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The 1975 Cricket World Cup (officially called the Prudential Cup '75) was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.

Prudential Cup '75
Prudential Cup 75 logo.svg
Dates7 June–21 June
Administrator(s)International Cricket Conference
Cricket formatOne Day International
Tournament format(s)Round robin and Knockout
Host(s)England England
Champions West Indies (1st title)
Runners-up Australia
Participants8
Matches played15
Attendance158,000 (10,533 per match)
Most runsNew Zealand Glenn Turner (333)
Most wicketsAustralia Gary Gilmour (11)
1979

The tournament was sponsored by Prudential Assurance Company and had eight participating countries: the six Test-playing teams of the time (Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan and the West Indies), plus leading Associate nations Sri Lanka and, for the only time, East Africa. The teams were divided into two groups of four, with each team playing the other teams in their group once; the top two from each group qualified for the semi-finals, with the winners of these matches meeting in the final. Each match consisted of 60 overs per team and was played in traditional white clothing and with red balls; all were played during the day and hence started early.

England, New Zealand, West Indies and Australia were the teams to qualify for the semi-finals, making this the only World Cup thus far in which no team from the Indian subcontinent made this stage. Australia defeated England and the West Indies beat New Zealand, before the West Indies, the pre-tournament favourites, defeated Australia in the final at Lord's by 17 runs to become the first World Cup winners.

The opening match of the tournament featured one of the most bizarre batting efforts in one-day history, by India's Sunil Gavaskar. After England scored 334/4, with Dennis Amiss making 137, Gavaskar batted through the full 60 overs for 36 not out, prompting several pitch invasions from unhappy Indian fans.[1]

BackgroundEdit

The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England. This was played between the three test nations at the time in England, Australia and South Africa. But the weather and the public antipathy saw the concept of the tournament scrapped after only one edition.[2] The first instance of an one-day match to occur was in 1962 when four English country-cricket teams filled in a gap to play in a limited overs knockout competition which was won by Northmaptonshire who defeated Leicestershire by five wickets.[3]

Nine years later in 1971, the first One Day International took place at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) as a replacement for the third test of the 1970–71 Ashes series between Australia and England. This was due to the deluge of rain that had affected the match for the first three days of the test.[4] The match was a forty-over match with each over being eight deliveries. After England made 190 from 39.4 overs, Australia chase down the target at a steady rate to secure the match with 42 balls remaining.[5] Two years later at Lord's during the 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup, plans was set up for a men's tournament to take place in 1975 which involved all of the test nations at the time in two group stage with the top two in each group qualifying for the semi-final before the final at Lord's.[6]

FormatEdit

The format of the 1975 Cricket World Cup had the eight teams split into two groups of four teams each, with each team playing all other teams in their group. These matches took place from June 7 to June 14. The top two teams from each group then advanced to the semi-finals on June 18, where the winners qualified for the final at Lord's on June 21. If any of the matches had rain throughout the day, then they could use one of their two reserve days that had been set for each match. The first World Cup saw seven different venues being used all across England.[7]

ParticipantsEdit

 
Highlighted were the countries participated in the 1975 Cricket World Cup.
  Qualified as full member of ICC
  Qualified by invitation

Eight teams was invited to compete at the World Cup. Six of those nations being full members while the other two (Sri Lanka and East Africa) was invited to fill in the remaining two spots. South Africa was meant one of the teams in the tournament but due to the apartheid in the country, the team had to withdraw from competing until the 1992 edition.[6]

Team Method of qualification Previous best performance Rank Group
  England Host Debut 1 A
  India Full Members Debut 5 A
  Australia Debut 3 B
  Pakistan Debut 6 B
  West Indies Debut 2 B
  New Zealand Debut 4 A
  Sri Lanka Invitation Debut B
  East Africa Debut A

VenuesEdit

The announcement of the venues started on 26 July 1973 when they revealed that the tournament would be played with Lord's being suited as the venue for the final.[6] The rest of the venues that would be revealed happened on 5 November 1974 with the scheduling for the 1975 Prudential Cup being revealed alongside the five counties tournaments that happened during the 1975 season with Headingley and the The Oval being confirmed as the semi-final hosts.[8]

London London
Lord's Cricket Ground The Oval
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,500
   
Birmingham Manchester
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Old Trafford Cricket Ground
Capacity: 21,000 Capacity: 19,000
   
Nottingham Leeds
Trent Bridge Headingley
Capacity: 15,350 Capacity: 14,000
   

SquadsEdit

Tournament SummaryEdit

Pre-tournamentEdit

Heading into the first Cricket World Cup, the West Indies was predicted to be the favourites via the betting agency in Ladbrokes at 9-4. This was followed by England at 11-4 with Pakistan and Australia in third and fourth respectively with East Africa last in the betting odds at 1500-1.[9] Before the tournament, the teams played in a few warm-up matches against English county sides to get used to the conditions. Most of the national teams had wins against the county sides with East Africa,[10] Sri Lanka[11] and India losing at least one match against a county side.[12]

Eight days before the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference (ICC) in a unanimous decision delarced that any of the balls that went over the batsman head to be a called a wide due to the fast short-pitched bowling.[13]

Group stageEdit

The opening round of matches took place on 7 June with four matches being played. The match at Lord's saw England delievered the highest score by a team in the 60 over match with 334 runs being scored. Dennis Amiss top-scored for the English with 137 from 147 balls as he had aid from Keith Fletcher and Chris Old who each recorded a half-century. In response Sunil Gavaskar batted through the entire innings for only 36 runs in which Gulabrai Ramchand thought that he was doing some batting practice.[14] Australia opened their campaign with a win against Pakistan at Headingley with a 73 run victory. This was due to Dennis Lillee five wicket haul which brought Pakistan's hope of an win crashing down as they collapsed from 181/4 to be all out for 205. Earlier, Ross Edwards top-scored for Australia with 80 as he aided the Australians in getting 94 runs from the last 13 overs to bring Australia to 278/7 from their sixty overs.[15][16] The other two matches saw easy wins for the West Indies and New Zealand. For Glenn Turner, he occupied the crease during the whole New Zealand innings as he top-scored with 171 as New Zealand won by 180 runs over East Africa. The West Indies took a nine wicket victory over Sri Lanka as the Sri Lankans became the first team to score under 100 runs in an ODI.[17]

Group stageEdit

Group AEdit

Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
  England 3 3 0 0 4.94 12
  New Zealand 3 2 1 0 4.07 8
  India 3 1 2 0 3.24 4
  East Africa 3 0 3 0 1.90 0
7 June 1975
Scorecard
England  
334/4 (60 overs)
v
  India
132/3 (60 overs)
Dennis Amiss 137 (147)
Syed Abid Ali 2/58 (12 overs)
Gundappa Viswanath 37 (59)
Peter Lever 1/16 (10 overs)
England won by 202 runs
Lord's, London
Umpires: David Constant (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: Dennis Amiss (Eng)

7 June 1975
Scorecard
New Zealand  
309/5 (60 overs)
v
  East Africa
128/8 (60 overs)
Glenn Turner 171 (201)
Parbhu Nana 1/34 (12 overs)
Frasat Ali 45 (123)
Dayle Hadlee 3/21 (12 overs)
New Zealand won by 181 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Glenn Turner (NZ)

11 June 1975
Scorecard
England  
266/6 (60 overs)
v
  New Zealand
186 (60 overs)
Keith Fletcher 131 (147)
Richard Collinge 2/43 (12 overs)
John Morrison 55 (85)
Tony Greig 4/45 (12 overs)
England won by 80 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Keith Fletcher (Eng)

11 June 1975
Scorecard
East Africa  
120 (55.3 overs)
v
  India
123/0 (29.5 overs)
Jawahir Shah 37 (84)
Madan Lal 3/15 (9.3 overs)
India won by 10 wickets
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Arthur Jepson (Eng)
Player of the match: Farokh Engineer (Ind)

14 June 1975
Scorecard
England  
290/5 (60 overs)
v
  East Africa
94 (52.3 overs)
Dennis Amiss 88 (116)
Zulfiqar Ali 3/63 (12 overs)
Ramesh Sethi 30 (102)
John Snow 4/11 (12 overs)
England won by 196 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: John Snow (Eng)

14 June 1975
Scorecard
India  
230 (60 overs)
v
  New Zealand
233/6 (58.5 overs)
Syed Abid Ali 70 (98)
Brian McKechnie 3/49 (12 overs)
Glenn Turner 114* (177)
Syed Abid Ali 2/35 (12 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Glenn Turner (NZ)

Group BEdit

Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
  West Indies 3 3 0 0 4.35 12
  Australia 3 2 1 0 4.43 8
  Pakistan 3 1 2 0 4.45 4
  Sri Lanka 3 0 3 0 2.78 0
7 June 1975
Scorecard
Australia  
278/7 (60 overs)
v
  Pakistan
205 (53 overs)
Ross Edwards 80* (94)
Naseer Malik 2/37 (12 overs)
Majid Khan 65 (76)
Dennis Lillee 5/34 (12 overs)
Australia won by 73 runs
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Dennis Lillee (AUS)

7 June 1975
Scorecard
Sri Lanka  
86 (37.2 overs)
v
  West Indies
87/1 (20.4 overs)
Somachandra de Silva 21 (54)
Bernard Julien 2/16 (12 overs)
Roy Fredericks 33 (38)
Somachandra de Silva 1/33 (8 overs)
West Indies won by 9 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Jepson (Eng)
Player of the match: Bernard Julien (WI)

11 June 1975
Scorecard
Australia  
328/5 (60 overs)
v
  Sri Lanka
276/4 (60 overs)
Alan Turner 101 (113)
Somachandra de Silva 2/60 (12 overs)
Sunil Wettimuny 53 (102)
Ian Chappell 2/14 (4 overs)
Australia won by 52 runs
The Oval, London
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Alan Turner (AUS)

11 June 1975
Scorecard
Pakistan  
266/7 (60 overs)
v
  West Indies
267/9 (59.4 overs)
Majid Khan 60 (108)
Viv Richards 1/21 (4 overs)
Deryck Murray 61* (76)
Sarfraz Nawaz 4/44 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 1 wicket
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: David Constant (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: Sarfraz Nawaz (Pak)

14 June 1975
Scorecard
Australia  
192 (53.4 overs)
v
  West Indies
195/3 (46 overs)
Ross Edwards 58 (74)
Andy Roberts 3/39 (10.4 overs)
Alvin Kallicharran 78 (83)
Ashley Mallett 1/35 (11 overs)
West Indies won by 7 wickets
The Oval, London
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and David Constant (Eng)
Player of the match: Alvin Kallicharran (WI)

14 June 1975
Scorecard
Pakistan  
330/6 (60 overs)
v
  Sri Lanka
138 (50.1 overs)
Zaheer Abbas 97 (89)
Tony Opatha 2/67 (12 overs)
Anura Tennekoon 30 (36)
Imran Khan 3/15 (7.1 overs)
Pakistan won by 192 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
Umpires: Arthur Jepson (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Zaheer Abbas (Pak)

Knockout stageEdit

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
18 June – Leeds
 
 
  England93
 
21 June – London
 
  Australia94/6
 
  Australia274
 
18 June – London
 
  West Indies291/8
 
  New Zealand158
 
 
  West Indies159/5
 

Semi-finalsEdit

In the best World Cup performance to date by a bowler, Gary Gilmour took 6/14, as England were bowled out for 93 (36.2 overs), after having fallen to 37/7. Australia initially suffered a collapse just as dramatic, falling to 39/6, before Gilmour (28 from 28 balls, 5 fours) brought them home in a fantastic all-round performance.

The West Indies won the toss and sent New Zealand in to bat first. New Zealand batted well against the bowling at first, reaching 98/1. However, when captain Glenn Turner (36 from 74 balls, 3 fours) and Geoff Howarth (51 from 93 balls, 3 fours) fell, breaking a second-wicket partnership of 90 runs, New Zealand lost 9/60 to fall to 158 (all out, 52.2 overs). The West Indies responded, with Alvin Kallicharan (72 from 92 balls, 7 fours, 1 six) and Gordon Greenidge (55 from 95 balls, 9 fours, 1 six) sharing a second-wicket partnership of 125 runs, that brought the West Indies to their target.

18 June 1975
England  
93 (36.2 overs)
v
  Australia
94/6 (28.4 overs)
Mike Denness 27 (60)
Gary Gilmour 6/14 (12 overs)
Gary Gilmour 28* (28)
Chris Old 3/29 (7 overs)
Australia won by 4 wickets
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and David Constant (Eng)
Player of the match: Gary Gilmour (Aus)

18 June 1975
New Zealand  
158 (52.2 overs)
v
  West Indies
159/5 (40.1 overs)
Geoff Howarth 51 (93)
Bernard Julien 4/27 (12 overs)
Alvin Kallicharran 72 (92)
Richard Collinge 3/28 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 5 wickets
The Oval, London
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Alvin Kallicharran (WI)

FinalEdit

In the final, the West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs, after an accomplished innings from captain Clive Lloyd (102 from 85 balls, 12 fours, 2 sixes). The Australian innings was marked by top-order batsmen being run out when going for runs after misfields. A total of five of their team were run out, three by Vivian Richards. There was no 'Man of the Series' awarded in 1975.

21 June 1975
West Indies  
291/8 (60 overs)
v
  Australia
274 (58.4 overs)
Clive Lloyd 102 (85)
Gary Gilmour 5/48 (12 overs)
Ian Chappell 62 (93)
Keith Boyce 4/50 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
Lord's, London
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Clive Lloyd (WI)

StatisticsEdit

Most runsEdit

Player Team Mat Inns Runs Ave SR HS 100 50 4s 6s
Glenn Turner   New Zealand 4 4 333 166.50 68.51 171* 2 0 33 2
Dennis Amiss   England 4 4 243 60.75 84.37 137 1 1 28 0
Majid Khan   Pakistan 3 3 209 69.66 75.45 84 0 3 26 1
Keith Fletcher   England 4 3 207 69.00 69.23 131 1 1 17 1
Alan Turner   Australia 5 5 201 40.20 77.60 101 1 0 17 1
Last updated: 7 April 2019[18]

Most wicketsEdit

Player Team Mat Inns Wkts Ave Econ BBI SR
Gary Gilmour   Australia 2 2 11 5.63 2.58 6/14 13.00
Bernard Julien   West Indies 5 5 11 17.70 2.95 4/20 36.00
Keith Boyce   West Indies 5 5 10 18.50 3.55 4/50 31.20
Dayle Hadlee   New Zealand 4 4 8 20.25 3.52 3/21 34.50
Andy Roberts   West Indies 5 5 8 20.62 2.91 3/39 42.50
Last updated: 7 April 2019[19]

ReferencesEdit

  • Browning, Mark (1999). A complete history of World Cup Cricket. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7318-0833-9.
  1. ^ "Sunny's World Cup go-slow". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin (23 April 2005). "The original damp squib". Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 24 March 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin (9 April 2011). "The low-key birth of one-day cricket". Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 April 2015.
  4. ^ Whitington, Richard (1972). Cricket in the seventies. Stanley Paul. p. 115.
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin. "The birth of the one-day international". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Browning (1999), pp. 4
  7. ^ 15 matches were played in 1975 Cricket World Cup ESPN cricinfo
  8. ^ Streeton, Richard (5 November 1974). "Significant changes in next summer's fixture list". The Times. p. 12.
  9. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 5
  10. ^ "East African Hammered". The Daily Telegraph. England. 3 June 1975. p. 26.
  11. ^ "Australians Name their Squad". The Daily Telegraph. England. 5 June 1975. p. 30.
  12. ^ "One-Day Tour Matches". The Daily Telegraph. England. 6 June 1975. p. 26.
  13. ^ "Overhead Wides". The Daily Telegraph. England. 31 May 1975. p. 25.
  14. ^ Melford, Michael (9 June 1975). "England's Superb Effort Brings out Worst in India". The Daily Telegraph. Lord's. p. 18.
  15. ^ Bevington, Henry (9 June 1975). "Australians prove their real power". The Daily Telegraph. Headingley. p. 18.
  16. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 12
  17. ^ Browning (1999), pp. 10-11
  18. ^ "PRUDENTIAL WORLD CUP, 1975 / RECORDS / MOST RUNS". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  19. ^ "PRUDENTIAL WORLD CUP, 1975 / RECORDS / MOST WICKETS". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 7 April 2019.

External linksEdit