Sibt ibn al-Jawzi

Shams al-Din Abu al-Muzaffar Yusuf ibn Kizoghlu (c. 581AH/1185–654AH/1256),[1] famously known as Sibṭ ibn al-Jawzī (Arabic: سبط ابن الجوزي) was a notable preacher and historian.

Sibt ibn al-Jawzi
BornAH 581 (1185/1186)
DiedAH 654 (1256/1257)
EraIslamic golden age
RegionIraq and Syria
Main interest(s)History and Fiqh
Notable work(s)Mir’at al-zaman, The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law, Tazkirat ul-Khawas
Muslim leader


He is the grandson of the great Hanbali scholar Abul-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi.

His title "Sibt ibn al-Jawzi" denotes that he is the sibṭ (grandson) of Ibn al-Jawzi from his daughter's side.


Born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish freedman and Ibn al-Jawzi's daughter, he was raised by his famous grandfather.[1] After his grandfather's death he moved to Damascus, where he worked under the Ayyubids Sultans al-Mu'azzam, an-Nasir Dawud, and al-Ashraf.[2] In 1229, on an-Nasir's command, he gave a fiery sermon in the Umayyad Mosque denouncing the treaty of Jaffa with the Crusaders as Damascus prepared for the coming siege at the hands of al-Ashraf.[3]

Unlike his Hanbali grandfather, he was of the Hanafi madhhab, which was the judicial school common to those of Turkish descent and preferred by the Ayyubid Sultans.[1] He has also been described as having Shia tendencies, most notably by al-Dhahabi.[2] His historical writings, which include more critical accounts of Uthman compared to other sources, and Ibn Kathir's obituary of him have been given as evidence supporting this.[2]


  • Mir’at al-Zamān fī Tawarīkh al-'Ayān (مرآة الزمان في تواريخ الأعيان) 'Mirror of time in histories of the notables'; 23-volume encyclopedic biographical History. (Beirut, 2013, in Arabic.)
  • The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law (Arabic: al-Intisar wa al-Tarjih li al-Madhhab al-Sahih) - in praise of Abu Hanifa and his school.
  • Tazkirat ul-Khawasتذکرۃ الخواص-Introduced eminence of the heirs of Muhammad The Prophet of Islam

For more information on him and his works see:

  • Abjad Al-Ulum - Siddiq Hasan Al Qunuji
  • Kashf al-Zunun
  • Mu'jam al-matbu'at


  1. ^ a b c d Lewis, B.; Menage, V.L.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1971]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Vol. III (H-Iram). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 752. ISBN 9004081186.
  2. ^ a b c Keaney, Heather N. (2013-07-18). Medieval Islamic Historiography: Remembering Rebellion. Routledge. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-134-08099-1.
  3. ^ R. Stephen Humphreys, From Saladin to the Mongols: The Ayyubids of Damascus, 1193–1260 (State University of New York Press, 1977), p. 203.