2013 Summer Universiade
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The 2013 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Kazan (Russia), the most northerly city ever to host a Summer Universiade. Over 10,400 university athletes from 162 countries participated in 13 mandatory and 14 optional sports, making the 2013 Universiade the biggest ever in the history of the event. For the first time in history a Cultural Universiade was also included, with many festivals and shows held simultaneously with the sporting events. The Universiade was organized by the International University Sports Federation (FISU) and by the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan.
|Opening ceremony||July 6|
|Closing ceremony||July 17|
|Officially opened by||President Vladimir Putin|
|Athlete's Oath||Aliya Mustafina|
|Judge's Oath||Yevgeny Sadovyi|
|Torch lighter||Yekaterina Gamova, Irek Zaripov, Nail Yakupov and Tagir Khaibulaev|
Kazan had bid twice for the Universiade; the first attempt was for the 2011 Summer Universiade, but Kazan lost to Shenzhen by just two votes. The city applied again for the 2013 Summer Universiade, and won the right to host the Universiade.
Prior to the Universiade, Kazan International Airport was totally rebuilt as a hub, the new Kazan-2 transit rail-bus terminal was built, the old Kazan-1 rail terminal was rebuilt, and the fast rail aeroexpress with Siemens trains was inaugurated between the Kazan-1 rail terminal downtown and the airport.
Zones of activity of the Universiade were connected by renewed highways with two-level flyovers, including the completed "Big Kazan Ring" with a new LRT (fast tram). In addition, a Kremlin bridge over the Kazanka River was rebuilt. The key transportation connector to the sporting and other venues from the Universiade Village was the Kazan Metro (subway) that had been built in 2005 and was expanded before the Universiade.
A large part of design works was carried out by JSC Institute Tatdorproject (autoroads, pedestrian crosses, transport junctions), Roszheldorproject (arrangement of intermodal transportation), Energoprojekt (reconstruction of Kazan International Airport), etc.
The Cultural Universiade was held in the Cultural Park at Palace Square downtown near the Kazan Kremlin, at various theatres and performance venues in the Kremlin, and at other places throughout the city.
A total of 27 new stadia were built as venues for the event. The Games used 64 venues in all, 36 of which were constructed specifically for the 2013 Summer Universiade. The 64 venues were concentrated in 4 zones across the city of Kazan. These included the area of Pobeda Avenue with the Kazan Area, the Aquatics Palace of Water Sports, the Combat Sports (Boxing) Palace, and the area of Orenburgsky Trakt where the Universiade Village was located, as well as the Tennis Academy and Gymnastics Palace. In addition, many sports venues for training functions were located elsewhere in Zarechye (Novo-Savinovsky and Airbuilders districts), and some of them in downtown Kazan.
The main venues were:
- Kazan Arena (45,000 seats) — opening/closing ceremonies
- The Central Stadium (26,920 seats) — football, athletics
- TatNeft Arena (10,000 seats) – sambo, judo
- Basket-Hall Arena (7,500 seats) — basketball
- Tennis Academy (7,200 seats) — tennis, badminton
- Saint Petersburg Volleyball Center (4,570 seats) — volleyball
- Aquatics Palace (4,200 seats) — swimming, diving, synchronized swimming
- Gymnastics Palace (3,200 seats) – rhythmic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics
- Ak Bars Combat Sports Center (2,000 seats) – boxing, wrestling, other combat events
- Rowing Center (3,000 seats) – canoe racing, rowing
The Universiade Village is a residential neighborhood for 14,500 residents that was constructed within the Kazan Federal University campus to house competitors and officials during the Kazan 2013 Summer Universiade. Nearly 400 sporting and cultural events have been staged on the campus since it opened its doors in 2010. Shortly after the first move-in phase, an open-air step aerobics marathon was held that brought together up to 1,000 Universiade Village residents. The campus had already hosted football, volleyball, and chess championships that can rightfully be called ‘international’ as a number of international students competed in them.
The length of the relay was about 104,000 kilometers, and 2,013 torchbearers were enlisted to participate in the relay. After touring through 51 cities on five continents, the torch arrived in Vladivostok on 24 January, and on 25 January, the Russian leg of the Universiade torch relay began. The Russian section of the Universiade Torch Relay was held between January and July 2013. The Universiade Torch Relay celebrations took place in 30 cities across Russia, as well as 44 cities and towns of municipal districts of Tatarstan. The torch arrived at the Kazan Arena on the night of 6 July for the lighting of the cauldron at the Opening Ceremony.
A total of 351 sets of medals were distributed during the two weeks of the competition. The medal design featured a globe emblazoned with the emblem and logo of the Universiade, and surrounded by a circle featuring the slogan of the Universiade.
Opening and closing ceremoniesEdit
The 2013 Summer Universiade opening and closing ceremonies were held on 6 and 17 July 2013, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Premier Dmitry Medvedev in attendance accordingly. The ceremonies took place in the new Kazan Arena stadium with a seating capacity of 45,000 people. In the handover, the Korean branch of the boy group EXO performed their hit song "Wolf", the title track from their first full-length album XOXO, at the closing ceremony while Russian artists and popstars made a huge shows with many decorations and special effects at both ceremonies.
For the first time in the history of the Universiades, twenty-seven sports were included in Kazan 2013.
The optional sports chosen were badminton, beach volleyball, belt wrestling, boxing, canoeing, chess, field hockey, rugby sevens, sambo, shooting, synchronized swimming, rowing, weightlifting, and wrestling. Of the optional sports chosen, belt wrestling, boxing, sambo, rugby sevens, and synchronized swimming made their debut at the 2013 Summer Universiade.
A total of 162 nations were officially entered prior to the opening ceremony. In the list below, the number of athletes from each nation is given in parentheses. The largest national teams were from Russia, Ukraine, Canada, the U.S., Poland, Japan and China.
From the official web site's medal tally information:
In 18 May, 2017,the rankings of the Women’s Heptathlon and 1,500m were updated further to the suspension of two Russian female athletes by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) and the medal table is changed.:
|4||South Korea (KOR)||17||12||12||41|
|7||United States (USA)||11||14||15||40|
|8||South Africa (RSA)||7||3||4||14|
|16||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||4||4||7||15|
|21||Czech Republic (CZE)||3||6||8||17|
|27||North Korea (PRK)||2||2||2||6|
|36||Great Britain (GBR)||1||1||4||6|
|Virgin Islands (ISV)||1||0||0||1|
|Ivory Coast (CIV)||0||0||1||1|
|New Zealand (NZL)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (70 nations)||353||352||462||1167|
- Record (*)
Russia got almost half of gold medals and more than a quarter of all medals. This is more than any other nation in this games and in the history of Universiades. The media explained this by the fact that the Russian team featured nineteen reigning Olympic champions, who were listed as students, more than all other teams taken together, in an apparent attempt to make a good impression in Russian language media. There were 67 Universiade records, 38 of them set by Russian athletes.
The competition schedule for the 2013 Summer Universiade is shown as follows:
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
Logo, emblem and mascotEdit
Every Universiade logo must contain the Latin letter "U", designating a sporting event held under the auspices of the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The logo of the 2013 Summer Universiade represents a vertical rectangular design that comprises the words "Universiade", "Kazan", "Russia", "2013" and the five stars of the International University Sports Federation (FISU).
The emblem of the 2013 Summer Universiade takes its origin from an image of a tulip, a common element of Tatar ornaments that symbolizes revival.
Uni, a kitten rendering of the symbolic winged snow leopard, was chosen as the mascot for the Kazan 2013 Summer Universiade. The winged snow leopard is the national symbol of the Republic of Tatarstan. A stylized version of this creature is represented on Tatarstan’s coat of arms.
Each Universiade host city chooses a slogan for their edition of the Games, according to their ideals and goals, and as approved by FISU. The slogan of the Kazan 2013 Summer Universiade was ‘U are the world’, which has two meanings: ‘You are the world’ and ‘Universiade is the World’.
The League of Partners was founded in November 2010 to ensure a multilateral partnership between business circles and the Kazan 2013 Organizing Committee. The League includes the companies that signed partnership agreements with the Executive Committee of the 27th World University Summer Games. The main mission of the League of Partners is to enlist the support of corporations through a partnership contract with the Kazan 2013 Executive Committee, and also to consolidate all efforts under the unified vision of the Universiade. To achieve that, the partner companies were to implement joint projects aimed at further developing specialized industries that will be part of the Kazan 2013 legacy.
- General partners: Hyundai, MegaFon, local AK BARS Bank
- Official partners: Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Sogaz, Aeroflot, Tissot
- Partners: PWC, English First, Panasonic
- Official suppliers: Danone, Ecolab, Forward, Planet Fitness, ROSTEK-TRANS Logistika, Kaspersky Lab, Technogym, MadWave, Sportmaster Group, Wilson
Tickets price ran between 700 and 6000 Russian rubles for the opening and closing ceremonies, and 30 to 200 RR for sporting events. Tickets began to be sold on the Internet one year before the Universiade.
Some 1,200 journalists from 170 countries were assisted by the Main Press Center (MPC), the International Broadcasting Center (IBC) at Kazan Arena, and the International Info Center at Universiade Village.
The games were televised by Eurosport as well as by 12 other international and 3 Russian TV networks.
After the Universiade, the venues and stadia were to be consigned over to high schools and universities of Kazan, to children and youth sport schools, and to Olympic reserve schools. The Universiade Village was to be integrated into the main campus of the Federal University system.
The Central Bank of Russia issued commemorative coins dedicated to the 27th Summer Universiade Kazan 2013, including silver 3-ruble and 25-ruble, and gold 50-ruble, coins along with 10,000 ruble coins soon to appear in the banks of Russia. The Bank also planned to put into circulation two kinds of 10-ruble base-metal coins to mark the Universiade. These commemorative coins are accepted without limitation for all types of payment as legal tender in the Russian Federation.
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