MegaFon (Russian: МегаФон), previously known as North-West GSM, is the second largest mobile phone operator and the third largest telecom operator in Russia. It works in the GSM, UMTS and LTE standard. Its main competitors are Mobile TeleSystems (MTS), VimpelCom (Beeline), and Tele2 (Rostelecom) in the cellular segment, and Rostelecom and Interregional TransitTelekom in the fixed-line seagment. As of June 2012, the company serves 62.1 million subscribers in Russia and 1.6 million in Tajikistan, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. It is headquartered in Moscow.
|Traded as||MCX: MFON
|Ivan Tavrin, CEO (2012)|
|Products||Mobile networks, fixed-line telephony|
|Revenue||$4.72 billion (2016)|
|$851 million (2016)|
|$382 million (2016)|
|Total assets||$6.89 billion (2016)|
|Total equity||$1.85 billion (2016)|
In 2002 the company changed its name from North-West GSM to MegaFon when it acquired several regional companies, becoming the first GSM company in Russia to cover all its territory. The name "MegaFon" in Russian is spelled and pronounced exactly like the Russian word for megaphone; other connotations are mega- as "big" and fon as "telephone".
June 17, 1993, was the registration date of North-West GSM CJSC (Saint Petersburg). Alexander Malyshev became the first General Director. The major international investors included Scandinavian companies Sonera (Finland), Telia International AB (Sweden) and Telenor Invest AS (Norway). Telecommunication equipment was supplied by Nokia.
1999 – number of the company’s subscribers became over 100,000. By that time the network of the North-West GSM had completely covered Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region, it was also actively expanding in the northern areas of the Russian North-West.
July 1999 – North-West GSM was the first Russian operator that signed roaming agreements with all countries in Europe. The same year, for the first time ever in Russia, mobile communication started to operate in Saint Petersburg metro, and the operator’s spectrum of value-added services included WAP-access to the Internet.
May 2002 – The number of North-West GSM subscribers exceeded 1 million.
May 7, 2002 – in the course of rebranding North-West GSM CJSC was renamed to MegaFon OJSC. Rebranding of the company was started on April 28, 2002, by change of the logo. At that moment, North-West GSM was merged with Sonic Duo CJSC (Moscow), Ural GSM CJSC (Yekaterinburg), Mobicom-Kavkaz CJSC (Krasnodar), Mobicom-Center CJSC, Mobicom-Novosibirsk CJSC, Mobicom-Khabarovsk CJSC, MCS-Povolzhie OJSC, Volzhsky GSM (Saransk, Republic of Mordovia).
On October 2, 2008, MegaFon launched for operation the first Russian fragment of the third generation network in IMT-2000/UMTS (3G) at the territory of Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region. For the first time ever in this country the radio access sub-system UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network) was launched for trial commercial operation and included 30 base stations. And already on October 24, 2007, MegaFon announced about start of 3G service in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region. For the first time in Russia, the following services became available for mass users: Internet access at the data transmission speed that is ten times higher than in the existing GSM networks (2G and 2,5G) of GPRS/EDGE technology, high-quality Mobile TV, video communication.
December 2008 – the extraordinary General Shareholders Meeting of MegaFon took a resolution on reorganization of MegaFon OJSC in the form of its merger with Sonic Duo CJSC (Moscow), Ural GSM CJSC (Yekaterinburg), Mobicom-Kavkaz CJSC (Krasnodar), Mobicom-Center CJSC, Mobicom-Novosibirsk CJSC, Mobicom-Khabarovsk CJSC, MCS-Povolzhie OJSC. The number of subscribers exceeded 43.2 million.
On July 1, 2009, reorganization was completed, and now mobile communication services in Russia are provided by the North-West, Stolichny, Kavkaz, Center, Volga, Ural, Siberia and Far East branches of MegaFon OJSC.
On September 25, 2009, it was announced about rebranding of TT mobile CJSC, subsidiary of MegaFon that provided telecom services under the brand of MLT – "Mobile Lines of Tajikistan". The new company’s name is MegaFon-Tajikistan.
In June 2010, MegaFon acquired 100% shares of Synterra company, which was a move to strengthen network infrastructure and enhance the positions in the markets of long-distance communication, fixed and mobile broadband access to the Internet, as well as convergence services.
In November 2011, MegaFon signed a partnership agreement with Scartel on joint development of the Fourth Generation networks LTE (Long Term Evolution) in Russia. As a result, the company got the opportunity to provide LTE 4G services using Scartel’s equipment. In its turn, Scartel will be able to use MegaFon’s infrastructure.
In December 2011, the company created MegaLabs, 100% subsidiary, which is the single center of innovative design and prompt launch of value-added services. The new company is focused on fast introduction of advanced products and services to the market (content and media, mobile finance, mobile advertising, cloud solutions, М2М, e-government, m-health, etc.) through efficient partnership with well-known market players and young teams of developers. At the same time, MegaLabs is a platform for experimental designs by MegaFon.
In August 2012 MegaFon released its first smartphone called Megafon Mint in Russia with the new Intel Atom (system on chip). In December 2013 the company received a licence for cable television broadcasting.
In January 2014 the company has launched international roaming data networks in the fourth generation. The first countries where service is available are Switzerland and South Korea. The same month MegaFon CEO Ivan Tavrin obtained a 12% stake of VK.com, Russia's most popular social networking website, from VK's founder Pavel Durov.
On February 2014 board of directors of MegaFon has approved a deal to buy a 100% voting stake in SMARTS Volgograd, a unit of mobile firm SMARTS which covers the Volga and central regions of the country.
In same month, MegaFon commercially launched fragment network LTE Advanced (LTE-A) within the Garden Ring in Moscow. Formerly MegaFon network tested LTE-A in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. For this Megafon uses bands in the range 2600 MHz own unique combination of frequency spectrum and network resource of Skartel as a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO).
In recent years, the company began production of hardware under "MegaFon" brand. These include fixed and mobile phones as well as tablet computers branded as MegaFon Login. They are produced in Taiwan and may bear technical indexes such as "SP-AI" and "MT3A".
Owners and managementEdit
The Company was founded by the largest foreign investors: Sonera (Finland), Telia International AB (Sweden) now merged into TeliaSonera, along with Telenor Invest AS (Norway). Telecom equipment was purchased from Nokia.
The owners of the company as of March 2011 are as follows:
- TeliaSonera – owns 35.6% shares directly and 8.2% through Telecominvest;
- AF Telecom (owner – Alisher Usmanov) owns – 56% shares directly;
- Altimo (owner – Alfa Group) owns – 25.1%.
Jeffrey Galmond, a Danish lawyer publicly claims to own and control Telecominvest, but it is rumored to in fact represent the personal interests of former Russian telecommunications minister Leonid Reiman.
Unlike other companies from the Big Three, MegaFon is not a public company, therefore it does not have to disclose all the information on the company’s business (for example: it does not publish quarterly reports of the issuer of securities).
The Georgian National Communications Commission (GNCC) has accused the Russian mobile telecommunications company MegaFon of illegal business operations and participation in the military and economic annexation of Georgia.
According to the GNCC, "MegaFon" has provided unlicensed mobile phone coverage in the conflict zones of Georgia beginning in 2005, in particular – the South Ossetia region. The company covered mostly the areas of dislocation of the Russian military forces present in Georgia under the CIS peacekeeping mandate. The rest of the area was mostly covered by the Georgian mobile phone carriers "Geocell" Ltd. and "Magticom". In the spring of 2008, GNCC received complaints from Georgian mobile communication companies regarding the destruction of their communication facilities in the region and installation of MegaFon antennas. The GNCC conducted survey monitoring trips to establish the presence of MegaFon’s unlicensed coverage. The GNCC has imposed two fines on MegaFon: the first – in the amount of 5,000 GEL ($3,750) in July 2008, and the second, for the recurrence of violation in the amount of 500,000 GEL (approx. $350,000) in September 2008.
Because Georgian law envisages criminal liability for illegal business activities, the GNCC has notified the General Prosecutor of Georgia on the alleged violations committed by MegaFon. The Prosecutor General of Georgia is expected to initiate criminal proceedings against key officials of MegaFon.
On October 2, 2008, Tbilisi City Court upheld the decision of GNCC, finding MegaFon liable for providing unlicensed telecommunication services in Georgia.
MegaFon’s appeal of the second administrative fine shall be heard by Tbilisi City Court in November 2008.
Kommersant reported on September 7, 2006, that MegaFon is negotiating in buying an 85% stake in Uzbek mobile operator Coscom from the MCT Corpation. The other 15% stake in Coscom would be held by Coscom management and private shareholders. Analysts estimated Coscom is worth between USD $180–200 million. Coscom's has over 300,000 customers.
By November 2012 MegaFon received a number of orders from Russian telecommunication and consumer market authorities to amend contracts with its 63 million subscribers and to make these contracts compliant with requirements of Russian law. All MegaFon's attempts to challenge these orders in Russian arbitration courts were unsuccessful.
MegaFon violated consumer rights a number of times in 2012 calendar year. Following the recent changes of Russian law (Article 40 in RF Law on February 7, 1992, year No. 2300-1 "On Protection of Consumer Rights"), competent authorities may demand an immediate liquidation of the company.
In the «Megafon» network there are a number of security issues and instruments for spam preventing:
- automation system for collecting and analysis of claims on the facts of the undesirable SMS messages (smishing, mailings, notifications about discounts, sales, etc.). Short number «1911». It is enough to send the received undesirable message to this number;
- it is possible to report about the fraud manually, having filled a form online on the specialized portal "Safe communications";
- protection against the undesirable entering cold calls, casual  (сell time) calls, vishing, Quid pro quo  is paid.
- http://corp.megafon.ru/ai/document/9768/file/Megafon_2016_RUS_with_AR.pdf; retrieved: 16 March 2017.
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- (in Russian) See Russian article ru:МегаФон Login for details in Russian
- List of Megafon Affiliates (рус.)
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- Arbitration case А63-11458/2010
- Arbitration case А37-395/2011
- Arbitration case A68-1413/2012
- Arbitration case A73-4102/2012
- Arbitration case A37-2296/2011
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- Amendments to the "Communications" law allowed "MegaFon" to reduce a number of complaints for spam almost by 9 times (ru)
- cold call
- Telephone-Based Threats
- «Black list»
- Helsingin Sanomat 28 March 2006 (in Finnish)
- Russia at Heart of German Probe – Moscow Times July 26, 2005
- European Commission to investigate TeliaSonera deals in Russia – Helsingin Sanomat 28 March 2006
- MegaFon English corporate site[permanent dead link]
- Alfa Group Accused of Bribing to Buy MegaFon June 13, 2006
- Reuters: Georgia's Communications Commission Fines Russia's Megafon; Decries 'Economic Annexation'[permanent dead link]
- Reuters:Georgia threatens to multiply Russia MegaFon fine
- Reuters: Georgia files charges against Russia's MegaFon
- Reuters: Megafon Goes to Court in Georgia over Disputed South Ossetia Operations[permanent dead link]
- EurasiaNet: THE FIGHT BETWEEN TBILISI AND MOSCOW OVER SOUTH OSSETIA GOES CELLULAR
- Reuters: Court Upholds Fine Against Megafon for Illegal Operations in Georgia[permanent dead link]
- Guardian: Dreams of empire strike back Q: What do Osama bin Laden and Vladimir Putin have in common? A: Worrying ambitions to reverse imperial decline
- Unofficial MegaFon page