Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg

Anna of Saxony (7 March 1437 – 31 October 1512) was a princess of Saxony by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage to Albrecht III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg.

Anna of Saxony
Anna of Saxony, painting painted c.1484 in St. Gumbertus, Ansbach
Born(1437-03-07)7 March 1437
Died31 October 1512(1512-10-31) (aged 75)
Neustadt an der Aisch
SpouseAlbert III Achilles
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherFrederick II, Elector of Saxony
MotherMargaret of Austria

Life edit

Anna was a daughter of the Elector Frederick II of Saxony from his marriage to Margaret of Austria, daughter of the Duke Ernest of Austria.

On 12 November 1458 Anna married Albert Achilles of Brandenburg, later Elector Albert III Achilles, in Ansbach. To further cement the tie between the House of Wettin and the House of Hohenzollern, the marriage contract also planned a marriage between Anna's brother Albert and Albert Achilles' daughter from his first marriage, Ursula, but both married children of King George of Poděbrady of Bohemia instead.

As her Wittum, Anna received Hoheneck Castle and district, plus Leutershausen and Colmberg. Through her marriage, she became stepmother to Albert Achilles's four children from his earlier marriage with Margaret of Baden. At the time of Anna's marriage, Albert Achilles held all the Franconian possessions of the Hohenzollerns. In 1470, he also inherited the Electorate of Brandenburg. In 1473 Anna agreed to a new House law, which made Mark Brandenburg indivisible, but allowed the Franconian possessions to be shared among several sons. This meant that John Cicero, Albert Achilles's son from his first marriage, would become Elector of Brandenburg, but Anna's two sons would inherit the Frankish possessions.

Albert Achilles specified in his will that Anna was entitled to income and residency in Neustadt an der Aisch, Erlangen, Dachsbach, Baiersdorf and Liebenow. Her sons, however, would retain sovereignty over those territories. Anna survived her husband by 26 years and resided mostly in Neustadt an der Aisch, where she maintained a relatively luxurious court.

Anna died in 1512 and was buried in Heilsbronn Abbey. The memorial on her tomb was built about 1502 and is still preserved.

Offspring edit

Anna had thirteen children from her marriage to Albert Achilles:

  • Frederick I (1460–1536), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach and Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
married in 1479 princess Sophia of Poland (1464–1512)
married in 1478 Count Palatine Kaspar of Zweibrücken (1458–1527)
  • Anna (* / † 1462)
  • Barbara (1464–1515)
married firstly in 1472 Duke Henry XI. by Crossen and Glogau (ca. 1430–1476)
married secondly in 1476 King Vladislav II of Bohemia (1456–1516) (divorced in 1500)
  • Albert (* / † 1466)
  • Sibylle (1467–1524)
married in 1481 Duke Wilhelm IV of Jülich-Berg (1455–1511)
  • Siegmund (1468–1495), Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
  • Albert (* / † 1470)
  • Dorothea (1471–1520), Abbess in Bamberg
  • George (1472–1476)
  • Elisabeth (1474–1507)
married in 1491, Count Hermann VIII of Henneberg-Aschach (1470–1535)
  • Magdalene (1476–1480)
  • Anastasia (1478–1534)
married in 1500 Count William IV of Henneberg-Schleusingen (1478–1559)

Ancestors edit

References edit

Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg
Born: 7 March 1437 Died: 31 October 1512
German nobility
Title last held by
Catherine of Saxony
Electress consort of Brandenburg
10 February 1471 – 11 March 1486
Succeeded by
Margravine of Brandenburg
10 February 1471 – 11 March 1486
Title last held by
Margaret of Baden
Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
12 November 1458 – 11 March 1486
Title next held by
Sophia of Poland
Margravine of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
12 November 1458 – 11 March 1486