (2010)Edit
|Production||2014 (expected production of TT/TTS)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Volkswagen Concept BlueSport, Audi R4|
Shown at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, this roadster is a plug-in hybrid powered by a 221 kW (296 bhp) twin-turbo TDI 3.0 L V6 diesel engine driving the rear wheels, plus two electric motors together producing 64 kW (86 bhp) powering the front wheels. Acceleration to 100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 4.4 seconds.
Audi presented the e-tron Spyder in January 2011 at the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show, near identical to the Paris show car, but this time painted bright red. The car was advertised with the same performance specifications, including an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h).
A3 Sportback e-tron all-electric (2011)Edit
|A3 Sportback e-tron|
|Battery||26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery|
|Range||148 kilometres (92 mi)|
|Electric range||148 kilometres (92 mi)|
The Audi A3 e-tron is an all-electric car variant of the Audi A3 production model. The A3 e-tron is powered by an electric motor under the hood which sends power from the rear- and mid-mounted battery packs to the front wheels. The 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack provides an optimal range of around 92 mi (148 km), but between 70 to 75 mi (113 to 121 km) in real driving conditions. Top speed is limited to 89 mph (143 km/h).
Audi deployed a fleet of 17 all-electric A3 by mid-2012 as part of a testing program in the U.S. The testing is conducted among Audi's engineers and company employees, and the company has no plans to test the vehicles with customers.
A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid (2013)Edit
|A3 Sportback e-tron|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Audi A3 e-tron (all-electric)|
|Engine||1.4 L TFSI gasoline engine|
|Electric motor||75 kW|
|Battery||8.8 kWh lithium-ion battery|
|Range||940 kilometres (580 mi)|
|Electric range||50 kilometres (31 mi) NEDC cycle|
In June 2012 the carmaker confirmed production plans for a plug-in hybrid version of the A3. The plug-in hybrid concept car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. The basic powertrain hardware of the Audi A3 e-tron is shared by the Volkswagen Golf GTE plug-in hybrid, but the software controls of each car are different. In May 2013 Audi announced its decision to produce only a plug-in hybrid version, the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron. The A3 Sportback e-tron has an 8.8 kWh battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi) on the NEDC cycle, and a total of 940 km (580 mi). The plug-in hybrid can reach a top speed of 220 km/h (140 mph) and can reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 7.6 seconds. According to Audi the car has an average fuel efficiency of 1.25 L/100 km (188 mpg) and CO2 emissions of 35g/km.
In September 2013, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, Audi announced that pricing for the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron will start in Germany at €37,000 (US$44578.31). The vehicle is also scheduled to arrive in Australia in early 2015. On August 1, 2014, Audi announced the vehicle is now on sale across Europe at the companies 410 dealerships starting at €37,900 (US$45662.65).
The first 227 vehicles were registered in Germany in August 2014. According to JATO Dynamics, a total of 415 vehicles have been registered worldwide through September 2014, of which, 250 were registered in Germany.
Retail sales were scheduled to begin in the U.S. in early 2015. In an April 2015 video, Audi America president Scott Keogh said the 'price point is going to be around $40,000,' but made no indication if that was before or after tax incentives.
e-tron BEV lineup (2019–present)Edit
Audi have announced to launch 12 fully electric e-tron models by 2025. Audi considers a sell price level of €100/kWh as suitable for higher-priced cars, but not for cheaper cars made in high volume.
- Audi e-tron Quattro, a SUV based on the MLB platform; introduced at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show; in production since 2019
- Audi Q2 L e-tron, a compact SUV; introduced at the 2019 Shanghai Motor Show; planned production 2019 for the Chinese market
- Audi e-tron Sportback, a coupé SUV based on the MLB platform; introduced at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show; planned production 2020
- Audi e-tron GT, a grand tourer based on the J1 platform; introduced at the 2018 LA Auto Show; planned production late 2020
- Audi Q4 e-tron, a crossover SUV based on the MEB platform; introduced at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show; planned production 2020/2021
- Audi A4-sized EV, a sedan based on the PPE platform; planned production 2023
- Audi PB18 e-tron concept,a mid-engine concept car designed as a radical driving maching for the racetrack and road.
- Audi RSQ e-tron
- Audi e-tron gt concept
e-tron Quattro (2019)Edit
An SUV called 'e-tron' with 328 kilometers (204 miles EPA) range and the A9 sedan with a 95 kWh battery are scheduled for production around 2018, with Norway being among the first markets. The 320 kW e-tron Sportback coupé, also with a 95 kWh battery, was unveiled in April 2017, to be produced in 2019.
Q2 L e-tron (2019)Edit
The Q2 L e-tron is an all-electric and long-wheelbase model of the compact SUV Audi Q2, which is sold exclusively in China. Unveiled at the 2019 Shanghai Auto Show, production of the electric Q2 will begin later that year in the Foshan plant in partnership with FAW. Specs:
- 38 kWh battery
- up to 265 km (164.7 mi)
- front-wheel drive
- electric motor output: 100 kW and 290 Nm
- 33 millimeters (1.3 in) longer than that of the basic model
e-tron Sportback (2020)Edit
The e-tron Sportback in an all-electric coupe SUV unveiled at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show. It is expected to share the same powertrain/battery with the e-tron Quattro SUV. Both cars will be produced in Brussels, Belgium. It is expected to have a 95 kWh battery, which will enable a range of up to 310 miles (500 km) on one charge. Expected motor power: 370 kW (≈ 496 hp). It will accelerate from 0-60 mph in about 4.5 s. Audi says the battery of the vehicle will be liquid-cooled.
e-tron GT (2020)Edit
The e-tron GT is a four-door all-electric coupe unveiled at the 2018 Los Angeles Auto Show. It will be built on the same platform as the Porsche Taycan. It is fitted with an 800-volt system, which substantially reduces charging times. The vehicle is driven by two permanently excited synchronous electric motors with a combined power output of 434 kW (582 hp). A 90-kWh lithium-ion battery powers the e-tron GT's electric engines and enables it to travel up to 248.5 miles (400 km) according to the new WLTP standard.
Q4 e-tron (2020/2021)Edit
The Q4 e-tron is a compact four-door all-electric SUV unveiled at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show. According to the Audi, the use of VW's MEB platform should improve its affordability. The vehicle is planned for 2021. Estimated specs:
- 82 kWh battery pack capacity
- 280 miles (450 km) WLTP range
- AWD dual motor system with 225 kW combined power output
- 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 6.3 s
- DC fast charging up to 125 kW
- Eric Loveday (25 October 2013). "Audi Announces Early 2015 Launch of A3 Sportback E-tron Plug-In Hybrid in US". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Audi e-tron: An illustrated history". Esquire SG. 1 February 2019.
- "UQM Selected to Receive $3M DOE Funding to Develop Non-rare-earth Magnet Electric Motors for Vehicle Electrification | UQM News and Events". Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- "Frankfurt showcar Audi e-tron". audi.com. Audi. Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "Electric Audi R8". Evo. 15 September 2009. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Kable, Greg (8 June 2010). "Audi R8 e-tron hits the road". Autocar. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "The Audi e-tron". Audi MediaCenter.
- "Iron Man gets an Audi R8 e-tron". 8 March 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- Lewis Kingston (28 May 2013). "All-electric Audi R8 e-tron won't go on sale". Autocar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Eric Loveday (11 March 2014). "280 Mile Audi R8 E-Tron Becomes Reality – Will Be Built "Upon Customer Request"". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Detroit showcar Audi e-tron". audi.com. Audi. Archived from the original on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "The Detroit showcar Audi e-tron shows another variant of an electric vehicle developed by Audi". Audi MediaCenter.
- Kacher, Georg (21 July 2010). "Audi R5 e-tron: Finding Mimo". Automobile Magazine. Source Interlink Media. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Audi A1 e-tron". audi.com. Audi AG. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Audi e-tron Spyder". audi.com. Audi. Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "New Audi e-tron Spyder revealed". Evo. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Lawrence Ulrich (13 June 2012). "Driving the Audi A3 E-tron". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- Jim Motavalli (7 June 2012). "In Audi E-tron Program, Pure Electrics Surrender Some Charge to Plug-in Hybrids". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- Danny King (9 March 2012). "Audi will sell A3 plug-in in Europe starting in 2014". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- Zach Bowman (5 March 2013). "Audi A3 E-Tron is a look at battery-operated things to come". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Mike Millikin (13 March 2014). "Volkswagen: e-mobility and sustainability; Part 1, the e-Golf and Golf GTE". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Lewis Kingston (31 May 2013). "Audi A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid to arrive in 2014". Autocar. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Jay Cole (31 May 2013). "Audi Says A3 Sportback e-tron Goes Into Production And On Sale THIS Year". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Mike Szostech. "Audi A3 E-tron gets priced for Germany at 37,000 Euros". My Electric Car Forums.
- Mike Szostech. "Audi A3 e-Tron Availability". My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
- "A3 Sportback e-tron". Archived from the original on 23 January 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Mark Kane (24 September 2014). "Germany Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Report August 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Bertel Schmitt (3 December 2014). "While EV sales rise, JATO counts 4,000 fewer Model S than Tesla". Daily Kanban. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- Jose Pontes (15 October 2014). "Germany September 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- Szostech, Michael. "Audi A3 e-Tron Price". MECF. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- e-tron, Audi A3 Sportback. "Audi calls time on the A3 e-tron". Motor1.com. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
- "Audi planning 20 new electric models and 12 new SUVs by 2025". Auto Express.
- "Neuer Audi Entwicklungs-Vorstand Peter Mertens: "Wir glauben an den Diesel"". auto motor und sport. 21 June 2017.
- e-tron, Audi. "Audi Announces Q2 L e-tron With 38 kWh Battery For China". InsideEVs.
- e-tron, Audi. "Audi e-Tron GT Makes Global Debut In LA: Packs Mighty Punch [UPDATE]". InsideEVs.
- "Audi Q4 E-Tron Concept Debuts In Geneva With 82 kWh Battery". InsideEVs.
- "Audi A4-Sized Electric Sedan To Ride On Porsche EV Platform". InsideEVs.
- Lambert, Fred (26 December 2016). "10 electric cars coming in the next 3 years". Electrek. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
The vehicle is expected to follow the Q6 in 2019-2020)
- Lambert, Fred (12 June 2017). "Audi previews new electric car factory: 'Electric motors instead of internal combustion engines, batteries instead of fuel tanks'". Retrieved 12 June 2017.
- "Audi opens reservations for its first all-electric vehicle: e-tron quattro". 24 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Lambert, Fred (18 April 2017). "Audi unveils new e-tron Sportback with ~300 miles of range, production starts in 2019". Electrek. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "Audi Q2 L e-tron Debuts At The Shanghai Auto Show". InsideEVs.
- "Audi e-tron Sportback concept specs, photos, price, offers and incentives". EV Compare.io. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Audi e-tron® Electric Cars | Audi USA | Audi USA". www.audiusa.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Westbrook, Justin T. "The 2020 Audi E-Tron GT: Here's More of Audi's Electric Tesla-Fighter". Jalopnik.
- Jolicoeur, Charles (28 November 2018). "LA Auto Show 2018: Audi e-tron GT Concept is Just Plain Crazy".
- Markovich, Tony (4 December 2018). "Audi E-Tron GT Concept confirmed for 'Avengers 4'". Autoblog.com. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.