Catherine of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg

Catherine of Saxony (1421 – 23 August 1476) was a princess of Saxony by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage to Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg.

Catherine of Saxony
Died(1476-08-23)23 August 1476
Noble familyHouse of Wettin
Spouse(s)Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg
FatherFrederick I, Elector of Saxony
MotherCatherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg


Catherine was a daughter of the Elector Frederick I of Saxony (1370–1428) from his marriage to Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1395–1442), daughter of Duke Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

On 11 June 1441 Catherine married Elector Frederick II of Brandenburg (1413–1471) in Wittenberg. Frederick had earlier asked for Catherine's hand unsuccessfully. The promise of marriage was finally made as part of a contract that settled the conflict between Brandenburg and Saxony over the ownership of Lusatia and sealed an alliance between the two countries. The marriage turned out to be an unhappy one. Frederick had numerous affairs, and his son Erasmus was born out of wedlock.

The last years of their marriage the couple spent entirely separate, with Frederick living in Franconia and Catherine living in the Mark Brandenburg.


Catherine had three children with Frederick:

married in 1464 Duke John V of Saxe-Lauenburg (also counted IV; 1439-1507)
  • Margaret (born: 1449 or 1450; died: 1489)
married in 1477 Duke Bogislaw X of Pomerania (1454–1523)
  • John (c. 1452–1454)

References and sourcesEdit

  • Karl Florentin Leidenfrost: Churfürst Friedrich II und seine Brüder, Herzog Sigismund und Herzog Wilhelm von Sachsen, oder Geschichte Sachsens vom Jahr 1428–1440, written invitation to celebrate William day, 30 October 1827, Carl Schlotter, Jena, 1827, p. 68.
  • Andreas Tacke: Wir wollen der Liebe Raum geben. Konkubinate geistlicher und weltlicher Fürsten um 1500. Wallstein, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-8353-0052-0, p. 19.
Catherine of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg
Born: 1421 Died: 23 August 1476
German nobility
Title last held by
Elisabeth of Bavaria
Electress consort of Brandenburg
11 June 1441 – 1470
Title next held by
Anna of Saxony