2016 US Open (tennis)
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The 2016 US Open was the 136th edition of tennis' US Open, the fourth and final Grand Slam event of the year. It took place on outdoor hard courts at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York City.
|2016 US Open|
|Date||August 29 – September 11|
|Category||Grand Slam (ITF)|
|Location||New York City, New York, United States|
|Venue||USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center|
|Bruno Soares / Jamie Murray|
|Bethanie Mattek-Sands / Lucie Šafářová|
|Laura Siegemund / Mate Pavić|
|Juan Carlos Aguilar / Felipe Meligeni Alves|
|Jada Hart / Ena Shibahara|
|Men's Champions Invitational|
|Pat Cash / Mark Philippoussis|
|Women's Champions Invitational|
|Lindsay Davenport / Mary Joe Fernández|
Angelique Kerber defeated Karolína Plíšková in the women's singles to become the first German player to win the tournament since Steffi Graf in 1996. 2015 women's singles champion Flavia Pennetta did not defend her title as she had retired at the end of the 2015 season.
This tournament turned out to be the last one in the career of former No.1 player in the world and 2008 French Open women's singles champion Ana Ivanovic, who announced her retirement from professional tennis at the end of the year.
The 2016 US Open was the 136th edition of the tournament and it was held at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park of Queens in New York City, New York, United States.
The tournament was an event run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and was part of the 2016 ATP World Tour and the 2016 WTA Tour calendars under the Grand Slam category. The tournament consists of both men's and women's singles and doubles draws as well as a mixed doubles event. There are also singles and doubles events for both boys and girls (players under 18), which is part of the Grade A category of tournaments.
In addition, the annual men's and women's Champions Invitational doubles events were held, with eight male and eight female former Grand Slam champions taking part. For the third year running, the American Collegiate Invitational competitions were organized, where top sixteen American collegiate players compete in men's and women's singles events. Exhibition matches also took place.
The tournament was played on hard courts and took place over a series of 16 courts with DecoTurf surface, including the three main showcourts – Arthur Ashe Stadium, Louis Armstrong Stadium and the new Grandstand. It was the first US Open played on courts with operational roofs, on centre court and on the newly built Grandstand stadium. The Ashe roof was expected to be used only for rain, unlike the Australian Open, which also closes its roof in cases of extreme heat. It was also the last tournament before the demolition of the Louis Armstrong Stadium and old Grandstand. Although, Arthur Ashe Stadium and the new Grandstand would be the existing main stadiums for the 2017 edition.
For the second year running, the US Open was scheduled across 14 days, rather than the 15-day schedule of 2013 and 2014, which impacted all senior events. Women's singles semifinals have been scheduled for September 8 evening session, while men's singles semifinal matches was played on Friday September 9. The men's doubles final was played before the women's singles final on Saturday September 10, and the men's singles final followed the women's doubles final on Sunday September 11.
In the United States, the 2016 US Open was the second under a new, 11-year, $825 million contract with ESPN, in which the broadcaster holds exclusive rights to the entire tournament and the US Open Series. This means that the tournament was not available on broadcast television. This also makes ESPN the exclusive U.S. broadcaster for three of the four tennis majors.
Live action from a total of twelve courts was available this year (Arthur Ashe Stadium, Louis Armstrong Stadium, Grandstand, Court 4, Court 5, Court 6, Court 9, Court 11, Court 12, Court 13, Court 17 and Court P6/Old Grandstand), an increase from eleven in 2015.
Point and prize money distributionEdit
Below is a series of tables for each of the competitions showing the ranking points on offer for each event.
|Event||W||F||SF||QF||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Round of 128||Q||Q3||Q2||Q1|
The total prize-money compensation for the 2016 US Open is $46.3 million, a 10% increase on the same total last year. Of that total, a record $3.5 million goes to both the men's and women's singles champions. This made the US Open the most lucrative and highest paying tennis grand slam in the world, leapfrogging Wimbledon in total prize money fund. Prize money for the US Open qualifying tournament is also up 10 percent, to $1.9 million.
|Event||W||F||SF||QF||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Round of 128||Q3||Q2||Q1|
|Mixed Doubles [a]||$150,000||$70,000||$30,000||$15,000||$10,000||$5,000||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
On top of listed above, $600,000 will contribute Champions Invitational events prize money, while $1,478,000 is estimated as players' per diem. A total of men's and women's singles prize money ($36,324,000) will account for more than 78% of total player compensation, while doubles ($5,463,000) and mixed doubles ($500,000) – for 12% and 1%, respectively.
Bonus prize moneyEdit
The top three men's and top three women's finishers in the 2016 US Open Series also earn bonus prize money at the US Open, with the champions of the Series Bonus Challenge having the opportunity to win $1 million in addition to their tournament prize money.
|2016 Emirates Airline US Open Series Finish||2016 US Open Finish||Awardees|
|W||F||SF||QF||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Round of 128|
|1st Place||$1,000,000||$500,000||$250,000||$125,000||$70,000||$40,000||$25,000||$15,000||Kei Nishikori||$250,000|
|2nd Place||$500,000||$250,000||$125,000||$62,500||$35,000||$20,000||$12,500||$7,500||Grigor Dimitrov||$35,000|
|3rd Place||$250,000||$125,000||$62,500||$31,250||$17,500||$10,000||$6,250||$3,750||Milos Raonic||$6,250|
Before the tournamentEdit
- 5-time champion Roger Federer withdrew from the tournament due to a knee injury.
- 2009 champion Juan Martín del Potro returned to the tournament for the first time in three years after an intensive injury, received him a Wild Card entry.
- 2012 semifinalist Tomáš Berdych withdrew from the tournament due to an appendicitis sustained at the Western & Southern Open.
- Çağla Büyükakçay became the first Turkish woman to reach the second round in the US Open after defeating Irina Falconi in straight sets.
- 61st-ranked Zheng Saisai defeated reigning Olympic gold medalist Monica Puig in straight sets. This was the first time that a defending female Olympic gold medalist has lost in the opening round of the US Open.
- 48th-ranked Anastasija Sevastova defeated the 2016 French Open champion and No. 3 seed Garbiñe Muguruza in two sets on the second round. This was the first time since 2011 that the reigning French Open champion lost early in the same tournament.
- Kateryna Bondarenko's second round match against World No. 61 Zheng Saisai when a fan tried to jump out and attempting to engage Bondarenko after the match ended. The fan was reported to be a man named Sam Hu, a tennis academy owner originally from Shanghai, China currently living in Long Island, New York, but was arrested.
- Lucas Pouille defeated 14-time Slam champion Rafael Nadal in five sets, marking the first time since 2004 that Nadal failed to reach the Grand Slam quarterfinal at least in a single season. Pouille advanced to his first US Open quarterfinal.
- Sevastova became the first Latvian woman to reach the US Open quarterfinal after she defeated Johanna Konta in the fourth round. She is the first Latvian female quarterfinalist since Larisa Neiland in 1994 Wimbledon Championships.
- French veterans Jo-Wilfried Tsonga and Gaël Monfils were advanced to the quarterfinals as well, joined compatriot Pouille at the top half of the men's singles draw, making them the first time three French quarterfinalists at the US Open.
- Serena Williams won her 308th Grand Slam match record after defeating Yaroslava Shvedova in two sets, surpassing Roger Federer's all-time record in the Open Era.
- Ana Konjuh defeated Agnieszka Radwańska in two sets and the first Croatian woman to reach the US Open quarterfinal, this made her best result in Grand Slam.
- In the men's draw, Novak Djokovic is the only player from the Big Four advanced to the semifinal after Jo-Wilfried Tsonga retired due to his left knee. This meant the first time since 2004 French Open neither Federer, Nadal and Andy Murray moved to the semifinal.
- Karolína Plíšková defeated six-time champion Serena Williams in two sets to make through on her first Grand Slam final. This was the first time since 2009 which Kim Clijsters defeated both the Williams sisters in the same tournament in which Plíšková defeated Venus Williams in the fourth round.
- Angelique Kerber defeated two-time finalist Caroline Wozniacki in two sets to make through on her third Grand Slam final. Kerber claimed the number 1 title following her victory, overtaking Serena Williams' 186-week streak at number 1.
Seeds are based on the ATP and WTA rankings as of 22 August 2016. Rank and points before are as of 29 August 2016.
|1||1||Novak Djokovic||14,840||2,000||1,200||14,040||Runner-up, lost to Stan Wawrinka |
|2||2||Andy Murray||9,305||180||360||9,485||Quarterfinals lost to Kei Nishikori |
|3||3||Stan Wawrinka||4,980||720||2,000||6,260||Champion, defeated Novak Djokovic |
|4||5||Rafael Nadal||4,850||90||180||4,940||Fourth round lost to Lucas Pouille |
|5||6||Milos Raonic||4,805||90||45||4,760||Second round lost to Ryan Harrison [Q]|
|6||7||Kei Nishikori||4,165||10||720||4,875||Semifinals lost to Stan Wawrinka |
|7||9||Marin Čilić||3,515||720||90||2,885||Third round lost to Jack Sock |
|8||10||Dominic Thiem||3,205||90||180||3,295||Fourth round retired vs. Juan Martín del Potro [WC]|
|9||11||Jo-Wilfried Tsonga||2,875||360||360||2,875||Quarterfinals retired vs. Novak Djokovic |
|10||12||Gaël Monfils||2,835||10||720||3,545||Semifinals lost to Novak Djokovic |
|11||13||David Ferrer||2,660||90||90||2,660||Third round lost to Juan Martín del Potro [WC]|
|12||14||David Goffin||2,565||90||10||2,485||First round lost to Jared Donaldson [Q]|
|13||15||Richard Gasquet||2,230||360||10||1,880||First round lost to Kyle Edmund|
|14||16||Nick Kyrgios||2,060||10||90||2,140||Third round retired vs. Illya Marchenko|
|15||17||Roberto Bautista Agut||2,040||180||90||1,950||Third round lost to Lucas Pouille |
|16||18||Feliciano López||1,840||360||45||1,525||Second round lost to João Sousa|
|17||19||Bernard Tomic||1,780||90||10||1,700||First round lost to Damir Džumhur|
|18||20||Pablo Cuevas||1,745||45||45||1,745||Second round lost to Nicolás Almagro|
|19||22||Steve Johnson||1,635||10||45||1,670||Second round lost to Juan Martín del Potro [WC]|
|20||21||John Isner||1,645||180||90||1,555||Third round lost to Kyle Edmund|
|21||23||Ivo Karlović||1,570||45||180||1,705||Fourth round lost to Kei Nishikori |
|22||24||Grigor Dimitrov||1,555||45||180||1,690||Fourth round lost to Andy Murray |
|23||35||Kevin Anderson||1,275||360||90||1,005||Third round lost to Jo-Wilfried Tsonga |
|24||25||Lucas Pouille||1,481||10||360||1,831||Quarterfinals lost to Gaël Monfils |
|25||26||Philipp Kohlschreiber||1,475||90||10||1,395||First round retired vs. Nicolas Mahut|
|26||27||Jack Sock||1,450||45||180||1,585||Fourth round lost to Jo-Wilfried Tsonga |
|27||28||Alexander Zverev||1,415||35||45||1,425||Second round lost to Daniel Evans|
|28||29||Martin Kližan||1,405||45||10||1,370||First round lost to Mikhail Youzhny|
|29||30||Sam Querrey||1,400||10||10||1,400||First round lost to Janko Tipsarević [PR]|
|30||31||Gilles Simon||1,385||10||45||1,420||Second round lost to Paolo Lorenzi|
|31||33||Albert Ramos-Viñolas||1,330||10+45||45+20||1,340||Second round lost to Andrey Kuznetsov|
|32||34||Benoît Paire||1,305||180||45||1,170||Second round lost to Marcos Baghdatis|
The following players would have been seeded, but they withdrew from the event.
|Rank||Player||Points before||Points defending||Points after||Withdrawal reason|
|4||Roger Federer||4,945||1,200||3,745||Knee injury|
|1||1||Serena Williams||7,050||780||780||7,050||Semifinals lost to Karolína Plíšková |
|2||2||Angelique Kerber||6,860||130||2,000||8,730||Champion, defeated Karolína Plíšková |
|3||3||Garbiñe Muguruza||5,830||70||70||5,830||Second round lost to Anastasija Sevastova|
|4||4||Agnieszka Radwańska||5,705||130||240||5,815||Fourth round lost to Ana Konjuh|
|5||5||Simona Halep||5,151||780||430||4,801||Quarterfinals lost to Serena Williams |
|6||6||Venus Williams||4,005||430||240||3,815||Fourth round lost to Karolína Plíšková |
|7||8||Roberta Vinci||3,465||1,300||430||2,595||Quarterfinals lost to Angelique Kerber |
|8||9||Madison Keys||3,286||240||240||3,286||Fourth round lost to Caroline Wozniacki|
|9||10||Svetlana Kuznetsova||3,190||10||70||3,250||Second round lost to Caroline Wozniacki|
|10||11||Karolína Plíšková||3,135||10||1,300||4,425||Runner-up, lost to Angelique Kerber |
|11||12||Carla Suárez Navarro||3,100||10||240||3,330||Fourth round lost to Simona Halep |
|12||13||Dominika Cibulková||3,100||130||130||3,100||Third round lost to Lesia Tsurenko|
|13||14||Johanna Konta||2,905||280||240||2,865||Fourth round lost to Anastasija Sevastova|
|14||16||Petra Kvitová||2,580||430||240||2,390||Fourth round lost to Angelique Kerber |
|15||15||Timea Bacsinszky||2,713||10||70||2,773||Second round lost to Varvara Lepchenko|
|16||17||Samantha Stosur||2,370||240||70||2,200||Second round lost to Zhang Shuai|
|17||18||Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova||2,195||70||130||2,255||Third round lost to Karolína Plíšková |
|18||21||Barbora Strýcová||2,050||130||10||1,930||First round lost to Monica Niculescu|
|19||20||Elena Vesnina||2,054||70||130||2,114||Third round lost to Carla Suárez Navarro |
|20||22||Kiki Bertens||1,945||110||10||1,845||First round lost to Ana Konjuh|
|21||23||Irina-Camelia Begu||1,835||10||10||1,835||First round lost to Lesia Tsurenko|
|22||19||Elina Svitolina||2,101||130||130||2,101||Third round lost to Petra Kvitová |
|23||24||Daria Kasatkina||1,773||130||10||1,653||First round lost to Wang Qiang|
|24||26||Belinda Bencic||1,602||130||130||1,602||Third round lost to Johanna Konta |
|25||33||Caroline Garcia||1,555||10||130||1,675||Third round lost to Agnieszka Radwańska |
|26||27||Laura Siegemund||1,600||40+140||130+13||1,563||Third round lost to Venus Williams |
|27||28||Sara Errani||1,590||130||10||1,470||First round lost to Shelby Rogers|
|28||30||Coco Vandeweghe||1,561||70||10||1,501||First round lost to Naomi Osaka|
|29||31||Ana Ivanovic||1,560||10||10||1,560||First round lost to Denisa Allertová|
|30||32||Misaki Doi||1,555||70||10||1,495||First round lost to Carina Witthöft|
|31||34||Tímea Babos||1,510||10||130||1,630||Third round lost to Simona Halep |
|32||35||Monica Puig||1,500||10||10||1,500||First round lost to Zheng Saisai|
The following players would have been seeded, but they withdrew or not entered from the event.
|Rank||Player||Points before||Points defending||Points after||Withdrawal reason|
|25||Sloane Stephens||1,612||10||1,602||Right foot injury|
|Sania Mirza||Ivan Dodig||8||1|
|Yaroslava Shvedova||Bruno Soares||13||2|
|Raquel Atawo||Jean-Julien Rojer||28||4|
|Chan Hao-ching||Max Mirnyi||29||5|
|Andrea Hlaváčková||Łukasz Kubot||33||6|
|Coco Vandeweghe||Rajeev Ram||39||7|
|Lucie Hradecká||Marcin Matkowski||44||8|
- 1 Rankings are as of 22 August 2016
Wild Card entriesEdit
The following players were given wildcards to the main draw based on internal selection and recent performances.
The qualifying competitions took place at USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center on 23 – 26 August 2016.
The following players were accepted directly into the main draw using a protected ranking:
The following players were accepted directly into the main tournament but withdrew with injuries, suspensions and other reasons.
The two players had met 23 times prior, with Djokovic winning on 19 occasions. This was Wawrinka's first appearance in the final of the tournament. Defending champion Djokovic started well, taking Wawrinka's first service game. Djokovic lost an opportunity to serve out the first set, and the set went into a tie-break. There Wawrinka won the third point but lost another seven, and Djokovic took the first set. In the second set, Wawrinka broke first to lead 3–1. Djokovic broke back and held serve to draw at 4–4, but lost his subsequent serve to allow Wawrinka to take the second set 6–4. Djokovic soon trailed 3–0 at the beginning of the third set but levelled it at 5–5. Wawrinka again broke serve in the final game to take the third set 7–5. Wawrinka started the fourth set like the last two, breaking Djokovic's first service game to lead 3–0. Djokovic received two medical timeouts midway through but was unable to prevent Wawrinka from winning the set 6–3 and his first US Open title.
Kerber started the match as favorite to win, having assured the No. 1 women's ranking on 12 September. Plíšková reached her first grand slam final, having never previously made it past the third round, by beating home favorite Serena Williams in the semi-finals. Kerber started strongly, breaking Plíšková's first service game and won the first set 6–3 with another break in serve. Plíšková fought back, breaking midway into the second set to take it into a deciding set. In the third set, Plíšková broke Kerber's second service game to lead, before Kerber levelled the set at 3–3. With the match at 5–4, Plíšková served to stay in the match but Kerber won it in a love game to secure her first US Open title.
- Bethanie Mattek-Sands / Lucie Šafářová def. Caroline Garcia / Kristina Mladenovic, 2–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–4
- Juan Carlos Aguilar / Felipe Meligeni Alves def. Félix Auger-Aliassime / Benjamin Sigouin, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Men's Champions DoublesEdit
Women's Champions DoublesEdit
- Prize money listed per team
- Winner of the Men's USTA Wild Card Challenge held in Binghamton, New York, Lexington, Kentucky and Aptos, California
- Winner of the men's singles tournament in the 2016 NCAA Division I Tennis Championships
- Winner of the Kalamazoo Wild Card tournament
- Winner of the women's singles tournament in the 2016 NCAA Division I Tennis Championships
- Winner of the USTA Girls' under-18 national tournament
- Winner of the Women's USTA Wild Card Challenge held in Stockton, California, Sacramento, California and Lexington, Kentucky
- Winner of the men's doubles tournament in the 2016 NCAA Division I Tennis Championships
- Winner of the women's doubles tournament in the 2016 NCAA Division I Tennis Championships
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