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Presidential elections will be held in Afghanistan on 28 September 2019.[1]

2019 Afghan presidential election

← 2014 28 September 2019

Incumbent President

Ashraf Ghani
IND



BackgroundEdit

The elections were originally scheduled for 20 April, but the Independent Election Commission announced on 26 December 2018 that they would be postponed until 20 July,[2][3] in order to resolve problems that became apparent during the October 2018 parliamentary elections. The additional time will be used to verify voter lists and train election workers on the new biometric identification system. On 20 March 2019, the IEC once again delayed the election, this time by two months from 20 July to 28 September. A spokesman blamed the delay on changes in election laws along with management and technical problems--the presidential vote will now coincide with local council votes and delayed parliamentary elections in Ghazni Province.[4]

Electoral systemEdit

The President of Afghanistan is elected using the two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a second round will be held featuring the top two candidates.

CampaignEdit

One of the leading candidates, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, suspended his campaign in August 2019. Atmar's campaign said that the suspension was due to the poor security situation and the ongoing peace process.[5]

CandidatesEdit

There are 18 presidential candidates:[6][7]

Name Party affiliation Notes
Ashraf Ghani Independent Incumbent President
Abdullah Abdullah National Coalition of Afghanistan Incumbent Chief Executive
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin former Prime Minister, former warlord, and current leader of Hezb-e Islami
Rahmatullah Nabil former Head of the National Directorate of Security
Noorullah Jalili
Faramarz Tamanna former Director General of the Center for Strategic Studies (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Shaida Mohammad Abdali Ambassador to India
Ahmad Wali Massoud
Noor Rahman Liwal IT expert and businessman[8]
Mohammad Shohab Hakimi
Mohammad Hakim Tursun
Abdul Latif Pedram Member of the Parliament
Nur ul-Haq Ulumi former Minister of Interior
Mohammad Ibrahim Alokozai
Enayatullah Hafiz
Mohammad Hanif Atmar Truth and Justice former National Security Adviser and Minister of Interior (campaign suspended)
Zalmai Rassoul former Minister of Foreign Affairs

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Taylor, Guy (1 April 2018). "Afghanistan sets election date; could impact Taliban peace talks". The Washington Times.
  2. ^ Afghan presidential election delayed by three months BBC News, 26 December 2018
  3. ^ Afghan presidential elections postponed until July 20: official Al Jazeera, 30 December 2018
  4. ^ Najafizada, Eltaf. "Afghanistan Presidential Election Once Again Delayed by Two Months". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  5. ^ "A Leading Afghan Presidential Candidate Suspends Campaign". Voice of America. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  6. ^ Ali Yawar Adili (11 February 2019). "Afghanistan's 2019 elections (2): Who is running to become the next president?". Afghanistan Analysts Network. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  7. ^ Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan. "1398 Presidential Election Candidate List" (PDF). IEC AF. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Noor Rahman Liwal's Official Website". Official Website.