Year 91 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Philippus and Caesar (or, less frequently, year 663 Ab urbe condita) and the Second Year of Zhenghe. The denomination 91 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
91 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar91 BC
Ab urbe condita663
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 233
- PharaohPtolemy X Alexander, 17
Ancient Greek era172nd Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4660
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−683
Berber calendar860
Buddhist calendar454
Burmese calendar−728
Byzantine calendar5418–5419
Chinese calendar己丑年 (Earth Ox)
2607 or 2400
    — to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
2608 or 2401
Coptic calendar−374 – −373
Discordian calendar1076
Ethiopian calendar−98 – −97
Hebrew calendar3670–3671
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−34 – −33
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga3010–3011
Holocene calendar9910
Iranian calendar712 BP – 711 BP
Islamic calendar734 BH – 733 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2243
Minguo calendar2002 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1558
Seleucid era221/222 AG
Thai solar calendar452–453
Tibetan calendar阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
36 or −345 or −1117
    — to —
(male Iron-Tiger)
37 or −344 or −1116

Events edit

By place edit

Roman Republic edit

China edit

  • Witchcraft Trials
  • Emperor Wu of Han executes Prime Minister Gongsun He (the brother-in-law of Empress Wei Zifu) and his clan because Gongsun's son is accused of adultery with the emperor's daughter Princess Yangshi and witchcraft.
  • Following further accusations of witchcraft, the emperor executes hundreds of imperial officials and concubines.
  • After convincing the emperor that his ill health is caused by witchcraft, the prosecutor Jiang Chong is given charge of investigating the matter. People accuse each other of witchcraft, and tens of thousands are executed across China, including former generals Zhao Ponu and Gongsun Ao.[1]
  • July - After Jiang Chong frames Crown Prince Liu Ju of witchcraft and prevents communication between the prince and his father, Liu Ju kills Jiang, former general Han Yue and their followers. Due to miscommunication, the emperor misinterprets this as a rebellion against himself, and he orders Prime Minister Liu Qumao to march against Liu Ju.
  • After being defeated in Chang'an, Liu Ju and his mother, Empress Wei Zifu, commit suicide. Emperor Wu exterminates the followers of Liu Ju and their families.
  • Learning that the charges against Liu Ju were fabricated, Emperor Wu orders further executions.[2]
  • September - The Xiongnu invade the prefectures of Shanggu and Wuyuan.[3]

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 224–227. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  2. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 227–233. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  3. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 233. ISBN 978-1628944167.