88 (number)

88 (eighty-eight) is the natural number following 87 and preceding 89.

← 87 88 89 →
Cardinaleighty-eight
Ordinal88th
(eighty-eighth)
Factorization23 × 11
Divisors1, 2, 4, 8, 11, 22, 44, 88
Greek numeralΠΗ´
Roman numeralLXXXVIII
Binary10110002
Ternary100213
Quaternary11204
Quinary3235
Senary2246
Octal1308
Duodecimal7412
Hexadecimal5816
Vigesimal4820
Base 362G36

In mathematicsEdit

88 is:

88 and 945 are the smallest coprime abundant number.

In scienceEdit

Cultural significanceEdit

In Chinese cultureEdit

Number 88 symbolizes fortune and good luck in Chinese culture, since the word 8 sounds similar to the word (, which implies 發財, or wealth, in Mandarin or Cantonese). The number 8 is considered to be the luckiest number in Chinese culture, and prices in Chinese supermarkets often contain many 8s. The shape of the Chinese character for 8 () implies that a person will have a great, wide future as the character starts narrow and gets wider toward the bottom. The Chinese government has been auctioning auto license plates containing many 8s for tens of thousands of dollars. The 2008 Beijing Olympics opened at 8 p.m., 8 August 2008.[6]

In addition, 88 is also used to mean "bye bye (拜拜)" in Chinese-language chats, text messages, SMSs and IMs. 88 can be seen as shorthand for 8181, which when pronounced in standard Mandarin is almost identical to "bye bye".[citation needed]

In amateur radioEdit

In amateur radio, 88 is used as shorthand for "love and kisses" when signing a message or ending an exchange. It is used in spoken word (radiotelephony), Morse code (radiotelegraphy), and in various digital modes. It is considered rather more intimate than "73", which means "best regards"; therefore 73 is more often used. The two may be used together. Sometimes either expression is pluralized by appending an -s.[7] These number codes originate with the 92 Code adopted by Western Union in 1859.

In white nationalism and supremacismEdit

 
Nazi graffiti with the number 88

Neo-Nazis use the number 88 as an abbreviation for the Nazi salute Heil Hitler.[8] The letter H is eighth in the alphabet, whereby 88 becomes HH.[9]

Often, this number is associated with the number 14, e.g. 14/88, 14-88, or 1488; this number symbolizes the Fourteen Words coined by David Lane, a prominent white supremacist.[10] Example uses of 88 include the song "88 Rock 'n' Roll Band" by Landser, and the organizations Column 88 and Unit 88. The American Nazi Party uses 88 as part of a radio sign-off.[citation needed]

In 2020, President Trump's Trump Store was found to be offering a leather baseball for sale for $88, drawing attention to the significance of the number and whether it was intentionally used as the price of the item. [11]

In sportsEdit

In other fieldsEdit

  

Eighty-eight (88) is also:

  • a popular ice cream bar manufactured by GB Glace
  • the number of keys on a typical piano (36 black and 52 white); a piano is sometimes called an "eighty eight"
  • 88 Keys, character in the 1990 Dick Tracy film
  • The digits indicated when all the segments of two seven-segment displays are illuminated
  • Eighty Eight, a live album by the Christian rock band the 77s
  • in the titles of songs:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sloane's A033950 : Refactorable numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  2. ^ "Sloane's A006036 : Primitive pseudoperfect numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  3. ^ "Sloane's A005114 : Untouchable numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  4. ^ "Sloane's A051868 : 16-gonal (or hexadecagonal) numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  5. ^ "Sloane's A059756 : Erdős-Woods numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
  6. ^ Dubner, Stephen (2007-07-05). "Lucky 8's in China". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  7. ^ Zook, Glen (September 28, 2011). "88". Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  8. ^ "Racist Skinhead Glossary | Southern Poverty Law Center". Southern Poverty Law Center. 2006. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
  9. ^ Natsiviittaus Ariel-pesujauhepaketissa herättää pahennusta Saksassa, YLE Uutiset 9 May 2014. Accessed on 12 May 2014.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Trump company accused of neo-Nazi dog-whistle for selling branded baseball at $88". The Independent. 2020-06-29. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
  12. ^ "Cho's manifesto, page 11 - US news - Crime & courts - Massacre at Virginia Tech | NBC News".