Vice President of Nigeria

The Vice President of Nigeria is the second-in-command to the President of Nigeria in the Government of Nigeria. Officially styled Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the vice president is elected alongside the president in national elections. The office is currently held by Yemi Osinbajo.

Vice President of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Seal of the Vice President of Nigeria.svg
Seal of the Vice President of Nigeria
The Vice President of the Federal Republic
Incumbent
Yemi Osinbajo

since 29 May 2015
Executive Branch of the Federal Government
StyleMr. Vice President
His Excellency
The Honourable
AbbreviationVPFRN
Member ofFederal Executive Council
National Economic Council
National Security Council
ResidenceAkinola Aguda House
SeatAbuja, F.C.T.
NominatorPresidential candidate
AppointerDirect popular election
Term length4 years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Nigeria
Inaugural holderBabafemi Ogundipe (Military)
Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme (Elected)
Formation16 January 1966
(56 years ago)
 (1966-01-16)
SuccessionFirst
Unofficial namesTHE VP
Salary12,126,000 annually[1]
Websitestatehouse.gov.ng

EligibilityEdit

A person shall be eligible for the office of vice president if he or she is a citizen of Nigeria by birth, at least 40 years of age, is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party'

Oath of officeEdit

The Constitution of Nigeria specifies an oath of office for the vice president of the federation. The oath is administered by the chief justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria or the person for the time being appointed to exercise the functions of that office. It is the same oath recited by deputy state governors, ministers, commissioners and ppecial advisers to the president:

I, do solemnly swear/affirm that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that as Vice-President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, I will discharge my duties to the best of my ability, faithfully and in accordance with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will strive to preserve the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy contained in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions, that I will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will abide by the Code of Conduct contained in the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will; that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Vice-President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. So help me God.

Functions of the vice president of NigeriaEdit

The executive functions of the Nigerian vice president includes participation in all cabinet meetings and, by statute, membership in the National Security Council, the National Defence Council, Federal Executive Council, and the Chairman of National Economic Council. Although the vice president may take an active role in establishing policy in the Executive Branch by serving on such committees and councils, the relative power of the Nigerian vice president's office depends upon the duties delegated by the president.

List of vice presidentsEdit

Military Government (1966–1979)Edit

Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu orchestrated the bloody military coup d'état of 1966 which overthrew the First Republic, parliamentary system of government was abolished and the office of the Vice President was established with Babafemi Ogundipe becoming the first Vice President as Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters.

Chief of Staff Term of office Military Head of State
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Brigadier
Babafemi Ogundipe
(1924–1971)
16 January 1966 29 July 1966
(deposed.)
194 days Federal Military Government Major General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
2 Vice Admiral
Joseph Edet Akinwale Wey
(1918–1991)
1 August 1966 29 July 1975
(deposed.)
8 years, 362 days Federal Military Government General Yakubu Gowon
3   Lieutenant General
Olusegun Obasanjo
(born 1937)
29 July 1975 13 February 1976
(Became Head of State after the assassination of Murtala)
199 days Federal Military Government General Murtala Muhammed
4 Major General
Shehu Musa Yar'Adua
(1943–1997)
13 February 1976 30 September 1979
(Handed over to civilian government)
3 years, 229 days Federal Military Government General Olusegun Obasanjo

Second Republic (1979–1983)Edit

Under the 1979 Constitution, the second constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the President was both head of state and government. The president along with the vice president were elected for a four-year term. In the event of a vacancy, the Vice President would have served as acting president.

Vice President Term of office Political party Elected President
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
5   Alex Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme
(1932–2017)
1 October 1979 31 December 1983
(deposed.)
4 years, 91 days National Party of Nigeria 1979
1983
Alhaji Shehu Shagari

Military Government (1983–1993)Edit

Major-General Muhammadu Buhari was made military head of state following the coup d'ètat of 1983, which overthrew the Second Republic, Major General Tunde Idiagbon became the Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters.

Chief of Staff/
Vice President
Term of office Military Head of State/
President
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
6 Major General
Tunde Idiagbon
(1943–1999)
31 December 1983 27 August 1985
(deposed.)
1 year, 239 days Supreme Military Council Major General Muhammadu Buhari
7 Commodore
Ebitu Ukiwe
(born 1940)
27 August 1985 October 1986
(resigned.)
1 year, 35 days Armed Forces Ruling Council General Ibrahim Babangida
8 Admiral
Augustus Aikhomu
(1939–2011)
October 1986 26 August 1993
(Handed over to interim government)
6 years, 329 days Armed Forces Ruling Council

Interim National Government (1993)Edit

Chief Ernest Shonekan was made interim head of state of Nigeria following the crisis of the Third Republic. He initially announced his vice president to be Moshood Abiola the supposed winner of the 12 June 1993 elections, which the latter rejected stating he was the rightful successor to the presidency.

Vice President Period Head of State
Vacant 26 August 1993 17 November 1993 83 days Chief Ernest Shonekan

Military Government (1993–1999)Edit

General Sani Abacha led the palace coup d'ètat of 1993 which overthrew the Interim National Government, Lieutenant general Oladipo Diya became the Chief of General Staff.

Chief of General Staff Term of office Military Head of State
No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Time in office
9 Lieutenant General
Donaldson Oladipo Diya
(born 1944)
17 November 1993 21 December 1997
(Deposed and arrested for attempted coup)
4 years, 34 days Provisional Ruling Council General Sani Abacha
Vacant
(170 days)
10 Vice Admiral
Michael Akhigbe
(1946–2013)
9 June 1998 29 May 1999
(Handed over to civilian government)
354 days Provisional Ruling Council General Abdulsalami Abubakar

Fourth Republic (1999–present)Edit

Under the fourth Constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, the president is head of both state and government. The president along with the vice president are elected for a four-year renewable term. In the event of a vacancy, the Vice President serves as acting president.

Vice President Term of office Political party Elected President
No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office
11   Atiku Abubakar
(born 1946)
29 May 1999 29 May 2007 8 years, 0 days People's Democratic Party 1999
2003
Chief Olusegun Obasanjo
12   Goodluck Ebele Jonathan
(born 1957)
29 May 2007 5 May 2010
(Became President after the death of Yar'Adua)
2 years, 341 days People's Democratic Party 2007 Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar'Adua
Vacant
(14 days)
Goodluck Jonathan
13   Namadi Sambo
(born 1954)
19 May 2010 29 May 2015 5 years, 10 days People's Democratic Party 2011
14   Yemi Osinbajo
(born 1957)
29 May 2015 Incumbent 7 years, 36 days All Progressives Congress 2015
2019
Muhammadu Buhari

Post-vice presidencyEdit

There are currently six living former Vice Presidents of Nigeria since the first Vice President of Nigeria was appointed after the first military coup on 15 January 1966.

Former vice presidentsEdit

There are six living former vice presidents, the most recent death of a former vice president was that of Alex Ekwueme (1979–1983), on 19 November 2017. The living former vice presidents in order of service are:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ibeh, Nnenna (30 May 2015). "Buhari to earn N14 million as annual salary, allowances". Premium Times. Retrieved 30 May 2015.