Ministry of Defense (Afghanistan)

The Ministry of Defense (Dari: وزارت دفاع ملی, Pashto: د ملي دفاع وزارت) is the cabinet ministry of Afghanistan responsible for overseeing the military of Afghanistan (currently the Islamic Emirate Armed Forces). The ministry's headquarters is located in Kabul.[3]

Ministry of Defense
Dari: وزارت دفاع ملی
Pashto: د ملي دفاع وزارت
MOD Afghanistan emblem.png
Emblem of the Ministry of Defense of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
Department overview
HeadquartersKabul
34°31′26″N 69°11′11″E / 34.523938°N 69.186437°E / 34.523938; 69.186437Coordinates: 34°31′26″N 69°11′11″E / 34.523938°N 69.186437°E / 34.523938; 69.186437
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Department executives
  • Muhammad Ali Akhund, Director of Intelligence[1]
  • Qari Lutfullah "Habibi", Spokesperson[2]
Child Department
Websitemod.gov.af/en

List of ministersEdit

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political affiliation
Sayyid Husayn January 1929 March 1929 Saqqawist
Purdil Khan March 1929 October 1929 Saqqawist
Amanul Mulk[a] c. 1944 c. 1946 Unknown
  Mohammed Daoud Khan 1946 1948 Independent
Abdul Karim Mustaghni 1973 1977 Republican
(from 1974)
Ghulam Haidar Rasuli 1977 April 1978 Republican
Abdul Qadir May 1978 August 1978 PDPAParcham
Mohammad Aslam Watanjar 30 March 1979 July 1979 PDPAKhalq
  Hafizullah Amin July 1979 27 December 1979[b] PDPAKhalq
Mohammed Rafie 28 December 1979 1982 PDPAParcham
Abdul Qadir 1982 September 1984 PDPAParcham
Nazar Mohammad [ru] September 1984 1986 PDPAKhalq
Mohammed Rafie December 1986 May 1988 PDPAParcham
Shahnawaz Tanai May 1988 March 1990[c] PDPAKhalq
Mohammad Aslam Watanjar March 1990 April 1992 PDPAKhalq
Ahmad Shah Massoud 28 April 1992 9 September 2001 Jamiat-e Islami
Saadullah Popalzai
(acting)
27 September 1996 April 1997 Independent


(Military)

Obaidullah Akhund April 1997 9 September 2001 Taliban
  Mohammad Fazl
(Deputy minister)
Taliban
Abdul Qayyum Zakir[d] Taliban
  Mohammed Fahim 9 September 2001 23 December 2004 Jamiat-e Islami
  Abdul Rahim Wardak 23 December 2004 7 August 2012 Mahaz-e-Milli-ye Islami
  Enayatullah Nazari
(acting)
8 August 2012 15 September 2012 Jamiat-e Islami
  Bismillah Khan Mohammadi 15 September 2012 24 May 2015 Jamiat-e Islami
  Mohammed Masoom Stanekzai
(acting)
24 May 2015 20 June 2016 Independent
(Military)
  Abdullah Habibi 20 June 2016 24 April 2017 Independent
(Military)
  Tariq Shah Bahramee 24 April 2017 23 December 2018 Independent
(Military)
  Asadullah Khalid
(acting)
23 December 2018 25 July 2020 Ittehad-e Islami
  Shahmahmood Miakhel
(acting)
25 July 2020 19 March 2021 Independent
(Military)
  Yasin Zia
(acting)
19 March 2021 19 June 2021 Independent
(Military)
  Bismillah Khan Mohammadi
(acting)
19 June 2021[5] 15 August 2021 Jamiat-e Islami
Abdul Qayyum Zakir
(acting)
24 August 2021 7 September 2021 Taliban
  Mullah Yaqoob
(acting)
7 September 2021[6] Incumbent Taliban

The Islamic Republic periodEdit

During the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–2021), the defense minister was nominated by the President of Afghanistan and the National Assembly made the final approval.

One of the functions of the Defense Ministry during that period was the continuance of disarming insurgent groups, through programmes such as the Afghan New Beginnings Programme (which included the rehabilitation and reintegration of child soldiers). These militant groups coalesced from warlords and former army personnel after the collapse of the Najibullah government in 1992.[7]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rebel defence minister in the Eastern Province, during the 1944–47 tribal revolts.
  2. ^ Assassinated by Soviet special forces during the Operation Storm-333.[4]
  3. ^ Dismissed following the 1990 Afghan coup d'état attempt.
  4. ^ Served for a short period.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "د اسلامي امارت په تشکیلاتو کې نوي کسان پر دندو وګومارل شول". باختر خبری آژانس. October 4, 2021.
  2. ^ "سخنگوی وزارت دفاع ملی معرفی شد | وزارت دفاع ملی". mod.gov.af.
  3. ^ "Afghanistan gets 'mini-Pentagon' as troops struggle". Associated Press. June 12, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  4. ^ "How Soviet troops stormed Kabul palace". BBC. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Afghan president replaces security ministers amid Taliban advance". 2021-06-19.
  6. ^ "Taliban announce new government for Afghanistan". BBC News. 2021-09-07. Archived from the original on 2021-09-07. Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  7. ^ Bhatia, Michael; Sedra, Mark (2008). Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed groups, disarmament, and security in a postwar society. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 122–123. ISBN 978-0-415-47734-5.

External linksEdit