Al-Muqtadi

Al-Muqtadi (1056 – February 1094) (Arabic: المقتدي 'the follower') was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 1075 to 1094. He succeeded his grandfather caliph al-Qa'im in 1075 as the twenty-seventh Abbasid Caliph.

Al-Muqtadi
المقتدي
Khalīfah
Amir al-Mu'minin
27th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign2 April 1075 – 3 February 1094
PredecessorAl-Qa'im
SuccessorAl-Mustazhir
Born1056
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate now Iraq
Died3 February 1094 (aged 37–38)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate now Iraq
ConsortSara Khatun
Mah-i-Mulk Khatun
IssueAl-Mustazhir
DynastyAbbasid
FatherMuhammad
MotherUrjuwuan
ReligionIslam

BiographyEdit

He was born to Muhammad Dhakirat, the son of caliph Al-Qa'im, and an Armenian slave girl.[1]

He was honored by the Seljuk sultan Malik-Shah I, during whose reign the Caliphate was recognized throughout the extending range of Seljuk conquest. Arabia, with the Holy Cities, now recovered from the Fatimids, acknowledged again the spiritual jurisdiction of the Abbasids.

 
Gold Dinar minted with Al-Muqtadi and Malik Shah I name with the Kalima 484 AH/1091/2 AD. (Citing Al-Muqtadi as the overlord over Seljuk Sultanate)

Malik-Shah i arranged a marriage between his daughter and al-Muqtadi, possibly planning on the birth of a son who could serve as both caliph and sultan. Though the couple had a son, the mother left with her infant to the court of Isfahan. Following the failure of the marriage, the Sultan grew critical of the Caliph's interference in affairs of state, and sent an order for him to retire to Basra. The death of Malik-Shah I shortly after, however, made the command inoperative.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bennison, Amira K. (2009) The Great Caliphs: The Golden Age of the 'Abbasid Empire. Princeton: Yale University Press, p. 47. ISBN 0300167989
Al-Muqtadi
Born: 1056 Died: February 1094
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Al-Qa'im
Caliph of Islam
Abbasid Caliph

2 April 1075 – February 1094
Succeeded by
Al-Mustazhir