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1959 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
|Years in sports:||1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s|
|Years:||1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962|
- NFL Championship: the Baltimore Colts won 31–16 over the New York Giants at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium
- August 14 – The American Football League is founded. Play would begin the following year.
- Sugar Bowl (1958 season):
- Taca Brasil, as predecessor for Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A, that first officially games held on August 23.
- March 3 – The San Francisco Giants officially name their new stadium Candlestick Park.
- May 26 – In what many experts call the greatest pitching performance in history, Harvey Haddix—suffering with a flu and sore throat—hurls a 12 inning perfect game for the Pittsburgh Pirates but loses in the 13th inning 0–1 on a Don Hoak fielding error to the Milwaukee Braves as lightning storms threaten the end of the game.
- June 25 - Emperor Hirohito, watched Japanese professional baseball game for first time in Korakuen Baseball Stadium, Tokyo, Japan. At final resulting to Tokyo Giants win over Hanshin Tigers 5 to 4 in a home run by Shigeo Nagashima from Minoru Murayama.
- World Series – Los Angeles Dodgers win 4 games to 2 over the Chicago White Sox. The Series MVP is Larry Sherry, Los Angeles
- The Havana Sugar Kings defeat the Richmond Virginians to win the International League Governors' Cup.
- The Minneapolis Millers win the American Association championship.
- Havana wins 4 games to 3 over Minneapolis to win the Junior World Series.
- The Salt Lake City Bees win the Pacific Coast League pennant.
- The Winnipeg Goldeyes win the Northern League championship.
- Masters Tournament – Art Wall, Jr.
- U.S. Open – Billy Casper
- British Open – Gary Player
- PGA Championship – Bob Rosburg
- PGA Tour money leader – Art Wall, Jr. – $53,168
- Ryder Cup – United States 8½ to 3½ over Britain in team golf
- Australia – Melbourne Cup won by Macdougal
- Canadian Triple Crown races:
- Queen's Plate – New Providence
- Prince of Wales Stakes – New Providence
- Breeders' Stakes – New Providence
- New Providence becomes the first horse ever to win all three races.
- France – Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe won by Saint Crespin
- Ireland – Irish Derby Stakes won by Fidalgo
- English Triple Crown races:
- United States Triple Crown races:
- Art Ross Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Dickie Moore, Montreal Canadiens
- Hart Memorial Trophy for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Andy Bathgate, New York Rangers
- Stanley Cup – Montreal Canadiens win 4 games to 1 over the Toronto Maple Leafs
- World Hockey Championship
- Men's champion: Belleville McFarlands from Canada
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship – University of North Dakota Fighting Sioux defeat Michigan State University Spartans 4–3 in overtime in Troy, New York
- The Hershey Bears defeat the Buffalo Bisons 4 games to 2 to win the AHL Calder Cup.
- The Louisville Rebels defeat the Fort Wayne Komets 4 games to 2 to win the IHL Turner Cup.
- On November 1, Montreal Canadiens goaltender Jacques Plante was injured when struck in the face by a flying puck. He offers to return to play on the condition that he wears his goalie mask. His example soon leads to the mask becoming standard equipment for goalies and a symbol of the game itself.
- The TV-pucken tournament starts.
- July 11 – US swimmer Michael Troy breaks his own first official world record (2:19.0), set earlier in the day, in the men's 200m butterfly (long course) at a meet in Los Altos, California, clocking 2:16.4.
- July 19 – US swimmer Becky Collins breaks the world record in the women's 200m butterfly at a meet in Redding, California, clocking 2:37.0.
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Alex Olmedo (USA) defeats Neale Fraser (Australia) 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
- Australian Women's Singles Championship – Mary Carter Reitano (Australia) defeats Renee Schuurman Haygarth (South Africa) 6–2, 6–3
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Alex Olmedo (USA) defeats Rod Laver (Australia) 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Maria Bueno (Brazil) defeats Darlene Hard (USA) 6–4, 6–3
- Volleyball at the 1959 Pan American Games in Chicago won by USA (men) and Brazil (women)
- Murphy, Patrick (1987). Fifty Incredible Cricket Matches (1st ed.). London, England: Stanley Paul and Co Ltd. p. 293. ISBN 0091664705.
- "Border v Natal". CricketArchive.co.uk. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Epsom Derby | History, Winners, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
- "PAN AM GAMES LEGACY: 1959 : It's Not Exactly Peace and Harmony". Los Angeles Times. 6 August 1987. Retrieved 3 January 2022.