The Volkswagen Group MEB platform (German: Modularer E-Antriebs-Baukasten; English: modular electric-drive toolkit) is a modular car platform for electric cars developed by the Volkswagen Group and its subsidiaries. It is used in models of Audi, SEAT, Škoda and Volkswagen. The architecture is aimed to "consolidate electronic controls and reduce the number of microprocessors, advance the application of new driver-assistance technology and somewhat alter the way cars are built" by the VW Group.
The MEB platform is part of a Volkswagen strategy to start production of new battery electric vehicles between 2019 and 2025. In 2017, the VW Group announced a gradual transition from combustion engine to battery electric vehicles with all 300 models across 12 brands having an electric version by 2030.
As of May 2018, the VW Group had committed US$48 billion in electric-vehicle batteries supplies and announced plans to outfit 16 factories to build electric cars by the end of 2022. The Volkswagen-branded production cars started to be assembled in VW's Zwickau plant in Germany for the European market at the end of 2019, while two plants in North America and China started production in 2020 and Chattanooga, Tennessee in 2022. The Škoda-branded SUV Vision E is produced in the Škoda plant in Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic, along with electric motors and electric car batteries.
As of November 2018[update], two types of the MEB platform were slated to be developed: one for passenger vehicles and one for utility automobiles that accommodate heavier cargo. VW also stated that the platform would be available for procurement to competitor manufacturers.
- Audi Q4 e-tron (2021–present)
- Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron (2021–present)
- Audi Q5 e-tron (2021–present)
- Cupra Born (2021–present)
- Škoda Enyaq iV (2020–present)
- Škoda Enyaq Coupé iV (2021–present)
- Volkswagen ID.3 (2019–present)
- Volkswagen ID.4 (2020–present)
- Volkswagen ID.5 (2021–present)
- Volkswagen ID.6 (2021–present)
- Volkswagen ID. Buzz (2022–present)
- Volkswagen ID. Buzz Cargo (2022–present)
- Cupra Urban Rebel
- Cupra Tavascan
- Volkswagen ID. Vizzion (production version expected 2022)
- Volkswagen ID. Buggy
- Volkswagen ID. Space Vizzion
- Volkswagen ID. Life
The MEB platform is supported by the APP 310 electric motor, which is a permanent magnet brushless motor. Fully developed by Volkswagen, the name "APP" derives from the arrangement of the motor and the gearbox in parallel with the axle, while "310" references its maximum torque of 310 N⋅m (32 kg⋅m; 230 lb⋅ft). Maximum torque is achieved at a low engine speed, which means that a 1-speed gearbox is sufficient for the entire rotational speed range. Together with the gearbox, the motor weighs only around 90 kg (200 lb).
The motor is produced at component sites in Kassel, Germany and Tianjin, China, while the rotor and stator are produced in Salzgitter, Germany. The two plants will produce up to 1.4 million electric motors each year from 2023 onwards.
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