Archibald (name)

Archibald is a masculine given name, composed of the Germanic elements erchan (with an original meaning of "genuine" or "precious"[1]) and bald "bold".


Medieval forms include Old High German Erchambald, Erkanbold, Erkanbald and Anglo-Saxon Eorcenbald. Erkanbald, bishop of Strasbourg (d. 991) was also rendered Archaunbault in Old French. The Anglo-Saxon name did not survive, and the modern given name in English derives from the introduction of the Old French name, with a secondary association of its first element with the Greek prefix archi- meaning "chief, master", to Norman England in the high medieval period.

The form Archibald became particularly popular among Scottish nobility in the later medieval to early modern periods, whence usage as a surname is derived by the 18th century, found especially in Nova Scotia and in Scotland.

Given nameEdit

English diminutives or hypocorisms include Arch, Archy, Archie, and Baldie (nickname). Variants include French Archambault, Archaimbaud, Archenbaud, Archimbaud, Italian Archimboldo, Arcimbaldo, Arcimboldo, Portuguese Arquibaldo, Arquimbaldo and Spanish Archibaldo, Archivaldo. Archibald is used as the anglicization of the (unrelated) Gaelic given name Gille Easbuig (also anglicized as Gillespie).

The given name Archibald was comparatively popular in the United States in the late 19th century, peaking at rank 290 in 1890, but it rapidly fell out of fashion in the early 20th century, falling below rank 1,000 in popularity during the 1920s.[2]


  • Arikībalili - (Amharic)
  • 'Arshibalid (أرشيبالد) - (Arabic)
  • Arčybaĺd (Арчыбальд) - Belarusian
  • Ārcibalḍa (আর্চিবল্ড) - (Bengali)
  • Арчибалд - (Bulgarian)
  • Āqíbó'ěrdé (阿奇博尔德) - (Chinese Simplified)
  • Āqíbó'ěrdé (阿奇博爾德) - (Chinese Traditional)
  • Archibaldi (არჩიბალდი) - (Georgian)
  • Ārkībalḍa (આર્કીબલ્ડ) - (Gujarati)
  • ארצ'יבלד - (Hebrew)
  • Aarcheebaald (आर्चीबाल्ड) - (Hindi)
  • Āchiborudo (アーチボルド) - (Japanese)
  • Ārcibālḍ (ಆರ್ಚಿಬಾಲ್ಡ್) - (Kannada)
  • Arçïbald (Арчибальд) - (Kazakh)
  • Achiboldeu (아치 볼드) - (Korean)
  • Arçibald (Арчибалд) - (Kyrgyz)
  • Archibaldum - (Latin)
  • Archibaldas - (Lithuanian)
  • Arkkibāḷḍ (ആർക്കിബാൾഡ്) - (Malayalam)
  • Ārkibālḍa (आर्किबाल्ड) - (Marathi)
  • Armibald (Армибалд) - Mongolian)
  • Ārcibilḍa (आर्चिबिल्ड) - (Nepali)
  • آرکبالډ - (Pashto)
  • آرشیابالد - (Persian)
  • Ārakībālaḍa (ਆਰਕੀਬਾਲਡ) - (Punjabi)
  • Archibal'd (Арчибальд) - (Russian)
  • Arčibald (Арчибалд) - (Serbian)
  • آرڪٽيڪال (Sindhi)
  • Acikabalḍ (අචිකබල්ඩ්) - (Sinhala)
  • Ārccipālṭ (ஆர்ச்சிபால்ட்) - (Tamil)
  • Ārcibālḍ (ఆర్చిబాల్డ్) - (Telugu)
  • Archybalʹd (Арчибальд) - (Ukrainian)
  • آرکبالڈ - (Urdu)

People with given name ArchibaldEdit

See also: All pages with titles beginning with Archibald


Early modernEdit

In the late medieval and early modern period, the given name Archibald became popular among Scottish aristocracy in particular. See Archibald Campbell (disambiguation), Archibald Douglas (disambiguation), Archibald Hamilton (disambiguation), Archibald Montgomerie (disambiguation), Archibald Napier (disambiguation), Archibald Primrose (disambiguation) for lists of individuals with these names.



Fictional charactersEdit


Arcomboldo or Arcimboldi was used as a surname in Renaissance Italy; see Giovanni Arcimboldi, Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

Archibald is a modern Anglo-Saxon surname. Derived from the given name, it becomes frequent in Nova Scotia by the later 18th century. Early bearers of the name associated with Nova Scotia include:

Nova ScotiaEdit


The surname becomes more widespread in the English-speaking world in general during the 19th century:

United States
  • George D. Archibald (1820– ?); Washington County, Pennsylvania-native, theologian
  • James Archibald (1912–2006); Houlton, Maine-native, judge
  • Joey Archibald (1914–1998); Providence, Rhode Island-native, boxer
  • Lynn Archibald (1944–1997); American college basketball head coach (University of Utah, Idaho State University)
  • Nate Archibald (b. 1948); South Bronx-native, basketball player
  • Nolan D. Archibald, retired CEO of Black and Decker
  • Ben Archibald (b. 1978); American player of gridiron football
  • Jules François Archibald (1856–1919); Australian journalist and publisher
  • William Archibald (1850–1926); Adelaide politician. Born in St Pancras, London, Archibald was orphaned aged ten, emigrating to New Zealand in 1879 and thence to New South Wales and Victoria in 1881 before arriving in South Australia in 1882
New Zealand
  • Anna Archibald (b. 1959), alpine skier and Olympian
  • Jeff Archibald (b. 1952); Auckland-native, field hockey player
  • Verne Archibald (b.1978); Businessman, Electrical Engineer.
United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, Archibald is mostly found as a Scottish surname.

Fictional charactersEdit


  1. ^ cf. Old English eorcnan-stan "precious stone, gem". Pokorny (1959) tentatively grouped the word with PIE *arǵ- "glittering, shining", whence Latin argentum "silver"), but Gothic ark- may also represent an early loan from Greek ἀρχι- ("arch-", cf. Ulfilan Gothic arkaggilus for archangelus), i.e. precisely the element with which the first element in this name was again associated by popular etymology in the medieval period. Formerly (Diefenbach 1851) also compared to Sanskrit arh- "to be worthy".
  2. ^ US statistics cited after
  3. ^ Reinhold Pauli, The life of King Alfred (1852), p. 224, citing Leges Inae (c. 694), ed. Thorpe (1840), p. 102.