Alingsås (Swedish pronunciation: [alɪŋˈsoːs] )[2] is a locality and the seat of Alingsås Municipality in Västra Götaland County, Sweden. It had 24,482 inhabitants in 2010.[1]

Alingsås
Statue of Jonas Alströmer located at "Stora Torget" in Alingsås.
Statue of Jonas Alströmer located at "Stora Torget" in Alingsås.
Alingsås is located in Västra Götaland
Alingsås
Alingsås
Alingsås is located in Sweden
Alingsås
Alingsås
Coordinates: 57°55′48″N 12°31′59″E / 57.93000°N 12.53306°E / 57.93000; 12.53306
CountrySweden
ProvinceVästergötland
CountyVästra Götaland County
MunicipalityAlingsås Municipality
Established1619
Area
 • City12.3523 km2 (4.7692 sq mi)
Elevation
66 m (217 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2010)[1]
 • City24,482
 • Density1,982/km2 (5,130/sq mi)
 • Urban
38,509
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
441 xx
Area code(+46) 322
WebsiteOfficial website

Geography

edit

Geographically the city is situated by the outlet of the small rivulet Säveån into lake Mjörn. Transportation links are provided by the western main line railway (Västra stambanan) between Stockholm and Gothenburg, and by motorway through the European route E20. Next to Alingsås you can also find a small village called Sollebrunn.[3]

History

edit

Alingsås was founded as inhabitants from the city Nya Lödöse were made homeless as Danish troops burnt it down. Gustavus Adolphus granted Alingsås its Royal Charter in 1619, which makes it older than Västra Götaland's largest city Gothenburg (which was granted its charter in 1621).[4][5]

Among its historical inhabitants is Jonas Alströmer, who was born in Alingsås in 1685. Alströmer is credited for introducing the potato plant to Sweden. He also established a large scale draper's industry there, which before long became Sweden's largest. However, some too-optimistic calculations, devastating fires and political setbacks finally forced its closure in 1779.[6]

In April 2021, archaeologists announced the discovery of 2,500-year-old Bronze Age ornaments which can be related with a woman of high status. Some of the necklaces, chains and pins, discovered by chance by the cartographer Tomas Karlsson, are very well preserved.[7][8][9]

Historical sites

edit
 
Alingsås c. 1700 in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.

In different locations in Alingsås you can find several round craters carved in the rock. These are called Giant's Kettles, and can vary a lot in size and depth. The biggest ones are in Brobacka, which is located on the way to Gräfsnäs.[10] The Giant's Kettles are common visiting sites for secondary school classes.

Gräfsnäs slottsruin is a castle ruin located by the lake Anten, just outside Alingsås. It was built in 1550 by Count Sten Eriksson Leijonhufvud, who already owned a castle on the other side of the lake, in Loholmen.[11] After Eriksson's death, 1568, his wife Ebba Månsson Leijonhufvud took care of the castle, and it would stay in the family until 1724. In 1634 the castle burnt to the ground, but was rebuilt as a magnificent castle in late renaissance style. In 1734 it burned down again, but the owner at that time rebuilt it to match what it had been. In 1834, exactly two hundred years after it had burnt for the first time, the castle was sold to Otto Ulfsparre for 110 000 barrels of schnapps. The day that the papers on the purchase were to be signed, the castle burnt - for the third time, with exactly 100 years between each of the three occasions. The last person to make the castle his permanent home was fisherman Nils Andersson, who paid his rent in fish. After his death, the roof was eventually removed to prevent the partying that the youths in the village were doing in the old castle. In 1911 the castle was restored by Västergötland-Göteborgs Järnvägs AB, and since 1930 it is cared for by Alingsås Municipality.[12] Alingsås museum was founded in 1928, and contains memorial collections of photographs and the municipal archives, as well as hosting several exhibitions. It has been closed to the public since spring 2010, due to rearrangement with the premises.[11]

Culture

edit

Alingsås is known for its cafes, 26 in total (in 2010),[13] and is often called "The Capital of Fika". Three of the cafes are included in the White Guide.[14]

Karin Boye, a Swedish writer, committed suicide in a forest in the Alingsås city district of Nolby in 1941. The place is now a memorial, and a popular visiting site for schoolclasses, taking the "Karin Boye tour".[15]

Alingsås has an art gallery, libraries and a museum.[16]

Yearly events

edit

Alingsås has a rich cultural life, and hosts a few different cultural events throughout the year. In October, Lights in Alingsås is held for one month; 6 European lighting designers get to light up selected sections of the city as they please.[11] To help them, they get about 65 international students of architecture, and together they have one week to create the vision of the lightning designers, who act as workshop leaders. The public can then either walk the tour themselves or in guided groups, and it has over the years become very popular internationally. The project is a cooperation between Alingsås Kommun and Professional Lighting Designers' Association since 2000.[11]

In the summer, a festival is hosted by Alingsås Kommun, called Potatisfestivalen (the Potato Festival). It is a city festival with different activities, such as concerts and performances.[17]

Education

edit

Sports

edit

Alingsås has several sports associations. Swimming, figure skating, ice hockey, track and field, orienteering, soccer, handball and floorball are some of the more popular sports. There are two health centres, which host different types of group training as well as providing training machines.[18]

AHK, the handball association of Alingsås, yearly hosts a tournament where teams from all over the country can join and play against each other. It is, according to the city's history and nickname, called Potatiscupen (the potato tournament).[19] The teams use the different schools in the area for accommodation.[19]

Alingsås FC United, a women's team, is the town's most reputable football club. The team currently competes in the Elitettan, the Swedish second tier of women's football below the Damallsvenskan.

Two men's football clubs also exist in the city, Holmalunds IF and Alingsås IF, both competing in the regional Division 3 Mellersta Götaland, in the fifth tier of Swedish football.[20]

City districts

edit
  • Hjälmared
  • Röhult
  • Rosendal
  • Dammhultet
  • Västra Ängabo
  • Östra Ängabo
  • Gråbo
  • Dammen
  • Prästeryd
  • Klinten
  • Hjortgården
  • Alefors
  • Grimsholmen
  • Nolby Kapell
  • Kristineholm
  • Holmalund
  • Stampen
  • Brogården
  • Nolby
  • Noltorp
  • Enehagen
  • Tegelbruket
  • Nolhaga
  • Sörhaga
  • Kulingsberg
  • Alfhem
  • Lövekulle
  • Eriksberg
  • Mariedal
  • Stadsskogen

Other

edit

There is a data center here.

References

edit
  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 4.
  3. ^ "Kvällsbuss till Sollebrunn tas bort". Alingsås Tidning. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  4. ^ Alingsås PDF[permanent dead link] Alingsås.se Retrieved 19 September 2015
  5. ^ "Från sigill till varumärke". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Från sigill till varumärke | Alingsås kommun". www.alingsas.se. Archived from the original on 2012-05-19.
  7. ^ "Bronze Age treasure found in Swedish forest by mapmaker". BBC News. 2021-04-30. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  8. ^ McGreevy, Nora. "Swedish Man Discovers Trove of Bronze Age Treasures Hidden in Plain Sight". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  9. ^ "Unique Bronze Age find just south of Alingsås". phys.org. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  10. ^ Hylander, Carl. Alingsås. Carl Hylander och William Michelsens Förlag, 1995, p.7.
  11. ^ a b c d "Lights in Alingsås". lightsinalingsas.se (in Swedish). Alingsås kommun. Archived from the original on 2 November 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
  12. ^ "Gräfsnäs Slottsruin" (PDF). alingsas.se (in Swedish). Alingsås kommun. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  13. ^ "Alingsås Historia". Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  14. ^ "Cafés in Alingsås".
  15. ^ "Karin Boye". karinboye.se (in Swedish). Karin Boye Sällskapet. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  16. ^ "Art & Culture".
  17. ^ "Potatisfestivalen". alingsas.se (in Swedish). Alingsås kommun. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  18. ^ "Alingsås Konståkningsklubb - Konståkning". Alingsås Konståkningsklubb. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  19. ^ a b "Alingsås HK - Nyheter". Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  20. ^ "Alingsås IF FF vit - Halvorstorps IS". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2015.