Kazanka (river)

(Redirected from Kazanka River)

Kazanka (Russian: Каза́нка; Tatar: Казансу) is a river in the Russian Federation, a left tributary of the Volga. The Kazanka begins near the village of Bimeri in Arsk District and flows into the Kuybyshev Reservoir in Kazan, near the Kazan Kremlin. Other towns on the Kazanka are Arsk and historical Iske Kazan. The river is 142 kilometres (88 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 2,600 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi).[1] The main tributaries are the Iya, Kismes, Shimyakovka and Sula. Historically, the Bulak river flowed into Kazanka until it was separated by a dam in 1957. The maximum river discharge is 299 cubic metres per second (10,600 cu ft/s), and the minimal mineralization is 400–1000 mg/L. In Tatarstan, Kazanka has a status of a natural monument.

Kazanka in Kazan
Physical characteristics
 • locationBimeri, Arsk District
 • location
Kuybyshev Reservoir in Kazan
 • coordinates
55°50′03″N 49°04′41″E / 55.8341°N 49.078°E / 55.8341; 49.078
 • elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Length142 km (88 mi)
Basin size2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
 • average299 m3/s (10,600 cu ft/s) (near mouth)
Basin features
ProgressionVolgaCaspian Sea

During the construction of the Samara Reservoir, a lower part of the Kazanka valley was flooded. A part of the riverbed was separated from the reservoir by dams, creating a new riverbed. In 2008 a project was proposed to fill in a cove in the wide section of the estuary for a business district.

The Kazanka divides the city of Kazan into two equal parts. Six bridges within the city cross the Kazanka; the most notable among them is the Millennium Bridge.

References edit

  1. ^ «Река КАЗАНКА», Russian State Water Registry
  • "Казансу". Tatar Encyclopaedia (in Tatar). Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.

See also edit