Viridis Visconti (1354–1414) was an Italian noblewoman. Her marriage to Leopold III, Duke of Austria, Viridis was Duchess consort of Austria, Styria and Carinthia, she was also Countess consort of Tyrol.

Viridis Visconti
Duchess of Austria
Portrait of Viridis Visconti by Anton Boys
Bornc. 1352
Milan, Italy
Died1 March 1414 (aged 61-62)
Stična Abbey, Windic March
SpouseLeopold III, Duke of Austria
Leopold IV
Ernest the Iron
Frederick IV
HouseVisconti (by birth)
FatherBernabò Visconti
MotherBeatrice Regina della Scala

Family edit

Born in c.1354, Viridis was born in Milan,[1] a daughter of the Lord of Milan, Bernabò Visconti[2] and his wife Beatrice Regina della Scala.[3]

Viridis and the rest of her sisters secured politically advantageous marriages.

Marriage edit

Viridis married Leopold III, Duke of Austria,[2] son of Albert II, Duke of Austria and his wife Johanna of Pfirt. The couple had:

  1. William the Courteous[4]
  2. Leopold IV the Fat[5]
  3. Ernest the Iron[2]
  4. Frederick IV of the Empty Pockets[5]
  5. Elisabeth (1378–1392)
  6. Margaretha (1370–?)
  7. Catherine (1385–?), Abbess of St. Klara in Vienna

Viridis was widowed in 1386, and her eldest son William became Duke of Austria.

She was a long time benefactor of the Stična Abbey, and often lend money to the abbot of the monastery. As widow, she resided on a property close to the convent.

Viridis died on 1 March 1414 and out-lived at least three of seven children, since her younger daughter Katherine's date of death is unknown. Viridis is buried in Sittich, Karnten, Austria.[1]

Ancestry edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b York 1999, p. 51.
  2. ^ a b c Margolis 2016, p. 73.
  3. ^ Antenhofer & Schober 2021, p. 8.
  4. ^ Wilson 2016, p. lviii.
  5. ^ a b Wilson 2016, p. lix.

Sources edit

  • Antenhofer, Christina; Schober, Richard, eds. (2021). Tiroler Heimat 86 (2022): Zeitschrift für Regional- und Kulturgeschichte Nord-, Ost- und Sudtirols (in German). Universitätsverlag Wagner.
  • Margolis, Oren (2016). The Politics of Culture in Quattrocento Europe: René of Anjou in Italy. Oxford University Press.
  • Tuchman, Barbara (2014) [1979]. A distant mirror : the calamitous 14th century. New York, NY: Ballantine. ISBN 9780345349576. OCLC 905986995.
  • Wilson, Peter (2016). Heart of Europe: A History of the Holy Roman Empire. Harvard University Press.
  • York, Laura (1999). "Visconti, Virida (c.1354-1414)". In Commire, Anne; Klezmer, Deborah (eds.). Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Vol. 16:Vict-X. Yorkin Publishing.

External links edit

  Media related to Viridis Visconti at Wikimedia Commons