Novak Djokovic was the two-time defending champion in the Gentlemen's Singles, but he lost in the third round to Sam Querrey, ending a 30-match winning streak in Grand Slams and Djokovic's hopes of becoming the first man to achieve the golden calendar slam. The Gentlemen's Singles title was won by Andy Murray. Serena Williams successfully defended her Ladies' Singles title and equaled Steffi Graf's Open Era record of 22 major singles titles.
The Gentlemen's Doubles event consisted of 'best of three sets' matches for Rounds 1 and 2 in order to help with 'catch-up' scheduling due to a rain stricken first week. It was also the first time since 2004 that play took place on Middle Sunday, also known as the People's Sunday due to the fact that no tickets are sold in advance or through the ballot and all seats are made available on general sale the day before. For the first time in the championships' history singles events were held in the wheelchair competitions.
Australian Lleyton Hewitt, the 2002 Men's Singles champion, two-time Grand Slam champion and former world No. 1, played his last professional matches in Men's doubles before retirement.
The tournament was run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and was included in the 2016 ATP World Tour and the 2016 WTA Tour calendars under the Grand Slam category. The tournament consisted of men's (singles and doubles), women's (singles and doubles), mixed doubles, boys (under 18 – singles and doubles) and girls (under 18 – singles and doubles), which is also a part of the Grade A category of tournaments for under 18, doubles events for men's and women's wheelchair tennis players as part of the UNIQLO Tour under the Grand Slam category and, for the first time in the tournament history this year, men's and women's singles events for wheelchair tennis players. The tournament was played only on grass courts; main draw matches were played at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon; qualifying matches were played at the Bank of England Sports Ground, Roehampton.
The total prize money for this year tournament is of £28.10m, an increase of 5% from last year tournament. The players who will win the men's singles and women's singles will earn £2.00m, an increase of £120,000 from the previous year. The prize money for men's doubles, women's doubles and wheelchair players were also increased for this year competition.
The seeds for gentlemen's singles are adjusted on a surface-based system to reflect more accurately the individual player's grass court achievement as per the following formula, which applies to the top 32 players according to the ATP Rankings on 20 June 2016:
Take Entry System Position points at 20 June 2016.
Add 100% points earned for all grass court tournaments in the past 12 months (22 June 2015 – 19 June 2016).
Add 75% points earned for best grass court tournament in the 12 months before that (16 June 2014 – 21 June 2015).