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Apple cider vinegar and apples

Apple cider vinegar, otherwise known as cider vinegar or ACV, is a type of vinegar made from cider or apple must and has a pale to medium amber color. Unpasteurized or organic ACV contains mother of vinegar, which has a cobweb-like appearance and can make the vinegar look slightly congealed.

ACV is used in salad dressings, marinades, vinaigrettes, food preservatives, and chutneys. It is made by crushing apples and squeezing out the liquid. Bacteria and yeast are added to the liquid to start the alcoholic fermentation process, and the sugars are turned into alcohol. In a second fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by acetic acid-forming bacteria (acetobacter). Acetic acid and malic acid give vinegar its sour taste.[1]


Folk medicineEdit

Apple cider vinegar has been used as a folk remedy over centuries.[2] Since the 1970s, it has been promoted with a number of health claims, including that it can aid weight loss and prevent infection.[2] No claims of benefit are supported by good evidence, and medicinal consumption of apple cider vinegar may be hazardous, particularly if taken during pregnancy or consumed chronically.[1][2]


Ingestion of the acetic acid in vinegar poses a risk of possible injury to soft tissues of the mouth, throat, stomach and kidneys.[1][3] Uses for topical treatment, cleaning solutions, or eye accidents are included as warnings under poison advisories.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Manning, Joy (September 2009). "Apple Cider Vinegar". WebMD. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Ulbricht CE, ed. (2010). "Apple Cider Vinegar". Natural Standard Herb & Supplement Guide: An Evidence-Based Reference (1st ed.). Elsevier. p. 59. ISBN 978-0323072953. 
  3. ^ Hill, L. L.; Woodruff, L. H.; Foote, J. C.; Barreto-Alcoba, M (2005). "Esophageal injury by apple cider vinegar tablets and subsequent evaluation of products". Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 105 (7): 1141–4. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2005.04.003. PMID 15983536. 
  4. ^ "Vinegar: Not Just for Salad". National Capital Poison Center, Washington, DC. 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.