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AMA Supercross Championship

  (Redirected from AMA Supercross)

The AMA Supercross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. Founded by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1974, the AMA Supercross Championship races are held from January through early May. Supercross is a variant of motocross which involves off-road motorcycles on a constructed dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles; the tracks are usually constructed inside a sports stadium. The easy accessibility and comfort of these stadium venues helped supercross surpass off-road motocross as a spectator attraction in the United States by the late 1970s.[1]

Monster Energy AMA Supercross, an FIM World Championship
Monster Energy AMA Supercross logo.png
CategoryMotorcycle racing
CountryUnited States
Inaugural season1974
Classes450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior
Riders50
ConstructorsHonda • Husqvarna · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha
Riders' championUnited States Cooper Webb
Teams' championRed Bull KTM Factory Racing
Official websitewww.supercrosslive.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first motocross race held on a race track inside a stadium took place on August 28, 1948, at Buffalo Stadium in the Paris suburb of Montrouge.[2] As the popularity of motocross surged in the United States in the late 1960s, Bill France added a professional motocross race to the 1971 Daytona Beach Bike Week schedule.[2] The 1972 race was held at Daytona International Speedway on an constructed track on the grass surface between the main grandstand and the pit lane.[2] Jimmy Weinert won the 250 class and Mark Blackwell was the winner of the 500 class.[2]

The event that paved the way for constructed, stadium-based motocross events was a 1972 race held in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, promoted by Mike Goodwin and Terry Tiernan, then-president of the AMA, and won by 16-year-old Marty Tripes.[2][3] It was billed as the "Super Bowl of Motocross" which led to the coining of the term "Supercross." The Super Bowl of Motocross II held the following year was an even greater success and, eventually evolved into the AMA Supercross championship held in stadiums across the United States and Canada.[2]

Motocross and Supercross eventually diverged into different forms of racing, with the latter displacing the Grand Prix world championship as the premier off-road motorcycle racing series.[1][2]

Originally, each of the AMA Supercross races were promoted by different companies, most notably Mike Goodwin in the West, Pace Motorsports in the Midwest and Southwest, and Super Sports in the East. In the 1980s, Mickey Thompson (MTEG) partnered Goodwin, then took over the West region. In the 1990s, MTEG went bankrupt and Super Sports sold its business to Pace, which became the single AMA Supercross promoter. In 1998, Pace was bought by SFX Entertainment, which was bought in turn by Clear Channel in 2000. The live events division of Clear Channel was split off as Live Nation in 2005, and the motorsports division was sold to Feld Entertainment in 2008, which currently promotes the championship.

While growing consistently since the '70s, the modern Supercross schedule since 1985 has become further compacted. The schedule would run from February to November, with both the "outdoor" (Motocross) and "indoor" (Supercross) schedules coinciding with each other during the year. By 1986, the schedule was compacted to a January to June schedule, and in 1998, the series adopted its present format, starting in early January and ending in early May, with races weekly except for Easter weekend (a traditional off-week for motorsport in the United States). In 2000, the present calendar was adopted with the season starting in the Los Angeles area on the Saturday after the first Thursday of January (between January 3-9) and ending with an early May race in Las Vegas, by which the Lucas Oil Motocross Championship "outdoor season" begins. By the early part of the 21st Century Supercross' popularity really took off.[1] In the United States, Supercross races today are now some of the most popular races regularly held.

The American Motorcyclist Association awards three Supercross Championships each year. They are the 450cc (was known as 250cc two-stroke), and both an East and West division on the 250cc (was 125cc two-stroke). Supercross racing classifications are governed by the displacement of the motorcycle's engine. They were based on two-stroke engines until 2006, when four-stroke engines replaced two-stroke engines. From 2007 until 2012, a formula nomenclature similar to IndyCar was used, with the 450cc class known as Supercross and 250cc as Supercross Lites. Starting in 2013, the AMA and Feld Motor Sports returned to the traditional nomenclature, based on four-stroke engines: 450cc (known as "MX1" in Europe), and 250cc (also known as "MX2"). The 450cc Champion has always been generally considered to be the most prestigious.

Since 2011, the final race of the season, known as the Monster Energy Cup for sponsorship reasons, is held at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. A US $1 million purse is available to the rider who wins all three featured races. Ryan Villopoto won the purse at the inaugural event in 2011, as did Marvin Musquin in the 2017 edition,[4] and Eli Tomac in the 2018 race.[5]

CalendarEdit

The AMA series begins in early January and continues until early-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 9 rounds in 250cc West Class and 9 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the twelfth round at Indianapolis in April and the final round at Las Vegas in May have an East-West Showdown, and 14 major stadiums and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) from all over North America.

Event formatEdit

Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In both classes, each heat race is five minutes plus one lap. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22-23 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is three minutes plus one lap, with the top four advancing to the final.

In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 minutes plus one lap in the 250cc class, and 20 minutes plus one lap for the 450cc class, with 25 championship points for the race win. At three races in 2018 (the second Anaheim, and also the Minneapolis and Atlanta rounds), a three-heat format will be used (six, ten, and twelve minutes for 250cc, eight, twelve, and fifteen minutes for 450cc), and rules similar to the Monster Energy Cup individual heat scoring will determine the overall race winner.

For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-minute heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps. In 2016, the East-West Shootout became a points-paying round where both regions' champions would be decided in the same feature. Starting in 2018, the combined East-West Shootout will also be held in the middle of the season, at the Indianapolis round.

Ever since the 2018 supercross season there has been three “Triple Crown” events every season. A triple crown event format is when instead of one 20 minute main event the riders are forced to race three shooter length races almost back to back to back. At the end of each race the riders are give a point for each position and the rider with the fewest points at the end of the night wins the event. Over the year the person who places the best over all of the main events will win the “triple crown cup” a trophy showing you skill in the triple crown format. The first winner of this event was Eli Tomac in 2018.

Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.

If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.

TrackEdit

Supercross tracks feature a combination of obstacles such as whoop sections (where riders skim along the tops of multiple bumps), rhythm sections (irregular series of jumps with a variety of combination options), and triple jumps (three jumps in a row that riders normally clear in a single leap of 70 feet or more). Many of the turns have banked berms, but some are flat. It takes roughly five hundred truckloads of dirt to make up a supercross track. Soil conditions can be hard-packed, soft, muddy, sandy, rutted, or any combination thereof.

AMA Supercross Championship winners by yearEdit

Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.[6][7][8][9]

Year 450cc Class
(formerly 250 cc 2-stroke)
250cc West
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke West)
250cc East
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke East)
2019   Cooper Webb   Dylan Ferrandis   Chase Sexton
2018   Jason Anderson   Aaron Plessinger   Zach Osborne
2017   Ryan Dungey   Justin Hill   Zach Osborne
2016   Ryan Dungey   Cooper Webb   Malcolm Stewart
2015   Ryan Dungey   Cooper Webb   Marvin Musquin
2014   Ryan Villopoto   Jason Anderson   Justin Bogle
2013   Ryan Villopoto   Ken Roczen   Wil Hahn
2012   Ryan Villopoto   Eli Tomac   Justin Barcia
2011   Ryan Villopoto   Broc Tickle   Justin Barcia
2010   Ryan Dungey   Jake Weimer   Christophe Pourcel
2009   James Stewart Jr.   Ryan Dungey   Christophe Pourcel
2008   Chad Reed   Jason Lawrence   Trey Canard
2007   James Stewart Jr.   Ryan Villopoto   Ben Townley
2006   Ricky Carmichael   Grant Langston   Davi Millsaps
2005   Ricky Carmichael   Ivan Tedesco   Grant Langston
2004   Chad Reed   Ivan Tedesco   James Stewart Jr.
2003   Ricky Carmichael   James Stewart Jr.   Branden Jesseman
2002   Ricky Carmichael   Travis Preston   Chad Reed
2001   Ricky Carmichael   Ernesto Fonseca   Travis Pastrana
2000   Jeremy McGrath   Shae Bentley   Stéphane Roncada
1999   Jeremy McGrath   Nathan Ramsey   Ernesto Fonseca
1998   Jeremy McGrath   John Dowd   Ricky Carmichael
1997   Jeff Emig   Kevin Windham   Tim Ferry
1996   Jeremy McGrath   Kevin Windham   Mickaël Pichon
1995   Jeremy McGrath   Damon Huffman   Mickaël Pichon
1994   Jeremy McGrath   Damon Huffman   Ezra Lusk
1993   Jeremy McGrath   Jimmy Gaddis   Doug Henry
1992   Jeff Stanton   Jeremy McGrath   Brian Swink
1991   Jean-Michel Bayle   Jeremy McGrath   Brian Swink
1990   Jeff Stanton   Ty Davis   Denny Stephenson
1989   Jeff Stanton   Jeff Matiasevich   Damon Bradshaw
1988   Rick Johnson   Jeff Matiasevich   Todd DeHoop
1987   Jeff Ward   Willie Surratt   Ron Tichenor
1986   Rick Johnson   Donny Schmit   Keith Turpin
1985   Jeff Ward   Bobby Moore   Eddie Warren
1984   Johnny O'Mara
1983   David Bailey
1982   Donnie Hansen
1981   Mark Barnett
1980   Mike Bell
1979   Bob Hannah
1978   Bob Hannah
1977   Bob Hannah
1976   Jimmy Weinert 500 cc Winner
1975   Jimmy Ellis   Steve Stackable
1974   Pierre Karsmakers   Gary Semics

Supercross All Time Wins ListEdit

All time Supercross wins list [10]
450/250 Class Wins 250/125 Class Wins Combined Wins
  Jeremy McGrath 72   James Stewart Jr. 18   Jeremy McGrath 85
  James Stewart Jr. 50   Nathan Ramsey 15   James Stewart Jr. 68
  Ricky Carmichael 48   Jeremy McGrath 13   Ricky Carmichael 60
  Chad Reed 44   Ricky Carmichael 12   Ryan Villopoto 52
  Ryan Villopoto 41   Ryan Dungey 12   Chad Reed 50
  Ryan Dungey 35   Kevin Windham 12   Ryan Dungey 46
  Ricky Johnson 28   Ernesto Fonseca 12   Eli Tomac 39
  Bob Hannah 27   Damon Huffman 12   Kevin Windham 30
  Eli Tomac 27   Brian Swink 12   Ricky Johnson 28
  Jeff Ward 20   Christophe Pourcel 12   Bob Hannah 27
  Damon Bradshaw 19   Eli Tomac 12
  Kevin Windham 18   Ryan Villopoto 11
  Jeff Stanton 17   Marvin Musquin 11
  Mark Barnett 17   Jeff Matiasevich 11
  Jean-Michel Bayle 16   Justin Barcia 11
  David Bailey 12   Cooper Webb 11
  Ezra Lusk 12   Adam Cianciarulo 11
  Ken Roczen 11   Mickaël Pichon 10
  Mike Bell 11   Ivan Tedesco 10
  Broc Glover 10   Jake Weimer 9
  Mike Larrocco 10   Denny Stephenson 8
  Ron Lechien 8   Keith Turpin 8
  Jimmy Ellis 8   Dean Wilson 8
  Marvin Musquin 8   Travis Pastrana 8
  Johnny O'Mara 7   Grant Langston 7
  David Vuillemin 7   Stéphane Roncada 7
  Jason Anderson 7   John Dowd 7
  Jeff Emig 7   Ezra Lusk 7
  Cooper Webb 7   Doug Henry 7
  Davi Millsaps 5   Trey Canard 7
  Mike Kiedrowski 5   Josh Hansen 7
  Kent Howerton 5   Davi Millsaps 7
  Trey Canard 5   Austin Forkner 7
  Jimmy Weinert 4   Damon Bradshaw 6
  Donnie Hansen 4   Justin Hill 6
  Doug Henry 4   Zach Osborne 6
  Darrell Schultz 4   Aaron Plessinger 6
  Marty Smith 3   Chad Reed 6
  Justin Barcia 3   Jeremy Martin 6
  Larry Ward 3   Shane McElrath 6
  Marty Tripes 2   Jeff Emig 6
  Tony DiStefano 2   Braden Jesseman 5
  Andrew Short 1   Jason Anderson 5
  Josh Grant 1   Joey Savatgy 5
  Josh Hill 1   Ken Roczen 5
  Nathan Ramsey 1   Andrew Short 5
  John Dowd 1   Cole Seely 5
  Sébastien Tortelli 1   Martin Davalos 5
  Damon Huffman 1   Ryan Hughes 4
  Greg Albertyn 1   Jimmy Button 4
  Michael Craig 1   Donnie Scmit 4
  Doug Dubach 1   Rich Tichenor 4
  Jeff Matiasevich 1   Willie Surratt 4
  Rex Staten 1   Blake Baggett 4
  Chuck Sun 1   Broc Sellards 4
  Steve Wise 1   Michael Brown 4
  Gaylon Mosier 1   Travis Preston 4
  Jaroslav Falta 1   David Vuillemin 4
  Jim Pomeroy 1   David Pingree 4
  Pierre Karsmakers 1   Jason Lawrence 3
  Rick Ryan 1   Ben Townley 3
  Justin Brayton 1   Malcom Stewart 3
  Blake Baggett 1   Justin Bogle 3
  Cole Seely 1   Jordon Smith 3
450/250 Class SX Championships

250/125 Class is a divisional championship featuring 2 regional champions per year

450/250 Class Titles 250/125 Class Titles
  Jeremy McGrath 7   Jeremy McGrath 2
  Ricky Carmichael 5   Jeff Matiasevich 2
  Ryan Villopoto 4   Brian Swink 2
  Ryan Dungey 4   Damon Huffman 2
  Jeff Stanton 3   Mickael Pichon 2
  Bob Hannah 3   Kevin Windham 2
  Chad Reed 2   Ivan Tedesco 2
  James Stewart Jr. 2   James Stewart Jr. 2
  Rick Johnson 2   Cooper Webb 2
  Jeff Ward 2   Brian Swink 2
  Jeff Emig 1   Grant Langston 2
  Jean-Michel Bayle 1   Christophe Pourcel 2
  Johnny O'Mara 1   Justin Barcia 2
  David Bailey 1   Zach Osborne 2
  Donnie Hansen 1   Ernesto Fonseca 2
  Mark Barnett 1   Malcolm Stewart 1
  Mike Bell 1   Aaron Plessinger 1
  Jimmy Weinert 1   Ryan Villopoto 1
  Jimmy Ellis 1   Marvin Musquin 1
  Pierre Karsmakers 1   Jake Weimer 1
  Jason Anderson 1   Ryan Dungey 1
  Cooper Webb 1   Eli Tomac 1
  Ken Roczen 1
  Ricky Carmichael 1
  Travis Pastrana 1
  Chad Reed 1
  Broc Tickle 1
  Wil Hahn 1
  Jason Anderson 1
  Jason Lawrence 1
  Jimmy Gaddis 1
  Justin Bogle 1
  Chase Sexton 1
  Dylan Ferrandis 1

Rookie Season ChampionsEdit

1993 Jeremy McGrath won the Supercross title in his rookie season.

In 2010, Ryan Dungey became the only rider to capture both the Supercross and Motocross titles in his rookie year.[11]

VenuesEdit

Sources:[12][13]

Venue City State/Province Period Type
Angel Stadium Anaheim California 1976–1979, 1981–1987,
1989–1996, 1999–present
Baseball
AT&T Stadium Arlington Texas 2010–present Football
CenturyLink Field Seattle Washington 2005–2014, 2017–present Football
Daytona International Speedway Daytona Beach Florida 1971–present Racetrack
The Dome at America's Center St. Louis Missouri 1996–2018, 2020–present Football
Ford Field Detroit Michigan 2006–2008, 2014–2017, 2019–present Football
Gillette Stadium Foxborough Massachusetts 2016, 2018, 2020–present Football
Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis Indiana 2009–present Football
Mercedes-Benz Stadium Atlanta Georgia 2018–present Football
Broncos Stadium at Mile High Denver Colorado 2019-present Football
Petco Park San Diego California 2015–present Baseball
Raymond James Stadium Tampa Florida 1999, 2018, 2020–present Football
Rice-Eccles Stadium Salt Lake City Utah 2001–2004, 2009–2013, 2017–2018, 2020–present Football
RingCentral Coliseum Oakland California 1979–1980, 1984, 2011–present Baseball / football
Sam Boyd Stadium Las Vegas Nevada 1990–1995, 1997–present Football
State Farm Stadium Glendale Arizona 2016–present Football
Astrodome Houston Texas 1974–2002 Baseball / football
AT&T Park San Francisco California 2003–2010 Baseball
Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium Atlanta Georgia 1977–1986, 1989–1992 Baseball / football
Charlotte Motor Speedway Charlotte North Carolina 1996–1998 Racetrack
Chase Field Phoenix Arizona 1999–2015 Baseball
Camping World Stadium Orlando Florida 1983–1985, 1991–1997, 2005–2007 Football
Dodger Stadium Los Angeles California 2011–2012 Baseball
Georgia Dome Atlanta Georgia 1993–2017 Football
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Minneapolis Minnesota 1994–2004, 2008, 2013 Baseball / football
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium Jacksonville Florida 2009–2011 Football
Kingdome Seattle Washington 1978–1999 Baseball / football
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara California 2015–2016 Football
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles California 1972–1979, 1981–1982,
1984–1992, 1997–1998
Football
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford New Jersey 2014–2017, 2019 Football
Mile High Stadium Denver Colorado 1996 Football
Nissan Stadium Nashville Tennessee 2019 Football
NRG Stadium Houston Texas 2003–2015, 2018–2019 Football
Mercedes-Benz Superdome New Orleans Louisiana 1977–1980, 1998–2002, 2009, 2012 Football
Qualcomm Stadium San Diego California 1980–1982, 1985–1987,
1989–1996, 1998–2014
Baseball / football
Rogers Centre Toronto Ontario 2008–2014, 2016–2017 Baseball / football
Route 66 Raceway Joliet Illinois 2000 Racetrack
Pontiac Silverdome Pontiac Michigan 1976–1984, 1986–2005 Football
Spartan Stadium San Jose California 1990–1995 Football
Sun Devil Stadium Phoenix Arizona 1986–1987, 1991, 1997–1998 Football
Tampa Stadium Tampa Florida 1987–1990, 1992–1994, 1996, 1998 Football
Texas Stadium Irving Texas 1975–1977, 1985–1989, 1991–2008 Football
Three Rivers Stadium Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 1978, 1983 Baseball / football
U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis Minnesota 2017–2019 Football
Arrowhead Stadium Kansas City Missouri 1980–1983 Football
John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1980 Football
RCA Dome Indianapolis Indiana 1992–2008 Football
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium Washington, D.C. 1983 Baseball / football
Foxboro Stadium Foxborough Massachusetts 1983–1984, 1990 Football
Rose Bowl Pasadena California 1983–1985, 1990, 1993 Football
Talladega Superspeedway Talladega Alabama 1984 Racetrack
New Era Field Orchard Park New York 1984 Football
Cal Expo Sacramento California 1984 Racetrack
Miami Orange Bowl Miami Florida 1987, 1989 Football
Giants Stadium East Rutherford New Jersey 1987–1991 Football
State Fair Speedway Oklahoma City Oklahoma 1989–1991 Racetrack
American Legion Memorial Stadium Charlotte North Carolina 1990–1995 Football
Tropicana Field St. Petersburg Florida 1991 Baseball / Football
Cleveland Stadium Cleveland Ohio 1995 Baseball / football
Cotton Bowl Dallas Texas 1983–1984, 1990 Football

World Supercross Championship winners by yearEdit

Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.[14][15][16]

Year 450 Class
2019 Cooper Webb
2018 Jason Anderson
2017 Ryan Dungey
2016 Ryan Dungey
2015 Ryan Dungey
2014 Ryan Villopoto
2013 Ryan Villopoto
2012 Ryan Villopoto
2011 Ryan Villopoto
2010 Ryan Dungey
2009 James Stewart, Jr.
2008 Chad Reed
2007 James Stewart, Jr.
2006 James Stewart, Jr.
2005 Ricky Carmichael
2004 Heath Voss
2003 Chad Reed

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Pro MX: Vital Signs Are Good". Google Books. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Taking Motocross to the people". motorcyclemuseum.org. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  3. ^ "The First Supercross". motorcyclistonline.com. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  4. ^ Stallo, Chase (October 12, 2016). "Monster Energy Cup Moments". Racer X Online. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  5. ^ https://racerxonline.com/results/2018/monster-energy-cup/monster-energy-cup
  6. ^ AMA Supercross Champions (USA) / SX / 450 (4-stroke) / 250 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ AMA Supercross Lites West Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived December 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ AMA Supercross Lites East Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ AMA Supercross 500 Champions (USA) / SX (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ 2017 AMA Supercross media guide
  11. ^ Moore, Eli (May 18, 2017). "Ryan Dungey: An Epic Career Part 2". redbull.com. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  12. ^ 2015 AMA Supercross media guide
  13. ^ The Vault - Racer X Online
  14. ^ 2003 World Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived March 12, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ 2004 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ 2005 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit