General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate. The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Electoral Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time. In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence. Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections.
States won by Abubakar (in green) and Buhari (blue)
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
The elections were the most expensive ever held in Nigeria, costing ₦69 billion (US$625 million) more than the 2015 elections.
Incumbent president Muhammadu Buhari won his reelection bid, defeating his closest rival Atiku Abubakar by over 3 million votes. He was issued a Certificate of Return, and was sworn in on 29 May 2019, the former date of Democracy Day.
The President of Nigeria is elected using a modified two round system, to be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive a majority of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least 24 of the 36 states. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held.
The 109 members of the Senate were elected from 109 single-seat constituencies (three in each state and one for the Federal Capital Territory) by first-past-the-post voting. The 360 members of the House of Representatives were also elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies.
The People's Democratic Party held its presidential primaries on 5 October 2018, at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Thirteen aspirants contested for the ticket of the PDP, with Atiku Abubakar emerging the winner.
|Source: The Punch|
Though some party members aspired for office of the president, notably, Dr. SKC Ogbonnia, Chief Charles Udeogaranya, and Alhaji Mumakai-Unagha, the incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari was selected as the sole candidate of the All Progressives Congress party primaries held on 29 September 2018 amidst charges of imposition.
- Chike Ukaegbu, founder of Startup52, is the presidential candidate of AAP.
- Donald Duke, a former governor of Cross River State, is the presidential candidate of the SDP.
- Fela Durotoye, motivational speaker and presidential candidate of Alliance for New Nigeria.
- Oby Ezekwesili, former Minister of Education and leader of the Bring Back Our Girls campaign. She ended her campaign on January 24, 2019 to combine support with other candidates to support a bid against APC and PDP.
- Tope Fasua, founder and National Chairman of the Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party.
- Rabiu Kwankwaso, former governor of Kano State.
- Sule Lamido, a former governor of Jigawa State.
- Ahmed Makarfi, former chairman of the People's Democratic Party National Caretaker Committee.
- Obadiah Mailafia, former Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria and candidate of the African Democratic Congress.
- Kingsley Moghalu, former Deputy Governor of the CBN and Professor of Practice at Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
- Gbenga Olawepo-Hashim, oil business mogul and presidential candidate for the Peoples Trust.
- Remi Sonaiya, member of the KOWA Party and former university lecturer.
- Omoyele Sowore, human rights activist, pro-democracy campaigner and publisher of news website Sahara Reporters.
- Kabiru Tanimu Turaki, former Minister of Special Duties.
A presidential and vice-presidential debate was organised by the Nigerian Elections Debate Group (NEDG) and the Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria (BON), with invitations extended to five of the 78 presidential candidates. The Debate Group explained the exclusion of other candidates as a measure to ensure the effectiveness of the debate and not an endorsement of the candidates chosen.
The vice presidential debate was held on 14 December 2018, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja. All invited vice presidential candidates were present, with candidates discussing health, education, security, economy and foreign affairs policies plans.
The presidential debate occurred on 19 January 2019, and took place at the same venue. The two leading presidential contestants were absent, with Atiku Abubakar leaving the venue upon discovering that Muhammadu Buhari was absent. Fela Durotoye (ANN), Oby Ezekwesili (ACPN) and Kingsley Moghalu (YPN) continued the debate, while criticising the absence of the others. Mark Eddo moderated the debate.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2019)
|Poll source||Date||Sample size||Abubakar
|Seamfix||9 November 2018 – 4 January 2019||2,440||48%||25%||31%|
|NigeriaVotes||19 November 2018 – 26 February 2019||11,326||32%||42%||26%|
Immediately following the elections there were claims of widespread fraud by the opposition. The claims included accusations of ballot box snatching, vote-trading and impersonation. There were also claims that caches of explosives were found by police. Losing candidate Atiku Abubakar filed a case in the Nigerian supreme court citing widespread irregularities in the polls . However the court dismissed his case, saying that Atiku has failed to prove widespread fraud committed by the electoral team of Buhari. The court also dismissed an allegation which said that Buhari lied about his academic background.
The African Union said the elections were "largely peaceful and conducive for the conducting of credible elections." The electoral commission also described the elections as mostly peaceful. On the contrary, US-based organisation Freedom House severely criticised the conduct, saying that they were marred by irregularities and intimidation.
The results of the presidential election were announced in the early hours of 27 February 2019.
|Muhammadu Buhari||Yemi Osinbajo||All Progressives Congress||15,191,847||55.60|
|Atiku Abubakar||Peter Obi||People's Democratic Party||11,262,978||41.22|
|Felix Nicolas||Ado Baba||Peoples Coalition Party||110,196||0.40|
|Obadiah Mailafia||Nasiru Tanimowo Nurain Bolanle||African Democratic Congress||97,874||0.36|
|Gbor John Wilson Terwase||Gerald Chukwueke Ndudi||All Progressives Grand Alliance||66,851||0.24|
|Yabagi Sani||Olateru Olagbegi Martin Kunle||Action Democratic Party||54,930||0.20|
|Akhimien Davidson Isibor||Hamman Ibrahim Modibbo||Grassroots Development Party of Nigeria||41,852||0.15|
|Ibrahim Aliyu Hassan||Adeleke Adesoji Masilo Aderemi||African Peoples Alliance||36,866||0.13|
|Donald Duke||Shehu Musa Gabam||Social Democratic Party||34,746||0.13|
|Omoyele Sowore||Rufai Rabiu Ahmed||African Action Congress||33,953||0.12|
|Da-Silva Thomas Ayo||Muhammad Aisha Abubakar||Save Nigeria Congress||28,680||0.10|
|Shitu Mohammed Kabir||Olayemi Memunat Mahmud||Advanced Peoples Democratic Alliance||26,558||0.10|
|Yusuf Mamman Dantalle||Prince Duru Nwabueze||Allied Peoples' Movement||26,039||0.10|
|Kingsley Moghalu||Abdullahi Umma Getso||Young Progressives Party||21,886||0.08|
|Ameh Peter Ojonugwa||Edun Kehinde||Progressive Peoples Alliance||21,822||0.08|
|Isaac Babatunde Ositelu||Nafiu Muhammad Lawal||Accord Party||19,219||0.07|
|Fela Durotoye||Abdullahi Khadijah Iyah||Alliance for New Nigeria||16,779||0.06|
|Bashayi Isa Dansarki||Adepoju Oluwatoyin Grace||Masses Movement of Nigeria||14,540||0.05|
|Osakwe Felix Johnson||Mohammed Alhaji Ali||Democratic People's Party||14,483||0.05|
|Abdulrashid Hassan Baba||Uchendu Uju Peace Ozoka||Action Alliance||14,380||0.05|
|Nwokeafor Ikechukwu Ndubuisi||Ali Abdullahi||Advanced Congress of Democrats||11,325||0.04|
|Maina Maimuna Kyari||Oluwole Yetunde Folake||Northern People's Congress||10,081||0.04|
|Victor Okhai||Iyan Tama Hamisu Lamido||Providence Peoples Congress||8,979||0.03|
|Chike Ukaegbu||Safiya Ibrahim Ogoh||Advanced Allied Party||8,902||0.03|
|Oby Ezekwesili||Galadima Ganiyu Oseni||Allied Congress Party of Nigeria||7,223||0.03|
|Ibrahim Usman Alhaji||Nwafor-Orizu Onwa||National Rescue Movement||6,229||0.02|
|Ike Keke||Johnson Omede||New Nigeria People's Party||6,111||0.02|
|Moses Ayibiowu||Idoko Michael Emaiku||National Unity Party||5,323||0.02|
|Awosola Williams Olusola||Seiyefa Fetepigi||Democratic Peoples Congress||5,242||0.02|
|Muhammed Usman Zaki||Akpan Tom Ezekiel||Labour Party||5,074||0.02|
|Eke Samuel Chukwuma||Musa Hadiza Aruwa||Green Party of Nigeria||4,924||0.02|
|Nwachukwu Chuks Nwabuikwu||Tijjani Aisha Ali||All Grassroots Alliance||4,689||0.02|
|Hamza al-Mustapha||Opara Robert||Peoples Party of Nigeria||4,622||0.02|
|Shipi Moses Godia||Okwuanyasi Abiola Kika Shaliat||All Blended Party||4,523||0.02|
|Chris Okotie||Binutu Adefela Akinola||Fresh Democratic Party||4,554||0.02|
|Tope Fasua||Yakubu Aminu Zakari||Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party||4,340||0.02|
|Onwubuya||Ahmad Muhammad Nourayni||Freedom And Justice Party||4,174||0.02|
|Asukwo Mendie Archibong||Ite Donald-Ekpo||Nigeria For Democracy||4,096||0.01|
|Ahmed Buhari||Nwagu Kingsley Philip||Sustainable National Party||3,941||0.01|
|Salisu Yunusa Tanko||James Funmi||National Conscience Party||3,799||0.01|
|Shittu Moshood Asiwaju||Okere Evelyn||Alliance National Party||3,586||0.01|
|Obinna Uchechukwu Ikeagwuonu||Omotosho Emmanuel||All People's Party||3,585||0.01|
|Balogun Isiaka Ishola||Shuaibu Muhammad||United Democratic Party||3,170||0.01|
|Obaje Yusufu Ameh||Sule Olalekan Ganiyu||Advanced Nigeria Democratic Party||3,104||0.01|
|Chief Umenwa Godwin||Ibrahim Saheed Olaika||All Grand Alliance Party||3,071||0.01|
|Israel Nonyerem Davidson||Hassan Dawud Jidda||Reform and Advancement Party||2,972||0.01|
|Ukonga Frank||Musa Saidu Shuaibu||Democratic Alternative||2,769||0.01|
|Santuraki Hamisu||Ufondu Chinwe Florence||Mega Party of Nigeria||2,752||0.01|
|Funmilayo Adesanya-Davies||Mercy Olufunmilayo Ibeneme||Mass Action Joint Alliance||2,651||0.01|
|Gbenga Olawepo-Hashim||Agwuncha Nwankwo Arthur||Peoples Trust||2,613||0.01|
|Ali Soyode||Abdullahi Balkisu Mustapha||Yes Electorates Solidarity||2,394||0.01|
|Nsehe Nseobong||Abuh Mohammed||Restoration Party of Nigeria||2,388||0.01|
|Ojinika Geff Chizee||Yakubu Usman U.||Coalition for Change||2,391||0.01|
|Rabia Yasai Hassan Cengiz||Uhuegbu Chineme Justice||National Action Council||2,279||0.01|
|Eunice Atuejide||Bello Muhammad Jibril||National Interest Party||2,248||0.01|
|Dara John||Abubakar Salisu||Alliance of Social Democrats||2,146||0.01|
|Fagbenro-Byron Samuel Adesina||Ado Ummar Abbas||Kowa Party||1,911||0.01|
|Emmanuel Etim||Adeola Zainab Hazzan||Change Nigeria Party||1,874||0.01|
|Chukwu-Eguzolugo Sunday Chikendu||Salihu Iman Aliyu||Justice Must Prevail Party||1,853||0.01|
|Madu Nnamdi Edozie||Adamu Abubakar||Independent Democrats||1,845||0.01|
|Osuala Chukwudi John||Muhammad Falali||Re-build Nigeria Party||1,792||0.01|
|Albert Owuru Ambrose||Yahaya Shaba Haruna||Hope Democratic Party||1,663||0.01|
|David Esosa Ize-Iyamu||Kofar Mata Maryam Umar||Better Nigeria Progressive Party||1,649||0.01|
|Inwa Ahmed Sakil||Nkwocha Echemor Nkwocha||Unity Party of Nigeria||1,631||0.01|
|Akpua Robinson||Ahmadu Umaru||National Democratic Liberty Party||1,588||0.01|
|Mark Emmanuel Audu||Okeke Moses||United Patriots||1,561||0.01|
|Ishaka Paul Ofemile||Vincent Akinfelami Akinbanai||Nigeria Elements Progressive Party||1,524||0.01|
|Kriz David||Azael Vashi Chechera||Liberation Movement||1,438||0.01|
|Ademola Babatunde Abidemi||Tataji Aisha Asabe||Nigeria Community Movement Party||1,378||0.01|
|A. Edosomwan Johnson||Nasiru Mohammed||National Democratic Liberty Party||1,192||0.00|
|Angela Johnson||Zayyanu Abubakar||Alliance for a United Nigeria||1,092||0.00|
|Abah Lewis Elaigwu||Omohimua Michael Okojie||Change Advocacy Party||1,111||0.00|
|Nwangwu Uchenna Peter||Adebiwale Olaurewaju Odunlade||We The People Nigeria||732||0.00|
|Source: Independent National Electoral Commission|
|Source: BBC, This Day, Vanguard|
Senate President Bukola Saraki (PDP) was defeated in Kwara Central by the APC candidate.
Currently, 64 incumbent Senators will not be returning as members of the Ninth Senate, having been defeated during the elections. While the APC will have a simple majority of votes in the Senate, it will not have a supermajority (74 votes), meaning it cannot push through constitutional amendments on its own. Three Senate seats have yet to be filled.
|All Progressives Congress||63||+3|
|People's Democratic Party||45||–4|
|Young Progressives Party||1||New|
|Source: INEC, INEC, Order Paper|
House of RepresentativesEdit
|All Progressives Congress||202||–10|
|People's Democratic Party||128||–12|
|All Progressives Grand Alliance||9||+4|
|African Democratic Congress||3||+4|
|People's Redemption Party||2||+2|
|Action Democratic Party||1||New|
|Allied Peoples Movement||1||New|
|Social Democratic Party||1||0|
|Source: INEC, Order Paper|
On 2 March 2019, elections were held for governors of 29 of the 36 states of Nigeria. Elections were suspended on the original date in Rivers State. They were later held on April 3, where the INEC declared that incumbent Wike won re-election.
|All Progressives Congress||16|
|People's Democratic Party||15|
|No election held||5|
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