2020 coronavirus pandemic in South Korea

The first confirmed case of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in South Korea was announced on 20 January 2020.[1] On 19 February, the number of confirmed cases increased by 20 and on 20 February by 58[2] or 70,[3] giving a total of 346 confirmed cases on 21 February 2020, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea (KCDC), with the sudden jump mostly attributed to "Patient 31" who participated in a gathering at a Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony church in Daegu.[3][4]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in South Korea
Coronavirus Outbreak in South Korea over Time.gif
Coronavirus pandemic in South Korea over time (since 20 January 2020).
 
  Number of cases (logarithmically)
  Day not included in map
  Day included in map
  Last day included in map
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSouth Korea
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseIncheon International Airport
Arrival date20 January 2020
(2 months, 1 week and 4 days)
Confirmed cases9,786
Suspected cases16,892
Recovered5,408
Deaths
162
Official website
ncov.mohw.go.kr/en
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

Amidst the fears of further contamination, mass gatherings in the affected cities were cancelled and a few hundred soldiers in Daegu are in isolation.[5][6] As of 4 February 2020, in order to help prevent the spread of COVID-19, South Korea is denying entry to foreigners traveling from Hubei Province.[7][8]

As of 24 March 2020, South Korea has about 9,037 cases and 120 deaths,[9] with over 348,582 people having been tested, a case fatality rate of 1.33%, which is lower than the WHO's global case fatality rate of 4.34%.[10]

South Korea introduced what was considered one of the largest and best-organised programs in the world, along with Taiwan,[11] Vietnam,[12] and Singapore.[13] Extensive measures have been taken to screen the population for the virus, and isolate any infected people as well as trace and quarantine those who contacted them.[14][15] The rapid and extensive measures taken by South Korea has been judged successful in limiting the spread of the outbreak despite not using the drastic measure of quarantining entire cities.[14][16][17]

In middle of March, South Korea successfully contained the Shincheonji cluster, however, excluding the Shincheonji cluster, the spreading trend has not diminished.[18]

Timeline

Map of special cities & municipals with confirmed or suspected coronavirus cases (as of 30 March):
  Confirmed cases reported
  Suspected cases reported
  14 days no confirmed cases
Map of special cities & municipals with confirmed or suspected coronavirus cases (as of 30 March):
  Confirmed 1–9
  Confirmed 10–99
  Confirmed 100–499
  Confirmed 500–999
  Confirmed 1000–9999
  Confirmed ≥10000
Confirmed cases per million inhabitants by province or city
Number of confirmed coronavirus cases by provinces & special cities.

During the first four weeks, South Korea controlled the potential spread of COVID-19 by using high-tech resources like tracking the use of credit cards and checking CCTV footage of confirmed patients. However, since 18 February, the number of cases increased to more than 1,700 after discovery of the fact that patient No. 31 was a member of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus. Some media reported that was difficult for KCDC to screen the patient because Shincheonji teaches that illness is sin. Many members were uncooperative with KCDC and could not be contacted.[19] Shincheonji denied this, and other sources report that the sect did cooperate with the authorities.[20] About half of confirmed cases were linked to the Shincheonji Church as of 27 February; this was verified by health officials.[21] As of 10 March, the KCDC was able to contact and test most of the Shincheonji Church members, with the total number of tests nationally standing at around 200,000.[citation needed]

20 January – 17 February

 
Shincheonji Daegu Church
 
Recommendations for preventing COVID-19 released by KCDC under the Ministry of Health and Welfare of South Korea.

On 20 January, the first confirmed case was identified as a 35-year-old Chinese woman. The first South Korean national to be infected occurred three days later was a 55-year-old man who worked in Wuhan and returned for a checkup with flu symptoms. The two infection reports were publicly released on 24 January.[1]

On 26 January, a third case as a 54-year-old South Korean man. He had used a rental car and visited three restaurants, a hotel, a convenience store and met his family before admitting himself to hospital. All these places were disinfected.[citation needed]

On 27 January, a fourth case was reported as a 55-year-old South Korean man who returned from Wuhan on 20 January. He first experienced flu symptoms on 21 January and suffered further complications four days later, eventually turning himself in. Both cases were tallied into formal records on 27 January.[22]

On 1 February, an update on the first four patients indicated that the first three patients were showing weaker symptoms and recovering well while the fourth patient was getting treatment from pneumonia. Rumours circulated that the fourth patient had died which health authorities denied.[23]

Two more confirmed cases were reported on 30 January with the fifth patient being a 32-year-old South Korean man who returned from his work at Wuhan on 24 January. The sixth patient was the first case in South Korea who had never visited Wuhan. The 56-year-old man caught the virus when visiting a restaurant with the third patient.[24]

On 31 January, a seventh patient was reported as a 28-year-old South Korean man returning from Wuhan on 23 January. He developed symptoms on 26 January, and was admitted to the hospital on 28 January.[25] On the same day, four more patients were admitted into the record as the eighth patient, 62-year-old South Korean woman, returned from Wuhan. The ninth patient caught the virus from the fifth patient through direct contact while the tenth and the eleventh patient were the wife and child who were infected while visiting the sixth patient.[26]

On 1 February, a 49-year-old Chinese national working in Japan as a tour guide was confirmed as the twelfth patient. He caught the virus while visiting a Japanese patient in Japan and entered South Korea through Gimpo International Airport on 19 January.[23] The KCDC confirmed an additional three cases on 2 February, bringing the total to fifteen.[27]

A woman, who had returned from Thailand after a five-day vacation, was tested positive and confirmed as the sixteenth case on 4 February.[28] Three more cases were confirmed on 5 February, bringing the total case count to 19. The seventeenth and nineteenth patients had attended a conference in Singapore and been in contact with an infected individual there.[29] The very same day the KCDC announced that the second patient had been released from hospital after being tested negative in consecutive tests, becoming the country's first coronavirus patient to fully recover.[30]

Details of the first 30 confirmed cases in South Korea (As of 17 February 2020)
Case Date Age Gender Nationality Place of stay Hospital of admission Visited Wuhan? Entry date Status Contacts of case Note Source
1 20 January 2020 35 Female Chinese Incheon Incheon Metropolitan City Medical Center, Incheon Yes 19 January 2020 Discharged (6 February 2020) 45 [31][32]
2 24 January 2020 55 Male Korean Seoul National Medical Center, Seoul Yes 22 January 2020 Discharged (5 February 2020) 75 [31][32]
3 26 January 2020 54 Male Korean Goyang Myongji Hospital, Goyang Yes 20 January 2020 Discharged (12 February 2020) 16 [31][32]
4 27 January 2020 55 Male Korean Pyeongtaek Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam Yes 20 January 2020 Discharged (9 February 2020) 95 [31][32]
5 30 January 2020 33 Male Korean Seoul Seoul Metropolitan City Seoul Medical Center, Seoul Yes 24 January 2020 In-patient 31 [31][32]
6 30 January 2020 55 Male Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (19 February 2020) 17 Friend of case 3 [31][32]
7 30 January 2020 28 Male Korean Seoul Seoul Metropolitan City Seoul Medical Center, Seoul Yes 23 January 2020 Discharged (15 February 2020) 9 [31][32]
8 31 January 2020 62 Female Korean Gunsan Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan Yes 23 January 2020 Discharged (12 February 2020) 113 [31][32]
9 31 January 2020 28 Female Korean Seoul Seoul Metropolitan City Seoul Medical Center, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (24 February 2020) 2 Friend of case 5 [31][32]
10 31 January 2020 54 Female Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (19 February 2020) 43 Wife of case 6 [31][32]
11 31 January 2020 25 Male Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (10 February 2020) 43 Son of case 6 [31][32]
12 1 February 2020 48 Male Chinese Bucheon Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam No 19 January 2020 (Japan) Discharged (18 February 2020) 422 Related to Japanese confirmed case [31][32]
13 2 February 2020 28 Male Korean Asan National Medical Center, Seoul Yes 31 January 2020 Discharged (24 February 2020) 0 Passenger on board the evacuation flights from Wuhan [31][32]
14 2 February 2020 40 Female Chinese Bucheon Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (18 February 2020) 3 Wife of case 12 [31][32]
15 2 February 2020 43 Male Korean Suwon Korean Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam Yes 20 January 2020 Discharged (24 February 2020) 15 [31][32]
16 4 February 2020 42 Female Korean Gwangju Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju No 19 January 2020 (Thailand) Discharged (19 February 2020) 450 [31][32]
17 5 February 2020 37 Male Korean Guri Myongji Hospital, Goyang No 24 January 2020 (Singapore) Discharged (12 February 2020) 290 Related to cases at Grand Hyatt Singapore [31][32]
18 5 February 2020 20 Female Korean Gwangju Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju No 19 January 2020 (Thailand) Discharged (19 February 2020) 8 Daughter of case 16 [31][32]
19 5 February 2020 36 Male Korean Seoul Seoul Metropolitan City Seoul Medical Center, Seoul No 23 January 2020 (Singapore) Discharged (21 February 2020) 68 Related to cases at Grand Hyatt Singapore [31][32]
20 5 February 2020 41 Female Korean Suwon Korean Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (24 February 2020) 2 Sister-in-law of case 15 [31][32]
21 5 February 2020 59 Female Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (29 February 2020) 6 Friend of case 6 [31][32]
22 6 February 2020 46 Male Korean Naju Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (15 February 2020) 1 Brother of case 16 [31][32]
23 6 February 2020 57 Female Chinese Seoul National Medical Center, Seoul Yes 23 January 2020 Discharged (29 February 2020) 23 [31][32]
24 6 February 2020 28 Male Korean Asan National Medical Center, Seoul Yes 31 January 2020 Discharged (27 February 2020) 0 Passenger on board the evacuation flights from Wuhan [31][32]
25 9 February 2020 73 Female Korean Siheung Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam No (Infection in Domestic) Discharged (22 February 2020) 12 Mother of case 26 [31][32]
26 9 February 2020 51 Male Korean Siheung Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Anseong Hospital, Anseong No 31 January 2020 (Guangdong) In-patient 12 [31][32]
27 9 February 2020 37 Female Chinese Siheung Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Anseong Hospital, Anseong No 31 January 2020 (Guangdong) In-patient 38 Wife of case 26 [31][32]
28 10 February 2020 30 Female Chinese Goyang Myongji Hospital, Goyang Yes 20 January 2020 Discharged (17 February 2020) 1 Friend of case 3 [31][32]
29 16 February 2020 82 Male Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) In-patient [31][32]
30 16 February 2020 68 Female Korean Seoul Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul No (Infection in Domestic) In-patient Wife of case 29 [31][32]

18 February – 29 February

 
Epidemic curve of COVID-19 in South Korea

On 18 February, South Korea confirmed its 31st case in Daegu, a member of the Shincheonji religious organisation. The patient continued to go to gatherings of Shincheonji days after showing symptoms, which are typically held with people in very close proximity and include physical contact of the members. Many of the patient's close contacts would turn out to be infected, triggering a drastic escalation of the South Korean spread of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection.[33][34]

On 19 February, the number of confirmed cases increased by 20. On 20 February 70[3] new cases were confirmed, giving a total of 104 confirmed cases, according to the KCDC. According to Reuters, KCDC attributed the sudden jump of 70 cases linked to "Patient No. 31", who had participated in a gathering in Daegu at the Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony.[3]

On 20 February, the streets of Daegu were empty in reaction to the Shincheonji outbreak. A resident described the reaction, stating "It's like someone dropped a bomb in the middle of the city. It looks like a zombie apocalypse."[3] The first death was reported[35] in a mental ward of Cheongdo Daenam Hospital in Cheongdo County. According to the mayor of Daegu, the number of suspected cases as of 21 February was 544 among 4,400 examined followers of the church.[36] The hospital was suspected as the source of the present outbreak after it was visited by a woman who became the second fatal case of South Korea on that day. Upon investigation, it was determined that the infection had spread to that hospital through a funeral ceremony attended by members of the church.[37][38]

All South Korean military bases were on lockdown after tests confirmed three soldiers to be positive for the virus.[37] Airlines cut connections and cultural schedules were being canceled due to fears of further spread.[39][40] United States Forces Korea raised the alert level from low to moderate and cut off non-essential travel to and from USFK Daegu.[41] USFK Daegu's school facilities were closed and non-essential personnel were ordered to stay at home while any visitors going there were not allowed to enter.[41] USFK announced that the widow of a retired soldier who was in Daegu was diagnosed to be positive for the virus on 24 February.[42] Camp Humphreys enacted virus detection protocols, including temperature checks and raised the alert level to high.[43] On 26 February, an American soldier based at Camp Carroll was diagnosed to be positive and was quarantined away from bases via off-base housing unit[44] with contact tracing done that showed his movements to Camp Walker.[45]

As of 22 February, among 9,336 followers of the church, 1,261 reported symptoms.[46] At the time, 169 confirmed cases involved the same church and another 111 came from the Cheongdo Daenam Hospital.[47] 23 February saw another 123 cases with 75 being from Shincheonji[48] and 24 February saw 161 additional cases with 129 being from the same religious group. Over 27,000 people have been tested for the virus with 19,127 negative results.[49]

On 24 February 15 countries imposed travel restrictions to and from South Korea.[50] It was also reported that a senior health official overseeing the COVID-19 efforts in Daegu tested positive and was also a member of Shincheonji.[51][52] Within a few days, a petition to the nation's president urging for the disbandment of the church had over 750,000 signatures. Their headquarters in Gwacheon was raided by law enforcement and government officials said all 245,000 members of the religious group would be found and tested.[52]

On 28 February, over 2,000 confirmed cases were reported.[53]

March

On 2 March, there were over 4,200 confirmed cases.[54] With an additional 4,000 cases of COVID-19 within two weeks, and roughly 60% of the total infections nationwide having stemmed from the church, the Seoul city government asked prosecutors to press charges against the religious group's founder and senior members for murder, causing harm, and for violating the Infectious Disease and Control Act.[55] Interviews have occurred with all 230,000 members of the religious group and nearly 9,000 were said to be showing symptoms of the virus.[56] Due to the number of infections in the country, ninety-five countries have banned or limited entry for South Korean passport holders.[57] Testing is also conducted at drive-through testing sites where patients do not leave their vehicles, but are met by medical personnel in hazmat suits over several stations. The process is completed in a few minutes and results come in several days.[58] On 8 March, KCDC in South Korea announced that 79.4% of confirmed COVID-19 cases were related to group infection. KCDC also announced that outbreak associated with Shincheonji Church totaled 4,482 infections, accounting for 62.8% of the total confirmed cases.[59][60]

13 March was the first time since the outbreak on 20 January in which the number of recoveries, 177, was larger than the number of those who newly tested positive, 110.[61][62][63] However, with the recent cluster of cases in the Seoul Capital Area, there are new fears that infections may rise sharply.[64]

The controversy about Shincheonji also continued, and generated international interest. After the lawsuit started by the Mayor of Seoul, the police raided the church premises to check whether the list of members supplied by Shincheonji pursuant to a request by the authorities was, as the Mayor argued, not complete. The authorities checked the list seized during the raid with the one Shincheonji had supplied, and concluded that discrepancies were minor.[65]

The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) expressed concern that religious freedom rights of Shincheonji members may be violated in South Korea by "exaggerating the church's role in the outbreak," and stated that, "USCIRF has received reports of individuals encountering discrimination at work and spousal abuse because of their affiliation with the church."[66] USCIRF reported that South Korean "Vice Minister of Health Kim Kang-lip has publicly stated that the Shincheonji church has cooperated with authorities."[66] The Belgian NGO Human Rights Without Frontiers released a "White Paper" claiming that, although it did make "mistakes" in its management of the crisis, Shincheonji had also been discriminated because of its status as an unpopular group in South Korea.[67]

On 17 March, around 79 church devotees were infected with the virus after attending the River of Grace Community Church. The infections were claimed to have been caused by spraying salt-water into followers' mouths, under the belief that this would protect them from the virus.[68][69] Nearly 140 churches in Gyeonggi Province, which surrounds Seoul and is part of the Greater Seoul Area, will be closed if they do not implement preventative measures, including temperature checks, two-meter separation, and the wearing of masks.[70] As more churches are holding services despite a government order for social distancing, on 30 March, the controversial Manmin Central Church in Guro, Seoul became a cluster with 22 infections linked to a gathering in early March in which the group was preparing stock footage to use for online worship services. Other church clusters have appears in the cities of Suwon, Busan, Geochang, and Bucheon.[71]

April – present outbreak

As infection rates have risen outside Korea leading to increases of sick arriving in the country (476 of 9,661 cases were imported as of 30 March), the KCDC will be implanting stronger infectious disease control measures for travelers coming from overseas as of 1 April. Additionally, new self-quarantine measures for travelers coming from Europe or the United States will be in effect from the same day.[72]

Statistics

COVID-19 cases in South Korea  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-20
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-01-24
2(+100%)
2020-01-25
2(=)
2020-01-26
3(+50%)
2020-01-27
4(+33%)
4(=)
2020-01-30
6(+50%)
2020-01-31
11(+83%)
2020-02-01
12(+9.1%)
2020-02-02
15(+25%)
2020-02-03
15(=)
2020-02-04
16(+6.7%)
2020-02-05
19(+19%)
2020-02-06
23(+21%)
2020-02-07
24(+4.3%)
2020-02-08
24(=)
2020-02-09
27(+13%)
2020-02-10
27(=)
2020-02-11
28(+3.7%)
28(=)
2020-02-16
29(+3.6%)
2020-02-17
30(+3.4%)
2020-02-18
31(+3.3%)
2020-02-19
51(+65%)
2020-02-20
104(+104%) 1(n.a.)
2020-02-21
204(+96%) 2(+1)
2020-02-22
433(+112%) 2(=)
2020-02-23
602(+39%) 4(+2)
2020-02-24
833(+38%) 7(+3)
2020-02-25
977(+17%) 10(+3)
2020-02-26
1,261(+29%) 12(+2)
2020-02-27
1,766(+40%) 13(+1)
2020-02-28
2,337(+32%) 13(=)
2020-02-29
3,150(+35%) 17(+4)
2020-03-01
4,212(+34%) 22(+5)
2020-03-02
4,812(+14%) 28(+6)
2020-03-03
5,328(+11%) 32(+4)
2020-03-04
5,766(+8.2%) 35(+3)
2020-03-05
6,284(+9.0%) 42(+7)
2020-03-06
6,767(+7.7%) 44(+2)
2020-03-07
7,134(+5.4%) 50(+6)
2020-03-08
7,382(+3.5%) 51(+1)
2020-03-09
7,513(+1.8%) 54(+3)
2020-03-10
7,755(+3.2%) 60(+6)
2020-03-11
7,869(+1.5%) 66(+6)
2020-03-12
7,979(+1.4%) 67(+1)
2020-03-13
8,086(+1.3%) 72(+5)
2020-03-14
8,162(+0.94%) 75(+3)
2020-03-15
8,236(+0.90%) 75(=)
2020-03-16
8,320(+1.0%) 81(+6)
2020-03-17
8,413(+1.1%) 84(+3)
2020-03-18
8,565(+1.8%) 91(+7)
2020-03-19
8,652(+1.0%) 94(+3)
2020-03-20
8,799(+1.7%) 102(+8)
2020-03-21
8,897(+1.1%) 104(+2)
2020-03-22
8,961(+0.72%) 111(+7)
2020-03-23
9,037(+0.85%) 120(+9)
2020-03-24
9,137(+1.1%) 126(+6)
2020-03-25
9,241(+1.1%) 131(+5)
2020-03-26
9,332(+0.98%) 139(+8)
2020-03-27
9,478(+1.6%) 144(+5)
2020-03-28
9,583(+1.1%) 152(+8)
2020-03-29
9,661(+0.81%) 158(+6)
2020-03-30
9,786(+1.3%) 162(+4)
Data sourced from KCDC; see the statistics for detailed references.

COVID-19 cases in South Korea by region ()[73]

Region No. of
cases
(%) Incidence rate
(per 0.1M)
Isolated Discharged Deceased
Total 9,661 (100) 18.63 4,275 5,228 158
  Seoul 426 (4.41) 4.38 334 92 0
  Busan 118 (1.22) 3.46 28 87 3
  Daegu 6,624 (68.56) 271.87 2,676 3,837 111
  Incheon 58 (0.60) 1.96 45 15 0
  Gwangju 20 (0.21) 1.37 7 13 0
  Daejeon 34 (0.35) 2.31 17 17 0
  Ulsan 39 (0.40) 3.40 20 19 0
  Sejong 46 (0.48) 13.44 34 12 0
  Gyeonggi 463 (4.79) 3.49 298 160 5
  Gangwon 36 (0.37) 2.34 14 21 1
  Chungbuk 44 (0.46) 2.75 23 21 0
  Chungnam 127 (1.31) 5.98 44 83 0
  Jeonbuk 13 (0.13) 0.72 6 7 0
  Jeonnam 9 (0.09) 0.48 6 3 0
  Gyeongbuk 1,298 (13.44) 48.75 488 772 38
  Gyeongnam 95 (0.98) 2.83 30 65 0
  Jeju 9 (0.09) 1.34 5 4 0
Airport Screening 202 (2.09) - 202 0 0
Data as of 2020/03/30 00:00 KST.

Largest COVID-19 clusters in South Korea ()

No Cluster Location Cases As of
1 Shincheonji Church of Jesus Daegu 5,080 25 March[74]
2 Guro District call center Guro District, Seoul 158 24 March[75]
3 Daenam hospital Cheongdo County 119 20 March[76]
4 Cheonan sport facilities Cheonan 104 20 March[76]
5 Hansalang Nursing Hospital Daegu 101 25 March[74]
6 Bonghwa Puleun Nursing home Bonghwa County 67 20 March[76]
7 Seongnam Eunhyeuigang Seongnam 65 20 March[76]
8 Pilgrimage tour to Israel Uiseong County 49 20 March[76]

COVID-19 cases in South Korea by clusters ()[73]

Region Sub-total Epidemiological links Others
n (%) Details n (%)
Seoul 334 233 (69.8%) Guro-gu call center (95), Dongan Church-PC Cafe (20), Eunpyeong St Mary's Hospital (14), Seongdong-gu APT (13), Jongno-gu (10), Shincheonji (6), Seongnam Grace River Church (4), etc. 101 (30.2%)
Busan 111 80 (72.1%) Onchun Church (32), Shincheonji (11), Suyeong-gu Kindergarten (5), Haeundae-gu Jangsan Catholic Church (4), Jin-gu private academy (4), Daenam Hospital (1), etc. 31 (27.9%)
Daegu 6,442 5,358 (83.2%) Shincheonji (4,383), contacts of confirmed cases (710), Hansarang Convalescent Hospital (92), Daesil Convalescent Hospital (78), KimSin Recuperation Hospital (31), Kwak's Hospital (15), Baesung Hospital (11), etc. 1,084 (16.8%)
Incheon 41 32 (78.0%) Guro-gu call center (20), contacts of confirmed cases (6), company in Seocho-gu (3), Shincheonji (2), existing imported cases (1) 9 (22.0%)
Gwangju 19 15 (78.9%) Shincheonji (9), contacts of confirmed cases (5), existing imported cases (1) 4 (21.1%)
Daejeon 24 13 (54.2%) Contacts of confirmed cases (9), Shincheonji (2), Seosan research center (2) 11 (45.8%)
Ulsan 36 26 (72.2%) Shincheonji (16), contacts of confirmed cases (10) 10 (27.8%)
Sejong 42 38 (90.5%) Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (29), gym facilities (8), Shincheonji (1) 4 (9.5%)
Gyeonggi 366 293 (80.1%) Seongnam Grace River Church (65), Bundang Je-saeng Hospital (42), Guro-gu call center-Bucheon SaengMyeongSu Church (43), Shincheonji (30), Suwon SaengMyeongSaem Church (12), Hyosarang Nursing Home in Gunpo (6), etc. 73 (19.9%)
Gangwon 30 21 (70.0%) Shincheonji (20), gym facilities in Cheonan (1) 9 (30.0%)
Chungbuk 38 31 (81.6%) Shincheonji (11), Goesan-gun Jangyeon-myeon (11), contacts of confirmed cases (9) 7 (18.4%)
Chungnam 120 112 (93.3%) Gym facilities in Cheonan (103), Seosan research center (8), Seongnam Grace River Church (1) 8 (6.7%)
Jeonbuk 10 4 (40.0%) Contacts of confirmed cases (2), existing imported cases (1), Shincheonji (1) 6 (60.0%)
Jeonnam 6 4 (66.7%) Shincheonji (1), existing imported cases (1), contacts of confirmed cases (2) 2 (33.3%)
Gyeongbuk 1,257 932 (74.1%) Shincheonji (541), Cheongdo Daenam Hospital (120), Bonghwa Pureun Nursing Home (68), pilgrimage to Israel (49), Seo Recuperation Hosopital in Gyeongsan (32), Milal Shelter (27), Gyeongsan Seorin Nursing Home (25), Gyeongsan Cham Joeun Community Center (18), etc. 325 (25.9%)
Gyeongnam 90 73 (81.1%) Shincheonji (32), Geochang Church (10), Geochang Woongyang-myeon (8), Hanmaeum Changwon Hospital (7), Changyeong coin karaoke (7), contacts of confirmed cases (7), Busan Oncheon Church (2) 17 (18.9%)
Jeju 4 - - 4 (100.0%)
Airport 67 - - Imported cases (67) 67 (100.0%)
Total 9,037 7,265 (80.4%) Shincheonji 5,066 (56.1%) 1,772 (19.6%)
Note: data by 2020/03/24 00:00 in KST.

New COVID-19 cases reported in South Korea by region ()

Report as of Gyeonggi
Gangwon
Gyeongsang Chungcheong Jeolla
Airport Screening
Confirmed Deaths Tested Disch.
Date Time
Incheon
Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gyeongbuk
Daegu
Gyeongnam
Busan
Ulsan
Chungbuk
Sejong
Daejeon
Chungnam
Jeonbuk
Gwangju
Jeonnam
Jeju
New Total New Total Total
Current
Total
Sources
2020-01-20 N/A 1 1 1 - - 4 0 N/A [31][77]
2020-01-24 N/A 1 1 2 - - 27 0 N/A [78]
2020-01-26 N/A 1 1 3 - - 51 1 N/A [79]
2020-01-27 N/A 1 1 4 - - 61 1 N/A [80]
2020-01-30 9:00 - 4 - - 244 41 N/A [81]
24:00 3 3 7 - - N/A N/A N/A [82][83]
2020-01-31 N/A 3 1 4 11 - - N/A N/A N/A [84]
2020-02-01 9:00 1 1 12 - - 371 70 N/A [85]
2020-02-02 9:00 2 3[i 1] 15 - - 429 87 N/A [86]
2020-02-04 10:00 1 1 16 - - 607 129 N/A [87]
2020-02-05 10:00 1 1 2 18 - - 714 174 N/A [88]
2020-02-06 9:00 3 1 1 5 23 - - 885 169 N/A [89]
2020-02-07 9:00 1[i 1] 24 - - 1,130 264 2 [90]
2020-02-09 9:00 1 1 25 - - 2,340 960 2 [91]
16:30 2 2 27 - - 2,598 888 3 [92]
2020-02-11 9:00 1 1 28 - - 3,629 865 4 [93]
2020-02-16 9:00 1 1 29 - - 7,919 408 9 [94]
2020-02-17 9:00 1 1 30 - - 8,171 577 9 [95]
Date Time
Incheon
Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon
Gyeongbuk
Daegu
Gyeongnam
Busan
Ulsan
Chungbuk
Sejong
Daejeon
Chungnam
Jeonbuk
Gwangju
Jeonnam
Jeju
Airport
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
2020-02-18 9:00 1 1 31 - - 9,265 957 10 [96]
2020-02-19 9:00 2 3 10 15 46 - - 10,411 1,030 12 [97]
16:00 5 5 51 - - 11,173 1,149 16 [98]
2020-02-20 9:00 1 8 22 31 82 - - 12,161 1,633 16 [99]
16:00 1 (1)13 8 22 104 1 1 13,202 1,860 16 [100]
2020-02-21 9:00 3 1 (1)3 38 2 1 1 1 1 1 52 156 1 2 14,816 2,707 16 [101]
16:00 2 1 42 2 1 48 204 - 2 16,400 3,180 17 [102]
2020-02-22 9:00 2 103 28 2 2 1[103] 1 1 1 1 142 346 - 2 19,621 5,481 17 [104]
16:00 3 4 5 14 55 1 1[105] 1 2 1 87 433 - 2 21,586 6,037 18 [106]
2020-02-23 9:00 2 (2)20 93 4 2 1 1 123 556 2 4 22,633 6,039 18 [107]
16:00 1 2 5 (1)24 6 6 1 1 46 602 - 4 25,577 8,057 18 [108]
2020-02-24 9:00 3 10 (3)11 131 3 2 1 161 763 3 7 27,852 8,725 18 [109]
16:00 1 1 12 42 13 1 70 833 - 7 31,923 11,631 22 [110]
2020-02-25 9:00 2 5 (1)33 16 1 3 60 893 1 8 36,716 13,273 22 [111]
16:00 4 2 (2)23 44 2 5 1 1 1 84 977 2 10 40,304 13,880 22 [112]
2020-02-26 9:00 1 4 (1)1 19 134 2 8 169 1,146 1 11 46,127 16,734 22 [113]
16:00 4 8 49 (1)33 9 8 1 2 1 115 1,261 1 12 53,553 20,716 24 [114]
2020-02-27 9:00 6 4 4 307 2 2 3 4 334 1,595 - 12 57,990 21,097 24 [115]
16:00 1 7 24 (1)115 7 3 5 1 1 5 2 171 1,766 1 13 66,652 25,568 26 [116]
2020-02-28 9:00 1 6 4 49 182 3 2 1 4 4 256 2,022 - 13 70,940 24,751 26 [117]
16:00 6 1 15 265 3 2 3 1 19 315 2,337 - 13 81,167 30,237 27 [118]
2020-02-29 9:00 2 12 4 60 (3)476 10 12 3 1 13 2 594 2,931 3 16 85,963 29,154 27 [119]
16:00 3 6 19 181 3 −1[i 2] 7 219 3,150 1 17 94,055 35,182 28 [120]
Date Time
Incheon
Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon
Gyeongbuk
Daegu
Gyeongnam
Busan
Ulsan
Chungbuk
Sejong
Daejeon
Chungnam
Jeonbuk
Gwangju
Jeonnam
Jeju
Airport
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
2020-03-01 9:00 5 2 26 333 3 1 1 5 376 3,526 - 17 96,985 32,422 30 [121]
16:00 5 5 8 41 (1)136 1 2 3 8 1 210 3,736 1 18 98,921 33,360 30 [122]
24:00 1 4 3 4 68 377 1 5 1 10 2 476 4,212 4 22 109,591 33,799 31 [123]
2020-03-02 24:00 7 2 1 61 519 2 1 3 1 2 1 600 4,812 6 28 125,851 35,555 34 [124]
2020-03-03 24:00 2 1 7 1 89 405 1 3 3 1 1 2 516 5,328 4 32 136,707 28,414 41 [125]
2020-03-04 24:00 4 9 2 87 320 9 −1 1 1 4 1 1 438 5,766 3 35 146,541 21,810 88 [126]
2020-03-05 24:00 2 10 2 123 367 3 3 3 2 4 −1 518 6,284 7 42 164,740 21,832 108 [127]
2020-03-06 24:00 3 10 (1)1 65 390 5 1 5 1 2 483 6,767 2 44 178,189 19,620 118 [128]
2020-03-07 24:00 12 11 1 32 297 1 1 1 4 6 1 367 7,134 6 50 188,518 19,376 130 [129]
2020-03-08 24:00 10 11 1 26 190 −1 1 4 3 1 2 248 7,382 1 51 196,618 17,458 166 [130]
2020-03-09 24:00 4 11 11 10 (3)92 2 2 −1 131 7,513 3 54 210,144 18,452 247 [131]
2020-03-10 24:00 12 52 12 1 18 (6)131 1 2 1 2 2 8 242 7,755 6 60 222,395 18,540 288 [132]
2020-03-11 24:00 19 3 (2)8 (4)73 1 1 5 2 2 114 7,869 6 66 234,998 17,727 333 [133]
2020-03-12 24:00 2 13 (1)7 4 61 1 2 17 2 1 110 7,979 1 67 248,647 17,940 510 [134]
2020-03-13 24:00 1 13 (1)15 (1)6 (3)62 3 1 6 107 8,086 5 72 261,335 17,634 714 [135]
2020-03-14 24:00 2 9 11 4 (2)41 (1)3 1 3 1 1 76 8,162 3 75 268,212 16,272 834 [136]
2020-03-15 24:00 6 20 7 35 1 1 4 74 8,236 - 75 274,504 14,971 1,137 [137]
2020-03-16 24:00 1 12 31 (2)5 (4)32 1 2 84 8,320 6 81 286,716 17,291 1,401 [138]
2020-03-17 24:00 1 5 15 1 (2)9 (1)46 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 5 93 8,413 3 84 295,647 16,346 1,540 [139]
2020-03-18 24:00 12 18 12 (7)97 6 1 1 5 152 8,565 7 91 307,024 15,904 1,947 [140]
2020-03-19 24:00 4 17 14 (1)13 (2)34 1 1 1 1 1 87 8,652 3 94 316,664 15,525 2,233 [141]
2020-03-20 24:00 4 15 12 (2)40 (6)69 1 6 147 8,799 8 102 327,509 15,704 2,612 [142]
2020-03-21 24:00 10 16 11 (2)43 1 1 2 1 1 1 11 98 8,897 2 104 331,780 14,540 2,909 [143]
2020-03-22 24:00 6 14 2 (7)24 1 1 2 1 13 64 8,961 7 111 338,036 13,628 3,166 [144]
2020-03-23 24:00 1 4 (1)15 (2)1 (6)31 1 2 1 20 76 9,037 9 120 348,582 15,440 3,507 [145]
2020-03-24 24:00 1 13 21 1 (2)5 (4)14 1 1 2 3 2 2 34 100 9,137 6 126 357,896 14,278 3,730 [146]
2020-03-25 24:00 1 13 14 (2)12 (2)26 (1) 1 6 1 30 104 9,241 5 131 364,942 14,369 4,144 [147]
2020-03-26 24:00 3 12 11 (4)9 (4)34 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 13 91 9,332 8 139 376,961 15,219 4,528 [148]
2020-03-27 24:00 5 18 (1)21 1 (1)2 (3)71 1 2 1 24 146 9,478 5 144 387,925 16,564 4,811 [149]
2020-03-28 24:00 7 20 15 2 (2)2 (5)23 3 (1)3 2 3 1 2 1 21 105 9,583 8 152 394,141 15,028 5,033 [150]
2020-03-29 24:00 16 15 2 (1)11 (5)14 1 1 3 1 1 13 78 9,661 6 158 395,194 13,531 5,228 [151]
2020-03-30 24:00 6 24 (1)13 2 (3)60 1 1 2 1 15 125 9,786 4 162 410,564 16,892 5,408 [152]
Total Cases 64 450 476 36 1300 6684 96 119 39 44 46 36 128 13 20 9 9 217 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deaths 6 1 38 114 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Date Time
Incheon
Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon
Gyeongbuk
Daegu
Gyeongnam
Busan
Ulsan
Chungbuk
Sejong
Daejeon
Chungnam
Jeonbuk
Gwangju
Jeonnam
Jeju
Airport Screening
New Total New Total Total
Current
Total
Sources
of Report Gyeonggi Gyeongsang Chungcheong Jeolla Cases Deaths Tested Disch.
Sources [153] [154] [155] [156] [157] [158] [159] [160] [161] [162] [163] [164] [165] [166] [167] [168] [169]
Notes:
The sum for a single region may not match its total because the daily numbers are based on the locations of report; a case may change its classification after epidemiological investigation.
Numbers in parentheses denote new deaths among the region's all confirmed cases.
  1. ^ a b Includes one case repatriated from abroad.
  2. ^ Location transfer to Daegu after epidemiological investigation.

By gender and age

Current confirmed COVID-19 cases in South Korea by gender and age ()

Classification Cases Fatal cases
Number (%) Number (%) Rate (%)
All 9,661 (100) 158 (100) 1.64
Sex Male 3,834 (39.69) 80 (50.63) 2.09
Female 5,827 (60.31) 78 (49.37) 1.34
Age Above 80 437 (4.52) 80 (50.63) 18.31
70–79 640 (6.62) 45 (28.48) 7.03
60–69 1,218 (12.61) 21 (13.29) 1.72
50–59 1,812 (18.76) 10 (6.33) 0.55
40–49 1,297 (13.43) 1 (0.63) 0.08
30–39 1,002 (10.37) 1 (0.63) 0.10
20–29 2,630 (27.22) 0 (0.00) -
10–19 513 (5.31) 0 (0.00) -
0–9 112 (1.16) 0 (0.00) -
Source: analysis by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention[170] Data as of 2020/03/30 00:00 KST.
 
 

Chart

 
Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Containment

In its efforts to fight and contain the virus, South Korea has combined testing with contact tracing.[citation needed]

Infected South Koreans are required to go into isolation in government shelters. Their phones and credit card data are used to trace their prior movements and find their contacts. Those who are determined to have been near the infected individual receive phone alerts with information about their prior movements.[171]

According to Chun Byung-Chul, an epidemiologist at Korea University, high-risk patients who have underlying illnesses are prioritized for hospitalization. Patients with moderate symptoms are sent to "repurposed corporate training facilities and spaces provided by public institutions," where they receive observation and medical support. Patients who recover and test negative twice are released. Close contacts and infected individuals with minimal symptoms who can measure their own temperatures and whose family members are free of any chronic disease are required to self-quarantine for two weeks. Local monitoring teams calls the quarantined twice a day to make sure that they stay where they are and to ask about symptoms.[172]

Preventative measures

Those ordered to self-quarantine are required to download an app that alerts officials if the patient moves outside of the quarantine. Violators are fined up to $2,500.[173]

Impacts and reactions

 
At the drive-through test center the medical staff examines patients with suspected COVID-19 while in the vehicle.

The entire procedure of collecting a sample of secretions taking less than 10 minutes, and it's deployed to dozens of locations including Seoul,Daegu,Goyang, Incheon and Sejong.[174][175]

*Banner: Coronavirus-19 drive-thru screening clinic[176][177]
 
Sign in Daejeon pharmacy stating all masks are sold out
 
Line outside a pharmacy in Sejong City awaiting the store to open so they can buy masks

As of 18 March, South Korea's KOSPI stock index has dropped nearly 30% compared to a month ago. The drop precipitated on 23 February, when the country raised the coronavirus alert to 'highest level'.[178] As of 15 March, the KOSPI closed at 1,771.44 and the Kosdaq finished at 524 points, down 7%, prompting the Financial Supervisory Commission to impose a six-month ban on short-selling, the first such drastic action in nearly nine years. This was despite a markedly lower daily increase in cases. Automaker Hyundai Motor Company, having shut down its factories as the outbreak intensified, saw exports drop 21.4% in February from the same month last year.[179]

Social impact

 
Drive-through test center in Busan

As of 25 February, Daegu officials were aggressively warning residents to take precautions, while allowing private businesses such as restaurants to stay open. As a precautionary measure, many restaurants check the temperatures of their customers before accepting them. It is common for "offices, hotels, and other large buildings" to use thermal image cameras in order to identify people with fevers.[173] All Daegu's public libraries, museums, churches, day-care centers and courts had been closed.[180][needs update]

Apart from the city of Daegu and the church community involved, most of South Korea is operating close to normality, although nine planned festivals have been closed and tax-free retailers are closing.[181] The South Korean military manpower agency made an announcement that conscription from Daegu will temporarily be suspended.[182] The Daegu Office of Education decided to postpone the start of every school in the region by one week.[183]

Numerous educational institutes have temporarily shut down, including dozens of kindergartens in Daegu and several elementary schools in Seoul.[184] As of 18 February, most universities in South Korea had announced plans to postpone the start of the spring semester. This included 155 universities planning to delay the semester start by two weeks to 16 March, and 22 universities planning to delay the semester start by one week to 9 March.[185] Also, on 23 February 2020, all kindergartens, elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools were announced to delay the semester start from 2 to 9 March.[186][needs update]

The economy of South Korea is forecast to grow 1.9%, which is down from 2.1%. The government has provided 136.7 billion won for local governments as support.[181] The government has also organized the procurement of masks and other hygiene equipment.[181]

Entertainment agency SM Entertainment reportedly donated five hundred million won in efforts to fight the disease.[187][188][189]

In the K-POP industry, the rapid spread of the coronavirus within South Korea has led to the cancellations or postponing of concerts and other events for K-POP acts within and outside of South Korea, with example situations including the cancellation of the remaining Asia dates and the Europe leg for Seventeen’s Ode To You Tour on 9 February 2020 and the cancellation of all Seoul dates for BTS' Map of the Soul Tour.[190][191]

Travel restrictions

 
  South Korea
  Entrance refused to people from South Korea
  Entrance refused to people from some areas of South korea
  Imposed quarantine on people arriving from South Korea
  Other restrictions (self-quarantines, medical examination requirements, monitoring measures)

As of 20 March, a total of 171 countries and territories have issued entry bans and/or suspended visas for travelers from South Korea.[192]

On 16 March, USFK announced that travel restrictions for Cheonan city had been removed due to a decline in COVID-19 cases. Troops and Defense Department personnel residing in Cheonan were told to "contact their command prior to returning to work."[193]

Government reactions

 
Videotelephony of Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasure Headquarters

The number of inspections

The Blue House announced on 28 February the current status of coronavirus tests in Korea, comparing the testing situation in the United States and Japan. The number of inspections was 26 or 120 times higher than in other countries as of 28 Feb The cumulative number of inspections was about 53,000 by South Korea, while Japan was about 2,000, and in US about 440 cases were examined.[194]

Incorrect expression

On 20 February, one of the public reports by the South Korean government was titled "Pan-Governmental Special Aid Committee is assembled to handle Coronavirus 19 in Daegu" which can be also parsed as "...assembled to handle Daegu Coronavirus 19." After concerns were raised about potentially enabling discrimination, the government apologized on 22 February for using misleading expression and corrected the incorrect expression.[195]

Reactions from KMA

On 26 January, the Korean Medical Association (KMA) asked the government to temporarily bar entry to all travelers arriving from mainland China, but this recommendation was not followed.[196] On 27 January, KMA President Choi Dae-zip said: "The third confirmed case indicates that we have reached the point where we have to get rid of passive stance and actively prepare for the worsening of the situation, (and) the government should thoroughly monitor the trend of China's national outbreak of the virus and prepare administrative measures such as complete entry ban from China in case of the worst situation."[197] On 3 February, The KMA recommended halting all travel from China, rather than only from Hubei province.[198] After all, The KMA called for stronger government response in a total of six statements between 20 January, when the nation's first confirmed case occurred, and 18 February. A short time after that, cases spiked in Daegu and throughout the country.[199]

Public reactions

Presidential approval rating

Although there are many confirmed cases of COVID-19, President Moon Jae-in's approval rating rose by two percentage points to 44%. During the MERS crisis, the previous President Park Geun-hye's approval rating had fallen sharply to 29% due to inadequate management the MERS infection.[200]

In opinion poll conducted by Gallup Korea in the second week of March 2020, president Moon's approval rating has risen by 5% to 49%.[201]

Controversial petitions

There are two controversial petitions on the official Presidential Blue House website: one is for supporting President Moon for his handling of the coronavirus outbreak and another is for disapproval of President Moon's management of the coronavirus outbreak. The petitions of disapproval was completed by 1.46 million votes, and another petition of supporting President Moon reached more than 1.4 million votes, and it is planned to be completed by 27 March 2020.[202][203]

Anti-Chinese sentiment

In February 2020, an entrance to a South Korean restaurant in downtown Seoul reportedly had a sign in red Chinese characters stating: "No Chinese Allowed."[204] "No Chinese" signs have been cropping up throughout the country, and some businesses are simply banning all foreigners.[205] Some foreign residents have been excluded from the government mask distribution program as it is currently only allowed to 1.25 million foreigners who were subscribed to the public health insurance. There is a shortage of face masks in South Korea.[206] Concerning COVID-19, More than 760,000 South Korean citizens have signed a petition lobbying the government to ban Chinese tourists from entering the country.[207][208] The Daegu Lantern Festival mistakenly posted a notice in English that no foreigners are allowed to visit. However, the wrong sentence was removed and it was revealed a translation error by the PR agency regarding statement from a Daegu government official. The official in the Daegu city stated that the original message was the notification to foreign tourists about the delayed schedule of festival over COVID-19 concerns.[209]

International analysis

On 24 February, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) upgraded the status of South Korea to level 3 (avoid non-essential travels due to widespread community transmission).[210]

On 28 February, Charles Schwab Corporation advised employees who had travelled to China and South Korea to self-quarantine for 14 days.[211] Multiple companies such as Amazon, Google, TD Bank Group, Bank of Nova Scotia, London Stock Exchange Group, and Cargill, Inc. deferred all non-essential travels to areas affected by the outbreak.[212]

As of 8 March, US military has suspended all travels to and from South Korea for all military personnel and their family over the concern of the virus.[213]

As of 10 March 109 countries or regions restrict entry of visitors from South Korea.[214] CNN had an interview with South Korea health minister Park Neung-hoo. Park expressed cautiously his desire that the coronavirus outbreak is 'passed the peak' as per the result regarding the number of new daily infections has declined in recent days.[215] The S. Korean government has the ability operate about 15,000 diagnostic test per day and has conducted over 190,000 tests by 10 March nationwide. Park also answered the inquiry from CNN about practicable tips for controlling COVID-19. Park believes that dealing with outbreaks by focusing efforts on early testing and global cooperation would be crucial instead of the lockdown option, as the virus could still spread quickly without testing.[215] S. Korean authorities have arranged the two types of facilities, one for about 10% of coronavirus patients who required hospitalization and another for the patients who were only suffering from mild symptoms.[215]

The reasons for many confirmed cases

Time magazine and BBC News concluded that the reason for the high number of confirmed cases of the coronavirus in South Korea is thanks to the relative "openness" and "transparency" in the Korean society.[216] As for the rapid spread of the virus, the reason was the religious group Shincheonji Church.[217] The Blue House announced on 28 February the current status of coronavirus tests in three countries: Korea, the United States, and Japan, and analyzed statistically the reasons why there were so many confirmed cases in South Korea: the number of inspections was 26 or 120 times higher than other countries. The cumulative number of inspections was about 53,000 in South Korea, with only 2,000 in Japan and 440 cases examined in the United States. After the tests, the rate of confirmed cases was highest in Japan (9.04%), followed by Korea (3.3%) and the United States (3.15%).[194]

Viewing Korea's COVID-19 in Germany

 
How to cut asymptomatic virus spread, presented in a form of a tree
 
How to cut asymptomatic virus spread, presented in a form of a wave

ZDF, a major public broadcaster in Germany, assessed that Korea's COVID-19 management, conducting massive inspections daily, is the fastest but hardest way to transparently disclose the confirmed COVID-19 cases.[218] It was now emphasized that it would be necessary to conduct an aggressive test similar to South Korea for COVID-19. Public German broadcaster ARD praised the efficiency of the testing methods developed by South Korea, such as the drive-through COVID-19 screening.[219] Since 8 March, Germany has been operating drive-through inspection stations in North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse, where the number of infected people is increasing. Drive-through inspection stations were also installed in several places in the UK two weeks ago[when?]Germany has a medical infrastructure capable of testing 16,000 people per day.[220][221][222][223][excessive citations]

The low death rate in South Korea

Bloomberg L.P. analyzed the reason for the low death rate in South Korea. South Korea experienced serious difficulties during the outbreak of MERS in 2015 due to a lack of test kits. Afterwards, the country approved rapid deployment of COVID-19 test kits, and now they are able to test more than 10,000 people a day. In neighboring Japan, only about 2,700 people in total have been tested for COVID-19 as of 3 March. Officials in Seoul operate "drive-thru" testing stations for quick testing. Diagnostics company Seegene Inc. is also exporting its test kits to other countries including China, Europe and the US.[224][225]

AFP attributed the factors behind the low death rate of South Korea to the rigorous testing and the infected population profile. South Korea's widespread testing leads mild or asymptomatic cases to be identified so the proportion of dying goes down. Moreover, the infected population in the South Korea has a unique profile. Most of the country's infections are linked to the Shincheonji Church of Jesus and most of its members are young women. Statistics show that the virus is most deadly among older generations and men. So the death rate in South Korea is lower than other countries.[226]

Drive-through testing site

CNN reported the innovative drive-through testing for COVID-19 in the northern city of Goyang, which was inspired by the drive-through counters at Starbucks.[227]Reuters detailed the new testing facilities in South Korea. Several drive-through coronavirus screening centres were built, including roadside testing facilities. Their purpose is to diagnose patients quickly, while preventing the infection of others in, e.g., a hospital waiting room or a community health center. The entire testing procedure takes several minutes.[228] William Schaffner, a professor of preventive medicine and infectious diseases at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, stressed the importance of the broad testing efforts in South Korea. It would provide us with an unclouded picture of the COVID-19 illness.[229] Victoria’s Chief Health Officer, Brett Sutton has recommended the drive-thru coronavirus testing in Australia.[230] on 10 March, Australia opened the first drive-through testing station in Adelaide.[231][231]

Coverage of testing patients

Business Insider analyzed the difference of coverage of patient testing patients for COVID-19, comparing the USA to South Korea. Per million citizens, South Korea tested 700 times more than the USA.[232] Fortune explained South Korea's efforts of setting up several "drive-thru" coronavirus screening facilities as contributing to testing thousands of samples a day.[233]

View of foreign media on COVID-19 in Korea

The Washington Post has praised the South Korean government's handling of coronavirus outbreak and stated that South Korea is a model for the U.S. response instead of Iran.[234] The Washington Post also appreciated South Korea's response as a successful model for democratic countries.[235]

Agence France-Presse has compared South Korea's handling of coronavirus outbreak with China. The newspaper stated that "While China locked down cities, Seoul embraced widespread testing and public notice of movements of those infected, raising some privacy concerns". Also, AFP analyzed that the South Korean government handled the crisis using a model of open information, public participation, and widespread testing.[236] Additionally, according to the paper, Masahiro Kami, a chairperson of the Tokyo-based Medical Governance Research Institute stated that South Korea is a good model for every country for handling the coronavirus outbreak.[237]

WSJ analyzed the aggressive Coronavirus Test Program in South Korea. The government contacted the citizens proactively to test the coronavirus in various ways including a home visit, a quick 10 minutes drop off drive-through COVID-19 testing center free of charge. Although South Korea not yet defeated the outbreak, experts credit the emphasis on energetic COVID-19 test program with reducing case numbers and fatalities.[238][239]

UPI has analyzed that South Korea's model has worked on handling coronavirus outbreak without any further harder restrictions on foreigners.[240] The paper also observed that Health authorities have aggressively promoted hygiene and social distancing.[241] Additionally, according to the paper Kim Jong-hwan, an administrator at Seoul Metropolitan Eosunpyeong Hospital positively evaluated the government's deal with coronavirus outbreak by stating that "The government's response has been so well-organized. I'm proud of it."[242]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b 신종 코로나바이러스 한국인 첫환자 확인. MK (in Korean). 서진우. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" 31번 환자 연관 신천지교회 대남병원서 확진자 58명, 1명 사망. 20 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e Shin, Hyonhee; Cha, Sangmi (20 February 2020). "'Like a zombie apocalypse': Residents on edge as coronavirus cases surge in South Korea". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Coronavirus: South Korea reports 161 new cases, bringing total to 763; 7th death reported". The Straits Times. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Seoul city to ban rallies, Shincheonji church services to curb virus". YNA. 21 February 2020. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Soldiers in Daegu areas banned from leaving bases, meeting visitors". YNA. 21 February 2020. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  7. ^ "S. Korea Bars Foreigners Traveling from Hubei Province". Archived from the original on 9 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  8. ^ S.Koreans-blame-refusal to-stop-chinese-visitors https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-28/as-virus-spreads-koreans-blame-refusal-to-stop-chinese-visitors
  9. ^ "Coronavirus South Korea". Worldometer. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  10. ^ "COVID-19 Realtime Dashboard". COVID-19 Realtime Dashboard. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Taiwan Has Been Shut Out of Global Health Discussions". Archived from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Coronavirus Lessons from Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong". Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  14. ^ a b Normile, Dennis (17 March 2020). "Coronavirus cases have dropped sharply in South Korea. What's the secret to its success?". Science. doi:10.1126/science.abb7566. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  15. ^ Bicker, Laura (12 March 2020). "Coronavirus in South Korea: How 'trace, test and treat' may be saving lives". BBC. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  16. ^ Kasulis, Kelly (19 March 2020). "South Korea's coronavirus lessons: Quick, easy tests; monitoring". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  17. ^ Dudden, Alexis; Marks, Andrew (20 March 2020). "South Korea took rapid, intrusive measures against Covid-19 – and they worked". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  18. ^ "신천지·TK 빼면 확산세 꺾이지 않았다". JoongAng Ilbo. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Cults and Conservatives Spread Coronavirus in South Korea". Archived from the original on 7 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  20. ^ Rashid, Raphael (9 March 2020). "Opinion | Being Called a Cult is One Thing, Being Blamed for an Epidemic is Quite Another". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  21. ^ "How religion is playing a role in the spread of coronavirus in Korea". Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  22. ^ 한국 네번째 '신종 코로나' 확진자 발생…55살 남성. The Hankyoreh (in Korean). 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  23. ^ a b '신종코로나'국내 12번째 환자…일본환자 접촉 49세 중국남성(종합). Naver (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  24. ^ 신종코로나 확진자 2명 늘어···6번째 환자, 국내 최초 '2차감염'. 의사신문 (in Korean). 이한솔. 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  25. ^ '신종코로나' 7번째 확진자 발생…우한서 입국한 28세 한국남성(종합). Naver News. 연합뉴스. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  26. ^ 신종 코로나바이러스: 11번째 환자 확인...현재까지 확진 사례 정리. BBC News 코리아 (in Korean). 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  27. ^ "S. Korea Reports 3 More Cases of Novel Coronavirus, Total Now at 15". Yonhap News Agency. 2 February 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  28. ^ "Coronavirus: South Korean woman travelling home from Thailand tests positive for virus". The Straits Times. 4 February 2020. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  29. ^ "3 More Virus Cases Bring S. Korea's Total to 19, Two Confirmed after Trip to Singapore". Yonhap. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  30. ^ "S. Korea Releases First Fully Recovered Coronavirus Patient from Hospital". Yonhap News Agency. 5 February 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "코로나19 국내 확진ㆍ퇴원자 현황". Yonhap News Agency. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "코로나바이러스감염증(COVID)-19 국내 발생 현황(정례브리핑)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea. 12 February 2020. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  33. ^ Farrer, Martin; agencies (22 February 2020). "Coronavirus: South Korea cluster drives huge rise in cases". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  34. ^ Park, S. Nathan. "Cults and Conservatives Spread Coronavirus in South Korea". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 7 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  35. ^ "South Korea reports first coronavirus death as infections linked to church rise". NBC News. Archived from the original on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  36. ^ "신천지 관련 확진자 76명으로 늘어...대구 교인 의심자만 544명". Chosun.com. 21 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  37. ^ a b "South Korea virus 'emergency' as cases increase". BBC News. 21 February 2020. Archived from the original on 7 March 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  38. ^ Lee, Han-soo (21 February 2020). "COVID-19 patients soar to 204 in Korea". Korea Biomedical Review. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  39. ^ "Airlines to suspend more flights over coronavirus". Korea Herald. Yonhap. 21 February 2020. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  40. ^ Song, Seung-hyun (21 February 2020). "Foreign artists delay concerts in Korea due to spread of COVID-19". Korea Herald. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  41. ^ a b "US Forces Korea imposes new coronavirus protections after uptick in S Korea cases". 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 March 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  42. ^ "USFK dependent tests positive for coronavirus, putting military on high alert in South Korea". Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  43. ^ "US troops in Korea are on high alert for coronavirus after widow of retired soldier tests positive". Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  44. ^ "U.S. Soldier infected as South Korea coronavirus cases rise above 1,260". Reuters. 26 February 2020. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  45. ^ "First U.S. Soldier in South Korea tests positive for coronavirus; towns sealed off in northern Italy". Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  46. ^ "Archived copy" 코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황 (2월 22일 09시). 22 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ "Archived copy" 질병관리본부. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "123 additional cases have been confirmed". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 February 2020. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  49. ^ "161 additional cases have been confirmed". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  50. ^ "15 countries have travel restrictions on South Korea". CNN. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  51. ^ Park, Chan-kyong (24 February 2020). "Coronavirus: infected health official leading South Korea's fight against Covid-19 is member of Shincheonji Church of Jesus doomsday cult". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020. Official in charge of fight against the virus in western Daegu admits being member of cult after testing positive; 50 coworkers quarantined
  52. ^ a b Kim, Victoria (27 February 2020). "Were you on this bus with a coronavirus patient? South Korea is on the hunt for infections". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020. Even a public health official in charge of infection prevention in Seo-gu in Daegu was revealed to be a member of the church after he was diagnosed with the virus. Many members hide their affiliation with the controversial church. More than 750,000 signed a petition to the South Korean president urging that the church be disbanded. Authorities in Gyeonggi province raided the group’s headquarters in the city of Gwacheon, alleging that the church had been slow to turn over its list of members. South Korean officials said they would track down and test all 245,000 members of the church.
  53. ^ "The Updates of COVID-19 in Republic of Korea As of 28 February 2020". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  54. ^ "476 additional cases are confirmed". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2 March 2020. As of 0:00, 2 March 2020, 476 additional cases are confirmed, compared to yesterday afternoon (16:00, 1 March) which brings in total number of confirmed cases to 4,212.
  55. ^ "Seoul city seeks murder charges against sect founder over virus". Yahoo!. Agence France-Presse. 2 March 2020. Archived from the original on 2 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  56. ^ "Coronavirus: South Korea sect leader to face probe over deaths". BBC. 2 March 2020. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  57. ^ Kim, Suki (4 March 2020). "How South Korea Lost Control of Its Coronavirus Outbreak". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020. Citing the number of covid-19 diagnoses in South Korea, ninety-five countries, including China and Japan, now ban or limit entry by South Korean nationals.
  58. ^ Watson, Ivan; Jeong, Sophie (3 March 2020). "South Korea pioneers coronavirus drive-through testing station". CNN. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  59. ^ [출처: 중앙일보] [코로나 종합] 서울백병원 환자 1명 확진…"대구 거주 숨기고 내원". JoongAng Ilbo (in Korean).
  60. ^ "New cases of infections drop for third day". m.koreatimes.co.kr. 9 March 2020. Archived from the original on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  61. ^ 서진우; 이석희; 우성덕 (13 March 2020). "코로나 '골든크로스'…완치>신규 확진자". 매일경제 MBN (in Korean). Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  62. ^ "대구서 코로나19 확진자 보다 완치자 많은 '골든크로스' 확연". DongA (in Korean). 15 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  63. ^ 김동우 (15 March 2020). "15일 우한코로나 확진자 8162명…'골든 크로스' 사흘째". New Daily (in Korean). Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  64. ^ "Commentary: South Korea has been exemplary. Even then, it hasn't slayed COVID-19". Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  65. ^ Kim, So-hyun (17 March 2020). "'Shincheonji didn't lie about membership figures'". The Korea Herald. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  66. ^ a b U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (March 2020). "The Global Response to the Coronavirus: Impact on Religious Practice and Religious Freedom" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  67. ^ "Human Rights without frontiers release white paper on Coronavirus". Risingbd.com. Dhaka. 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  68. ^ "Coronavirus: saltwater spray infects 46 church-goers in South Korea". South China Morning Post. 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  69. ^ "South Korea church used saltwater spray amid coronavirus outbreak". UPI. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  70. ^ "Coronavirus: South Korea threatens to close churches for not enforcing preventive measures". South China Morning Post. Reuters and Associated Press. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  71. ^ Park Chan-kyong (30 March 2020). "Coronavirus cluster emerges at another South Korean church, as others press ahead with Sunday services". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  72. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 30 March". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  73. ^ a b "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 30일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  74. ^ a b "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황 (3월 25일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  75. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황 (3월 24일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC. 24 March 2020.
  76. ^ a b c d e "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황 (3월 20일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  77. ^ "신종 코로나바이러스감염증 조사대상 유증상자 3명 음성". KCDC.
  78. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 24일, 2번째 환자, 브리핑)". KCDC.
  79. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 26일, 3번째 환자)". KCDC.
  80. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 27일, 4번째 환자)". KCDC.
  81. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 30일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  82. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 30일, 추가 환자 2명 확인)". KCDC.
  83. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 31일, 9시 기준)". KCDC.
  84. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(1월 31일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  85. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(2월 1일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  86. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(2월 2일, 추가 역학조사 결과)". KCDC.
  87. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(2월 4일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  88. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(2월 5일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  89. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황 (2월 6일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  90. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황 (2월 7일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  91. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC.
  92. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 30분 기준)". KCDC.
  93. ^ "신종코로나바이러스감염증 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC.
  94. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 16일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  95. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 17일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  96. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 18일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  97. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 19일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  98. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  99. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 20일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  100. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  101. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 21일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  102. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  103. ^ "세종 코로나19 확진자, 아파트 돌며 집수리…"접촉자 31명 검사"(종합)". edaily (in Korean). 22 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  104. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(2월 22일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  105. ^ "'마지막 보루' 울산마저…첫 확진자 신천지 대구교회서 예배". The Hankyoreh (in Korean). 22 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  106. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 22 February 2020.
  107. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC. 23 February 2020.
  108. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 23 February 2020.
  109. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC. 24 February 2020.
  110. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 24 February 2020.
  111. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC. 25 February 2020.
  112. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 26 February 2020.
  113. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC (in Korean). 26 February 2020.
  114. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 26 February 2020.
  115. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC. 27 February 2020.
  116. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  117. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 9시 기준)". KCDC.
  118. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  119. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 09시 기준)". KCDC.
  120. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC.
  121. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 09시 기준)". KCDC. 1 March 2020.
  122. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(일일집계통계, 16시 기준)". KCDC. 1 March 2020.
  123. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 2일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  124. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 3일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  125. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 4일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  126. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 5일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  127. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 6일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  128. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 7일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  129. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 8일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  130. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 9일, 0시 기준)". KCDC.
  131. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea (as of 10 March)". KCDC.
  132. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 11 March". KCDC.
  133. ^ "Updates on COVID-19 in Korea (as of 12 March)". KCDC.
  134. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 13 March". KCDC.
  135. ^ "Updates on COVID-19 in Korea (as of 14 March)". KCDC.
  136. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 15 March". KCDC.
  137. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 16 March". KCDC.
  138. ^ "Updates on COVID-19 in Republic of Korea(as of 17 March)". KCDC.
  139. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 18 March". KCDC.
  140. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 19 March". KCDC.
  141. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 20 March". KCDC.
  142. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 21 March". KCDC.
  143. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 22 March". KCDC.
  144. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 23 March". KCDC.
  145. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 24 March". KCDC.
  146. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 25 March". KCDC.
  147. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 26 March". KCDC.
  148. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 27 March". KCDC.
  149. ^ "The updates on COVID-19 in Korea as of 28 March". KCDC.
  150. ^ 코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 29일, 0시 기준). 질병관리본부 [Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (in Korean). 29 March 2020.
  151. ^ 코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 30일, 0시 기준). 질병관리본부 [Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (in Korean). 30 March 2020.
  152. ^ 코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 31일, 0시 기준). 질병관리본부 [Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (in Korean). 31 March 2020.
  153. ^ 코로나바이러스감염증-19 인천광역시 현황. 인천광역시청 [Incheon Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  154. ^ 서울특별시청 코로나19. 서울특별시청 [Seoul Metropolitan Government] (in Korean).
  155. ^ 경기도청 코로나19 상황판. 경기도청 [Gyeonggi-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  156. ^ 강원도 코로나바이러스감염증-19. 강원도청 [Gangwon-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  157. ^ 경상북도청 코로나19 총력대응. 경상북도청 [Gyeongsangbuk-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  158. ^ 대구 코로나19 확진자 추이. 대구광역시청 [Daegu Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  159. ^ 코로나19 경남도 현황. 경상남도청 [Gyeongsangnam-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  160. ^ 부산시 코로나19 현황. 부산광역시청 [Busan Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  161. ^ 울산광역시 코로나바이러스감염증-19 현황. 울산광역시청 [Ulsan Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  162. ^ 충청북도 코로나19 상황판. 충청북도청 [Chungcheongbuk-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  163. ^ 세종시 코로나19 현황. 세종특별자치시청 [Sejong Special Self-governing City Government] (in Korean).
  164. ^ 대전광역시 코로나19 현황. 대전광역시청 [Daejeon Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  165. ^ 충청남도 코로나19 발생현황. 충청남도청 [Chungcheongnam-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  166. ^ 전북도청 신종코로나바이러스 감염증 안내. 전라북도청 [Jeollabuk-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  167. ^ 광주시 코로나바이러스감염증-19 현황. 광주광역시청 [Gwangju Metropoliltan City Government] (in Korean).
  168. ^ 코로나19 전라남도 상황판. 전라남도청 [Jeollanam-do Province Government] (in Korean).
  169. ^ 제주도청 코로나19 상황실. 제주특별자치도청 [Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Government] (in Korean).
  170. ^ "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황(3월 30일, 정례브리핑)". KCDC.
  171. ^ "The Virus Can Be Stopped, but Only With Harsh Steps, Experts Say". The New York Times. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  172. ^ "Coronavirus cases have dropped sharply in South Korea. What's the secret to its success?". Science. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  173. ^ a b "How South Korea Flattened the Curve". The New York Times. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  174. ^ See the drive-thru clinics South Korea is using to test patients for coronavirus https://www.businessinsider.com/south-korea-launches-drive-thru-coronavirus-testing-facilities-as-demand-soars-2020-2?r=AU&IR=T
  175. ^ Coronavirus in South Korea: How 'trace, test and treat' may be saving lives https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-51836898 Archived 12 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  176. ^ Irishwoman in South Korea: Drive-through testing for coronavirus, no human contact https://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/abroad/irishwoman-in-south-korea-drive-through-testing-for-coronavirus-no-human-contact-1.4197702
  177. ^ drive-thru testing booths: South Korea has 'passed the peak' of the coronavirus outbreak, health minister hopes https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/09/asia/south-korea-coronavirus-intl-hnk/index.html Archived 10 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  178. ^ Huang, Eustance (23 February 2020). "South Korea stocks drop nearly 4% as country raises coronavirus alert to 'highest level'". CNBC. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  179. ^ Kirk, Donald (15 March 2020). "Coronavirus Hits South Korean Markets Despite Easing Of Crisis". Forbes. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  180. ^ Sang-Hun, Choe (25 February 2020). "In Coronavirus Crisis, Korean City Tries Openness, a Contrast to China". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  181. ^ a b c "South Korea Coronavirus: Outbreak, measures and impact". Archived from the original on 22 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  182. ^ "Archived copy" 이인영 "전국 학교 '개학연기' 검토해야"… 교육당국에 대책 주문 – 머니투데이 뉴스. news.mt.co.kr (in Korean). 23 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  183. ^ 최수향 (21 February 2020). "Military to temporarily suspend drafting soldiers from Daegu". Yonhap News Agency. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  184. ^ "Korean Ministry of Education". Ministry of Education (South Korea). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  185. ^ "Archived copy" 177개 대학 개강 연기···80%가 '2주 결정'. 한국대학신문 (in Korean). 18 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  186. ^ "Archived copy" 교육부 "전국 유·초·중·고 1주일 개학 연기…3월9일 개학". donga.com (in Korean). 23 February 2020. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  187. ^ "Archived copy" SM엔터테인먼트, 코로나19 확산 방지 위한 성금 5억원 기부. Dailian. 28 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  188. ^ SM, 코로나 19 사태에 5억원 기부 "의료진 위해 힘 써달라" [공식입장]. X Sports News. 28 February 2020.
  189. ^ "Archived copy" SM엔터, 코로나19 사태 5억 기부…"의료진에 힘되고자" [공식]. TV Report. 28 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  190. ^ @pledis_17 (9 February 2020). SEVENTEEN WORLD TOUR [ODE TO YOU] 취소 관련 공지 (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  191. ^ @bts_bighit (28 February 2020). [공지] #BTS MAP OF THE SOUL TOUR – SEOUL 공연 취소 안내 (+ENG/JPN/CHN) (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  192. ^ "靑이 '키트 수출 자랑' UAE도 어제 빗장… 171국이 한국發 입국금지". Chosun.com. 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  193. ^ "USFK COVID-19 Information". usfk.mil. 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  194. ^ a b 靑 "한국, 코로나 검사 수 일본의 26배"… 확진자 많은 이유 해명? 출처 [The number of corona tests in Korea is 26 times that of Japan-this could be the reason for many reasons for the confirmed cases]. Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). 8 February 2020. Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  195. ^ "Archived copy" 정부, 보도자료에 '대구 코로나19'라고 썼다가 논란 일자 사과…"명백한 실수" (in Korean). The Chosun Ilbo. 22 February 2020. Archived from the original on 22 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  196. ^ Kim, Suki. "How South Korea Lost Control of Its Coronavirus Outbreak". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  197. ^ "[2019-Novel Coronavirus] Doctors join general public calling for entry ban on Chinese - Korea Biomedical Review". www.koreabiomed.com. 27 January 2020.
  198. ^ "KMA Urges Expanding Restriction Measures to All of China". world.kbs.co.kr. Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  199. ^ Kang, Tae-jun. "Public Anger Swells in South Korea Over Coronavirus Outbreak". thediplomat.com. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  200. ^ 메르스 땐 朴 지지율 폭락…코로나19엔 文 지지율 오히려 상승 [At the time of MERS, Park Geun-hye support rate plunged… Corona 19 Moon Jae-in support rate rather rises]. Korea Economic Daily (in Korean).
  201. ^ "데일리 오피니언 제392호(2020년 3월 2주) - 총선 기대, 차기 정치 지도자, 코로나19, 마스크 관련 인식" (PDF). 한국갤럽. 13 March 2020.
  202. ^ [출처: 중앙일보] '文 탄핵 청원' 마감, 총 146만명…'응원 청원' 125만명 참여 [petitions to official Presidential Blue House]. JoongAng Ilbo (in Korean).
  203. ^ "Archived copy" 문재인 대통령님을 응원 합니다!. Office of the President of the Republic of Korea. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  204. ^ Fottrell, Quentin. "'No Chinese allowed': Racism and fear are now spreading along with the coronavirus". MarketWatch. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  205. ^ "Coronavirus brings out anti-Chinese sentiment in South Korea". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  206. ^ [Exclusive] Expats sidelined in Seoul’s mask-rationing http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20200314000082 Archived 14 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  207. ^ "Not Enough Doctors in Daegu: As Virus Cases Rise, South Korea's Response Is Criticized". The Wall Street Journal. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  208. ^ Shin, Hyonhee; Cha, Sangmi (28 January 2020). "South Koreans call in petition for Chinese to be barred over virus". Reuters. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  209. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  210. ^ "Coronavirus in South Korea – Warning – Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel – Travel Health Notices | Travelers' Health | CDC". wwwnc.cdc.gov. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  211. ^ "Schwab tells employees to self-quarantine after visiting China, South Korea". Reuters. 28 February 2020. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  212. ^ "Amazon defers 'non-essential' moves even in U.S. as corporate travel bans spread". Reuters. 28 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  213. ^ Wallace, Danielle (8 March 2020). "US Army suspends travel for soldiers, families to and from South Korea amid coronavirus outbreak". Fox News. Archived from the original on 8 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  214. ^ "韓 입국 제한 109곳…이탈리아 시작한 국가봉쇄, 유럽 번지나". JoongAng Ilbo. 10 March 2020.
  215. ^ a b c CNN NEWS- 10 March 2020:South Korea has 'passed the peak' of the coronavirus outbreak, health minister hopes Archived 10 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  216. ^ Borowiec, Steven (24 February 2020). "How South Korea's Coronavirus Outbreak Got so Quickly out of Control". Time. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  217. ^ "Why did virus infections skyrocket in South Korea?". bbc.com. 25 February 2020. Archived from the original on 2 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  218. ^ ""maybrit illner" zu Coronavirus: Virologe erwartet starken Anstieg der Infektionen". ZDF (in German). 28 February 2020. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  219. ^ Covid-19 in Südkorea - Südkoreas Strategie der radikalen Transparenz https://www.spiegel.de/netzwelt/netzpolitik/covid-19-in-suedkorea-dem-virus-digital-auf-der-spur-a-50ef1096-ce69-465e-885c-bc77b3443feb?fbclid=IwAR2UfdBD9aoHlHDs3F_1nI4dpRZD0kciyOu8w7HI4KzFqdPK-eEQDe9BoP4
  220. ^ Corona-Ausbreitung - Südkorea an einem kritischen Punkt https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/coronavirus-suedkorea-103.html?fbclid=IwAR2ciDXHaSJAvn1di8UkyPoiQBOqyo8W0MosyJZ7_MA1vvy-y9-6iV3KTlY
  221. ^ CORONAVIRUS- Nächster Corona-Drive-In in Hessen https://www.fr.de/rhein-main/naechster-corona-drive-in-hessen-13574414.html
  222. ^ Corona-Epidemie in China und Südkorea: Ein Virus, zwei Systeme https://www.diepresse.com/5777208/corona-epidemie-in-china-und-sudkorea-ein-virus-zwei-systeme
  223. ^ 독일 언론이 보는 ‘한국의 코로나19 대응’ http://www.korea.kr/news/policyNewsView.do?newsId=148870047&pWise=sub&pWiseSub=B5
  224. ^ Virus Testing Blitz Appears to Keep Korea Death Rate Low https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-04/south-korea-tests-hundreds-of-thousands-to-fight-virus-outbreak Archived 9 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  225. ^ Seegene launches KFDA Approved COVID-19 Assay https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/seegene-launches-kfda-approved-covid-19-assay-301005858.html Archived 19 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  226. ^ "Coronavirus: Can South Korea be a model for virus-hit countries?". AFP. The Straits Times. 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  227. ^ South Korea pioneers coronavirus drive-through testing station https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/02/asia/coronavirus-drive-through-south-korea-hnk-intl/index.html Archived 5 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  228. ^ See the drive-thru clinics South Korea is using to test patients for coronavirus https://www.businessinsider.com/south-korea-launches-drive-thru-coronavirus-testing-facilities-as-demand-soars-2020-2?r=AU&IR=T
  229. ^ Coronavirus: South Korea’s aggressive testing gives clues to true fatality rate https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/health-environment/article/3065187/coronavirus-south-koreas-aggressive-testing-gives Archived 10 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  230. ^ Drive-thru coronavirus testing ‘needs to be explored’: Victorian health chief https://www1.racgp.org.au/newsgp/clinical/drive-thru-coronavirus-testing-now-a-reality-in-so
  231. ^ a b First 'drive-thru' coronavirus testing station opens in South Australia https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-03-10/australias-first-coronavirus-road-testing-station-opens-adelaide/12041978 Archived 10 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  232. ^ One chart shows how many coronavirus tests per capita have been completed in 8 countries. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/02/27/coronavirus-south-korea-cults-conservatives-china/ Archived 7 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  233. ^ Other countries are testing patients for coronavirus by the tens of thousands. https://fortune.com/2020/03/03/coronavirus-us-test/ Archived 4 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  234. ^ Paige Winfield Cunningham (13 March 2020). "The Health 202:Why-South Korea not Iran is a model for U.S. coronavirus response". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  235. ^ Rogin, Josh (11 March 2020). "South Korea shows that democracies can succeed against the coronavirus". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  236. ^ AFP (12 March 2020). "Can South Korea be a model for virus-hit countries?". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  237. ^ AFP (12 March 2020). "Can South Korea be a model for virus-hit countries?". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020. Japan — where nearly 600 people have been infected, with 12 deaths — has not undertaken widespread testing and could learn from South Korea’s response, said Masahiro Kami, head of the Tokyo-based Medical Governance Research Institute."Testing is a crucial initial step to control the virus," Kami said, adding: "It’s a good model for every country."
  238. ^ How South Korea Put Into Place the World’s Most Aggressive Coronavirus Test Program https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-south-korea-put-into-place-the-worlds-most-aggressive-coronavirus-testing-11584377217 Archived 17 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  239. ^ South Korea's Drive-Through Testing For Coronavirus Is Fast — And Free https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/03/13/815441078/south-koreas-drive-through-testing-for-coronavirus-is-fast-and-free Archived 17 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  240. ^ Thomas Maresca (13 March 2020). "Lessons for the world: How South Korea is tackling coronavirus". UPI. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020. However, the South Korean model seems to have worked to curtail a rapid outbreak originally tied to a secretive religious sect while avoiding the heavy-handed lockdown of an authoritarian regime such as China.
  241. ^ Thomas Maresca (13 March 2020). "Lessons for the world: How South Korea is tackling coronavirus". UPI. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020. Health authorities have aggressively promoted hygiene and social distancing through widespread public information campaigns, while mass disinfections are being conducted regularly in high-traffic locations such as subway and train stations.
  242. ^ Thomas Maresca (13 March 2020). "Lessons for the world: How South Korea is tackling coronavirus". UPI. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020. The government's response has been so well-organized," Kim said. "I'm proud of it.

External links

  Media related to COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea at Wikimedia Commons