Breeders' Stakes

The Breeders' Stakes is a stakes race for Thoroughbred race horses foaled in Canada, first run in 1889. Since 1959, it has been the third race in the Canadian Triple Crown for three-year-olds. Held annually in August at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario, the Breeders' Stakes follows the June running of the Queen's Plate and the July running of the Prince of Wales Stakes. At a distance of one-and-a-half miles, the Breeders' Stakes is the longest of the three Triple Crown races and is the only jewel raced on turf (the Queen's Plate is raced on Tapeta synthetic dirt and the Prince of Wales on a traditional dirt track).[2]

Breeders' Stakes
Restricted race
BreedersStakesLogo.jpg
Third leg in the Canadian Triple Crown
LocationWoodbine Racetrack
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Inaugurated1889 (133 years ago) (1889)
Race typeFlat / Thoroughbred
Websitewoodbine.com/breeders-stakes
Race information
Distance1+12 miles (12 furlongs)
SurfaceTurf
TrackLeft-handed
QualificationThree-year-olds
(foaled in Canada)
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg)
Filly: 121 lb (55 kg)
PurseCDN$500,000[1]
2018 Breeders' Stakes winner

HistoryEdit

In 1959, the Canadian Triple Crown was created and then won by New Providence. Six more three-year-olds, including the filly Dance Smartly, have since equalled the feat, with four of them doing so in a five-year period from 1989 to 1993.[2]

Five horses have won the first two legs of the Triple Crown but lost on the grass in the Breeders' Stakes. They are:[3]

In 1973 Saskatoon native, Joan Phipps made history aboard Singing Spirit. Though she finished 11th, she became the first female jockey to compete in one of the Canadian Triple Crown races.[4] In 1999, 26 years after Phipps landmark race, Laurie Gulas rode Free Vacation to victory in the Breeders' Stakes, becoming the first female jockey to win a Canadian Triple Crown race.[5]

In 2004, Catherine Day Phillips became the first woman trainer to win the Breeders' Stakes.[6]

The 1994 renewal was held at Fort Erie Race Track[7] while the Woodbine turf course was undergoing renovations.[8]

Since 1957, the race has been run at 1+12 miles. Earlier renewals were held at:[9]

  • 9 furlongs — 1889-1924, 1952-1956
  • 8.5 furlongs — 1925-1951

The greatest longshot to win the race was Miami Deco in 2010, who paid $132.10 for a $2 win bet.[3] The slowest time ever recorded was 2:50 by Crowning Honors in 1985 when the rain turned the course into a "swamp".[10]

RecordsEdit

Speed record: (Through 1998, Woodbine times were recorded in fifths of a second. Since 1999 they are in hundredths of a second)

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

  • 9 – Roger Attfield (2015, 2009, 2001, 1999, 1998, 1993, 1990, 1989, 1986)

Most wins by an owner:

WinnersEdit

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist.
(Miles)
Time
Win$
2021 British Royalty 3 Patrick Husbands Barbara J. Minshall Bruce Lunsford 1-1/2 m 2:34.00 $400,000
2020 Belichick 3 Luis Contreras Josie Carroll NK Racing & LNJ Foxwoods 1-1/2 m 2:32.51 $240,000
2019 Tone Broke 3 Rafael Hernandez Steve Asmussen L and N Racing LLC (Lee, Michael & Andrew Levinson & Don Nelson) 1-1/2 m 2:30.43 $240,000
2018 Neepawa 3 Jerome Lermyte Mark E. Casse Chiefswood Stable 1-1/2 m 2:31.18 $240,000
2017 Channel Maker 3 Rafael Hernandez William I. Mott Joey Gee Thoroughbreds, etc 1-1/2 m 2:29.70 $240,000
2016 Camp Creek 3 Rafael Hernandez Rachel Halden Hillsbrook Farms 1-1/2 m 2:29.45 $300,000
2015 Danish Dynaformer 3 Patrick Husbands Roger Attfield Charles E. Fipke 1-1/2 m 2:29.28 $300,000
2014 Ami's Holiday 3 Luis Contreras Josie Carroll Ivan Dalos 1-1/2 m 2:30.12 $300,000
2013 Up With the Birds 3 Eurico Rosa da Silva Malcolm Pierce Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:28.69 $300,000
2012 Irish Mission 3 Alex Solis Mark Frostad Robert S. Evans 1-1/2 m 2:30.90 $300,000
2011 Pender Harbour 3 Luis Contreras Michael P. DePaulo Dennis Andrews, Sandra Lazaruk, Robert & Roberta Giffin 1-1/2 m 2:36.31 $300,000
2010 Miami Deco 3 Richard Dos Ramos Brian A. Lynch Jim & Susan Hill 1-1/2 m 2:34.24 $300,000
2009 Perfect Shower 3 Jono Jones Roger Attfield Charles E. Fipke 1-1/2 m 2:29.39 $300,000
2008 Marlang 3 Richard Dos Ramos Debbie England Gus Schickedanz 1-1/2 m 2:28.58 $300,000
2007 Marchfield 3 Patrick Husbands Mark E. Casse Melnyk Racing Stables 1-1/2 m 2:29.50 $300,000
2006 Royal Challenger 3 Patrick Husbands Brian A. Lynch Stronach Stables 1-1/2 m 2:28.66 $300,000
2005 Jambalaya 3 Jono Jones Catherine Day Phillips Catherine Day Phillips 1-1/2 m 2:27.86 $300,000
2004 A Bit O'Gold 3 Jono Jones Catherine Day Phillips Kingfield Racing Stables 1-1/2 m 2:27.15 $300,000
2003 Wando 3 Patrick Husbands Mike Keogh Gus Schickedanz 1-1/2 m 2:28.03 $300,000
2002 Portcullis 3 Slade Callaghan Mark Frostad Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:29.80 $300,000
2001 Sweetest Thing 3 Jim McAleney Roger Attfield M. & P. Canino, W. Werner, R. Attfield 1-1/2 m 2:29.90 $300,000
2000 Lodge Hill 3 Mike E. Smith Todd Pletcher Melnyk & R. Bristow Farm 1-1/2 m 2:28.97 $300,000
1999 Free Vacation 3 Laurie Gulas Roger Attfield M. & P. Canino, W. Werner, R. Attfield 1-1/2 m 2:28.45 $195,000
1998 Pinafore Park 3 Robert Landry Roger Attfield Anderson & Ferguson 1-1/2 m 2:30.20 $180,000
1997 John The Magician 3 Steven Bahen John A. Ross R. M. C. Stable 1-1/2 m 2:35.60 $175,860
1996 Chief Bearhart 3 Mickey Walls Mark Frostad Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:28.60 $171,120
1995 Charlie's Dewan 3 Craig Perret Mark Frostad Kinghaven Farms et al. 1-1/2 m 2:26.40 $182,700
1994 Basqueian 3 Jack Lauzon Daniel J. Vella Frank Stronach 1-1/2 m 2:47.80 $149,739
1993 Peteski 3 Craig Perret Roger Attfield Earle I. Mack 1-1/2 m 2:30.40 $137,549
1992 Blitzer 3 Don Seymour Daniel J. Vella Frank Stronach 1-1/2 m 2:35.60 $180,000
1991 Dance Smartly 3 Pat Day Jim Day Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:31.40 $182,140
1990 Izvestia 3 Don Seymour Roger Attfield Kinghaven Farms 1-1/2 m 2:33.40 $183,600
1989 With Approval 3 Don Seymour Roger Attfield Kinghaven Farms 1-1/2 m 2:29.00 $199,159
1988 King's Deputy 3 Sandy Hawley Jim Day Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:30.60 $103,500
1987 Hangin On A Star 3 Dave Penna Jim Day Sam-Son Farm 1-1/2 m 2:30.00 $105,480
1986 Carotene 3 Richard Dos Ramos Roger Attfield Kinghaven Farms 1-1/2 m 2:32.60 $67,140
1985 Crowning Honors 3 Brian Swatuk Arthur H. Warner Victura Farm 1-1/2 m 2:50.00 $65,280
1984 Bounding Away 3 David Clark Macdonald Benson Windfields Farm 1-1/2 m 2:32.60 $65,940
1983 Kingsbridge 3 Robin Platts John J. Tammaro Jr. Kinghaven Farms 1-1/2 m 2:32.40 $66,480
1982 Runaway Groom 3 Robin Platts John DiMario Albert J. Coppola 1-1/2 m 2:32.20 $49,725
1981 Social Wizard 3 George HoSang Donald H. Campbell D. Mann 1-1/2 m 2:48.80 $40,464
1980 Ben Fab 3 Gary Stahlbaum Jacques Dumas Fernand Audet & René & Pierre Benoit 1-1/2 m 2:31.60 $33,360
1979 Bridle Path 3 Sandy Hawley Macdonald Benson Windfields Farm 1-1/2 m 2:29.60 $30,400
1978 Overskate 3 Robin Platts Gil Rowntree Stafford Farm 1-1/2 m 2:29.40 $32,000
1977 Dance in Time 3 Gary Stahlbaum Frank H. Merrill Viscount Hardinge 1-1/2 m 3:01.60 $32,650
1976 Tiny Tinker 3 Sandy Hawley George Nemett Warren Beasley 1-1/2 m 2:31.20 $32,500
1975 Momigi 3 Gary Melanson John Morahan Koichiro Hayata 1-1/2 m 2:38.20 $32,000
1974 Haymaker's Jig 3 Robin Platts Lou Cavalaris Jr. Gardiner Farm 1-1/2 m 2:30.80 $32,250
1973 Come In Dad 3 Wayne Green Conrad Cohen Harvey Tenenbaum 1-1/2 m 2:33.60 $27,910
1972 Nice Dancer 3 Sandy Hawley Jerry Lavigne Tom Morton & Harlequin 1-1/2 m 2:35.80 $24,960
1971 Belle Geste 3 Noel Turcotte Carl F. Chapman Beatrice Latimer 1-1/2 m 2:28.00 $26,230
1970 Mary of Scotland 3 Richard Grubb Lou Cavalaris Jr. Gardiner Farm 1-1/2 m 2:38.40 $26,420
1969 Grey Whiz 3 John LeBlanc Joseph "Yonnie" Starr Harry W. Hatch 1-1/2 m 2:29.00 $23,980
1968 No Parando 3 John LeBlanc Joseph "Yonnie" Starr Frank H. Sherman 1-1/2 m 2:30.00 $19,120
1967 Pine Point 3 Avelino Gomez Jerry C. Meyer Willow Downs Farm (Saul Wagman) 1-1/2 m 2:32.20 $18,940
1966 Titled Hero 3 Avelino Gomez Patrick MacMurchy Peter K. Marshall 1-1/2 m 2:31.40 $16,500
1965 Good Old Mort 3 Paul Kallai Jerry C. Meyer Dane Hill Acres 1-1/2 m 2:43.00 $15,650
1964 Arctic Hills 3 Dick Armstrong W. Moorhead Edith Ferguson Cardy 1-1/2 m 2:33.60 $17,350
1963 Canebora 3 Manuel Ycaza Gordon J. McCann Windfields Farm 1-1/2 m 2:32.20 $16,450
1962 Crafty Lace 3 Ron Turcotte J. D. Mooney Jeremy M. Jacobs 1-1/2 m 2:52.00 $18,150
1961 Song of Even 3 Jim Fitzsimmons Gordon J. McCann Windfields Farm 1-1/2 m 2:31.60 $17,550
1960 Hidden Treasure 3 Alfonso Coy Robert S. Bateman William R. Beasley 1-1/2 m 2:34.40 $16,150
1959 New Providence 3 Avelino Gomez Gordon J. McCann Windfields Farm 1-1/2 m 2:39.80 $8,370
1958 Dr. Em Jay 3 Hugo Dittfach Arthur H. Warner Lanson Farm 1+14 m 2:03.60 $6,350
1957 The Schreiber 3 C. O'Brien E. Hall Miss C. B. Armstrong 1+14 m 2:04.00 $7,450
1956 Canadian Champ 3 Eugene Rodriguez John Passero William R. Beasley 1-1/8 m 1:52.00 $8,000
1955 Ace Marine 3 George Walker Joseph "Yonnie" Starr Larkin Maloney 1-1/8 m 1:51.40 $3,830
1954 Queen's Own 3 Ted Johnson Gordon J. McCann E. P. Taylor 1-1/8 m 1:56.40 $3,700
1953 Chain Reaction 3 Bud Giacomelli Richard Townrow Elodie S. Tomlinson 1-1/8 m 1:51.60 $3,970
1952 Genthorn 3 Anthony Licata Willie Russell Four L's Stable 1-1/8 m 1:53.60 $4,050
1951 Libertine 3 Alf Bavington Red Barnard Medway Stable (Jack Smallman) 1-1/16 m 1:45.60 $4,320
1950 Nephisto 3 Pat Remillard Arthur Brent Parkwood Stable 1-1/16 m 1:43.60 $4,100
1949 Grilled 3 Robert Keane Johnny Thorpe J. E. Frowde Seagram 1-1/16 m 1:46.00 $3,485
1948 Last Mark 3 Frankie Dougherty James G. Fair James G. Fair 1-1/16 m 1:50.20 $3,540
1947 Canada's Teddy 3 Robert B. Watson Morris Fishman Molly Fishman 1-1/16 m 1:44.60 $3,435
1946 Windfields 3 Herb Lindberg Bert Alexandra E. P. Taylor 1-1/16 m 1:45.40 $3,240
1945 Uttermost 3 Robert B. Watson Cecil Howard Harry C. Hatch 1-1/16 m 1:46.60 $3,500
1944 Broom Time 3 Joe Cowley T. Frost J. E. Frost 1-1/16 m 1:46.20 $3,350
1943 Tulachmore 3 Robert B. Watson William E. MacDonald MacDonald Stable 1-1/16 m 1:47.60 $3,685
1942 Shepperton 3 Robert B. Watson Fred H. Schelke Fred H. Schelke 1-1/16 m 1:46.80 $,320
1941 Attrisius 3 Henry Palaez J. Smith Riverdale Stable 1-1/16 m 1:49.80 $3,365
1940 Hood 3 Pat Remillard C. Mitchell J. R. McIntyre 1-1/16 m 1:47.20 $3,460
1939 Archworth 3 Sterling Young Mark R. Cowell C. George McCullagh 1-1/16 m 1:48.40 $2,430
1938 Mona Bell 3 Sterling Young Bert Alexandra Cosgrave Stable 1-1/16 m 1:46.40 $2,435
1937 Fore Isus 3 Pat Remillard Arthur Brent Erindale Stable 1-1/16 m 1:48.80 $2,030
1936 Samoan 3 Charlie McTague Johnny Thorpe Edward Frowde Seagram 1-1/16 m 1:46.80 $2,220
1935 Gay Sympathy 3 Herb Lindberg Johnny Thorpe Edward Frowde Seagram 1-1/16 m 1:49.00 $2,630
1934 Horometer 3 Frankie Mann Harry Giddings Jr. Samuel McLaughlin 1-1/16 m 1:47.80 $2,585
1933 Khaki John 3 John Mattioli Fred H. Schelke Thorncliffe Stable 1-1/16 m 1:51.60 $2,675
1932 Queensway 3 Frankie Mann Harry Giddings Jr. Robert W. R. Cowie 1-1/16 m 1:48.20 $2,410
1931 Froth Blower 3 Frankie Mann Harry Giddings Jr. Robert W. R. Cowie 1-1/16 m 1:47.80 $3.390
1930 Whale Oil 3 Henry Little Fred H. Schelke Thorncliffe Stable 1-1/16 m 1:49.60 $3,420
1929 Circulet 3 John Maiben William H. Bringloe Seagram Stables 1-1/16 m 1:49.60 $3,420
1928 Young Kitty 3 Lester Pichon William H. Bringloe Seagram Stables 1-1/16 m 1:49.20 $3,365
1927 Mr. Gaiety 3 K. Moore Fred Fox Josephine Glassco 1-1/16 m 1:51.40 $3,505
1926 Tattling 3 Pete Walls H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1-1/16 m 1:48.80 $3,585
1925 Jean Crest 3 T. Wilson J. W. Barbour J. P. White 1-1/16 m 1:48.80 $3,460
1924 Vrana 3 Pete Walls H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1-1/8 m 1:56.60 $2,745
1923 Trail Blazer 3 E. Smallwood Fred H. Schelke Thorncliffe Stable 1-1/8 m 1:58.00 $2,490
1922 Paddle 3 A. Gantner George Walker Brookdale Stable 1-1/8 m 1:56.60 $2,375
1921 Herendesy 3 A. Richcreek George Walker Brookdale Stable 1-1/8 m 1:56.00 $1,535
1920 St. Paul 3 Roxy Romanelli Harry Giddings Jr. Harry Giddings Sr. 1-1/8 m 1:56.00 $1,620
1918 - 1919 Race not held
1917 Tarahera 3 Lee Mink George Walker Brookdale Stable 1-1/8 m 2:00.00 $1,800
1916 Mandarin 3 Arthur Pickens Barry Littlefield Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 1:58.20 $1,660
1915 Fair Montague 3 Ted Rice John Nixon Charles Millar 1-1/8 m 1:56.00 $1,790
1914 Beehive 3 C. Peak Harry Giddings Jr. Harry Giddings Sr. 1-1/8 m 1:56.60 $1,770
1913 Hearts of Oak 3 J. Wilson Harry Giddings Jr. Harry Giddings Sr. 1-1/8 m 1:56.40 $1,420
1912 Amberite 3 Guy Burns S. Mumford C. A. Crew 1-1/8 m 2:04.00 $930
1911 St. Bass 3 Eddie Dugan Harry Giddings Jr. Harry Giddings Sr. 1-1/8 m 1:56.60 $835
1910 Parmer 3 J. Wilson John Nixon Valley Farm Stable 1-1/8 m 1:59.60 $805
1909 Courtier 3 P. Goldstein Barry Littlefield Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 1:58.20 $880
1908 Seismic 3 Carroll H. Shilling Barry Littlefield Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 1:58.40 $860
1907 Sea Wall 3 R. McDaniel Barry Littlefield Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 1:56.40 $905
1906 Slaughter 3 John K. Truebel Barry Littlefield Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 1:56.40 $830
1905 Will King 3 E. Walsh Nathaniel Dyment Nathaniel Dyment 1-1/8 m 2:00.50 $860
1904 War Whoop 3 Roxy Romanelli John Nixon Kirkfield Stable 1-1/8 m 2:01.50 $920
1903 Ayrshire Lad 3 Mr. Munro Ed Whyte William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:02.00 $890
1902 Lyddite 3 T. Walker Ed Whyte William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:00.50 $710
1901 John Ruskin 3 Harry Vititoe Harry Blair Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 2:04.20 $620
1900 The Provost 3 Mr. Ballard Ed Whyte William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:03.50 $570
1899 Butter Scotch 3 Mr. Mason Ed Whyte William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:03.00 $470
1898 Wenlock 3 E. James John Dyment Nathaniel Dyment 1-1/8 m 2:04.00 $460
1897 Wicker 3 Mr. Songer C. Leighton Miss E. Jones 1-1/8 m 2:02.20 $430
1896 Melcha 3 G. Flint Ed Whyte William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:05.50 $510
1895 Bonniefield 3 A. Booker John R. Walker Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 2:09.75 460
1894 Nancy Lee 3 G. Flint B. Alcock William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:09.20 $490
1893 Bonnie Dundee 3 Mr. Shauer B. Alcock William Hendrie 1-1/8 m 2:09.50 $480
1892 Jardine 3 F. Regan Daniel Curtin T. H. Hodgens 1-1/8 m 2:14.20 $410
1891 Victorious 3 M. Gorman John R. Walker Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 2:01.50 $370
1890 Periwinkle 3 Mr. Snyder Charles Phair Charles Phair 1-1/8 m n/a $365
1889 Helen Leigh 3 Mr. Bowman John R. Walker Joseph E. Seagram 1-1/8 m 2:04.50 $325

A † designates a Triple Crown winner.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 Thoroughbred Stakes Fact Book" (PDF). www.woodbineentertainment.com. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Canada's Triple Crown". horseracing.about.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Breeders' Stakes Facts (From 1959, the inception of the Triple Crown)". www.woodbineentertainment.com. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  4. ^ Mitchell, Kevin. "Joan Phipps". www.pressreader.com. The StarPhoenix. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  5. ^ Smith, Beverley. "Jockeying for position in a stable of men". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Day Phillips First Female Trainer to Win Breeders' Stakes". bloodhorse.com. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Chart of the 1994 Breeders' Stakes". equibase.com. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  8. ^ "History Woodbine". www.woodbineentertainment.com. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Breeders' Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  10. ^ Mauntah, Richard. "History of Breeders' Stakes is a mixed bag". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 14 July 2016.