Atiku Abubakar GCON (born 25 November 1946) is a Nigerian politician, businessman, philanthropist and presidential candidate of the People's Democratic Party at the 2019 Nigerian general election. He served as the 11th vice-president of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007 under the presidency of Olusegun Obasanjo.
|11th Vice President of Nigeria|
29 May 1999 – 29 May 2007
|Preceded by||Mike Akhigbe|
|Succeeded by||Goodluck Jonathan|
|Born||25 November 1946|
Jada, Adamawa, Nigeria
|Political party||People's Democratic Party|
|Education||Ahmadu Bello University|
In 1998 he was elected Governor of Adamawa State. While still Governor-Elect, he was selected by then-presidential candidate Olusegun Obasanjo as his running mate. The duo went on to win elections in February 1999, and Abubakar was sworn-in as Nigeria's second democratically elected vice president on 29 May 1999. Abubakar's second term as Vice President was marked by a stormy relationship with President Obasanjo. His bid to succeed Obasanjo did not receive the latter's support, and it took a judgment of the Supreme Court to allow Abubakar contest after he was initially disqualified by the Independent National Electoral Commission on the grounds that he had been indicted for financial misconduct by an investigating panel set up at Obasanjo's behest. The Supreme Court ordered the electoral commission to restore Abubakar's name onto the presidential ballot. Abubakar ran on the platform of the Action Congress, having quit the PDP on account of his issues with President Obasanjo. Abubakar lost the election, placing third after Umaru Yar'Adua and Muhammadu Buhari of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP).
Abubakar is a co-founder of Intels Nigeria Limited, an oil servicing business with extensive operations in Nigeria and abroad. He is also the founder of Adama Beverages Limited, and the American University of Nigeria (AUN), both in Yola, Adamawa.
Atiku Abubakar was born on 25 November 1946 to a Fulani trader and farmer Garba Abubakar, and his second wife, Aisha Kande, in Jada village of Adamawa State. He was named after his paternal grandfather Atiku Abdulqadir and became the only child of his parents when his only sister died at infancy.  In 1957, his father died by drowning while crossing a river to Toungo, a neighbouring village to Jada.
After completed his primary school education in 1960, he was admitted into Adamawa Provincial Secondary School in the same year, alongside 59 other students. He graduated from secondary school in 1965 after he made grade three in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination. Abubakar then proceeded to attend Nigerian Police College, Kaduna. He left the college for a position as a tax official in the Regional Ministry of Finance. Later he received admission to study at the School of Hygiene, Kano in 1966. In 1967, he graduated with a diploma. That same year, Atiku Abubakar was admitted for a Law Diploma at Ahmadu Bello University on a scholarship. He graduated in 1969 and was employed by Nigeria Customs Service that same year.
His father was opposed to the idea of Western education and tried to keep Atiku Abubakar out of the traditional school system. When the government discovered that Abubakar was not attending mandatory schooling, his father spent a few days in jail until Aisha Kande's mother paid the fine At the age of eight, Abubakar enrolled in the Jada Primary School, Adamawa.
In 1960, he was admitted to Adamawa Provincial Secondary School in Yola where he did well in English Language and Literature, struggled with Physics and Chemistry and Mathematics. He graduated with a Grade Three WASSCE/GCE Certificate in 1965.
Following secondary school, Abubakar studied a short while at the Nigeria Police College in Kaduna. He left the College when he was unable to present an O-Level Mathematics result. He worked briefly as a Tax Officer in the regional Ministry of Finance, from where he gained admission to the school of Hygiene in Kano in 1966. He graduated with a Diploma in 1967, having served as Interim Student Union President at the school. In 1967 he enrolled for a Law Diploma at the Ahmadu Bello University Institute of Administration, on a scholarship from the regional government. After graduation in 1969, during the Nigerian Civil War, he was employed by the Nigeria Customs Service.
Marriages and familyEdit
Abubakar has four wives and is the father to 28 children.
While at Idi-Iroko, Abubakar met nineteen-year-old Titilayo Albert, who he secretly married in December 1971, in Lagos, because her family was initially opposed to the union. On 26 October 1972, Titilayo delivered a baby girl they named Fatima. She later gave birth to Adamu, Halima and Aminu.
In January 1979, he married Ladi Yakubu as his second wife. "I wanted to expand the Abubakar family. I felt extremely lonely as a child. I had no brother and no sister. I did not want my children to be as lonely as I was. This is why I married more than one wife. My wives are my sisters, my friends, and my advisers and they complement one another," Abubakar has said. He has six children with Ladi: Abba, Atiku, Zainab, Ummi-Hauwa, Maryam and Rukaiyatu.
In 1983 he married his third wife, Princess Rukaiyatu, daughter of the late Lamido of Adamawa, Aliyu Musdafa. She gave birth to Aisha, Hadiza, Aliyu (named after her late father), Asmau, Mustafa, Laila and Abdulsalam. His fourth wife, Fatima Shettima, followed in 1986. Fatima gave birth to her first child Amina (Meena), Mohammed and two sets of twins Ahmed and Shehu, Zainab and Aisha then her last daughter Hafsat.
Abubakar later divorced Ladi, allowing him to marry, as his fourth wife (the maximum permitted him as a Muslim), Jennifer Iwenjiora Douglas.
Abubakar started out in the real estate business during his early days as a Customs Officer. In 1974 he applied for and received a 31,000 naira loan to build his first house in Yola, which he put up for rent. From proceeds of the rent, he purchased another plot and built a second house. He continued this way, building a sizeable portfolio of property in Yola.
In 1981 he moved into agriculture, acquiring 2,500 hectares of land near Yola to start a maize and cotton farm. The business fell on hard times and closed in 1986. "My first foray into agriculture, in the 1980s, ended in failure," he wrote in an April 2014 blog. He then ventured into trading, buying and selling truckloads of rice, flour and sugar.
Abubakar worked in the Nigeria Customs Service for twenty years, rising to become the Deputy Director, as the second highest position in the Service was then known. He retired in April 1989 and took up full-time business and politics. He ran for the office of governor in the Gongola State (now Adamawa and Taraba States) in 1991, and for the Presidency in 1993, placing third after MKO Abiola and Babagana Kingibe in the Social Democratic Party (SDP) primaries.
Abubakar's most important business move came while he was a Customs Officer at the Apapa Ports. Gabrielle Volpi, an Italian businessman in Nigeria, invited him to set up Nigeria Container Services (NICOTES), a logistics company operating within the Ports. NICOTES would go on to provide immense wealth to Abubakar. Conflict of interest accusations has since trailed him on account of his involvement in business while a civil servant, who exercised supervisory authority.
On his part, Abubakar has defended the decision, saying his involvement was limited to the ownership of shares (which government rules permitted), and that he was not involved in the day-to-day running of the business. NICOTES would later be rebranded INTELS, and go on to feature prominently in accusations of money laundering levelled against Abubakar by the U.S. government during his Vice Presidency.
Abubakar's business empire also includes Adama Beverages Limited, a beverage manufacturing plant in Yola, as well as an animal feed factory.
Early political careerEdit
Abubakar's first foray into politics was in the early 1980s, when he worked behind-the-scenes on the governorship campaign of Bamanga Tukur, who at that time was managing director of the Nigeria Ports Authority. He canvassed for votes on behalf of Tukur, and also donated to the campaign. Towards the end of his Customs career, he met Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, who had been second-in-command of the military government that ruled Nigeria between 1976 and 1979. Abubakar was drawn by Yar'Adua into the political meetings that were now happening regularly in Yar'Adua's Lagos home. In 1989 Abubakar was elected a National Vice-Chairman of the Peoples Front of Nigeria, the political association led by Yar'Adua, to participate in the transition programme initiated by Head of State Ibrahim Babangida. The Peoples Front of Nigeria included politicians such as Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, Babalola Borishade, Bola Tinubu, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Rabiu Kwankwaso and Sabo Bakin Zuwo.
Abubakar won a seat to represent his constituency at the 1989 Constituent Assembly, set up to decide a new constitution for Nigeria. The People's Front was eventually denied registration by the government (none of the groups that applied was registered), and found a place within the Social Democratic Party, one of the two parties decreed into existence by the regime.
First gubernatorial runEdit
On 1 September 1990, Abubakar announced his Gongola State gubernatorial bid. A year later, before the elections could hold, Gongola State was broken up into two – Adamawa and Taraba States – by the Federal Government. Abubakar fell into the new Adamawa State. After the contest he won the SDP Primaries in November 1991, but was soon disqualified by the government from contesting the elections.
First presidential runEdit
In 1992 Abubakar launched a bid for the presidency of Nigeria on the platform of the Social Democratic Party. He was unsuccessful, coming third in the convention primaries, losing to MKO Abiola and runner up Babagana Kingibe
Second gubernatorial runEdit
In 1998 Abubakar launched a bid for the governorship of Adamawa State on the platform of the People's Democratic Party. He won the December 1998 elections, but before he could be sworn in he accepted a position as the running mate to the People's Democratic Party's presidential candidate, former Head of State Olusegun Obasanjo.
Abubakar was sworn in as Vice-President of Nigeria on 29 May 1999. He presided over the National Council on Privatization, overseeing the sale of hundreds of loss-making and poorly managed public enterprises.
In 2006, Abubakar was involved in a bitter public battle with his boss, President Olusegun Obasanjo, ostensibly arising from the latter's bid to amend certain provisions of the constitution to take another shot at the presidency (for the third consecutive time).
In a November 2013 interview, regarding Obasanjo's alleged attempts to justify his third term bid, Abubakar is quoted as saying: "[He] informed me that 'I left power twenty years ago, I left Mubarak in office, I left Mugabe in office, I left Eyadema in office, I left Umar Bongo, and even Paul Biya and I came back and they are still in power; and I just did eight years and you are asking me to go; why?' And I responded to him by telling him that Nigeria is not Libya, not Egypt, not Cameroun, and not Togo; I said you must leave; even if it means both of us lose out, but you cannot stay."
The debate and acrimony generated by the failed constitutional amendment momentarily caused a rift in the People's Democratic Party. The Nigerian National Assembly eventually voted against any amendments allowing Obasanjo to run for another term.
The Abubakar-Obasanjo face-off damaged the personal relationship between both men.
Second presidential runEdit
On 14 March 2007, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) released the final list of 24 aspirants for 21 April presidential election. Abubakar's name was missing from the ballot. INEC issued a statement stating that Abubakar's name was missing because he was on a list of persons indicted for corruption by a panel set up by the government. Abubakar headed to the courts on 16 March to have his disqualification overturned.
The ruling allowed Abubakar to contest the election, although there were concerns that it might not be possible to provide ballots with Abubakar's name by 21 April, the date of the election. On 17 April, a spokesman for INEC said that Abubakar would be on the ballot.
According to official results, Abubakar took third place, behind PDP candidate Umaru Yar'Adua and ANPP candidate Muhammadu Buhari, with approximately 7% of the vote (2.6 million votes). Abubakar rejected the election results and called for its cancellation, describing it as Nigeria's "worst election ever."
He stated that he would not attend Umaru Yar'Adua's inauguration on 29 May due to his view that the election was not credible, saying that he did not want to "dignify such a hollow ritual with my presence".
Third presidential runEdit
Following the 2007 elections, Abubakar returned to the People's Democratic Party. In October 2010 he announced his intention to contest for the Presidency. On 22 November, a Committee of Northern Elders selected him as the Northern Consensus Candidate, over former Military President Ibrahim Babangida, former National Security Adviser Aliyu Gusau and Governor Bukola Saraki of Kwara State.
In January 2011, Abubakar contested for the Presidential ticket of his party alongside President Jonathan and Sarah Jubril, and lost the primary, garnering 805 votes to President Jonathan's 2736.
Relationship with President ObasanjoEdit
On 30 March 2014, Nigerian media reported that a delegation from the Northern Youth Leaders Forum visited Obasanjo at his home in Abeokuta and pleaded with him to "forgive your former vice-president, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar of whatever political sin or offence he might have committed against you." In response, Obasanjo is quoted as saying that "as a leader and father, I bear no grudge against anybody and if there is, I have forgiven them all."
Peoples Democratic Movement (PDM)Edit
In August 2013, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) registered two new political parties. One of them was the Peoples Democratic Movement. Local media reports suggested that the party was formed by Abubakar as a back-up plan in case he was unable to fulfil his rumoured presidential ambitions on the PDP platform. In a statement Abubakar acknowledged that the PDM was founded by his "political associates", but that he remained a member of the PDP.
All Progressives CongressEdit
On Friday, 24 November 2017, Abubakar announced his exit from the All Progressives Congress (APC), a party he helped to form.
Return to PDPEdit
On 3 December 2017, via a Facebook Live broadcast, Abubakar announced his return to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). The announcement followed consultations the former Vice President had with party leaders and stakeholders from across the country. He said he decided to 'return home' to the PDP now that the issues which made him leave the party had been resolved.
Fourth presidential runEdit
Abubakar declared his candidacy for the presidential nomination of the PDP mid 2018 and won the nomination at its convention on 7 October. He defeated 11 other contestants and got 1,532 votes, 839 more than the runner-up, the Governor of Sokoto State Aminu Tambuwal.
Atiku Abubakar continued his campaign rally in Kogi State as he promised to complete abandoned projects in the state. On 30 January, he participated in the town hall meeting tagged #NGTheCandidate. And in the meeting, he declared that he will grant amnesty to looters  and he vowed to privatize 90% of NNPC, Nigeria's primary source of income. Atiku took his campaigns to Katsina, visit Emir of Daura on 7 February 2019
Philanthropy and promotion of educationEdit
American University of Nigeria (AUN) is the first American-style university to be established in Sub-Saharan Africa. It was founded in Yola, the capital of Adamawa State as American University of Nigeria (AUN) by Abubakar in 2005. He has said that having benefited from the U.S. system of instruction as a young man, he was eager to make available in Nigeria an American styled faculty – emphasizing critical thinking, small classes, student participation, problem-solving. AUN has received special recognition from Google.
In 2012 Abubakar donated $750,000 to the National Peace Corps Association in the United States, "to fund a new initiative featuring global leaders who will discuss Peace Corps's impact." It was the largest ever individual donation in the Association's history.
In his speeches and commentary, Abubakar is a vocal advocate of the importance of Nigeria's educational system. In August 2013 he sponsored a students' essay contest to generate solutions to Nigeria's most pressing institutional educational challenges. Entrants were asked to write between 2,000 and 5,000 words on the topic 'More Learning to More People: How can Nigeria be more innovative in bridging its literacy and skills gap?'.
Upon the release of the dismal results of the May–June 2014 West African Examinations Council (WAEC) results, Abubakar said, in a statement:
″Our country’s educational institutions are clearly not providing quality learning. Our teachers need to be taught. This situation is a new development—of the past 10 years or so. The steady decline of education in Nigeria is a reflection of our country’s relegation of education to the background of national essentialities. That is where the change must begin. Teachers are important—as important as senators and doctors. Indeed, teachers determine the quality of senators and doctors. And so, the entire country stands to suffer the effects of this neglect in future. Nigeria must once again make education a priority. We must return to the basics.″
Jefferson William bribery and money laundering case in the United StatesEdit
Abubakar is banned from travelling to the United States for a reason unknown to the public. Atiku was implicated in an international bribery scandal along with William Jefferson and one of Atiku's wives, Jennifer Atiku Abubakar. In January 2017, the U.S. government released a statement saying it would need the consent of the politician before it can disclose the true state of his immigration status to the United States. Abubakar has publicly claimed that the true reason is that his visa is still being processed, a statement the spokesperson for the Nigerian president called "curious".
Honours and awardsEdit
In 1982 Abubakar was awarded the chieftaincy of the Turaki of Adamawa by Adamawa's traditional ruler, Alhaji Aliyu Mustafa. The title had previously been reserved for the monarch's favourite prince in the palace, as the holder is in charge of the monarch's domestic affairs.
In 2011, while celebrating the 50th anniversary of the US Peace Corps in 2011, the National Peace Corps Association (NPCA) – an independent 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organisation, separate from the Peace Corps, that serves as an alumni association for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers – honoured Abubakar with the Harris Wofford Global Citizen Award.
At the presentation of the award, the National Peace Corps Association described Abubakar as one individual who contributed to the development of higher education on the continent of Africa. "No private businessman in Africa has worked harder for democracy or contributed more to the progress of higher education than Atiku Abubakar," the NPCA said.
In June 2017, Abubakar was awarded the chieftaincy title of the Waziri of Adamawa, and his previous title of Turaki was transferred to his son Aliyu.
Abubakar has been active on Twitter since the 2011 elections, but stepped up his engagement in May 2013. In August 2013, he became the second Nigerian politician to be verified, after Lagos State Governor Tunde Fashola. As at November 2015, he had more than 390,000 followers. He currently has 450,000 Facebook fans. Also in 2013, he launched a blog.
True Federalism campaignEdit
Abubakar launched the True Federalism campaign in 2017. He has been delivering speeches all over the country inspiring Nigerians on the need to restructure the country. He has been receiving massive endorsement for his stand on True Federalism.
He recently declared at an event where he was conferred the award Hero Of Democracy by Hall of Grace Magazine.
“Political decentralization will also help to deepen and strengthen our democracy as it will encourage more accountability. Citizens are more likely to demand accountability when governments spend their tax money rather than rent collected from an impersonal source.”
He also said: "True Federalism will encourage states to competes to attract investments and skilled workers rather than merely waiting for monthly revenue allocation from Abuja"
Many of his speeches have caused positive stir nationwide as Nigerians are supporting the idea of True Federalism which involves allowing states to have control over their resources most especially the South-South and South East of Nigeria. 
- Published. "Atiku emerges PDP presidential candidate". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- "Profile of Atiku Abubakar: From an only child of a father who opposed western education to a political guru". Nigeria Today. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
- Sani, Tukur (24 November 2017). "Atiku Abubakar: Timeline of a serial defector". Premium Times. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
- "(UPDATED) Atiku Emerges PDP Presidential Candidate". THISDAYLIVE. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- "The story of the struggle of my life -Atiku Abubakar". vanguardngr.com. Vanguard. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Admin. "An Abridged Profile of Alhaji Atiku Abubakar Waziri-of Adamawa GCON". National Network. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- "The Nigerian operator who knows how to make money". 6 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Atiku: The Story of Atiku Abubakar, by Onukaba Adinoyi-Ojo
- "GLI - Global Legal Insights". GLI - Global Legal InsightsBiography of Jennifer Douglas-Abubakar - Miyetti Law. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
- Atiku Abubakar (30 April 2014). The business of Agriculture – a personal narrative Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Atiku.org. (Retrieved 1 August 2014)
- "I Resigned Voluntarily From Customs, Says Atiku". Thisday (Via AllAfrica.com). Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "The Persecution Of Abubakar Atiku & The History Of Intels". The Nigerian Voice. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Atiku, Abubakar (2013). My Life. Abuja: Africana Legacy Press.
- BBC Staff (1 March 1999). World: Africa Obasanjo to lead Nigeria Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. BBC. Retrieved 12 July 2014
- Mwesiga Laurent Baregu and Christopher Landsber (2003); From Cape to Congo: Southern Africa's Evolving Security Challenges; Lynne Rienner Publishers, P. 192
- Amaechi Dike (9 October 2006). Atiku: The Plot Thickens Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Source Magazine (Retrieved 15 July 2014)
- Adeoye, Gbenro (2 November 2013). "Day I blasted Obasanjo to his face – Atiku" Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. The Punch. Retrieved 28 July 2014
- Craig Timberg (17 May 2006). Nigerian Senate Blocks Bid for 3rd Presidential Term Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2014
- Reuters Staff (21 December 2006). NIGERIA: VP wins opposition ticket, crisis looms. Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2014
- (14 March 2007). INEC: Atiku not listed Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Nation. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- Supreme Court Judgement (20 April 2007). Attorney General of the Federation v Alhaji Atiku Abubakar Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Nigeria-Law.org. Retrieved 18 July 2014
- (24 April 2007). Nigeria election 'worst ever seen' Archived 14 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Sydney Morning Herald (Retrieved 16 July 2014)
- Why I won’t attend inauguration, by Abubakar Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Nation Newspaper (28 May 2007). Retrieved 30 December 2013
- (22 November 2010). Atiku is Northern Consensus Candidate Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Vanguard. Retrieved 16 July 2014
- 14 January 2011. Goodluck Jonathan Defeats Atiku In PDP Presidential Primary Archived 21 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Sahara Reporters (Retrieved 12 August 2014)
- Sheriff Balogun (31 March 2014). "Obasanjo: I Have Forgiven Atiku, Others". This Day. Retrieved 26 July 2014
- 19 August 2013. PDM is Atiku’s Ploy to become president, PDP Group Alleges Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. This Day (Retrieved 16 August 2014)
- Ini Ekott. 16 August 2013. Update: INEC registers new party, PDM, linked to Atiku Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Premium Times (Retrieved 15 August 2014)
- Henry Umoru (4 February 2014). "Atiku desperate for presidency- Edwin Clark". Vanguard News. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Onyebuchi Ezigbo (18 August 2014). Atiku Ready to Declare for Presidency, APC Plans for National Convention Archived 18 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. This Day. (Retrieved 18 August 2014)
- Ugbede, Lois (24 November 2017). "Atiku dumps APC". Premium Times. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "Atiku Returns to PDP". PulseNG. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- Television, Oak (8 January 2019). "What Atiku said at his Kogi presidential rally". OAK TV. oak tv. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- Television, Oak (1 February 2019). "I'll grant amnesty to looters – Atiku". OAK TV. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "I'll sell 90% of NNPC if elected –Atiku". Punch Nigeria. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Atiku Campaigns In Katsina, Visits Emir Of Daura". Channels Television. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- "INEC declares Buhari winner of presidential election". Oak TV Newstrack. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- "Atiku: This is the worst election in Nigeria's history". Oak TV Newstrack. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- Press Release: National Peace Corps Association Receives $750,000 Donation from Nigerian Atiku Abubakar for Global Leaders Program
- Atiku Abubakar (August 2013). 2013 ATIKU ABUBAKAR SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIP OFFER Archived 9 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
- Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay Competition Longlist Announcement. Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014)
- Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay by Kenechukwu Nneka Lily Nwagbo Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
- Atiku Abubakar #EducationSolutions Essay by Emeka Chigozie Ezekwesiri Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Atiku.org. Retrieved 12 August 2014
- Ujunwa Atueyi (2 August 2014). Mass failure as WAEC releases results. The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2014
- Osun Defender (16 August 2014). How Nation’s failure resulted to 2014 WAEC mass failure – Atiku reveals Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (Retrieved 16 August 2014)
- "15 Chibok girls awarded scholarships to American University Academy". premiumtimesng.com. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Johnston, David; Zeleny, Jeff (5 June 2007). "Congressman Sought Bribes, Indictment Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Lengel, Allan (22 July 2006). "Nigerian Entangled In Jefferson Investigation". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Why we won't say whether Atiku is barred, wanted in America - U.S. Govt. - Premium Times Nigeria". Premium Times Nigeria. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Atiku reveals why he cannot visit US, claims Buhari was banned too - Daily Post Nigeria". Daily Post Nigeria. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- Wakili, Isiaka (2 December 2017). "US travel ban: Buhari attacks Atiku". Daily Trust.
- Television, Oak (21 January 2019). "Atiku's visit to U.S. important to us, says PDP". OAK TV. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
- "Brian Ballard, the lobbyist who arranged Atiku's US visit". Oak TV Newstrack. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
- Atiku Abubakar. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) (Retrieved 1 August 2014)
- Atiku Abubakar (18 August 2013). Atiku.org. Social media may yet change governance in Africa Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 August 2014
- "Abolish states, adopt 6 geopolitical zones as federating units – Atiku". Vanguard. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2019.