Open main menu

Armagh Observatory is an astronomical research institute in Armagh, Northern Ireland. Around 25 astronomers are based at the observatory, studying stellar astrophysics, the Sun, Solar System astronomy and Earth's climate.

Armagh Observatory
Armagh Observatory 1883b-s.jpg
Observatory code981 Edit this on Wikidata
LocationArmagh, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates54°21′12″N 6°39′00″W / 54.3532°N 6.65°W / 54.3532; -6.65Coordinates: 54°21′12″N 6°39′00″W / 54.3532°N 6.65°W / 54.3532; -6.65
Established1789 Edit this on Wikidata Edit this at Wikidata
Armagh Observatory is located in the United Kingdom
Armagh Observatory
Location of Armagh Observatory
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons



The Observatory is located close to the centre of the city of Armagh, adjacent to the Armagh Planetarium in approximately 14 acres (57,000 m2) of landscaped grounds known as the Armagh Astropark. It was founded in 1789 by The Most Rev. and Rt Hon. The 1st Baron Rokeby, Church of Ireland Lord Primate of All Ireland and Lord Archbishop of Armagh.

Ernst Julius Öpik (grandfather of Lembit Öpik MP) was based here for over 30 years and among his many contributions to astrophysics he wrote of the dangers of an asteroid impacting on the Earth.


There are scale models of the Solar System and the Universe, two sundials and historic telescopes, as well as telescope domes and other outdoor exhibits. The Human Orrery, launched in 2004, is located close to the main Observatory building. The Observatory's specialist library and archives, and collections of scientific instruments and artefacts associated with the development of modern astronomy, represent one of the leading collections of its kind in the British Isles.

List of DirectorsEdit

Directors of Armagh Observatory
James Archibald Hamilton 1790 - 1815
William Davenport 1815 - 1823
Thomas Romney Robinson 1823 - 1882
John Louis Emil Dreyer 1882 - 1916
Joseph A. Hardcastle 1917
WFA Ellison 1918 - 1936
Eric Mervyn Lindsay 1937 - 1974
Mart de Groot 1976 - 1994
Mark E. Bailey 1995 - 2016
Directors of Armagh Observatory and Planetarium
Michael G. Burton[1] 2016 -

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit